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Coordinates: 42°38′45″N 83°15′18″W / 42.64583°N 83.25500°W / 42.64583; -83.25500

The Pontiac Silverdome (also known as simply the Silverdome) was a domed stadium in Pontiac, Michigan. It opened in 1975 and sat on 127 acres (51 ha) of land. When the stadium opened, it featured a fiberglass fabric roof held up by air pressure, the first use of the architectural technique in a major athletic facility. With a seating capacity of 82,000+, it was the largest stadium in the National Football League (NFL) until FedExField (91,000 capacity) in suburban Washington, D.C., opened in 1997.

Pontiac Silverdome
Silverdome logo
Silverdome 2.jpg
The Silverdome in 2011
Former namesPontiac Metropolitan Stadium (1975–1976)
Pontiac Silverdome (1977-2013)[note 1]
Address1200 Featherstone Rd
Pontiac, Michigan, 48342-1938
LocationMetro Detroit
Owner
OperatorTriple Sports & Entertainment
Capacity82,000+[1]
80,311 (Football & soccer)
Record attendance93,682, September 19, 1987 (Pope John Paul II)
Surface
Construction
Broke groundSeptember 19, 1973
Opened
  • August 23, 1975[5]
  • April 17, 2010[6]
Closed
  • February 2006
  • January 2013
DemolishedDecember 4, 2017[2] – March 2018
Construction costUS$55.7 million
($308 million in 2017 dollars[3])
Architect
  • O'Dell/Hewlett & Luckenbach
  • C. Don Davidson
Structural engineerGeiger Berger Associates
General contractorBarton Malow[4]
Tenants
Detroit Lions (NFL) (1975–2001)
Detroit Pistons (NBA) (1978–1988)
Detroit Express (NASL) (1978–1980)
Michigan Panthers (USFL) (1983–1984)
Cherry Bowl (NCAA) (1984–1985)
Motor City Bowl (NCAA) (1997–2001)
Detroit Mechanix (AUDL) (2012)

It was primarily the home of the Detroit Lions of the NFL from 1975 to 2001 and was also home to the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1978 to 1988. In addition, the Silverdome also served as the home venue for the Detroit Express of the North American Soccer League and the Michigan Panthers of the United States Football League, as well as two college bowl games: the Cherry Bowl and the Motor City Bowl. In 2012, the Silverdome served as the home venue of the Detroit Mechanix of the American Ultimate Disc League and hosted the league championship game that season.

The stadium was a regular concert venue and hosted a number of athletic and non-athletic events, including the 1979 NBA All-Star Game, Super Bowl XVI, WrestleMania III, early round games of the 1994 FIFA World Cup, and regional games in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament.

After the opening of Ford Field in 2002, the stadium was left without a permanent tenant. It first closed in 2006, but after multiple attempts to solicit redevelopment plans, the city sold the stadium at auction in 2009 for only $550,000 (less than 1% of the cost to build the dome). It reopened in 2010 and hosted several events, but closed again, this time permanently, in 2013. The roof was destroyed by a winter storm. Owners auctioned the stadium's contents in 2014 with no future development through June 2015. The site of this stadium currently houses thousands of recalled Volkswagen vehicles

In 2017, the Silverdome was condemned and prepared for demolition; the upper ring of the stadium, which had supported the roof structure, was imploded on December 4, 2017, after a failed attempt the previous day. Following the implosion, the remains of the stadium were brought down in sections with hydraulic excavators, and the last free standing section was felled by late March 2018.[7]

Contents

Former usesEdit

The Silverdome hosted the Detroit Lions of the NFL (1975–2001), the Detroit Pistons of the NBA (1978–1988), the Detroit Express (for both outdoor and indoor soccer) of the NASL (1978–1980), the Michigan Panthers of the USFL (1983–1984), college football's Cherry Bowl (1984–1985), the Motor City Bowl (1997–2001), the MHSAA football state finals (1976–2004) and four first-round games during soccer's 1994 FIFA World Cup.

For the World Cup matches, a natural grass surface capable of growing inside the dome was developed and installed by a team from Michigan State University.[8] This grass surface was laid upon wooden pallets atop the artificial turf that is usually used. It was the first time that World Cup games were played indoors.[9] The Silverdome also hosted the 1979 NBA All-Star Game, Super Bowl XVI on January 24, 1982, and the 1988 and 1991 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament Midwest Regionals and NCAA Men's Division I Indoor Track and Field Championships in 1982 and 1983.

On March 29, 1987, the World Wrestling Federation's WrestleMania III established the record for attendance of 93,173, the largest recorded attendance for a live indoor sporting event in North America.[10][11][12] The record stood until February 14, 2010 when the 2010 NBA All-Star Game broke the indoor sporting event record with an attendance of 108,713 at Cowboys Stadium.[13]

The Silverdome hosted an AMA Supercross Championship round from 1976 to 2005.[14]

In 2012, the Silverdome became the home stadium of the city's professional Ultimate Frisbee team, the Detroit Mechanix, of the American Ultimate Disc League.[15] That year, the Silverdome hosted the AUDL championship game, as on August 11, the Philadelphia Spinners defeated the Indianapolis AlleyCats 29-22.

After the roof had been collapsed and the stadium abandoned, Red Bull produced a video of BMX rider Tyler Fernengel riding inside the Silverdome in 2015. Some notable tricks in the video were Fernengel's barspin to double peg to 180° spin on one of the handrails inside the stadium and an impressive "truckdriver" (handlebars spinning 360° while the bike frame spins 360°) out of the luxury boxes onto a ramp that led down to the field.[16] That same year, a drag racing event at the former parking lot marked the beginning of Woodward Dream Cruise.[17]

HistoryEdit

Conception/developmentEdit

The idea of a major sports complex was part of a dream of C. Don Davidson, a Pontiac, Michigan native and star high school athlete.[18] Davidson, upon graduating from Pontiac Central High School in 1947 and completing active duty with the U.S. Marine Corps, attended North Carolina State University on a football scholarship.[19] After earning a master's degree in urban planning and architecture, Davidson began his career as an architect and was recognized for several government and city projects throughout the south including Florida's Jacksonville International Airport. He returned to Pontiac in 1965 and was shocked to see the deterioration of the city of Pontiac and its lack of a future plan. Davidson embarked upon what would eventually become an obsession for him to see his beloved city succeed. In 1965-66, he was hired as a professor of architecture and urban planning at the University of Detroit under the direction of Bruno Leon.[20]

As part of an ongoing, comprehensive study by his architecture class on urban renewal for the city of Pontiac, Davidson met with various city and state authorities including William Clay Ford, owner of the Detroit Lions, to discuss the possibility of a new stadium, made it a college class project to find a suitable site for a new stadium and even started his own weekly newspaper known as The Pontiac Times,[19] to help promote his vision. After much controversy and sparring with Detroit city officials, Pontiac was chosen over several other sites including the Michigan Fairgrounds, Walled Lake and the Detroit Riverfront as the best place for construction of what would become known as the Pontiac Silverdome.[21][22] Already having a stadium concept as part of his master plan for the city, Davidson was interviewed and ultimately hired as chief project designer for the stadium project by the architectural firm of O'Dell, Hewlett & Luckenbach.[23][24] Initial designs included a dual stadium complex for both football and baseball (potentially housing the Detroit Tigers) that was later scrapped due to high costs. Davidson was pleased to see a part of his vision for the city of Pontiac accomplished in the building of the 80,000-seat sports complex.[25][unreliable source?] Completed in 1975 as the Pontiac Metropolitan Stadium,[26] at a cost of $55.7 million, the Silverdome seated 80,311. It contained 102 luxury suites and 7,384 club seats.

Original silver-like roofEdit

The original silver-like roof was built of Teflon-coated fiberglass panels, and supported by air pressure inside the stadium. Although the roof has always been white in color as viewed with the naked eye, the stadium obtained the name "Silverdome" (which it would officially take on in 1977) due to a silver-like reflection caused by the Sun, mainly noticed from the sky. (Initially, however, the stadium also went by its shortened nickname of PonMet, but that nickname was disliked by Pontiac city commissioners.[27]) The roof was replaced by a new canvas fabric, reinforced by steel girders after a strong snowstorm on March 4, 1985, caused structural damage to the old roof.[28] Because of the damage, the Detroit Pistons played the remainder of the 1984–85 season at the now-closed Joe Louis Arena.[29] The accident, and the delay in repairs, partially prompted the Pistons moving three seasons later 4 miles (6 km) north to their new, privately owned, 20,000-seat sports arena, The Palace of Auburn Hills (like Joe Louis Arena, it also has since closed down).

The 1985 repairs were necessitated by a collapse of the original 1975 roof around noon EST on March 4, 1985. Heavy, wet snow accumulated on the southwest corner of the dome and depressed the fabric panels low enough so that the fabric came in contact with a steel lighting catwalk that was positioned just below the inner lip of the roof's ring beam. The hole caused a loss of air pressure and the Dome deflated slowly – there were no injuries. The shift from a "dome" to "bowl" caused all the heavy, wet snow to slide down into the bowl and rupture more roof panels, collapse some precast risers in the SW upper deck, and dislodge more plastic seats "... than a Rolling Stones concert" according to Bob Haney, the Dome's Operations Manager. Crews from Owens-Corning Fiberglas, the dome's original roof installer, were on site by 1:30 pm on March 4. Repair operations began immediately but were interrupted for over a week due to high winds. During the high winds event nearly all of the remaining panels in the deflated roof, 100 in all, were badly damaged. The decision was made to replace the entire roof and incorporate some improvements to prevent a similar event from occurring in the future. Repair cost of the roof was just under $8 million.

The repairs were completed and the dome re-inflated at noon on May 28, 1985. A thunderstorm passed through the Pontiac area the morning the Dome was to be re-inflated and a partial inflation, or "puff", was performed so that the scheduled inflation could occur in the presence of the many city and area politicians as well as number corporate executives. The original-style, Teflon-coated fiberglass material was used to make the repairs – not canvas as described in the article. There were several snow-melting and waterproofing improvements that kept the dome inflated until January 2, 2013 – almost 28 years.

Notable audience attendance numbersEdit

The largest crowd to ever gather at the Silverdome was on September 18, 1987 for Mass with Pope John Paul II, with a reported attendance of 93,682 — just shading the record of 93,173 set at the Silverdome on March 29, 1987 for WrestleMania III. Another notable audience attendance record had earlier been broken on April 30, 1977, when the English rock band Led Zeppelin played in front of 76,229 fans at the Silverdome. This was, at the time, a new world record attendance for a solo indoor attraction, beating the 75,962 that The Who attracted there on December 6, 1975.[30] The Detroit Pistons also set numerous NBA attendance records during their time at the Silverdome; Regular Season, 61,983 vs. Boston, January 29, 1988; Playoffs, 41,732, vs. L.A. Lakers, June 16, 1988.[31]

Marching band activities and eventsEdit

The Silverdome was also the home to many marching band activities and events, including the Michigan Competing Band Association State Marching Band Championships until 2005, the Bands of America Regional championships from 2003 to 2005, and the Bands of America Grand National Championships in 1987 and 1988. Following its reopening, the Silverdome was host to the 2010, 2011 and 2012 Bands of America Pontiac Regional Championship.[32]

Usage after Lions' move to Ford FieldEdit

The Lions moved to Ford Field at the beginning of the 2002 NFL season. When the World Hockey Association (WHA) tried to re-introduce itself, the new WHA Detroit team was slated to play its home games at the Silverdome. Plans were also mooted for a Windsor-based Canadian Football League team which could have used the dome for possible playoff games, but that team also did not materialize.

After the Lions relocated, activity in the Silverdome dropped drastically; however, it still staged some events. Annually, Jehovah's Witnesses used the Silverdome from the late 1970s to 2004. Due to talk of renovation in 2004, the Witnesses opted to travel to The Dow Event Center in Saginaw, and the SeaGate Convention Centre in Toledo, Ohio for their District Conventions.[33] Between 2003 and 2006, a three-screen drive-in theater operated in the parking lot; this theater reopened in 2010 before closing again on July 13, 2011.[34]

The Silverdome hosted Monster Jam on January 7, 2006, and was used as a practice facility for the AFC champion Pittsburgh Steelers for Super Bowl XL, with the NFL adding FieldTurf, which was later donated to a local high school.

SaleEdit

After the Lions' departure, the city of Pontiac began to experience several years of serious financial problems. Due to the continued high maintenance costs of the structure, it made several unsuccessful attempts to sell the stadium.[35][36] In early 2008, United Assurance Company Ltd. made the highest purchase offer to date, with a bid of $18 million to convert the Silverdome into a Hollywood-style entertainment complex, following an earlier bid of $12 million by an attorney.[37] However, the city announced in October 2009 that the property would go to auction with no minimum bid, and that zoning regulations would be relaxed for any buyer in order to spark development. The city engaged the firm of Williams & Williams to conduct the auction in November 2009.[38]

After reading about the auction in a newspaper, Greek-born Canadian real estate developer Andreas Apostolopoulos, CEO of Toronto-based Triple Properties Inc., submitted a winning bid of US$550,000. Real estate fees of 6% raised the price to US$583,000.[39] The sale of the Silverdome, completed in 1975 at a cost of $55.7 million (approx. $225 million in 2012 dollars) and sold in 2009 for $583,000, was viewed by many as a symbol of the collapse of real estate prices in the Detroit metropolitan area though many local leaders and residents claimed the sale was brought about due to the incompetence of city management and their not having a vision or future plans for the stadium and surrounding area.[40]

Reopening (2010–2013)Edit

In the March 11, 2010, edition of the Detroit Free Press, Apostolopoulos vowed "to revive the stadium as a big-event venue by investing millions of dollars".[41]

The Silverdome re-opened on April 17, 2010, with a monster truck event.[1]

A.C. Milan and Panathinaikos F.C. played an exhibition game on August 6, 2010.[42] On January 29, 2011, professional boxer Timothy Bradley defended his WBO light welterweight title in a unification fight against WBC champion Devon Alexander. The fight aired live on HBO World Championship Boxing, with an attendance of about 7,000.[citation needed] The owners indicated that they were pursuing a possible expansion team for Major League Soccer, and contemplated renovating the Silverdome for this purpose.[43] Ultimately, the lack of events coming into the stadium, combined with the 2013 roof collapse, put any further development plans on indefinite hold.

Auctioning of contents and demolitionEdit

In March 2014, the owners announced that they would be auctioning off the contents of the facility, including seats and fixtures.[44]

In December 2014, Cleveland-based photographer Johnny Joo captured the Silverdome in a state of abandonment, showing destruction caused by the 2013 roof collapse.[45][46][47][48]

Afterwards, in October 2015, it was announced that the Silverdome would be demolished in the Spring of 2016, and the area would be part of an Oakland County, Michigan mixed-use development. Demolition was then scheduled for December 3, 2017.[49] In June 2016, fire caused by arson destroyed the former press box.[50] The parking lot is being used as storage for hundreds of VW diesel cars as a result of Volkswagen's 2015 emissions scandal. The dome owner and the city were in conflict over the condition of the dome.[51][52]

In 2017, the Silverdome was condemned and cleared for demolition. Workers had been on the site for the past few months before main power feeds were disconnected preparing the Silverdome for demolition, including completing environmental remediation, universal waste removal and tearing out transite asbestos panels that were used in a majority of the suites around the perimeter of the dome; though not without a few local trespasser visits to explore the place leading up to the demolition. On September 18 and 19, 2017, four power feeds were disconnected, officially starting the final preparation process for demolition.[53] The firm contracted to handle the demolition, the Detroit-based Adamo Group, also imploded the Georgia Dome in Atlanta on November 20 before moving on to the Silverdome. The demolition of the Silverdome was to commence on December 3, 2017 with a partial implosion of the upper deck, followed by an excavation of the building from the inside out.[54][55]

Due to a wiring issue, eight of the explosive charges failed to detonate, preventing the stadium from imploding as planned. A second attempt was successful the next day. While Adamo could not pinpoint the exact cause of the issues, they did note that trespassers had been seen on the property a couple of days prior to the first attempt.[56][57][58][59] It was noted that on the second attempt, Adamo doubled the amount of explosives used from 300 to 600 lb (136 to 272 kg) of TNT.[60]

By the end of March 2018, the last free standing wall of the Silverdome was felled, leaving a 50 foot (15 m) deep hole where the stadium once stood. 55,000 cubic yards (42,050 m3) of crushed concrete will remain on site to be used as landfill material. Demolition officials stated that final filling and grading operations of the former Silverdome site were expected to be completed by the end of November 2018.[7]

Significant eventsEdit

NFLEdit

  • August 23, 1975 – Detroit Lions' first game in Silverdome, a preseason contest against the Kansas City Chiefs.
  • October 6, 1975 – Lions first regular season game, a 36–10 defeat by the Dallas Cowboys on ABC Monday Night Football.
  • October 12, 1975 – Lions first regular season Silverdome victory, a 27–7 defeat of the Chicago Bears.
  • November 27, 1975 – Lions first Thanksgiving Day game in the Silverdome, a 20–0 loss to the Los Angeles Rams.
  • January 24, 1982 – Super Bowl XVI.
  • January 5, 1992 – Lions first home playoff game at the Silverdome – a 38–6 victory over the Dallas Cowboys.
  • November 23, 2000 - Tom Brady made his NFL debut in a 34-9 Lions victory at the Silverdome. Brady completed 1 of 3 passes for 6 yards. [61]
  • January 6, 2002 – Final Detroit Lions game played, a 15–10 victory over the Dallas Cowboys.

BasketballEdit

SoccerEdit

Date Winning Team Result Losing Team Tournament Spectators
February 2, 1992   United States 2–1   CIS Friendly 35,248
June 19, 1993   Germany 2–1   England 1993 U.S. Cup Final 62,126
June 18, 1994   United States 1–1    Switzerland 1994 FIFA World Cup Group A 73,425
June 22, 1994    Switzerland 4–1   Romania 61,428
June 24, 1994   Sweden 3–1   Russia 1994 FIFA World Cup Group B 71,528
June 28, 1994   Brazil 1–1   Sweden 77,217
August 6, 2010   A.C. Milan 0–0
5–3 (pens.)[62]
  Panathinaikos F.C. Friendly

Boxing & Pro WrestlingEdit

  • March 29, 1987 – WrestleMania III (Pontiac Silverdome record attendance of 93,173).[63]
  • January 29, 2011 – (HBO Championship Boxing Match) "The Superfight".

ConcertsEdit

Date Artist(s) Supporting act(s) Tour Attendance Revenue Note(s) Reference(s)
December 6, 1975 The Who Toots & the Maytals The Who Tour 1975 75,962 The live versions of "Join Together", "Road Runner", and "My Generation Blues" were recorded for The Kids Are Alright soundtrack but were omitted from the first CD release of the soundtrack, but were included in the reissued edition.
December 31, 1975 Elvis Presley 62,500 $816,000 This is Elvis' very first New Year's Eve show.
May 8, 1976 Aerosmith Ted Nugent
Outlaws
Foghat
Rocks Tour 76,900 [64]
July 11, 1976 Elton John Louder Than Concorde Tour
July 25, 1976 Jethro Tull Rick Derringer
Robin Trower
Too Old To Rock 'N' Roll Tour
April 30, 1977 Led Zeppelin 1977 North American Tour 76,229 $792,361.50 Set attendance record for a solo indoor attraction. [65][66][67]
March 5, 1978 Kenny Rogers
Dottie West
Oak Ridge Boys 60,000+ This performance was billed as the "World's Largest Indoor Country Music Show".
July 13, 1979 Kiss Cheap Trick
New England
Dynasty Tour
July 28, 1979 Bee Gees Sweet Inspirations Spirits Having Flown Tour 36,270 / 36,270 $453,375
December 7, 1979 The Who Blackfoot The Who Tour 1979
November 30, 1981 The Rolling Stones Iggy Pop
Santana
American Tour 1981 152,696 / 152,696 $2,290,000
December 1, 1981
September 30, 1982 The Who Eddie Money
The Clash
The Who Tour 1982 75,000 / 75,000 $1,119,000
August 17, 1984 The Jacksons Victory Tour 143,700 $4,350,030
August 18, 1984
August 19, 1984
September 4, 1985 Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band Born in the U.S.A. Tour 69,844 / 69,844 $1,222,270
April 30, 1987 U2 Lone Justice The Joshua Tree Tour 51,718 / 51,718 $853,347 [68]
August 7, 1987 Madonna Level 42
Bhundu Boys
Hue and Cry
Who's That Girl World Tour 41,017 / 44,556 $881,866
June 17, 1988 Van Halen
Scorpions
Dokken
Metallica
Kingdom Come
Monsters of Rock Tour 1988
June 18, 1988
July 25, 1989 The Who The Who Tour 1989 46,000 / 46,000 $1,058,000
December 9, 1989 The Rolling Stones Living Colour Steel Wheels Tour 100,234 / 100,234 $2,956,834
December 10, 1989
May 24, 1992 Genesis We Can't Dance Tour
July 21, 1992 Metallica
Guns N' Roses
Faith No More Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour 47,540 / 47,540 $1,378,660 After Guns N' Roses performed their song "You Could Be Mine", Axl Rose vomited onstage and left soon afterwards, but returned to the stage and apologized to the audience for the poor performance, so the band redid the song again.
September 9, 1992 U2 Primus
The Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisy
Zoo TV Tour 36,740 / 40,680 $1,102,200 This show was on the Outside Broadcast leg of the tour. [69]
June 4, 1993 Paul McCartney The New World Tour 49,378 / 49,378 $1,291,778
July 14, 1994 Pink Floyd The Division Bell Tour 111,355 / 111,355 $3,772,950 The band performed their classic album The Dark Side of the Moon in its entirety for the first time since 1975.
July 15, 1994
August 18, 1994 Billy Joel
Elton John
Face to Face 1994 54,125 / 54,125 $2,444,334 [70]
December 1, 1994 The Rolling Stones Spin Doctors Voodoo Lounge Tour 38,274 / 38,274 $1,815,325
October 31, 1997 U2 Smash Mouth Popmart Tour 35,463 / 40,000 $1,781,621 This show took place on Larry Mullen's 36th birthday [71]
July 31, 1999 NSYNC Jordan Knight
Sugarhill Gang
3rd Storee
NSYNC in Concert 48,163 / 55,626 $1,528,735
December 31, 1999 Metallica Ted Nugent
Kid Rock
Sevendust
M2K Mini Tour 54,707 / 54,707 $3,049,117 This was a New Year's Eve concert. At the show, Metallica broadcast the Times Square Ball Drop, ushering in the year 2000, and played the classic Kiss track "Detroit Rock City" alongside the opening acts.
July 18, 2000 NSYNC P!nk No Strings Attached Tour 48,708 / 48,708 $2,395,413 This concert was filmed for their concert movie "*NSYNC: Bigger Than Live". [72][73]
February 15, 2001 Backstreet Boys Destiny's Child Black & Blue Tour
July 4, 2003 Metallica Limp Bizkit
Linkin Park
Deftones
Mudvayne
Summer Sanitarium Tour

Other eventsEdit

  • September 18, 1987 — Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass (Silverdome attendance record of 93,682).
  • April 17, 2010 — "Domination In The Dome" (Monster Trucks) Grand Re-Opening of the Silverdome.

Sources

In popular cultureEdit

  • November 25, 1997: In the season 7 Home Improvement episode Thanksgiving, Tim (Tim Allen) manages to black out the entire stadium during the Detroit Lions' annual Thanksgiving Day game.
  • January 27, 2016: The Silverdome's inception and demise, including Super Bowl XVI, are profiled by Sports Illustrated's MMQB, "Road to Super Bowl 50".
  • Throughout his career, wrestling legend Hulk Hogan made various references to being the first man to body-slam Andre the Giant at Wrestlemania III—The Birth of a Dynasty and the Death of a Dome.
  • The Silverdome appears in Transformers: The Last Knight, the fifth installment in the Paramount film franchise. Crews began filming on June 20, 2016 and shot in the area for about 8 weeks. The movie was released in theaters on June 23, 2017.[74]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Under the ownership of Triple Investment Group, the stadium was solely known as "The Silverdome", though often was still referred to as "Pontiac Silverdome". At demolition, it was referred to as "Pontiac Silverdome".

External linksEdit

  • Pontiac Silverdome official website, archived from the original on June 16, 2013, retrieved May 20, 2014
  • Inside the abandoned Silverdome at Detroiturbex.com
  • Demolition video

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mark Guarino (March 12, 2010). "New life for Pontiac Silverdome: First up, monster trucks". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  2. ^ "Pontiac Silverdome finally implodes following Sunday's failed blast". CBSSports.com.
  3. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
  4. ^ "Company History & Heritage". Barton Malow. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  5. ^ "Silverdome Fun Facts". Silverdomeevents.com. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  6. ^ "Silverdome plans unveiled". Daily Tribune. Royal Oak. March 12, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  7. ^ a b Broda, Natalie. "Final wall of Silverdome falls, demo to be done by November". The Oakland Press. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
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  9. ^ McKee, Sandra (March 24, 1992). "Washington gets World Cup games Eight other cities will be hosts in '94". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  10. ^ Powell, John (March 29, 1987). "Steamboat – Savage rule WrestleMania 3". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  11. ^ "WrestleMania III Facts and Stats". WWE. March 29, 1987. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  12. ^ Loria, Keith (April 2003). "Mania madness: The top 10 matches from the fabled history of WWE's showcase event". Wrestling Digest. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
  13. ^ "East wins in front of biggest crowd to watch hoops game". ESPN.com. Associated Press. February 14, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  14. ^ "2015 AMA Supercross media guide" (PDF). American Motorcyclist Association. 2015.
  15. ^ "Detroit Mechanix". Detroit Mechanix. June 6, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-06-13. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
  16. ^ Rothstein, Michael (June 9, 2015). "Pro BMX rider Tyler Fernengel bikes through abandoned Silverdome". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  17. ^ Roadkill Nights draws thousands of fans, hundreds of cars to Silverdome
  18. ^ "PONTIAC SILVERDOME ... INCEPTION - HISTORY - FACTS - PAST EVENTS: A Vision for a Stadium - The Visionary Who Conceived It and Helped Make It a Reality". Silverdome-architect.blogspot.com. May 24, 1968. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  19. ^ a b "C. Don Davidson 1929-1987". blogspot.com. January 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  20. ^ "Leon, Bruno - University Honors". Research.udmercy.edu. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  21. ^ Kearns, Bruno (February 11, 1969). "Pontiac Best Site for Metro Stadium?". The Owosso Argus-Press.
  22. ^ "Pontiac Will Get Lion's Stadium Backing – Ford". The Owosso Argus-Press. February 1, 1971.
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  25. ^ Herma Snider (January 5, 2006). "The Good Times and Bad Times". Hermaland.blogspot. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
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  29. ^ "Detroit Pistons 1980s". NBA.com. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
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  32. ^ "Pontiac, MI - October 9, 2010". Music For All. September 16, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  33. ^ Michael Wayland (July 31, 2009). "Third weekend of Jehovah's Witnesses convention in Saginaw adds $1 million more to local economy, experts say". MLive.com. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
  34. ^ "Silverdome Drive-In". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
  35. ^ Sandra Svoboda (September 16, 2009). "Dome Sweet Dome". Metro Times. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
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  74. ^ — Ravaged Pontiac Silverdome Featured in New Tranformers Trailer
Events and tenants
Preceded by
Tiger Stadium
Home of
Detroit Lions

1975–2001
Succeeded by
Ford Field
Preceded by
Omni Coliseum
Host of the
NBA All-Star Game

1979
Succeeded by
Capital Centre
Preceded by
Louisiana Superdome
Host of
Super Bowl XVI

1982
Succeeded by
Rose Bowl
Preceded by
Cobo Arena
Home of the
Detroit Pistons

1978–1988
Succeeded by
The Palace of Auburn Hills
Preceded by
first venue
Home of the
Cherry Bowl

1984–1985
Succeeded by
last venue
Preceded by
Hoosier Dome
Host of
Bands of America
Grand National Championship

1987–1988
Succeeded by
RCA Dome
Preceded by
first stadium
Host of
Motor City Bowl

1997–2001
Succeeded by
Ford Field
Preceded by
Nassau Coliseum
Rosemont Horizon
L.A. Sports Arena
Host of
WrestleMania III

1987
Succeeded by
Trump Plaza