Stage Door Canteen (film)
Stage Door Canteen is a 1943 American World War II propaganda film with some musical numbers and other entertainment interspersed with dramatic scenes by a largely unknown cast. The film was produced by Sol Lesser Productions and directed by Frank Borzage. The film features many celebrity cameo appearances but primarily relates a simple drama set in the famed New York City restaurant and nightclub for American and Allied servicemen. Six bands are featured. The score and the original song, "We Mustn't Say Goodbye", were nominated for Academy Awards.
|Stage Door Canteen|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Frank Borzage|
|Produced by||Frank Borzage
|Written by||Delmer Daves|
|Music by||Fred Rich|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||$4,350,000 (US/Canada rentals)|
The film, made in wartime, celebrates the work of the Stage Door Canteen, created in New York City as a recreational center for both American and Allied servicemen on leave to socialize with, be entertained or served by Broadway celebrities. The storyline follows several women who volunteer for the Canteen and must adhere to strict rules of conduct, the most important of which is that their job is to provide friendly companionship to and be dance partners for the (often nervous) men who are soon to be sent into combat. No romantic fraternization is allowed. Eileen (Cheryl Walker) is a volunteer who confesses to only becoming involved in the Canteen in order to be discovered by one of the Hollywood stars in attendance. She ultimately finds herself falling in love with one of the soldiers (William Terry).
Stage Door Canteen was made under the auspices of the American Theatre Wing. The actual Stage Door Canteen in New York City was a basement club located in the 44th Street Theatre, and it could not be used for the filming as it was too busy receiving servicemen. The settings were recreated at the Fox Movietone Studio in New York and at RKO Pathé Studios in Los Angeles. Stage Door Canteen was in production from November 30, 1942, to late January 1943.
Star appearances range from momentary cameos, such as Johnny Weissmuller working in the Canteen's kitchen, to more substantial roles. In a June 1943 feature story titled "Show Business at War", Life magazine counted a total of 82 performers in Stage Door Canteen, and provided total screen time for some of them:
- Ray Bolger, dancing (391 seconds)
- Edgar Bergen with Charlie McCarthy (248 seconds) and Mortimer Snerd (102 seconds)
- Gypsy Rose Lee, performing a "strip" on stage (331 seconds)
- Gracie Fields, singing the "Machine Gun Song" and "The Lord's Prayer" (197 seconds)
- Katharine Cornell, serving food with Aline MacMahon and Dorothy Fields and reciting from Romeo and Juliet (113 seconds)
- Ed Wynn, various scenes (101 seconds)
- Katharine Hepburn, appears at the close with Selena Royle and in a scene with Cheryl Walker which was written by Robert Sherwood (99 seconds)
- Ethel Merman, singing "Marching Through Berlin" (95 seconds)
- Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne working in the kitchen (81 seconds)
- Tallulah Bankhead, working as a senior hostess (50 seconds)
- Ina Claire, mediating a dispute between sailors who want to dance with her (43 seconds)
- Helen Hayes, working as a senior hostess (43 seconds)
Stage Door Canteen represents the only film appearance of Katharine Cornell. It features a performance of "Why Don't You Do Right?" by Benny Goodman and His Orchestra, which became the first major hit for singer Peggy Lee.
Cheryl Walker and William Terry
These featured cast members either perform or have extended dialogue in the story.
These featured players make brief appearances in the film.
Other stage, screen and radio artists making cameo appearances include the following:
- Henry Armetta
- Helen Broderick
- Lloyd Corrigan
- Jane Darwell
- William Demarest
- Virginia Field
- Arlene Francis
- Vinton Freedley
- Ann Gillis
- Lucile Gleason
- Virginia Grey
- Allen Jenkins
- Roscoe Karns
- Tom Kennedy
- Otto Kruger
- June Lang
- Betty Lawford
- Bert Lytell
- Aline MacMahon
- Horace McMahon
- Helen Menken
- Peggy Moran
- Alan Mowbray
- Elliott Nugent
- Franklin Pangborn
- Helen Parrish
- Brock Pemberton
- Cornelia Otis Skinner
- Ned Sparks
- Bill Stern
- Arleen Whelan
- Dame May Whitty
- "Bugle Call Rag"
- "Ave Maria"
- "Flight of the Bumblebee"
- "A Rookie and His Rhythm"
- "She's a Bombshell from Brooklyn"
- "We Mustn't Say Goodbye"
- "Sleep Baby Sleep (in Your Jeep)"
- "Don't Worry Island"
- "You're Pretty Terrific Yourself"
- "The Girl I Love to Leave Behind"
- "The Machine Gun Song"
- "The Lord's Prayer"
- "Good Night, Sweetheart"
- "Marching Through Berlin"
- "Why Don't You Do Right?"
- "Marines' Hymn"
Bosley Crowther, film critic for The New York Times, prefaced his remarks on the film by stating his aversion to the contemporary trend toward all-star spectacles, which he called "cheap showmanship":
But for once, we've got to make a frank concession. As done in Stage Door Canteen this parading of show-world notables has some real dramatic point. It shapes a glamorous, atmospheric setting within which a slight story is played—a setting as real as is the Canteen for a story that is old as the hills. … And, besides, some of the acts are pretty good.
Crowther praised producer Sol Lesser for creating an illusion of authenticity by casting newcomers to the screen—"anybody's boys and girls … just so many nice kids at the Canteen." He credited the film for catching the generous spirit of show people wishing to do their part to help win the war. "As a general rule," he concluded, "this writer is depressed by a bandwagon of stars. But this is one time when the spectacle really brings a lump of pride to the throat."
All proceeds, after Lesser's 8.5 percent, were donated to the American Theatre Wing and its allied charities. The film was such a success at the boxoffice that Lesser was able to turn over $1.5 million—the equivalent of more than $20.5 million today.
"Patriotism, entertainment, and romance mix badly", wrote modern critic Pauline Kael, who looked back on the film for The New Yorker. "Many famous performers make fools of themselves … Katharine Cornell, Katharine Hepburn, and Paul Muni fare a shade worse than most of the other 50-odd famous performers; Ray Bolger and Ed Wynn come off rather better." Kael termed the film "depressing" and particularly criticized Delmer Daves's "horribly elaborate narrative". Dave Kehr of The New York Times called the film "an interesting document on World War II".
- "Top Grossers of the Season", Variety, January 5, 1944 p. 54
- "All-Time Top Grossers", Variety, January 8, 1964, p. 69
- Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3.
- "44th Street Theatre". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2015-01-24.
- Erickson, Hal. "Stage Door Canteen". AllMovie. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- "Stage Door Canteen". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
- "Show Business at War". Life. Vol. 14 no. 25. Time Inc. June 21, 1943. pp. 76–77. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- Bush, John. "Peggy Lee Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- Reid, Grant Harper (2013). Rhythm for Sale. North Charleston, South Carolina: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. 236. ISBN 978-0615678283.
- Crowther, Bosley (July 4, 1943). "On Seeing Stars: Stage Door Canteen and Other Pictures Play Up the Notables". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
- Associated Press (January 18, 1944). "Random Harvest Voted Best Film". San Jose Evening News. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- "Stage Door Canteen". The Official Academy Awards Database. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
- Stanley, Fred (September 26, 1943). "Monogram Bids for the Big League". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
- Clark, Alfred E. (September 21, 1980). "Sol Lesser, Pioneer Movie Producer, Dies at Age 90". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
- "Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator". United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
- Kael, Pauline (1991) . 5001 Nights at the Movies. New York: Henry Holt and Company. pp. 703–04. ISBN 0-8050-1367-9.
- Kehr, Dave (May 8, 2007). "New DVDs". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-02-02.