AMA Supercross Championship

  (Redirected from Supercross)

The AMA Supercross Championship is an American motorcycle racing series. Founded by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) in 1974, the AMA Supercross Championship races are held from January through early May. Supercross is a variant of motocross which involves off-road motorcycles on a constructed dirt track consisting of steep jumps and obstacles; the tracks are usually constructed inside a sports stadium. The easy accessibility and comfort of these stadium venues helped supercross surpass off-road motocross as a spectator attraction in the United States by the late 1970s.[1]

Monster Energy AMA Supercross, an FIM World Championship
Monster Energy AMA Supercross logo.png
CategoryMotorcycle racing
CountryUnited States
Inaugural season1974
Classes450SX, 250SX East, 250SX West, KTM Junior
Riders50
ConstructorsHonda • Husqvarna · Kawasaki · KTM · Suzuki · Yamaha
Riders' championUnited States Eli Tomac
Teams' championMonster Energy Kawasaki
Official websitewww.supercrosslive.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

HistoryEdit

The first motocross race held on a race track inside a stadium took place on August 28, 1948, at Buffalo Stadium in the Paris suburb of Montrouge.[2] As the popularity of motocross surged in the United States in the late 1960s, Bill France added a professional motocross race to the 1971 Daytona Beach Bike Week schedule.[2] The 1972 race was held at Daytona International Speedway on a constructed track on the grass surface between the main grandstand and the pit lane.[2] Jimmy Weinert won the 250 class and Mark Blackwell was the winner of the 500 class.[2]

The event that paved the way for constructed, stadium-based motocross events was a 1972 race held in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, promoted by Mike Goodwin and Terry Tiernan, then-president of the AMA, and won by 16-year-old Marty Tripes.[2][3] It was billed as the "Super Bowl of Motocross" which led to the coining of the term "Supercross." The Super Bowl of Motocross II held the following year was an even greater success and, eventually evolved into the AMA Supercross championship held in stadiums across the United States and Canada.[2]

Motocross and Supercross eventually diverged into different forms of racing.

Originally, each of the AMA Supercross races were promoted by different promoters, most notably Mike Goodwin in the West, Pace Motorsports in the Midwest and Southwest, Super Sports in the East, and Daytona International Speedway, which promotes its own race. In the 1980s, Mickey Thompson Entertainment Group (MTEG) took over the West region. In the 1990s, MTEG went bankrupt and Super Sports sold its business to Pace, which became the primary AMA Supercross promoter (with Daytona continuing to be the one holdout). In 1998, Pace was bought by SFX Entertainment, which was bought in turn by Clear Channel in 2000. The live events division of Clear Channel was split off as Live Nation in 2005, and the motorsports division was sold to Feld Entertainment in 2008, which currently promotes the championship except for the Daytona round, which is promoted by NASCAR Holdings (the owner of the circuit).

While growing consistently since the '70s, the modern Supercross schedule since 1985 has become further compacted. The schedule would run from February to November, with both the "outdoor" (Motocross) and "indoor" (Supercross) schedules coinciding with each other during the year. By 1986, the schedule was compacted to a January to June schedule, and in 1998, the series adopted its present format, starting in early January and ending in early May, with races weekly except for Easter weekend (a traditional off-week for motorsport in the United States). In 2000, the present calendar was adopted with the season starting in the Los Angeles area on the Saturday after the first Thursday of January (between January 3–9) and ending with an early May race in Las Vegas, after which the AMA Motocross Championship "outdoor season" begins.

The American Motorcyclist Association awards three Supercross Championships each year. They are the 450cc (was known as 250cc two-stroke), and both an East and West division on the 250cc (was 125cc two-stroke). Supercross racing classifications are governed by the displacement of the motorcycle's engine. They were based on two-stroke engines until 2006, when four-stroke engines replaced two-stroke engines. From 2007 until 2012, a formula nomenclature similar to IndyCar was used, with the 450cc class known as Supercross and 250cc as Supercross Lites. Starting in 2013, the AMA and Feld Motor Sports returned to the traditional nomenclature, based on four-stroke engines: 450cc (known as "MX1" in Europe), and 250cc (also known as "MX2"). The 450cc Champion has always been generally considered to be the most prestigious.

Since 2011, the final race of the season, known as the Monster Energy Cup for sponsorship reasons, is held at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas. A US $1 million purse is available to the rider who wins all three featured races. Ryan Villopoto won the purse at the inaugural event in 2011, as did Marvin Musquin in the 2017 edition,[4] and Eli Tomac in the 2018 race.[5]

CalendarEdit

The AMA series begins in early January and continues until early-May. It consists of 17 rounds in the 450cc Class, and 9 rounds in 250cc West Class and 9 rounds in the 250cc East Class, which the twelfth round at Indianapolis in April and the final round at Las Vegas in May have an East-West Showdown, and 14 major stadiums and one permanent racing circuit (in a temporary stadium setup) from all over North America.

Event formatEdit

Each meet is structured similarly to Short track motor racing with two heat races and a consolation race in each class. In both classes, each heat race is five minutes plus one lap. Each heat features 20 riders (one may have 21 riders depending on qualifying results), with the top nine advancing to the feature. The other 22 riders are relegated to the consolation race, known as the Last Chance Qualifier, which is three minutes plus one lap, with the top four advancing to the final.

In the 450cc class, the highest placed competitor in points, provided he is in the top ten in national points, and has yet to qualify after either heat race or consolation race, will receive a provisional for the feature race. The feature race is 15 minutes plus one lap in the 250cc class, and 20 minutes plus one lap for the 450cc class, with 26 championship points for the race win. At 3 races per year a three race format is use. The rules are similar to the Monster Energy Cup individual scoring will determine the overall race winner.

For the season-ending East-West Shootout at Las Vegas for the 250cc class starting in May 2011, each region's top 20 will race in the non-championship event for a 15-minute heat race. Standard rules apply, with the feature race being 10 laps. In 2016, the East-West Shootout became a points-paying round where both regions' champions would be decided in the same feature. Starting in 2018, the combined East-West Shootout will also be held in the middle of the season, at the Indianapolis round.

Starting with the 2012 Season, riders who are in first place in the Series' Points Lead will use the red plate to race in the Series.

If at any point during the Heat Races, LCQs or the Feature Races, that the race is red-flagged within less than 3 laps, the race will be a complete restart. However, if the race is red-flagged with more than 3 laps completed but less than 90% of the total race distance and after a minimum of a 10-minute delay, the race will be a staggered restart with riders lined up from the previous lap they went.

TrackEdit

Supercross tracks feature a combination of obstacles such as whoop sections (where riders skim along the tops of multiple bumps), rhythm sections (irregular series of jumps with a variety of combination options), and triple jumps (three jumps in a row that riders normally clear in a single leap of 70 feet or more). Many of the turns have banked berms, but some are flat. It takes roughly five hundred truckloads of dirt to make up a supercross track. Soil conditions can be hard-packed, soft, muddy, sandy, rutted, or any combination thereof.

AMA Supercross Championship winners by yearEdit

Merged with World Supercross Championship in 2008.[6][7][8][9]

Year 450cc Class
(formerly 250 cc 2-stroke)
250cc West
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke West)
250cc East
(formerly 125 cc 2-stroke East)
2020   Eli Tomac   Dylan Ferrandis   Chase Sexton
2019   Cooper Webb   Dylan Ferrandis   Chase Sexton
2018   Jason Anderson   Aaron Plessinger   Zach Osborne
2017   Ryan Dungey   Justin Hill   Zach Osborne
2016   Ryan Dungey   Cooper Webb   Malcolm Stewart
2015   Ryan Dungey   Cooper Webb   Marvin Musquin
2014   Ryan Villopoto   Jason Anderson   Justin Bogle
2013   Ryan Villopoto   Ken Roczen   Wil Hahn
2012   Ryan Villopoto   Eli Tomac   Justin Barcia
2011   Ryan Villopoto   Broc Tickle   Justin Barcia
2010   Ryan Dungey   Jake Weimer   Christophe Pourcel
2009   James Stewart Jr.   Ryan Dungey   Christophe Pourcel
2008   Chad Reed   Jason Lawrence   Trey Canard
2007   James Stewart Jr.   Ryan Villopoto   Ben Townley
2006   Ricky Carmichael   Grant Langston   Davi Millsaps
2005   Ricky Carmichael   Ivan Tedesco   Grant Langston
2004   Chad Reed   Ivan Tedesco   James Stewart Jr.
2003   Ricky Carmichael   James Stewart Jr.   Branden Jesseman
2002   Ricky Carmichael   Travis Preston   Chad Reed
2001   Ricky Carmichael   Ernesto Fonseca   Travis Pastrana
2000   Jeremy McGrath   Shae Bentley   Stéphane Roncada
1999   Jeremy McGrath   Nathan Ramsey   Ernesto Fonseca
1998   Jeremy McGrath   John Dowd   Ricky Carmichael
1997   Jeff Emig   Kevin Windham   Tim Ferry
1996   Jeremy McGrath   Kevin Windham   Mickaël Pichon
1995   Jeremy McGrath   Damon Huffman   Mickaël Pichon
1994   Jeremy McGrath   Damon Huffman   Ezra Lusk
1993   Jeremy McGrath   Jimmy Gaddis   Doug Henry
1992   Jeff Stanton   Jeremy McGrath   Brian Swink
1991   Jean-Michel Bayle   Jeremy McGrath   Brian Swink
1990   Jeff Stanton   Ty Davis   Denny Stephenson
1989   Jeff Stanton   Jeff Matiasevich   Damon Bradshaw
1988   Rick Johnson   Jeff Matiasevich   Todd DeHoop
1987   Jeff Ward   Willie Surratt   Ron Tichenor
1986   Rick Johnson   Donny Schmit   Keith Turpin
1985   Jeff Ward   Bobby Moore   Eddie Warren
1984   Johnny O'Mara
1983   David Bailey
1982   Donnie Hansen
1981   Mark Barnett
1980   Mike Bell
1979   Bob Hannah
1978   Bob Hannah
1977   Bob Hannah
1976   Jimmy Weinert 500 cc Winner
1975   Jimmy Ellis   Steve Stackable
1974   Pierre Karsmakers   Gary Semics

Supercross All Time Wins ListEdit

All time Supercross wins list [10]
450/250 Class Wins 250/125 Class Wins Combined Wins
  Jeremy McGrath 72   James Stewart Jr. 18   Jeremy McGrath 85
  James Stewart Jr. 50   Nathan Ramsey 15   James Stewart Jr. 68
  Ricky Carmichael 48   Jeremy McGrath 13   Ricky Carmichael 60
  Chad Reed 44   Ricky Carmichael 12   Ryan Villopoto 52
  Ryan Villopoto 41   Ryan Dungey 12   Chad Reed 50
  Ryan Dungey 34[11]   Kevin Windham 12   Ryan Dungey 46
  Eli Tomac 34   Damon Huffman 12   Eli Tomac 46
  Ricky Johnson 28   Ernesto Fonseca 12   Kevin Windham 30
  Bob Hannah 27   Brian Swink 12   Ricky Johnson 28
  Jeff Ward 20   Christophe Pourcel 12   Bob Hannah 27
  Damon Bradshaw 19   Eli Tomac 12   Damon Bradshaw 25
  Kevin Windham 18   Ryan Villopoto 11   Cooper Webb 22
  Jeff Stanton 17   Marvin Musquin 11   Ezra Lusk 19
  Mark Barnett 17   Jeff Matiasevich 11   Marvin Musquin 19
  Jean-Michel Bayle 16   Justin Barcia 11   Ken Roczen 19
  Ken Roczen 15   Cooper Webb 11
  Ezra Lusk 12   Adam Cianciarulo 11
  David Bailey 12   Austin Forkner 11
  Mike Bell 11   Ivan Tedesco 10
  Cooper Webb 11   Mickaël Pichon 10
  Mike Larrocco 10   Jake Weimer 9
  Broc Glover 10   Shane McElrath 9
  Jimmy Ellis 8   Dean Wilson 8
  Marvin Musquin 8   Travis Pastrana 8
  Ron Lechien 8   Denny Stephenson 8
  David Vuillemin 7   Keith Turpin 8
  Jason Anderson 7   John Dowd 7
  Jeff Emig 7   Ezra Lusk 7
  Johnny O'Mara 7   Doug Henry 7
  Davi Millsaps 5   Trey Canard 7
  Mike Kiedrowski 5   Josh Hansen 7
  Kent Howerton 5   Davi Millsaps 7
  Trey Canard 5   Grant Langston 7
  Jimmy Weinert 4   Stéphane Roncada 7
  Donnie Hansen 4   Justin Hill 6
  Doug Henry 4   Zach Osborne 6
  Darrell Schultz 4   Aaron Plessinger 6
  Marty Smith 3   Chad Reed 6
  Justin Barcia 4   Jeremy Martin 6
  Larry Ward 3   Damon Bradshaw 6
  Tony DiStefano 2   Jeff Emig 6
  Marty Tripes 2   Dylan Ferrandis 6
  Zach Osbourne 1  ]] Chase Sexton 6
  Andrew Short 1   Joey Savatgy 5
  Josh Grant 1   Ken Roczen 5
  Josh Hill 1   Andrew Short 5
  Nathan Ramsey 1   Cole Seely 5
  John Dowd 1   Martin Davalos 5
  Sébastien Tortelli 1   Braden Jesseman 5
  Pierre Karsmakers 1   Jason Anderson 5
  Damon Huffman 1   Donnie Schmidt 4
  Greg Albertyn 1   Rich Tichenor 4
  Michael Craig 1   Jimmy Button 4
  Doug Dubach 1   Blake Baggett 4
  Jeff Matiasevich 1   Broc Sellards 4
  Rex Staten 1   Michael Brown 4
  Chuck Sun 1   Travis Preston 4
  Steve Wise 1   David Vuillemin 4
  Gaylon Mosier 1   David Pingree 4
  Jaroslav Falta 1   Ben Townley 3
  Jim Pomeroy 1   Malcom Stewart 3
  Rick Ryan 1   Justin Bogle 3
  Justin Brayton 1   Jordon Smith 3
  Blake Baggett 1
  Cole Seely 1
450/250 Class SX Championships

250/125 Class is a divisional championship featuring 2 regional champions per year

450/250 Class Titles 250/125 Class Titles
  Jeremy McGrath 7   Jeremy McGrath 2
  Ricky Carmichael 5   Jeff Matiasevich 2
  Ryan Villopoto 4   Brian Swink 2
  Ryan Dungey 4   Damon Huffman 2
  Jeff Stanton 3   Mickael Pichon 2
  Bob Hannah 3   Kevin Windham 2
  Chad Reed 2   Ivan Tedesco 2
  James Stewart Jr. 2   James Stewart Jr. 2
  Rick Johnson 2   Cooper Webb 2
  Jeff Ward 2   Brian Swink 2
  Jeff Emig 1   Grant Langston 2
  Jean-Michel Bayle 1   Christophe Pourcel 2
  Johnny O'Mara 1   Justin Barcia 2
  David Bailey 1   Zach Osborne 2
  Donnie Hansen 1   Ernesto Fonseca 2
  Mark Barnett 1   Malcolm Stewart 1
  Mike Bell 1   Aaron Plessinger 1
  Jimmy Weinert 1   Ryan Villopoto 1
  Jimmy Ellis 1   Marvin Musquin 1
  Pierre Karsmakers 1   Jake Weimer 1
  Jason Anderson 1   Ryan Dungey 1
  Cooper Webb 1   Eli Tomac 1
  Eli Tomac 1   Ken Roczen 1
  Ricky Carmichael 1
  Travis Pastrana 1
  Chad Reed 1
  Broc Tickle 1
  Wil Hahn 1
  Jason Anderson 1
  Jason Lawrence 1
  Jimmy Gaddis 1
  Justin Bogle 1
  Chase Sexton 1
  Dylan Ferrandis 1

Rookies who won championshipsEdit

1993 Jeremy McGrath won the Supercross title in his rookie season.

In 2010, Ryan Dungey became the only rider to capture both the Supercross and Motocross titles in his rookie year.[12]

In 2018 Caleb Hansen, Thomas Wilkins and Brenton Wilson all won in their rookie season

VenuesEdit

Sources:[13][14]

Venue City State/Province Period Type
Daytona International Speedway Daytona Beach Florida 1971–present Racetrack
Angel Stadium Anaheim California 1976–1979, 1981–1987,
1989–1996, 1999–present
Baseball
AT&T Stadium Arlington Texas 2010–present Football
Oakland Coliseum Oakland California 1979–1980, 1984, 2011–present Baseball / football
Petco Park San Diego California 2015–present Baseball
State Farm Stadium Glendale Arizona 2016–present Football
Mercedes-Benz Stadium Atlanta Georgia 2018–present Football
The Dome at America's Center St. Louis Missouri 1996–2018, 2020–present Football
Rice-Eccles Stadium Salt Lake City Utah 2001–2004, 2009–2013, 2017–2018, 2020–present Football
Raymond James Stadium Tampa Florida 1999, 2018, 2020–present Football
Sam Boyd Stadium Las Vegas Nevada 1990–1995, 1997–2019 Football
NRG Stadium Houston Texas 2003–2015, 2018–2019 Football
CenturyLink Field Seattle Washington 2005–2014, 2017–2019 Football
Ford Field Detroit Michigan 2006–2008, 2014–2017, 2019 Football
Lucas Oil Stadium Indianapolis Indiana 2009–2019 Football
MetLife Stadium East Rutherford New Jersey 2014–2017, 2019 Football
U.S. Bank Stadium Minneapolis Minnesota 2017–2019 Football
Broncos Stadium at Mile High Denver Colorado 2019 Football
Nissan Stadium Nashville Tennessee 2019 Football
Gillette Stadium Foxborough Massachusetts 2016, 2018 Football
Georgia Dome Atlanta Georgia 1993–2017 Football
Rogers Centre Toronto Ontario 2008–2014, 2016–2017 Baseball / football
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara California 2015–2016 Football
Chase Field Phoenix Arizona 1999–2015 Baseball
Qualcomm Stadium San Diego California 1980–1982, 1985–1987,
1989–1996, 1998–2014
Baseball / football
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Minneapolis Minnesota 1994–2004, 2008, 2013 Baseball / football
Mercedes-Benz Superdome New Orleans Louisiana 1977–1980, 1998–2002, 2009, 2012 Football
Dodger Stadium Los Angeles California 2011–2012 Baseball
Jacksonville Municipal Stadium Jacksonville Florida 2009–2011 Football
AT&T Park San Francisco California 2003–2010 Baseball
Texas Stadium Irving Texas 1975–1977, 1985–1989, 1991–2008 Football
RCA Dome Indianapolis Indiana 1992–2008 Football
Camping World Stadium Orlando Florida 1983–1985, 1991–1997, 2005–2007 Football
Pontiac Silverdome Pontiac Michigan 1976–1984, 1986–2005 Football
Astrodome Houston Texas 1974–2002 Baseball / football
Route 66 Raceway Joliet Illinois 2000 Racetrack
Kingdome Seattle Washington 1978–1999 Baseball / football
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles California 1972–1979, 1981–1982,
1984–1992, 1997–1998
Football
Sun Devil Stadium Phoenix Arizona 1986–1987, 1991, 1997–1998 Football
Tampa Stadium Tampa Florida 1987–1990, 1992–1994, 1996, 1998 Football
Charlotte Motor Speedway Charlotte North Carolina 1996–1998 Racetrack
Mile High Stadium Denver Colorado 1996 Football
American Legion Memorial Stadium Charlotte North Carolina 1990–1995 Football
Spartan Stadium San Jose California 1990–1995 Football
Cleveland Stadium Cleveland Ohio 1995 Baseball / football
Rose Bowl Pasadena California 1983–1985, 1990, 1993 Football
Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium Atlanta Georgia 1977–1986, 1989–1992 Baseball / football
Giants Stadium East Rutherford New Jersey 1987–1991 Football
State Fair Speedway Oklahoma City Oklahoma 1989–1991 Racetrack
Tropicana Field St. Petersburg Florida 1991 Baseball / Football
Cotton Bowl Dallas Texas 1983–1984, 1990 Football
Foxboro Stadium Foxborough Massachusetts 1983–1984, 1990 Football
Joe Robbie Stadium Miami Florida 1989 Football
Miami Orange Bowl Miami Florida 1987 Football
Talladega Superspeedway Talladega Alabama 1984 Racetrack
New Era Field Orchard Park New York 1984 Football
Cal Expo Sacramento California 1984 Racetrack
Three Rivers Stadium Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 1978, 1983 Baseball / football
Arrowhead Stadium Kansas City Missouri 1980–1983 Football
Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium Washington, D.C. 1983 Baseball / football
John F. Kennedy Stadium Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1980 Football

World Supercross Championship winners by yearEdit

Conceived in 2003; merged with AMA series prior to the 2008 season.[15][16][17]

Year 450 Class
2020 Eli Tomac
2019 Cooper Webb
2018 Jason Anderson
2017 Ryan Dungey
2016 Ryan Dungey
2015 Ryan Dungey
2014 Ryan Villopoto
2013 Ryan Villopoto
2012 Ryan Villopoto
2011 Ryan Villopoto
2010 Ryan Dungey
2009 James Stewart, Jr.
2008 Chad Reed
2007 James Stewart, Jr.
2006 James Stewart, Jr.
2005 Ricky Carmichael
2004 Heath Voss
2003 Chad Reed

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Assoc, American Motorcyclist (July 1979). "Pro MX: Vital Signs Are Good". Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Taking Motocross to the people". pigtailpals.org. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  3. ^ "The First Supercross". motorcyclistonline.com. Retrieved October 12, 2011.
  4. ^ Stallo, Chase (October 12, 2016). "Monster Energy Cup Moments". Racer X Online. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "2018 Monster Energy Cup - Monster Energy Cup MEC Results". Racer X Online.
  6. ^ "AMA Supercross Champions (USA) / SX / 450 (4-stroke) / 250 (2-stroke) >>> MotorSports Etc". www.motorsportsetc.com. Archived from the original on January 25, 2010.
  7. ^ "AMA Supercross Lites West Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (2-stroke) >>> MotorSports Etc". www.motorsportsetc.com. Archived from the original on December 30, 2009.
  8. ^ "AMA Supercross Lites East Champions (USA) / SX / 250 (4-stroke) / 125 (2-stroke) >>> MotorSports Etc". www.motorsportsetc.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2010.
  9. ^ "AMA Supercross 500 Champions (USA) / SX (2-stroke) >>> MotorSports Etc". www.motorsportsetc.com. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010.
  10. ^ "2017 AMA Supercross media guide" (PDF).
  11. ^ https://www.amasupercross.com/MediaGuide/SXMediaGuide_20.pdf
  12. ^ Moore, Eli (May 18, 2017). "Ryan Dungey: An Epic Career Part 2". redbull.com. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
  13. ^ "2015 AMA Supercross media guide" (PDF).
  14. ^ The Vault - Racer X Online
  15. ^ "2003 World Supercross at MotoSM.com". Archived from the original on March 12, 2004.
  16. ^ "2004 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com". Archived from the original on October 1, 2011.
  17. ^ "2005 World & AMA Supercross at MotoSM.com". Archived from the original on October 1, 2011.

External linksEdit