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Story County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 89,542.[1][2] The county seat is Nevada.[3]

Story County
Story County Administration Building
Story County Administration Building
Map of Iowa highlighting Story County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°02′16″N 93°27′59″W / 42.037777777778°N 93.466388888889°W / 42.037777777778; -93.466388888889
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1846
Named forJoseph Story
SeatNevada
Largest cityAmes
Area
 • Total574 sq mi (1,490 km2)
 • Land573 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
98,105
 • Density156/sq mi (60/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th

Story County comprises the Ames, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Des Moines-Ames-West Des Moines, IA Combined Statistical Area.[4]

The county is home to Iowa State University in Ames.

HistoryEdit

 
Bales of hay on a farm near Ames, Story County, Iowa

The land that today is known as Story County was originally prairie with the exception of some groves along the larger streams in the area. In 1846 the boundaries of Story County were established. The County has an area of 576 square miles (1,490 km2) and is square in shape.

 
Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story

The county was named after Joseph Story, a preeminent United States Supreme Court Justice, in 1853. The first settlers to the area came from Indiana, then from the New England states of New York and Pennsylvania. Later, many Norwegians, Germans and Danes came directly from overseas and inhabited the area. The first large population influx occurred during the 1850s. Story County was not mentioned in the Federal Census in 1850, but figures from the State of Iowa put the population at 214 in 1852. By 1860 the population had increased to 4,501.

Three commissioners were appointed by the Iowa legislature to determine the county seat location. On June 27, 1853, they announced Nevada as their choice. Nevada (pronounced Nuh-VAY-Dah) was named after the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California. Like many Midwestern towns, cities and counties, many prominent locations from the newly explored West and Mexican–American War of the late 1840s inspired the naming of towns and counties in Iowa during this period.

Railroad construction did more to develop Story County than any other single factor. The first railroad came to the county in 1864. Railroads were such a decisive factor in determining the location of towns that several communities in Story County moved to be closer to the rail line. Some flourishing little towns that were bypassed by the railroad soon disappeared. Although Nevada was long the population center of the county, Ames was the most widely known of the towns because of the busy railroad depot where travelers would transfer to their next train.

Story County has had five courthouses. The first, a two-level frame building, was erected in 1856. Fire destroyed it in 1863, and it was replaced by a similar structure, which was replaced by a larger three-level building in 1877, situated on the town square. This building's tower served as a vantage point to view the countryside; it was eventually removed for safety reasons. The fourth courthouse was built in 1967 and placed in service on May 18, 1968. That building is still in use as offices for the Board of Supervisors, Auditor, Treasurer, Recorder, Assessor, Information Technology, Facilities Management, Health and Planning & Development Offices. A cannon from the Civil War rests on the lawn. The current courthouse, the Story County Justice Center, opened in 2002. It houses the Justice Center, comprising the law enforcement and judicial aspects of Story County Government. The Story County Sheriff's Office, Attorney, and Clerk of Court are all housed in this building.[5]

Story County consists of 16 townships and 15 incorporated cities, and 4 unincorporated towns. The population of 79,981 in the 2000 census consisted of 71,114 in urban areas and 8867 in rural areas.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 573 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[6]

The geographical center of Iowa lies in Story County, 5 miles (8.0 km) northeast of Ames.[7]

Adjacent countiesEdit

TransportationEdit

Major highwaysEdit

AirportsEdit

Story County is home to the Ames Municipal Airport, on the south side of Ames. The nearest large airport is the Des Moines International Airport, on the south side of Des Moines, some 30 miles from Story County.

Rail linesEdit

Story County contains three rail lines, all controlled by the Union Pacific Railroad Company. The Overland Route runs east–west on its route from Chicago to California, passing near Ames, Colo and Nevada in Story County. The Spine Line runs north–south on its route from Minneapolis to Kansas City, Missouri, passing near McCallsburg, Nevada and Cambridge. The third line in Story County begins at Ames and runs near Gilbert and Story City.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18604,051
187011,651187.6%
188016,90645.1%
189018,1277.2%
190023,15927.8%
191024,0834.0%
192026,1858.7%
193031,14118.9%
194033,4347.4%
195044,29432.5%
196049,32711.4%
197062,78327.3%
198072,32615.2%
199074,2522.7%
200079,9817.7%
201089,54212.0%
Est. 201898,105[8]9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2010 censusEdit

The following Story County statistics were gathered by the 2010 U.S. Census.[13]

Population Story County had a population of 89,542, a 12% increase from the 2000 Census. Of that number, 17.8% of those people are under the age of 18, and 10% are over the age of 65, 95.1% of those people (age 25+) are high school graduates, and 45.4% (age 25+) hold at least a bachelor's degree.

Commuting time Story County workers age 16 and older spent an average of 16.6 minutes traveling to work between 2005 and 2009.

Workforce data There were 45,010 individuals working in Story County and 81.5% of those people live in Story County. The remaining percentages break down as follows: 6.8% live in Boone County (directly west) 4.2% live in Polk County (directly south) 2.1% live in Hamilton County (directly north) 1.2% live in Hardin County (directly north) 1.1% live in Marshal County (directly east).

There were 43,839 working individuals who lived in Story County and worked anywhere, and 83.7% of those people worked in Story County.

Household data According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the median household income in 2009 was $48,165, with an average of 2.41 people per household between 2005 and 2009.

The per capita income in the past 12 months (2009 dollars) between 2005 and 2009 was $24,202.

2000 censusEdit

 
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Story County

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 79,981 people, 29,383 households, and 17,042 families residing in the county. The population density was 140 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 30,630 housing units at an average density of 54 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.14% White, 1.83% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 5.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 29,383 households out of which 27.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.60% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.00% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.

Age spread: 19.10% under the age of 18, 28.30% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 17.30% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 104.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,442, and the median income for a family was $55,472. Males had a median income of $36,756 versus $26,941 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,949. About 5.50% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.80% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over.

Story County laborshedEdit

Total potential labor force

According to the Story County Laborshed Analysis, which was analyzed and compiled by the Iowa Workforce Development in August 2011, Story County has a total potential labor force of 424,702 people, which breaks down as follows:

  • Employed – 75.3%
  • Unemployed – 8.37%
  • Homemakers – 7.8%
  • Retired – 8.2%

Likelihood to accept / change employment The estimated number of individuals who are very likely or somewhat likely to change or accept employment is 106,383, or 25%.

  • Employed – 87.6%
  • Unemployed – 3%
  • Homemakers – 5.2%
  • Retired – 4.2%

Unemployment Of those unemployed and willing to enter / re-enter employment:

  • Average age – 45
  • Male – 50%
  • Female – 50%
  • Have Education Beyond High School – 67.5%

Wages The estimated wage range to attract the upper 66-75% of qualified hourly wage applicants is $10 to $10.44 per hour, with a median of the lowest wage at $10 per hour.

Commute Those unemployed and willing to enter / re-enter employment are willing to commute an average of 24 miles one way for the right opportunity.

Law enforcementEdit

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Story County.[13]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Ames City 58,965
2 Nevada City 6,798
3 Story City City 3,431
4 Huxley City 3,317
5 Slater City 1,489
6 Roland City 1,284
7 Gilbert City 1,082
8 Maxwell City 920
9 Colo City 876
10 Cambridge City 827
11 Zearing City 554
12 Collins City 495
13 McCallsburg City 333
14 Sheldahl (partially in Boone and Polk Counties) City 319
15 Kelley City 309

PoliticsEdit

Prior to 1988, Story County was primarily Republican in presidential elections, only failing to back the Republican Party candidate three times from 1896 to 1984. Since 1988, the presence of Iowa State University has helped the county become a Democratic Party stronghold. To exemplify this, Donald Trump's 2016 election performance in the county was over 3 points worse than Mitt Romney in 2012 despite Trump outperforming Romney statewide by nearly 5 points & winning Iowa's electoral votes.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 38.4% 19,458 50.7% 25,709 10.9% 5,500
2012 41.7% 19,668 55.6% 26,192 2.7% 1,290
2008 40.8% 18,995 57.0% 26,548 2.2% 1,038
2004 46.6% 20,819 52.2% 23,296 1.2% 537
2000 45.9% 16,228 49.4% 17,478 4.7% 1,658
1996 38.1% 12,468 52.7% 17,234 9.2% 2,993
1992 35.0% 12,702 47.1% 17,118 17.9% 6,491
1988 41.6% 13,782 57.6% 19,051 0.8% 272
1984 51.6% 19,804 47.6% 18,277 0.9% 329
1980 42.4% 15,829 36.2% 13,529 21.5% 8,013
1976 51.9% 18,394 44.3% 15,717 3.9% 1,365
1972 53.6% 16,617 45.0% 13,972 1.4% 436
1968 56.3% 13,327 39.9% 9,456 3.8% 892
1964 39.7% 8,188 59.8% 12,329 0.5% 93
1960 65.3% 13,708 34.7% 7,281 0.1% 15
1956 67.5% 13,264 32.3% 6,352 0.1% 24
1952 71.8% 13,857 27.5% 5,299 0.7% 140
1948 54.5% 8,307 40.3% 6,152 5.2% 792
1944 51.8% 7,163 47.4% 6,554 0.7% 101
1940 52.1% 7,853 47.5% 7,152 0.4% 65
1936 46.8% 6,358 51.0% 6,933 2.2% 297
1932 51.8% 6,735 43.4% 5,638 4.8% 619
1928 75.7% 9,035 22.8% 2,714 1.5% 183
1924 63.1% 6,916 11.9% 1,310 25.0% 2,742
1920 80.8% 8,713 17.7% 1,909 1.5% 162
1916 66.2% 3,722 31.5% 1,772 2.3% 130
1912 23.8% 1,247 23.4% 1,224 52.8% 2,763
1908 71.1% 3,790 22.4% 1,195 6.5% 349
1904 78.7% 3,919 15.1% 752 6.2% 306
1900 71.9% 4,032 24.0% 1,343 4.1% 232
1896 68.7% 3,630 30.1% 1,589 1.2% 63

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  2. ^ "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 14, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2006. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ Story County
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: state of Iowa
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  13. ^ a b 2010 Census
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 28, 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)

External linksEdit