Structure of the Spanish Air Force

The article provides an overview of the entire chain of command and organization of the Spanish Air Force as of 2018 and includes all currently active units. The Spanish Air Force is commanded by the Air Force Chief of Staff or "Jefe de Estado Mayor" (JEMA) in Madrid.

The source for this article is the organization section on the website of the Spanish Air Force.

Historical backgroundEdit

A Government decree dated 2d October 1935 of the Spanish Republican Government that placed the Dirección General de Aeronáutica under the authority of a specific ministry, known then as the War Ministry, Ministerio de la Guerra, instead of being under the Presidencia del Gobierno. Following that decree, the Air Force regional units became restructured in 1936. Accordingly, the Spanish Navy-based Escuadra model was replaced by Región Militar divisions which was operative until for all of the 20th century.[1] Nowadays the Spanish Air Force is still under a separate ministry, the Ministerio de Defensa.

After the Spanish Civil War the bulk of the Spanish Armed Forces changes were introduced within the regional structure, following which all relevant air bases would be withdrawn from Catalonia, a former key region in the development of the Aeronáutica Militar, the Spanish Air Force in its early days. Even though before and during the Civil War important air bases had been established in or around Barcelona, like the Aviación Naval, henceforward the whole northeastern area of Spain would be left with mere token presence of the Spanish Air Force. The situation is similar in the Basque Country as well, with the difference that there had not been any important air bases there before the conflict that shaped the present structure. While Galicia has no significant Air Force Base within its territory, it has nevertheless a very important Naval Base at Ferrol.[2]

Air Force Chief of StaffEdit

The Air Force Chief of Staff (JEMA) commands all units of the Spanish Air Force from the headquarter in Madrid.[3]

  • Air Force Chief of Staff (JEMA)
    • Air Force Headquarters (CGEA) in Madrid
    • Combat Air Command (MACOM) at Torrejón Air Base
    • General Air Command (MAGEN) in Madrid
    • Canary Islands Air Command (MACAN) in Las Palmas
    • Logistic Support Command (MALOG) in Madrid
    • Personnel Command (MAPER) in Madrid
    • Economic Affairs Directorate (DAE) in Madrid

Air Force HeadquartersEdit

The Air Force Headquarters manages the human and material resources necessary for the JEMA to exercise command over the Air Force.[4]

  • Air Force Headquarters in Madrid
    • Air Force Staff (EMA)
    • Air Force Chief of Staff Cabinet (GABJEMA)
    • Technical Services, Information Systems and Telecommunications Service (JSTCIS)
    • Air Force Historical and Cultural Service (SHYCEA)
      • Aeronautics and Astronautics Museum
      • Aeronautical History and Culture Institute
    • Air Force Legal Advice (AJA)
    • Central Intervention Delegate (IDC) (Fiscal Control)
    • Air Force Headquarters Support Grouping (ACGEA)
      • Security Group (GRUSEG)
        • Honor Guard
      • Support Group (GRUAP)
      • Transport Squadron (ESAUT)
      • Air Force Headquarters First Aid Station
      • Air Force Headquarters Pharmacy and Optrician

Combat Air CommandEdit

Spanish Air Force radar stations 2018 (+ two stations off map in the Canary Islands)
  Radar station with Indra LANZA 3D
  Radar station with RAT-31SL/T
  Command and Control Center

The Combat Air Command (MACOM) at Torrejón Air Base is the operational headquarter of the Spanish Air Force and responsible for the control and defense of the Spanish airspace.

The following units are part of the General Air Command but fall operationally under the Combat Air Command:

General Air CommandEdit

The General Air Command (MAGEN) in Madrid maintains and supports the operational forces, and oversees the Air Force's training and formation units. The following units are all part of the MAGEN, but operationally many fall under the operational control of other higher commands. Therefore the following listing separates the units of MAGEN according to the air force's operational organization.

Canary Islands Air CommandEdit

Canary Islands Air Command locations
  EF-18A Hornet Air Base
  Radar station with Indra LANZA
  Radar station with Selex RAT-31SL/T
  Command and Control Center

The Canary Islands Air Command (Mando Aéreo de Canarias - MACAN) is responsible for the defense of the Canary Islands and the only regional command.[5]

Logistic Support CommandEdit

The Logistic Support Command (MALOG) in Madrid manages the air force's material resources and logistical support.[6]

  • Logistic Support Command in Madrid
    • Logistic Support Command Staff
    • Procurement Directorate (DAD) procures material and services as needed by the other MALOG directorates
    • Logistic-Operational Maintenance and Support Directorate (DSO) manages the logistic support for air force units
    • Engineering and Infrastructures Directorate (DIN) manages aeronautical and infrastructure engineering
    • Air Force Logistic Centers
    • Military Aircraft Accidents Technical Investigation Commission

The following units are part of the General Air Command but fall operationally under the Logistic Support Command:

Personnel CommandEdit

The Personnel Command (MAPER) in Madrid manages and controls all personnel matters, including assistance medical and educational aspects.[7]

  • Personnel Command in Madrid
    • Personnel Command Staff
    • Planning and Organization Section, to develops the personnel doctrine and corresponding legislation.
    • Air Warfare Center (CEGA) develops the military doctrine of the air force and communicates it to the personnel
    • Personnel Directorate (DPE) tasked with personnel management and military recreational centers
    • Education Directorate (DEN) tasked with managing the air force's educational centers
    • Health Directorate (DISAN) tasked with managing health care, medical supplies and medical research
      • Aerospace Medicine Instruction Center (CIMA) at Torrejón Air Base
        • Military and Civil Personnel Medical Examination Section
        • Physiology and Aeromedical Training Section
        • Instruction and Teaching Section.
        • Plans and Research Section
        • Prevention and Flight Safety Section

The following units are part of the General Air Command but fall operationally under the Personnel Command:

Economic Affairs DirectorateEdit

The Economic Affairs Directorate (DAE) in Madrid oversees the air force's budget and reports to the Ministry of Defense's General Directorate of Economic Affairs.[8]

  • Economic Affairs Directorate in Madrid
    • Economic Affairs Directorate Staff
    • Accounting and Budget Sub-Directorate
    • Economic Management and Contracting Sub-Directorate

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ejército del Aire - 1936 Archived 2014-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Armada Española - Desplieque geográfico
  3. ^ "Organizacion". Spanish Air Force. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Structure of the Air Staff". Spanish Air Force. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Spanish Air Force Organization". Spanish Air Force. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Structure of the Logistic Support Command". Spanish Air Force. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Structure of the Personnel Command". Spanish Air Force. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Structure of the Economic Affairs Directorate". Spanish Air Force. Retrieved 18 May 2018.

External linksEdit