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Solicitor General of India

The Solicitor General of India is the Indian government's chief legal advisor, and its primary lawyer in the Supreme Court of India. Currently solicitor general of India is Tushar Mehta[1]. The Solicitor General of India is the secondary law officer of the country, assists the Attorney General, and is himself assisted by several Additional Solicitors General of India. Like the Attorney General for India, the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General advise the Government and appear on behalf of the Union of India in terms of the Law Officers (Terms and Conditions) Rules, 1972.[2] However, unlike the post of Attorney General for India, which is a Constitutional post under Article 76 of the Constitution of India, the posts of the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General are merely statutory. Appointments Committee of the Cabinet appoints the Solicitor General. Whereas Attorney General for India is appointed by the President under Article 76(1) of solicitor general of India is appointed to assist the attorney general along with four additional solicitors general by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet. The proposal for appointment of Solicitor General, Additional Solicitor General is generally moved at the, level of Joint secretary/Law Secretary in the Department of Legal Affairs and after obtaining the approval of the Minister of Law & Justice, the proposal

Solicitor General of India
Tushar Mehta
AppointerAppointments Committee of the Cabinet
Term length3 years
DeputyAdditional Solicitors General of India

Contents

DutiesEdit

Duties of Solicitor General are laid out in Law Officers (Conditions of Service) Rules, 1987:[3]

  • to give advice to the Government of India upon such legal matters, and to perform such other duties of a legal character, as may from time to time, be referred or assigned to him by the Government of India.
  • to appear, whenever required, in the Supreme Court or in any High Court on behalf of the Government of India in cases (including suits, writ petitions, appeal and other proceedings) in which the Government of India is concerned as a party or is otherwise interested;
  • to represent the Government of India in any reference made by the President to the Supreme Court under Article 143 of the Constitution; and
  • to discharge such other functions as are conferred on a Law Officer by or under the Constitution or any other Law for the time being in force.

Restrictions of private practiceEdit

As law officers represent government of India, there are certain restrictions which are put on their private practice. A law officer is not allowed to:

  • hold briefs in any court for any party except the Government of India or the government of a State or any University, Government School or College, local authority, Public Service Commission, Port Trust, Port Commissioners, Government aided or Government managed hospitals, a Government company, any Corporation owned or controlled by the State, any body or institution in which the Government has a preponderating interest;
  • advice any party against the Government of India or a Public Sector Undertaking, or in cases in which he is likely to be called upon to advise, or appear for, the Government of India or a Public Sector Undertaking;
  • defend an accused person in a criminal prosecution, without the permission of the Government of India; or
  • accept appointment to any office in any company or corporation without the permission of the Government of India;
  • advise any Ministry or Department of Government of India or any statutory organisation or any Public Sector Undertaking unless the proposal or a reference in this regard is received through the Ministry of Law and Justice, Department of Legal Affairs.[3]

Fee and allowances payableEdit

Fee and allowances payable to the law officers (including Attorney General of India, Solicitor General of India and the Additional Solicitors General) of the Government of India are as under:[4]

S.No. Nomenclature of the item of work Rates of fees payable for appearance and other work
(1) Suits, writ petitions, appeals and references under article 143 Rs. 16,000/- per case per day
(2) Special leave petitions and other applications Rs. 10,000/- per case per day
(3) Settling pleadings (including affidavits) Rs. 5,000/- per pleading
(4) Settling Statement of Case Rs. 6,000/- per case
(5) For giving opinions in statements of cases sent by the Ministry of Law Rs. 10,000/- per case
(6) For written submission before the Supreme Court, High Court, and Commissions of Inquiry or Tribunals and the like Rs. 10,000/- per case
(7) Appearance in Courts outside Delhi Rs. 40,000/- per day per case

In addition to the above fee payable for cases, a retainer fee is paid to the Attorney General of India, Solicitor General of India and the Additional Solicitors General at the rate of Rs. 50,000, Rs. 40,000, and Rs. 30,000 per month, respectively. Moreover, the Attorney General of India is also paid a sumptuary allowance of rupees four thousand per month, except during the period of his leave.

Current Solicitor General and Additional Solicitors GeneralEdit

The current Solicitor General of India and Additional Solicitors General as of 11 October 2018 are as follows:[5][6]

Solicitor General Term
Tushar Mehta 11 October 2018 - 30 June 2020(incubment)
Additional Solicitors General of India Term
Maninder Singh 7 June 2014 – 6 June 2017 (incumbent)
Paramjit Singh Patwalia 7 June 2014 – 6 June 2017 (incumbent)
Aman Lekhi 28 June 2018 - 30 June 2020 (incumbent)
Neeraj Kishan Kaul 7 June 2014 – 6 June 2017 (incumbent)
Pamidighantam Sri Narasimha 7 June 2014 – 6 June 2017 (incumbent)
Pinky Anand 9 July 2014 – 8 July 2017 (incumbent)
Anil C Singh 9 July 2014 – 8 July 2017 (incumbent)
Sanjay Jain 23 July 2014 – 22 July 2017 (incumbent)
G.Rajagopalan 28 July 2014 – 27 July 2017 (incumbent)
Prabhuling K Navadgi 8 April 2015 – 7 April 2018 (incumbent)
Rajdeepak Rastogi 28 July 2014 – 27 July 2017 (incumbent)
Ashok Mehta 10 October 2014 – 9 October 2017 (incumbent)
Satya Pal Jain 8 April 2015 – 7 April 2018 (incumbent)

Former Solicitors GeneralEdit

The former Solicitors General for India were as follows:[6]

Solicitor General Term Prime Ministers[7]
C.K.Daphtary 28 January 1950 – 1 March 1963 Jawaharlal Nehru
H.N. Sanyal 2 March 1963 – 9 September 1964 Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri
S.V. Gupta 10 September 1964 – 16 September 1967 Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi
Niren De 30 September 1967 – 30 October 1968 Indira Gandhi
Jagadish Swarup 5 June 1969 – 4 June 1972 Indira Gandhi
L.N. Sinha 17 July 1972 – 5 April 1977 Indira Gandhi
S.N. Kacker 5 April 1977 – 2 August 1979 Morarji Desai
Soli Sorabjee 9 August 1979 – 25 January 1980 Charan Singh
K. Parasaran 6 March 1980 – 8 August 1983 Indira Gandhi
Milon K. Banerji 4 April 1986 – 3 April 1989 Rajiv Gandhi
Ashok Desai 18 December 1989 – 2 December 1990 VP Singh
A.D. Giri 4 December 1990 – 1 December 1991 Chandra Shekhar
Dipankar P. Gupta 9 April 1992 – 10 April 1997 PV Narasimha Rao, HD Deve Gowda
T R Andhyarujina 11 April 1997 – 4 April 1998 Inder Kumar Gujral
Nitte Santhosh Hegde 10 April 1998 – 7 January 1999 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Harish Salve 1 November 1999 – 3 November 2002 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Kirit Raval 4 November 2002 – 19 April 2004 Atal Bihari Vajpayee
G. E. Vahanvati 20 April 2004 – 7 June 2009 Manmohan Singh
Gopal Subramaniam 15 June 2009 – 14 July 2011 Manmohan Singh
Rohinton Nariman 23 July 2011 – 4 February 2013 Manmohan Singh
Mohan Parasaran 2013–2014 Manmohan Singh
Ranjit Kumar June 2014 - 20 October 2017 Narendra Modi
Tushar Mehta 10 October 2018 - incumbent Narendra Modi

Former Additional Solicitors GeneralEdit

The former Additional Solicitor General of India are as follows:[6]

Additional Solicitors General of India Term
Fali S. Nariman May 1972– June 1975[8]
K K Venugopal
V.P. Raman
N. Santosh Hegde November 1989 – October 1990[9]
Kuldip Singh August 1987 – December 1988[10]
Kapil Sibal December 1989 – December 1990[11]
K.G. Bhagat
B. Dutta
Arun Jaitley 1989–1990
Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud 1998–2000
Madan B. Lokur July 1998 – February 1999[12]
R. Mohan July 2004– February 2009[13]
Amarendra Sharan August 2004– June 2009
Parag P Tripathi February 2008 – Jan 2012[14][15]
M. Chandrasekharan February 2008 – 2008[14][16]
Farook M Razack (Kolkata) July 2009 – July 2012[14]
Muthukrishnan Ravindran (Chennai) July 2009 – July 2012[14]
Darius J Khambatta (Mumbai) July 2009 – July 2012[14]
Muthukrishnan Ravindran (Chennai) July 2009 – July 2012[14]
Ashok Nigam (Allahabad) July 2009 – July 2012[14]
Bishwajit Bhattacharyya November 2009 – November 2012[17]
Rajeeve Mehra (Delhi)[18] July 2012 – June 2014[14]
P. P. Malhotra 2004-2014[19]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Tushar Mehta is new SG". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2018-10-11. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  2. ^ "Law Officers (Conditions of Service) Rules, 1987" (PDF).
  3. ^ a b "Law Officers (Condites, 1987" (PDF). Gazette of India. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Fee and allowances payable to law officers" (PDF). Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  5. ^ "List of Law Officers (As on 9.4.2015)" (PDF). Ministry of Law and Justice. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  6. ^ a b c "Solicitor general". Vakilno1.com. Archived from the original on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Former Prime Ministers". PM India. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  8. ^ Member Official Biography – N Rajya Sabha website.
  9. ^ "Biodata of Justice Nitte Santosh Hegde" (PDF). Government of Karnataka website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  10. ^ "Biodata of Justice Kuldip Singh". Supreme Court of India website. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Biographical Sketch". Dod.nic.in. 8 August 1948. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Biodata of Chief Justice". High Court of Andhra Pradesh website. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  13. ^ "Additional Solicitor General Mohan dead". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 25 February 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "List of Law Officers". Ministry of Law and Justice website. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Parag P. Tripathi Appointed as Additional Solicitor General of India". New Delhi, India: The Press Information Bureau. 5 February 2008.
  16. ^ "M. Chandrasekharan Appointed Additional Solicitor General of India". New Delhi, India: The Press Information Bureau. 6 February 2008.
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/govt-reappoints-6-asgs/970977/
  19. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/P-P-Malhotra-appointed-ASG/articleshow/771147.cms?referral=PM

External linksEdit