|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geographical centres.|
In geography, the centroid of the two-dimensional shape of a region of the Earth's surface (projected radially to sea level or onto a geoid surface) is known as its geographical centre or geographical center. There has long been debate over the methods of calculation of the geographical centres of various countries and regions, proposed methods include:
- center point of a bounding box completely enclosing the area. While relatively easy to determine, a center point calculated using this method will generally also vary (relative to the shape of the landmass or region) depending on the orientation of the bounding box to the area under consideration. In this sense it is not a robust method.
- center of the surface area, which incorporates elevations into calculations, or that point on which the surface of the area would balance if it were a plane of uniform thickness.
- the point where the sum of squared distances from the center to all points in the region is a minimum
Questions remain about how to include offshore islands. As noted in a USGS document "There is no generally accepted definition of geographic center, and no completely satisfactory method for determining it."
Notable geographical centresEdit
- Geographical centre of Earth
- Geographical center of Europe
- Geographical center of Austria
- Geographical center of Belgium
- Geographical center of Croatia is assumed to be in Bosnia and Herzegovina 
- Geographical centre of Estonia
- Geographical center of Hungary
- Geographical centre of Ireland
- Geographical center of Lithuania
- Centre of Norway
- Centre of Poland
- Geographical center of Serbia
- Geographical centre of Slovenia
- Geographical center of Sweden
- Geographical center of Switzerland
- Centre points of the United Kingdom
- Geographic center of North America
- Geographical center of the Russian Federation
- Geographical Center of Asia, in China or Russia
- Centre points of Australia
- Geographical centre of New Zealand
| This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names).
If an internal link incorrectly led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.
- "Geographic Centers of the United States". United States Geologic Survey: 4. 1964.
- Rogerson, Peter A. (2015-10-02). "A New Method for Finding Geographic Centers, with Application to U.S. States". The Professional Geographer. 67 (4): 686–694. doi:10.1080/00330124.2015.1062707. ISSN 0033-0124.
- "Europa - Geographic Centres of European countries".
- "Geographical Center of India" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-11-19.