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Dassault Falcon 900

The Dassault Falcon 900, commonly abbreviated as the F900,[3] is a trijet French-built corporate jet aircraft made by Dassault Aviation.

Falcon 900
Spanish Air Force Dassault Falcon 900B.jpg
Role Business jet
National origin France
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 21 September 1984
Status Active service, in production
Primary users French Air Force
Japan Coast Guard
Nigerian Air Force
Royal Malaysian Air Force
Produced 1984–present
Number built 500+[1]
Unit cost
US$44.8 million[2]
Developed from Dassault Falcon 50
Variants Dassault Falcon 2000
Dassault Falcon 7X

DevelopmentEdit

 
A Falcon 900EX during a flyby
 
Dassault Falcon 900B lands at Birmingham Airport

The Falcon 900 is a development of the Falcon 50, itself a development of the earlier Falcon 20. The Falcon 900 design incorporates composite materials and an S-duct to feed the central engine.

Improved models include the Falcon 900-B, featuring improved engines and increased range, and the Falcon 900EX featuring further improvements in engines and range and an all-glass flight deck. The Falcon 900C is a lower-cost companion to the Falcon 900EX and replaces the Falcon 900B. Later versions are the Falcon 900EX EASy and the Falcon 900DX. At EBACE 2008, Dassault announced another development of the 900 series: the Falcon 900LX,[4] incorporating high mach blended winglets designed by Aviation Partners Inc. The same winglets are certified for the entire Falcon 900 series as a retrofit kit.

Operational serviceEdit

The Falcon 900 is used by the Escadron de transport, d'entrainement et de calibration, which is in charge of transportation for officials of the French state.

VariantsEdit

Falcon 900
Announced in 1984. Original production. Powered by three 20 kN (4,500 lbf) Garrett TFE731-5AR-1C turbofan engines.[5] It was certified in 1986 by French and U.S. aviation authorities.
Falcon 900 MSA
Maritime patrol version for Japan Coast Guard. This variant is equipped with search radar and a hatch for dropping rescue stores.[6]
Falcon 900B
Revised production version from 1991.[6] Powered by 21.13 kN (4,750 lbf) TFE731-5BR-1C engines.[7]

Falcon 900CEdit

Replacement for 900B with improved avionics. Introduced in 2000.[6][7]
Falcon 900EX
Long range version, with 22.24 kN (5,000 lbf) This variant features TFE731-60 engines and can store more fuel to give an increased range of 8,340 km (4,501 nm; 5,180 miles). Improved avionics (Honeywell Primus). It entered service 1996.[7]

Falcon 900EX EASyEdit

900EX with Enhanced Avionics System (EASy) incorporating ground-breaking T-shape configuration of Honeywell Primus Epic avionics and path-based flight display.

Falcon 900DX
Shorter-range production type. TFE731-60 engines.[8]
Falcon 900LX
Current production variant of EX fitted with blended winglets designed by Aviation Partners Inc.. Improved range of 4,750 nmi (8,800 km).[9]
VC-900A
Italian military designation for the 900EX.[10]
VC-900B
Italian military designation for the 900EASY.[10]

OperatorsEdit

Civil operatorsEdit

 
A Falcon 900B of Gazpromavia at Pulkovo Airport

A wide range of private owners, businesses and small airlines operate Falcon 900s.

  Saudi Arabia

Saudia Private Aviation

  Qatar

Military operatorsEdit

 
A Falcon 900 of the Royal Malaysian Air Force
 
Falcon 900EX of the Italian Air Force
 
A Spanish Air Force Falcon 900B
  Bolivia
  France
  Germany
  Italy
  Japan
  Malaysia
  Namibia
  Nigeria
  Russia
  South Africa
  Spain
  Syria
  United Arab Emirates
   Switzerland
  Venezuela

Former operatorsEdit

  Algeria
  Australia
  Belgium
  Gabon
  Greece
  • Government of Greece
  Malawi
  Monaco

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On September 14, 1999, a Falcon 900B operating for the Greek Government by Olympic Airways, and registered SX-ECH, was descending to land at Bucharest, Romania, when the autopilot disengaged and several pilot-induced oscillations occurred. The impact of unfastened passengers with the cabin and aircraft furniture resulted in fatal injuries to seven passengers, serious injuries to two and minor to another two. Among the victims was Giannos Kranidiotis, then alternate foreign minister for Greece.[15]

Specifications (Falcon 900B)Edit

 
A Falcon 900 shortly after take-off

Data from [7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 19 passengers
  • Length: 20.21 m (66 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 19.33 m (63 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 49.0 m2 (527 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 7.63:1
  • Empty weight: 10,255 kg (22,608 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 20,640 kg (45,503 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 8,690 kg (19,160 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × AlliedSignal TFE731-5BR-1C turbofans, 21.13 kN (4,750 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.84–0.87
  • Cruise speed: 950 km/h (590 mph, 510 kn) ; Mach 0.85 (at 11,000 m (36,000 ft)
  • Stall speed: 158 km/h (98 mph, 85 kn) (wheels and flaps down)
  • Range: 7,400 km (4,600 mi, 4,000 nmi) with 8 passengers
  • Service ceiling: 15,500 m (50,900 ft)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Page Not Found". www.dassaultfalcon.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Purchase Planning Handbook" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week Network. May 2018.
  3. ^ "DASSAULT Falcon 900 - SKYbrary Aviation Safety". www.skybrary.aero. Archived from the original on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  4. ^ "News Channel - Homepage - flightglobal.com". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  5. ^ Taylor 1988, p.77.
  6. ^ a b c "The Dassault Falcon 900 Archived 2009-04-25 at the Wayback Machine". airliners.net. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d Taylor, M J H (editor) (1999). Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000 Edition. Brassey's. pp. 416–417. ISBN 1-85753-245-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Falcon 900 DX Archived 2009-02-28 at the Wayback Machine". Dassault Aviation, 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2009.
  9. ^ "Falcon 900LX Performance". Dassault Falcon. Archived from the original on 2016-05-31. Retrieved 2016-06-27.
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2012-07-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Cicalesi, Juan Carlos; Rivas, Santiago (August 2010). "New Bolivian Presidential Transport". Air International. Vol. 79 no. 2. p. 5.
  12. ^ "Official website Aeronautica Militare". difesa.it. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-31. Retrieved 2015-06-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ Malawi Sells Presidential Jet Archived 2014-05-19 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Accident description for ASN Aircraft accident 14-SEP-1999 Dassault Falcon 900B SX-ECH at the Aviation Safety Network

External linksEdit