Socialist Party of Labour

The Socialist Party of Labour (Romanian: Partidul Socialist al Muncii, PSM) was a left wing-nationalist political party in Romania.

The party was labelled as neo-communist. It was founded on 16 November 1990. The chairman of the party was Ilie Verdeţ,[1] former premier under Nicolae Ceauşescu. In the 1992 legislative election, the party got roughly 3% of votes and entered the parliament. Together with the Great Romania Party, the PSM formed the 'National Bloc' faction in Romanian Senate. The PSM participated in the so-called Red Quadrilateral coalition that in addition to PSM included Iliescu's Democratic National Salvation Front, the Greater Romania Party (at that time national communist) and the nationalist Romanian National Unity Party.[2] Later, the Socialist Party of Labour gradually lost its influence.

In July 2003, the party fused with the Social Democratic Party; members who objected to the fusion formed a splinter group, called the Socialist Alliance Party.

Electoral historyEdit

Legislative electionsEdit

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1992 328,283 3.03
13 / 341
347,658 3.18
5 / 143
8th PDSR-PUNR-PRM government
1996 262,563 2.15
0 / 343
265,659 2.16
0 / 143
8th Extra-parliamentary opposition to CDR-USD-UDMR government
2000 91,027 0.71
0 / 345
96,636 0.89
0 / 140
11th Extra-parliamentary support to PDSR minority government

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
1992 did not compete
1996 Adrian Păunescu 87,163
2000 Ion Sasu 38,375


  1. ^ Ramet, Sabrina P. (2010-11-01). Radical Right in Central and Eastern Europe Since 1989. Penn State Press. ISBN 0271043792.
  2. ^ Roper, Steven D. (2000-01-01). Romania: The Unfinished Revolution. Psychology Press. ISBN 9789058230270.

External linksEdit