The Smashing Pumpkins
The Smashing Pumpkins (or Smashing Pumpkins)[note 1] are an American alternative rock band from Chicago. Formed in 1988 by frontman Billy Corgan (lead vocals, guitar), D'arcy Wretzky (bass), James Iha (guitar), and Jimmy Chamberlin (drums), the band has undergone many line-up changes. The current lineup features Corgan, Chamberlin, Iha and guitarist Jeff Schroeder.
The Smashing Pumpkins
|Origin||Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
Disavowing the punk rock roots of many of their alt-rock contemporaries, they have a diverse, densely layered, and guitar-heavy sound, containing elements of gothic rock, heavy metal, dream pop, psychedelic rock, progressive rock, shoegazing, and, in later recordings, electronica. Corgan is the group's primary songwriter; his musical ambitions and cathartic lyrics have shaped the band's albums and songs, which have been described as "anguished, bruised reports from Billy Corgan's nightmare-land".
The Smashing Pumpkins broke into the musical mainstream with their second album, 1993's Siamese Dream. The group built its audience with extensive touring and their 1995 follow-up, the double album Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart. With 30 million albums sold worldwide, the Smashing Pumpkins were one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed bands of the 1990s. However, internal fighting, drug use, and diminishing record sales led to a 2000 break-up.
In 2006, Corgan and Chamberlin reconvened to record a new Smashing Pumpkins album, Zeitgeist. After touring throughout 2007 and 2008 with a lineup including new guitarist Jeff Schroeder, Chamberlin left the band in early 2009. Later that year, Corgan began a new recording series with a rotating lineup of musicians entitled Teargarden by Kaleidyscope, which encompassed the release of stand-alone singles, compilation EP releases, and two full albums that also fell under the project's scope—Oceania in 2012 and Monuments to an Elegy in 2014. Chamberlin and Iha officially rejoined the band in February 2018. The reunited lineup released the album Shiny and Oh So Bright, Vol. 1 / LP: No Past. No Future. No Sun. in November 2018 and Cyr in November 2020.
Early years: 1988–1991Edit
After the breakup of his gothic rock band The Marked, singer and guitarist Billy Corgan left St. Petersburg, Florida, to return to his native city of Chicago, where he took a job in a record store and formed the idea of a new band to be called the Smashing Pumpkins. While working there, he met guitarist James Iha. Adorning themselves with paisley and other psychedelic trappings, the two began writing songs together (with the aid of a drum machine) that were heavily influenced by the Cure and New Order. The duo performed live for the first time on July 9, 1988 at the Polish bar Chicago 21. This performance included only Corgan on bass and Iha on guitar with a drum machine. Shortly thereafter, Corgan met D'arcy Wretzky after a show by the Dan Reed Network where they argued the merits of the band. After finding out Wretzky played bass guitar, Corgan recruited her into the lineup, and the trio played a show at the Avalon Nightclub. After this show, Cabaret Metro owner Joe Shanahan agreed to book the band on the condition that they replace the drum machine with a live drummer.
Jazz drummer Jimmy Chamberlin was recommended by a friend of Corgan's. Chamberlin knew little of alternative music and immediately changed the sound of the nascent band. As Corgan recalled of the period, "We were completely into the sad-rock, Cure kind of thing. It took about two or three practices before I realized that the power in his playing was something that enabled us to rock harder than we could ever have imagined." On October 5, 1988, the complete band took the stage for the first time at the Cabaret Metro.
In 1989, the Smashing Pumpkins made their first appearance on record with the compilation album Light Into Dark, which featured several Chicago alternative bands. The group released its first single, "I Am One", in 1990 on local Chicago label Limited Potential. The single sold out and they released a follow-up, "Tristessa", on Sub Pop, after which they signed to Caroline Records. The band recorded their 1991 debut studio album Gish with producer Butch Vig at his Smart Studios in Madison, Wisconsin for $20,000. In order to gain the consistency he desired, Corgan often played all instruments excluding drums, which created tension in the band. The music fused heavy metal guitars, psychedelia, and dream pop, garnering them comparisons to Jane's Addiction. Gish became a minor success, with the single "Rhinoceros" receiving some airplay on modern rock radio. After releasing the Lull EP in October 1991 on Caroline Records, the band formally signed with Virgin Records, which was affiliated with Caroline. The band supported the album with a tour that included opening for bands such as the Red Hot Chili Peppers, Jane's Addiction, and Guns N' Roses. During the tour, Iha and Wretzky went through a messy breakup, Chamberlin became addicted to narcotics and alcohol, and Corgan entered a deep depression, writing some songs for the upcoming album in the parking garage where he lived at the time.
Mainstream breakout and Siamese Dream: 1992–1994Edit
With the breakthrough of alternative rock into the American mainstream due to the popularity of grunge bands such as Nirvana and Pearl Jam, the Smashing Pumpkins were poised for major commercial success. At this time, the Smashing Pumpkins were routinely lumped in with the grunge movement, with Corgan protesting, "We've graduated now from 'the next Jane's Addiction' to 'the next Nirvana', now we're 'the next Pearl Jam'."
Amid this environment of intense internal pressure for the band to break through to widespread popularity, the band relocated to Marietta, Georgia in late 1992 to begin work on their second album, with Butch Vig returning as producer. The decision to record so far away from their hometown was motivated partly by the band's desire to avoid friends and distractions during the recording, but largely as a desperate attempt to cut Chamberlin off from his known drug connections. The recording environment for Siamese Dream was quickly marred by discord within the band. As was the case with Gish, Corgan and Vig decided that Corgan should play nearly all of the guitar and bass parts on the album, contributing to an air of resentment. The contemporary music press began to portray Corgan as a tyrant. Corgan's depression, meanwhile, had deepened to the point where he contemplated suicide, and he compensated by practically living in the studio. Meanwhile, Chamberlin quickly managed to find new connections and was often absent without any contact for days at a time. In all, it took over four months to complete the record, with the budget exceeding $250,000.
Despite all the problems in its recording, Siamese Dream debuted at number ten on the Billboard 200 chart, and sold over four million copies in the U.S. alone. Alongside the band's mounting mainstream recognition, the band's reputation as careerists among their former peers in the independent music community was worsened. Indie rock band Pavement's 1994 song "Range Life" directly mocks the band in its lyrics, although Stephen Malkmus, lead singer of Pavement, has stated, "I never dissed their music. I just dissed their status." Former Hüsker Dü frontman Bob Mould called them "the grunge Monkees", and fellow Chicago musician/producer Steve Albini wrote a scathing letter in response to an article praising the band, derisively comparing them to REO Speedwagon ("by, of and for the mainstream") and concluding their ultimate insignificance. The opening track and lead single of Siamese Dream, "Cherub Rock", directly addresses Corgan's feud with the "indie-world".
In 1994 Virgin released the B-sides/rarities compilation Pisces Iscariot which charted higher than Siamese Dream by reaching number four on the Billboard 200. Also released was a VHS cassette titled Vieuphoria featuring a mix of live performances and behind-the-scenes footage. Following relentless touring to support the recordings, including headline slots on the 1994 Lollapalooza tour and at Reading Festival in 1995, the band took time off to write the follow-up album.
Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness: 1995–1997Edit
During 1995, Corgan wrote about 56 songs, following which the band went into the studio with producers Flood and Alan Moulder to work on what Corgan described as "The Wall for Generation X", and which became Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, a double album of twenty-eight songs, lasting over two hours (the vinyl version of the album contained three records, two extra songs, and an alternate track listing). The songs were intended to hang together conceptually as a symbol of the cycle of life and death. Praised by Time as "the group's most ambitious and accomplished work yet", Mellon Collie debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 in October 1995. Even more successful than Siamese Dream, it was certified ten times platinum in the United States and became the best-selling double album of the decade. It also garnered seven 1997 Grammy Award nominations, including Album of the Year. The band won only the Best Hard Rock Performance award, for the album's lead single "Bullet with Butterfly Wings". The album spawned five singles—"Bullet with Butterfly Wings", "1979", "Zero", "Tonight, Tonight" which Corgan stated was inspired by the Cheap Trick song "I'll Be with You Tonight", and "Thirty-Three"—of which the first three were certified gold and all but "Zero" entered the Top 40. Many of the songs that did not make it onto Mellon Collie were released as B-sides to the singles, and were later compiled in The Aeroplane Flies High box set. The set was originally limited to 200,000 copies, but more were produced to meet demand.
In 1996 the Pumpkins undertook an extended world tour in support of Mellon Collie. Corgan's look during this period—a shaved head, a long sleeve black shirt with the word "Zero" printed on it, and silver pants—became iconic. That year, the band also made a guest appearance in an episode of The Simpsons, "Homerpalooza". With considerable video rotation on MTV, major industry awards, and "Zero" shirts selling in many malls, the Pumpkins were considered one of the most popular bands of the time.
In May, the Smashing Pumpkins played a gig at the Point Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. Despite the band's repeated requests for moshing to stop, a seventeen-year-old fan named Bernadette O'Brien was crushed to death. The concert ended early and the following night's performance in Belfast was cancelled out of respect for her. However, while Corgan maintained that moshing's "time [had] come and gone", the band would continue to request open-floor concerts throughout the rest of the tour.
The band suffered a personal tragedy on the night of July 11, 1996, when touring keyboardist Jonathan Melvoin and Chamberlin overdosed on heroin in a hotel room in New York City. Melvoin died, and Chamberlin was arrested for drug possession. A few days later, the band announced that Chamberlin had been fired as a result of the incident. The Pumpkins chose to finish the tour, and hired drummer Matt Walker and keyboardist Dennis Flemion. Corgan later said the decision to continue touring was the worst decision the band had ever made, damaging both their music and their reputation. Chamberlin admitted in a 1994 Rolling Stone cover story that in the past he'd "gotten high in every city in this country and probably half the cities in Europe." But in recent years, he had reportedly been clean. On July 17, the Pumpkins issued a statement in which they said, "For nine years we have battled with Jimmy's struggles with the insidious disease of drug and alcohol addiction. It has nearly destroyed everything we are and stand for. … We wish [him] the best we have to offer". Meanwhile, the band had given interviews since the release of Mellon Collie stating that it would be the last conventional Pumpkins record, and that rock was becoming stale. James Iha said at the end of 1996, "The future is in electronic music. It really seems boring just to play rock music."
Adore, Machina, and breakup: 1998–2000Edit
After the release of Mellon Collie, the Pumpkins contributed many songs to various compilations. Released in early 1997, the song "Eye", which appeared on the soundtrack to David Lynch's Lost Highway, relied almost exclusively on electronic instruments and signaled a drastic shift from the Pumpkins' previous musical styles. At the time, Corgan stated his "idea [was] to reconfigure the focus and get away from the classic guitars-bass-drum rock format." Later that year, the group contributed "The End Is the Beginning Is the End" to the soundtrack for the film Batman & Robin. With Matt Walker on drums, the song featured a heavy sound similar to "Bullet with Butterfly Wings" while still having strong electronic influences. The song later won the 1998 Grammy for Best Hard Rock Performance. Though Corgan announced that the song represented the sound people could expect from the band in the future, the band's next album would feature few guitar-driven songs.
Recorded following the death of Corgan's mother and his divorce, 1998's Adore represented a significant change of style from the Pumpkins' previous guitar-based rock, veering into electronica. The record, cut with assistance from drum machines and studio drummers including Matt Walker, was infused with a darker aesthetic than much of the band's earlier work. The group also modified its public image, shedding its alternative rock look for a more subdued appearance. Although Adore received favorable reviews and was nominated for Best Alternative Performance at the Grammy Awards, the album had only sold about 830,000 copies in the United States by the end of the year. The album nonetheless debuted at number 2 on the Billboard 200 and sold three times as many copies overseas. The band began a seventeen-date, fifteen-city charity North American tour in support of Adore. At each stop on the tour, the band donated 100 percent of tickets sales to a local charity organization. The tour's expenses were entirely funded out of the band's own pockets. All told, the band donated over $2.8 million to charity as a result of the tour.
In 1999 the band surprised fans by reuniting with a rehabilitated Jimmy Chamberlin for a brief tour dubbed "The Arising", which showcased both new and classic material. The lineup was short-lived, however, as the band announced the departure of Wretzky in September during work on the album Machina/The Machines of God. Former Hole bassist Melissa Auf der Maur was recruited for the "Sacred and Profane" tour in support of the album and appeared in the videos accompanying its release. Released in 2000, Machina was initially promoted as the Pumpkins' return to a more traditional rock sound, after the more gothic, electronic-sounding Adore. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard charts, but quickly disappeared and as of 2007 had only been certified gold. Music journalist Jim DeRogatis, who described the album as "one of the strongest of their career", noted that the stalled sales for Machina in comparison to teen pop ascendant at the time "seems like concrete proof that a new wave of young pop fans has turned a deaf ear toward alternative rock."
On May 23, 2000, in a live radio interview on KROQ-FM (Los Angeles), Billy Corgan announced the band's decision to break up at the end of that year following additional touring and recording. The group's final album before the break-up, Machina II/The Friends & Enemies of Modern Music, was released in September 2000 in a limited pressing on vinyl with permission and instructions for free redistribution on the Internet by fans. Only twenty-five copies were cut, each of which was hand numbered and given to friends of the band along with band members themselves. The album, released under the Constantinople Records label created by Corgan, consisted of one double LP and three ten-inch EPs. Originally, the band asked Virgin to offer Machina II as a free download to anyone who bought Machina. When the record label declined, Corgan opted to release the material independently.
On December 2, 2000, Smashing Pumpkins played a farewell concert at The Metro, the same Chicago club where their career had effectively started twelve years earlier. The four-and-a-half-hour-long show featured 35 songs spanning the group's career, and attendees were given a recording of the band's first concert at The Metro, Live at Cabaret Metro 10-5-88. The single "Untitled" was released commercially to coincide with the farewell show.
In 2001 the compilation Rotten Apples was released. The double-disc version of the album, released as a limited edition, included a collection of B-sides and rarities called Judas O. The Greatest Hits Video Collection DVD was also released at the same time. This was a compilation of all of the Pumpkins promo videos from Gish to Machina along with unreleased material. Vieuphoria was released on DVD in 2002, as was the soundtrack album Earphoria, previously released solely to radio stations in 1994.
Billy Corgan and Jimmy Chamberlin reunited in 2001 as members of Corgan's next project, the short-lived supergroup Zwan. The group's only album, Mary Star of the Sea, was released in 2003. After cancelling a few festival appearances, Corgan announced the demise of the band in 2003. During 2001 Corgan also toured as part of New Order and provided vocals on their comeback album Get Ready. In October 2004 Corgan released his first book, Blinking with Fists, a collection of poetry. In June 2005, he released a solo album, TheFutureEmbrace, which he described as "(picking) up the thread of the as-yet-unfinished work of the Smashing Pumpkins". Despite this, it was greeted with generally mixed reviews and lackluster sales. Only one single, "Walking Shade", was released in support of the album.
In addition to drumming with Zwan, Jimmy Chamberlin also formed an alternative rock/jazz fusion project band called Jimmy Chamberlin Complex. The group released an album in 2005 titled Life Begins Again. Corgan provided guest vocals on the track "Lokicat". James Iha served as a guitarist in A Perfect Circle, appearing on their Thirteenth Step club tour and 2004 album, eMOTIVe. He has also been involved with other acts such as Chino Moreno's Team Sleep and Vanessa and the O's. He continues to work with Scratchie Records, his own record label, as well. D'arcy Wretzky has, aside from one radio interview in 2009, not made any public statements or appearances nor given any interviews since leaving the band in 1999. On January 25, 2000, she was arrested after she allegedly purchased three bags of cocaine, but after successfully completing a court-ordered drug education program, the charges were dropped.
Corgan insisted during this period that the band would not reform, although when Zwan broke up he announced, "I think my heart was in Smashing Pumpkins […] I think it was naive of me to think that I could find something that would mean as much to me." Corgan said in 2005, "I never wanted to leave the Smashing Pumpkins. That was never the plan." On February 17, 2004, Corgan posted a message on his personal blog calling Wretzky a "mean-spirited drug addict" and blaming Iha for the breakup of the Smashing Pumpkins. On June 3, 2004, he added that "the depth of my hurt [from Iha] is only matched with the depth of my gratitude". Iha responded to Corgan's claims in 2005, saying, "No, I didn't break up the band. The only person who could have done that is Billy."
Reformation and Zeitgeist: 2005–2008Edit
On June 21, 2005, the day of the release of his first solo album TheFutureEmbrace, Corgan took out full-page advertisements in the Chicago Tribune and Chicago Sun-Times to announce that he planned to reunite the band. "For a year now", Corgan wrote, "I have walked around with a secret, a secret I chose to keep. But now I want you to be among the first to know that I have made plans to renew and revive the Smashing Pumpkins. I want my band back, and my songs, and my dreams". Corgan and Chamberlin were verified as participants in the reunion, but there was question as to whether other former members of the band would participate.
In April 2007 Iha and Auf der Maur separately confirmed that they were not taking part in the reunion. Chamberlin would later state that Iha and Wretzky "didn't want to be a part of" the reunion. The Smashing Pumpkins performed live for the first time since 2000 on May 22, 2007, in Paris, France. There, the band unveiled new touring members: guitarist Jeff Schroeder, bassist Ginger Reyes, and keyboardist Lisa Harriton. That same month, "Tarantula" was released as the first single from the band's forthcoming album. On July 7, the band performed at the Live Earth concert in New Jersey.
The band's new album, Zeitgeist, was released that same month on Reprise Records, entering the Billboard charts at number two and selling 145,000 copies in its first week. Zeitgeist received mixed reviews, with much of the criticism targeted at the absence of half of the original lineup. The album divided the Pumpkins' fanbase. Corgan would later admit, "I know a lot of our fans are puzzled by Zeitgeist. I think they wanted this massive, grandiose work, but you don't just roll out of bed after seven years without a functioning band and go back to doing that".
Corgan and Chamberlin continued to record as a duo, releasing the four-song EP American Gothic in January 2008 and the singles "Superchrist" and "G.L.O.W." later that year. That November, the group released the DVD If All Goes Wrong, which chronicled the group's 2007 concert residences in Asheville, North Carolina and San Francisco, California. In late 2008, the band commenced on a controversy-riddled 20th Anniversary Tour. Around this time, Corgan said the group will make no more full-length records in order to focus exclusively on singles, explaining, "The listening patterns have changed, so why are we killing ourselves to do albums, to create balance, and do the arty track to set up the single? It's done."
Teargarden and Oceania: 2009–2013Edit
In March 2009 Corgan announced on the band's website that Chamberlin had left the group and would be replaced. Chamberlin subsequently stated that his departure from the band is "a positive move forward for me. I can no longer commit all of my energy into something that I don't fully possess." Chamberlin stressed that the split was amicable, commenting, "I am glad [Corgan] has chosen to continue under the name. It is his right." Chamberlin soon formed the band Skysaw, which has released an album and toured in support of Minus the Bear. In July 2009 Billy Corgan formed a new group called Spirits in the Sky, initially as a tribute band to Sky Saxon of the Seeds, who had recently died. The following month Corgan confirmed on the band's website that 19-year-old Spirits in the Sky drummer Mike Byrne had replaced Chamberlin and that the pair was working on new Pumpkins recordings.
The group announced plans to release a 44-track concept album, Teargarden by Kaleidyscope, for free over the Internet one track at a time. The first track, "A Song for a Son", was released in December 2009 to moderate press acclaim. In March 2010 Ginger Reyes officially left the band, prompting an open call for auditions for a new bassist. In May, Nicole Fiorentino announced she had joined the band as bass player, and would be working on Teargarden by Kaleidyscope. The new lineup went on a world tour through to the end of 2010. One of the first shows with the new lineup was a concert to benefit Matthew Leone, bassist for the rock band Madina Lake, at the Metro on July 27, 2010. In late 2010 all four members contributed to the sessions for the third volume of Teargarden.
On April 26, 2011, Corgan announced that the Smashing Pumpkins would be releasing a new album titled Oceania, which he labeled as "an album within an album" in regards to the Teargarden by Kaleidyscope project, in the fall. As with the previous recording sessions, all four band members contributed to the project. Also, the entire album catalog was to be remastered and reissued with bonus tracks, starting with Gish and Siamese Dream in November 2011. The pre-Gish demos, Pisces Iscariot, and Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness were released in 2012, with The Aeroplane Flies High released the following year. Adore was released in 2014, and Machina/The Machines of God and the yet commercially unreleased Machina II/Friends and Enemies of Modern Music are expected to be combined, remixed, and released in the same year. The band did a thirteen-city US tour in October 2011 followed by a European tour in November and December.
Oceania was released on June 19, 2012, and received generally positive reviews. The album debuted at No. 4 on the Billboard 200 and at No. 1 on the Billboard Independent. The album spawned two singles, "The Celestials" and "Panopticon". The band proceeded to tour in support of the album, including a US tour involving playing the album in its entirety. By September 2012, Corgan stated that the band had already begun work on their next album. However, despite this, the band concentrated on touring, playing at Glastonbury Festival, Dour Festival and the Barclays Center, where they recorded Oceania: Live in NYC, which was released on September 24, 2013.
Monuments to an Elegy: 2014–2016 Edit
On March 25, 2014, Corgan announced he had signed a new record deal with BMG, for two new albums, titled Monuments to an Elegy and Day for Night, respectively. In June, it was revealed that Mike Byrne was no longer in the band, to be replaced by Tommy Lee of Mötley Crüe on the new album, and Fiorentino would not be recording on the album either. Monuments to an Elegy was released on December 5, 2014, to generally positive reviews. The band toured in support of the album starting on November 26, with Rage Against the Machine's Brad Wilk filling in on drums and the Killers' Mark Stoermer filling in on bass. The follow-up proposed album Day For Night was cited for delayed late 2015 or early 2016 release.
Later in 2015 Corgan announced that the band would embark on a co-headlining tour of North America with Marilyn Manson, "The End Times Tour", across July and August 2015. Prior to the co-headlining dates, the band performed a series of acoustic shows with drum machines and tapes for percussion. When the time came for the co-headlining tour, plans for a drummer fell through and Corgan recruited Chamberlin to reunite for the shows. On February 1, 2016, it was announced that the band would continue their In Plainsong acoustic tour with Jimmy Chamberlin on drums and were planning to head "straight to the studio after the dates to record a brand new album inspired by the sounds explored in the new acoustic setting". On February 25, 2016, Corgan posted a video from a Los Angeles studio on the band's Facebook account, giving an update on the writing process for the new songs for the upcoming album to be released after the In Plainsong tour. The tour began in Portland, Oregon, on March 22, 2016.
Iha and Chamberlin's return; Shiny and Oh So Bright and Cyr: 2018–presentEdit
On his birthday on March 26, 2016, original guitarist James Iha joined Billy Corgan, Jimmy Chamberlin, and Jeff Schroeder on stage unannounced at the Ace Hotel in downtown Los Angeles. He performed a few songs, including "Mayonaise", "Soma" and "Whir" marking his first appearance with the Smashing Pumpkins in 16 years. Iha also played at the second of the two Smashing Pumpkins shows at the Ace Hotel the following day, which was Easter Sunday. Iha joined the Pumpkins for a third time at their concert of April 14 at the Civic Opera House in Chicago. In July, Corgan began hinting of the possibility of reuniting the band original lineup, of himself, Iha, Wretzky, and Chamberlin, and in August, he stated he had begun reaching out to the original lineup about the feasibility of a reunion, including speaking to Wretzky for the first time in sixteen years. Despite the comments, Corgan would spend much of 2017 working on solo material – recording and releasing the solo album Ogilala and beginning work on another solo album for 2018. In June 2017 Chamberlin also mentioned the possibility of a reunion tour in 2018. In January 2018 Corgan shared a photo of himself, Iha, and Chamberlin together in recording studio. In February 2018 Corgan announced that he was working with music producer Rick Rubin on a future Smashing Pumpkins album, that there were currently 26 songs he was actively working on, and that "the guitar feels once again like the preferred weapon of choice." Soon afterwards, Corgan shared a photo of sound equipment with Iha's name on a label, as well as announcing recording was finished on the album.
On February 15, 2018, the band officially announced that founding members Iha and Chamberlin were back in the band. They embarked on the Shiny and Oh So Bright Tour starting in July, with a focus on performing material from their first five studio albums. and sold over 350,000 tickets and sold out arenas including The Forum, United Center, and Madison Square Garden. Original bassist D'arcy Wretzky claimed she had been offered a contract to rejoin the band but Corgan rescinded the offer soon after. Corgan released a statement denying the claims, stating "Ms. Wretzky has repeatedly been invited out to play with the group, participate in demo sessions, or at the very least, meet face-to-face, and in each and every instance she always deferred". Jack Bates (son of Joy Division bassist Peter Hook) played bass on the tour. Bates previously toured with the Smashing Pumpkins in 2015. Multi-instrumentalist Katie Cole rejoined the band for the tour as well, singing backup vocals and playing keyboards and guitar.
In March 2018, Corgan mentioned the band planned to release two EPs in 2018, with the first tentatively planned for May. On June 8, 2018, the first single from the set of music, "Solara", was released. On August 2, 2018, the band celebrated their 30th anniversary by performing in Holmdel, New Jersey. with several notable special guests including Courtney Love, Chino Moreno, Davey Havok, Peter Hook, Mark McGrath, and Dave Keuning and Mark Stoermer of The Killers. In September 2018, they announced the album Shiny and Oh So Bright, Vol. 1 / LP: No Past. No Future. No Sun., released via Napalm Records on November 16, 2018, which debuted at number 54 on the Billboard 200 chart.
After touring through much of 2019, Corgan noted in January 2020 that the band was currently working on 21 songs for a future album release. On August 28, 2020, the band released the single and video for "Cyr", along with a second track titled "The Colour of Love" from their album Cyr, which was released through their new record label Sumerian Records on November 27, 2020. It serves as the second part of the Shiny and Oh So Bright series. On September 25, 2020, the band released another single from Cyr that included the songs "Confessions of a Dopamine Addict" and "Wrath". On October 9, 2020, the band released a third single for Cyr that featured the tracks "Anno Satana" and "Birch Grove". On October 29, the band released "Ramona" and "Wyttch" as the fourth pair of singles. On November 20, 2020, the songs "Purple Blood" and "Dulcet in E" were released as the fifth and final single for Cyr. The following week, on November 27, 2020, the band released Cyr.
In late 2020, Corgan announced that the band would begin work on another double album for release in 2021.
Musical style, influences, and legacyEdit
The direction of the band is dominated by lead guitarist, lead vocalist, keyboardist, bassist and principal songwriter Billy Corgan. Journalist Greg Kot wrote, "The music [of the Smashing Pumpkins] would not be what it is without his ambition and vision, and his famously fractured relationships with his family, friends, and bandmembers." Melissa Auf der Maur commented upon news of the group's reunion, "Everyone knows Billy doesn't need too many people to make a Pumpkins record, other than Jimmy [Chamberlin]—who he has on board." In a 2015 interview Corgan himself referred to the current iteration of the band "as sort of an open source collective"  noting that "It's whoever feels right at the time." Many of Corgan's lyrics for the Pumpkins are cathartic expressions of emotion, full of personal musings and strong indictments of himself and those close to him. Music critics were not often fans of Corgan's angst-filled lyrics. Jim DeRogatis wrote in a 1993 Chicago Sun-Times article that Corgan's lyrics "too often sound like sophomoric poetry", although he viewed the lyrics of later albums Adore and Machina as an improvement. The band's songs have been described as "anguished, bruised reports from Billy Corgan's nightmare-land" by journalist William Shaw.
Smashing Pumpkins, unlike many alternative rock bands at the time, disavowed the influence of punk rock on their sound. Overall, they have a diverse, densely layered, and guitar-heavy sound, containing elements of gothic rock, heavy metal, dream pop, psychedelic rock, progressive rock, shoegazing, and electronica in later recordings.
The Smashing Pumpkins' distinctive sound up until Adore involved layering numerous guitar tracks onto a song during the recording process, a tactic that Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness coproducer Flood called the "Pumpkin guitar overdub army." Although there were a lot of overdubbed parts on Gish, Corgan began to really explore the possibilities of overdubbing with Siamese Dream; Corgan has stated that "Soma" alone contains up to 40 overdubbed guitar parts. While Corgan knew many of the songs would be difficult or impossible to replicate from their recorded versions in concert (in fact, some songs were drastically altered for live performance), he has explained the use of overdubbing by posing the question "When you are faced with making a permanent recorded representation of a song, why not endow it with the grandest possible vision?" This use of multilayered sounds was inspired by Corgan's love of 1970s popular artists & bands such as: David Bowie, Cheap Trick, Queen, Boston, and the Electric Light Orchestra, as well as shoegaze, a British alternative rock style of the late 1980s and early 1990s that relied on swirling layers of guitar noise for effect. Mellon Collie coproducer Alan Moulder was originally hired to mix Siamese Dream because Corgan was a fan of his work producing shoegaze bands such as My Bloody Valentine, Ride, and Slowdive.
Like many contemporary alternative bands, the Smashing Pumpkins utilized shifts in song dynamics, going from quiet to loud and vice versa. Hüsker Dü's seminal album Zen Arcade demonstrated to the band how they could place gentler material against more aggressive fare, and Corgan made such shifts in dynamics central to the pursuit of his grand musical ambitions. Corgan said he liked the idea of creating his own alternative universe through sound that essentially tells the listener, "Welcome to Pumpkin Land, this is what it sounds like on Planet Pumpkin." This emphasis on atmosphere carried through to Adore (described as "arcane night music" in prerelease promotion) and the Machina albums (concept records that tell the story of a fictional rock band).
The Pumpkins drew inspiration from a variety of other genres, some unfashionable during the 1990s among music critics. Corgan in particular was open about his appreciation of heavy metal, citing Dimebag Darrell of Pantera as his favorite contemporary guitarist. When one interviewer commented to Corgan and Iha that "Smashing Pumpkins is one of the groups that relegitimized heavy metal" and that they "were among the first alternative rockers to mention people like Ozzy and Black Sabbath with anything other than contempt". Corgan went on to rave about Black Sabbath's Master of Reality and Judas Priest's Unleashed in the East. The song "Zero", which reminded Iha of Judas Priest, is an example of what the band dubbed "cybermetal." Post-punk and gothic rock bands like Joy Division/New Order, Bauhaus, the Cure, and Depeche Mode were formative influences on the band, which covered such artists in concert and on record. Corgan also cited Siouxsie and the Banshees saying it was important to point back to bands that influenced them. Psychedelic rock was also referenced often in the band's early recordings; according to Corgan, "In typical Pumpkins fashion, no one at that point really liked loud guitars or psychedelic music so, of course, that's exactly what we had to do." Corgan felt that the band's guitars "are a mixture of heavy metal and 80s alternative rock. I think of Cure and Siouxsie and the Banshees". Corgan acknowledged that a chord he jokingly claimed as "the Pumpkin chord" (a G# octave chord at the eleventh fret of a guitar with the low E string played over it), used as the basis for "Cherub Rock", "Drown", and other songs, was in fact previously used by Jimi Hendrix. Other early influences cited by Corgan include Cream, the Stooges, and Blue Cheer.
Regarding the band's influence upon other groups, Greg Kot wrote in 2001, "Whereas Nirvana spawned countless mini-Nirvanas, the Pumpkins remain an island unto themselves." Still, some artists and bands have been influenced by the Pumpkins, such as Nelly Furtado, Marilyn Manson, Third Eye Blind, Mark Hoppus of Blink-182, Tegan and Sara, Fall Out Boy, Rivers Cuomo, Panic! at the Disco, Silversun Pickups, and My Chemical Romance. My Chemical Romance vocalist Gerard Way has said that they pattern their career upon the Pumpkins', including music videos. The members of fellow Chicago band Kill Hannah are friends with Corgan, and lead singer Mat Devine has compared his group to the Pumpkins.
The Smashing Pumpkins have been praised as "responsible for some of the most striking and memorable video clips" and for having "approached videos from a completely artistic standpoint rather than mere commercials to sell albums". MTV's 2001 anniversary special Testimony: 20 Years of Rock on MTV credited the Pumpkins, along with Nine Inch Nails, with treating music videos as an art form during the 1990s. Corgan has said, "We generally resisted the idea of what I call the classic MTV rock video, which is like lots of people jumping around and stuff." The band worked with video directors including Kevin Kerslake ("Cherub Rock"), Samuel Bayer ("Bullet with Butterfly Wings"), and, most frequently, the team of Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris ("Rocket", "1979", "Tonight, Tonight", "The End Is the Beginning Is the End", and "Perfect"). Corgan, who was frequently heavily involved in the conception of the videos, said of Dayton and Faris, "I know my [initial] versions are always darker, and they're always talking me into something a little kinder and gentler." Videos like "Today", "Rocket", and "1979" dealt with images taken from middle American culture, albeit exaggerated. The group's videos so often avoid the literal interpretation of the song lyrics that the video for "Thirty-Three", with images closely related to the words of the song, was created as an intentional stylistic departure.
The band was nominated for several MTV Video Music Awards during the 1990s. In 1996, the group won eight VMAs total for the "1979" and "Tonight, Tonight" videos, including the top award, Video of the Year, for "Tonight, Tonight". The video was also nominated for a Grammy at the 1997 ceremony. Of the "Tonight, Tonight" video, Corgan remarked, "I don't think we've ever had people react [like this]... it just seemed to touch a nerve."
Shortly after the band's 2000 breakup, the Greatest Hits Video Collection was released, collecting the band's music videos from 1991 to 2000 and including commentary from Corgan, Iha, Chamberlin, Wretzky, and various music video directors with outtakes, live performances, and the extended "Try, Try, Try" short film.
- Billy Corgan – lead vocals, guitars, keyboards, bass guitar (1988–2000, 2006–present)
- James Iha – guitars, bass guitar, vocals (1988–2000, 2018–present)
- Jimmy Chamberlin – drums (1988–1996, late 1998–2000, 2006–2009, 2015–present)
- Jeff Schroeder – guitars, keyboards (2007–present)
- Jack Bates – bass guitar (2015–present)
- Katie Cole – keyboards, backing vocals (2015–present)
- 1997 – Best Alternative Artist
- 1997 – "Bullet with Butterfly Wings" – Best Hard Rock Performance
- 1998 – "The End Is the Beginning Is the End" – Best Hard Rock Performance
- 1996 – Best Rock
- Gish (1991)
- Siamese Dream (1993)
- Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness (1995)
- Adore (1998)
- Machina/The Machines of God (2000)
- Machina II/The Friends & Enemies of Modern Music (2000)
- Zeitgeist (2007)
- Oceania (2012)†
- Monuments to an Elegy (2014)†
- Shiny and Oh So Bright, Vol. 1 / LP: No Past. No Future. No Sun. (2018)
- Cyr (2020)
- "Smashing Pumpkins" at the Billboard database and at AllMusic.com, and as both "Smashing Pumpkins" and "The Smashing Pumpkins" at the Rolling Stone database. The band is credited as "Smashing Pumpkins" on the covers of Gish, Siamese Dream, and Zeitgeist (and related singles), and as "The Smashing Pumpkins" between Mellon Collie (1995) and Earphoria (2002), as well as on Oceania, Monuments to an Elegy, Shiny and Oh So Bright Vol. 1, and Cyr.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Sign With Sumerian, Release Two New Songs". MetalSucks. August 28, 2020.
- Shaw, William (December 1993). "Appetite for Destruction". Details.
- Goldberg, Michael. "Smashing Pumpkin D'Arcy Dares To Be Happy". Addicted to Noise. Archived from the original on November 27, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Greer, Jim (November 1993). "Billy, Don't Be a Hero". Spin. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- Kot, Greg (January 2002). "Pumpkin Seeds". Guitar World.
- Braidwood, Ella (February 22, 2018). "50 incredibly geeky facts about Smashing Pumpkins". NME. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- "Smashing Pumpkins". Twitter. Archived from the original on September 13, 2013.
25 years ago today we played our 1st show. Billy was on bass, James on guitar and a drum machine
- Kelly, Christina (December 1, 1995). "Smashing Pumpkins: The Multi-Platinum Band Is Over the Infighting But Can the Harmony Last?". Us Weekly.
- "From Fighting to Smashing". The Washington Post. November 19, 1993.
- "Jimmy Chamberlin [interview]". Modern Drummer. January 1994.
- Corgan, Billy (July 18, 2012). "Billy Corgan 2012 Interview on his Memories at The Metro in Chicago on WBEZ 91.5 FM". WBEZ (Interview). Interviewed by Joe Shanahan. Chicago, IL, USA. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- Keedle, Jayne (October 1, 1996). "Patchin' It Back Together". Hartford Advocate.
- Kot, Greg (June 21, 1991). "Out of the Patch for Smashing Pumpkins, New Album Is Another Sign of Liftoff". Chicago Tribune.
- Rotondi, James (January 1996). "Orange Crunch". Guitar Player.
- Hilburn, Robert (August 3, 1998). "Smashing Pumpkins Endures When (and What) Other '90s Bands Couldn't". Los Angeles Times.
- Davis, Darran (August 8, 2000). "Smashing Pumpkin Billy Corgan Leaving Hometown of Chicago". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
- Corgan, Billy (October 1993). "Corgan interview". 120 Minutes (Interview). MTV.
- Azerrad, Michael. "Smashing Pumpkins' Sudden Impact", Rolling Stone. October 1, 1993.
- Chamberlin, Jimmy; Corgan, Billy (interview subjects). Inside the Zeitgeist (Reprise Records, 2007).
- Mundy, Chris. "Strange Fruit: Success Has Come at a High Price for this Chicago Band", Rolling Stone. April 21, 1994.
- Shepherd, Julianne (June 13, 2005). "Billy Corgan (interview)". PitchforkMedia.com. Archived from the original on November 11, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2007. Corgan has said on various occasions—most notably during the band's 2000 performance on VH1 Storytellers—that "Today" was written as an ironic statement about this period of suicidal thoughts. See also Beck, Johnny (December 2002 – January 2002). "The Greatest Songs Ever! "Today"". Blender.com. Archived from the original on November 11, 2006. Retrieved February 3, 2007.
- "UB40? No, UB7!". EW.com. August 13, 1993. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
- Rosen, Craig (November 2, 1999). "Pumpkins' "Dream"". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2006.
- Gabriella (June 1999). "Interview with Stephen Malkmus of Pavement". NYRock.com. Archived from the original on September 6, 2006. Retrieved July 12, 2006.
- Albini, Steve. "Three Pandering Sluts and Their Music-Press Stooge", Chicago Reader. January 28, 1994.
- Kelly, Christina. "Smashing Pumpkins-The Multi-Platinum Band is over the infighting but can the harmony last? Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine" UsMagazine.com, December 1, 1995.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Artist Chart History: Albums". Billboard. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
- Corgan, Billy; Iha, James; Wretzky, D'arcy (December 19, 1996). "Corgan interview". Hora Prima (Interview). MTV Latin America.
- DeRogatis, pp. 46, 80.
- Farley, Christopher John. "A Journey, Not a Joyride". Time. November 13, 1995.
- "'Mellon Collie' Baby". EW.com. November 10, 1995. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2007.
- "Top 100 Albums". Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA.com). Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. Retrieved August 4, 2007. Sales for double albums are counted for each disc, thus 4.5 million copies of the double album package have been certified.
- "Germ Warfare", Newsweek. October 14, 1996.
- Billy Corgan quote about Cheap Trick inspiring "Tonight, Tonight" from The Howard Stern Show, 2014
- "Pumpkins' "Collectors" Set Has Mass Appeal". MTV. December 16, 1996. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2006.
- Corgan, Billy (February 2, 1996). "Corgan interview". Breakfast with Billy (Interview). Los Angeles: KROQ.
- Marks, Craig. "Zero Worship", Spin. June 1996.
- Violanti, Anthony. "Cool in Control Smashing Pumpkins Weathers the Storms of Celebrity", Buffalo News. June 30, 1996.
- "Fan Crushed at Smashing Pumpkin's Show". MTV. 1996. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved June 23, 2006.
- Durando, Stu. "Wary of Injuries and Litigation, Concert Venues Take Extra Precautions to Deal with Moshing", St. Louis Post-Dispatch. July 17, 1996.
- Errico, Marcus (July 17, 1996). "Smashing Pumpkins Drum Out Jimmy Chamberlin". Eonline.com. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
- Hendrickson, Matt. "Smashing Pumpkins' Keyboardist Dies of Drug Overdose; Drummer Charged with Possession", International Index to Music Periodicals Full Text. August 1996.
- Di Perna, Alan. "Zero Worship", Guitar World. December 1995.
- Graff, Gary. "Smashing Pumpkins – Rave of the Future", Guitar World. December 1996.
- Gundersen, Edna. "Smashing that Pumpkins stereotype Band shuns 'tragic' label', USA Today. February 26, 1997.
- Chris Connelly (May 2, 1997). MTV's Week in Rock (TV-Series). MTV.
- Fricke, David (December 29, 1998). "When Billy Corgan Speaks..." Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 27, 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2006.
- "Billboard 200 Chart (June 20, 1998)". Billboard. Retrieved September 4, 2020.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Raise Over $2.8 Million on Charity Tour". MTV. September 22, 1998. Archived from the original on May 9, 2007. Retrieved August 30, 2006.
- "D'Arcy Exits Smashing Pumpkins". Billboard. September 10, 1999. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
- Newman, Melinda & Jonathan Cohen (May 24, 2000). "Corgan: Smashing Pumpkins To Break Up". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2006.
- "Santana Still No. 1 Despite Strong Debuts". Billboard. March 9, 2000. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2007.
- Tarlach, Gemma (April 11, 2000). "Once-Sizzling Bands Grapple with Fading Fame". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2006.
- "Gold and Platinum Database Search". Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA.com). Archived from the original on September 2, 2006. Retrieved September 27, 2006.
- DeRogatis, pp. 84–85.
- "Machina II/The Friends and Enemies of Modern Music". The Smashing Pumpkins Fan Collaborative Discography (SPFC.org). Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
- Fricke, David (December 22, 2000). "Smashing Pumpkins Look Back in Wonder". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009. Retrieved October 25, 2006.
- There is one notable omission, "The End Is the Beginning Is the End". This was excluded because the rights are owned by Warner Bros., which loaned out the band from their regular label, Virgin Records.
- Corgan, Billy. "A Message to Chicago from Billy Corgan", Chicago Tribune, June 21, 2005.
- Rosen, Craig (May 22, 2000). "Ex-Pumpkin D'Arcy Wretzky Has Crack Case Wiped Clean". Yahoo.com. Archived from the original on January 1, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2006.
- Dansby, Andrew (September 15, 2003). "Zwan Call It Quits". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
- Soghomonian, Talia (October 2005). "Interview: Billy Corgan". MusicOMH.com. Archived from the original on January 8, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- Corgan, Billy (February 17, 2004). "Smashing Pumpkins (weblog)". LiveJournal.com. Archived from the original on December 22, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2006.
- Corgan, Billy (June 3, 2004). "Smashing Pumpkins (weblog)". LiveJournal.com. Archived from the original on December 22, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2006.
- Spitz, Marc. "Head On", Spin. August 2005.
- Kiener, Dan (2005). "Pumpkins Reborn". DrownedInSound.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2009. Retrieved February 22, 2009.
- Harris, Chris (February 2, 2006). "Smashing Pumpkins Reunion Is Under Way, According to Sources". MTV. Archived from the original on February 10, 2006. Retrieved February 2, 2006.
- Kaufman, Gil (April 21, 2006). "Smashing Pumpkins Site Says "It's Official" – Band Has Reunited". MTV. Archived from the original on May 1, 2006. Retrieved June 28, 2006.
- Goodman, Elizabeth (April 6, 2007). "Exclusive: James Iha Speaks Out Regarding His Involvement in Pumpkins Reunion". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 10, 2007. Retrieved April 6, 2007.
- "Movers and Shakers in Canadian Arts". Globe and Mail. April 23, 2007. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2007.
- Micallef, Ken. "The Evolution of Jimmy Chamberlin: Still Smashing!" Modern Drummer. November 2007.
- Cohen, Jonathan (April 22, 2007). "Smashing Pumpkins Return to the Stage In Paris". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2007.
- "The Police and Smashing Pumpkins for US Live Earth". NME. April 10, 2007. Archived from the original on November 6, 2007. Retrieved April 11, 2007.
- Hasty, Katie (July 18, 2007). "T.I. Holds Off Pumpkins, Interpol To Remain No. 1". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2007.
- Luerssen, John D. (March 19, 2008). "Smashing Pumpkins Entering the Studio to Plot Their Next Move". Spinner.com. Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
- Kot, Greg (December 9, 2008). "Billy Corgan dishes on the Smashing Pumpkins: The past is dead to me". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
- Prince, David J. (March 20, 2009). "Smashing Pumpkins Sheds Chamberlin; Billy Corgan Heads To Studio All Alone". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 19, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2009.
- Lindsay, Andrew (March 24, 2009). "Chamberlin on leaving the Pumpkins". Stereokill.net. Archived from the original on June 9, 2009. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- "Jimmy Talks About Leaving Pumpkins". Idiomag.com. March 26, 2009. Archived from the original on June 9, 2009. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- "Skysaw Touring with Minus the Bear in May/June Archived September 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine". Dangerbird Records. April 21, 2011.
- "The Smashing Pumpkins Replace Drummer". Billboard. Associated Press. August 19, 2009. Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- "The Smashing Pumpkins to release free album". NME. September 17, 2009. Archived from the original on September 24, 2009. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
- Kreps, Daniel (December 7, 2009). "Smashing Pumpkins Unveil New "Teargarden by Kaleidyscope" Track "A Song for a Son"". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 9, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- Dombal, Ryan (December 7, 2009). "Hear the Epic New Smashing Pumpkins Track: "A Song for a Son"". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
- Phipps, Keith (March 9, 2010). "Help Wanted: Pumpkins". AVClub.com. Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Acknowledge Report Identifying New Bassist Archived May 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine". HipstersUnited.com. May 8, 2010.
- "tour history – dates". Spfc.org. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Fiorentino, Nicole. "My Q & A Archived January 1, 2016, at the Wayback Machine". February 24, 2011.
- "The Smashing Pumpkins Debut New Song "Lightning Strikes" Today Via RollingStone.Com Archived October 11, 2016, at the Wayback Machine". Press Release. March 17, 2011.
- Perpetua, Matthew (April 26, 2011). "Smashing Pumpkins Announce Reissues, New Album". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- Kot, Greg (April 26, 2011). "Smashing Pumpkins announce new album, extensive reissues". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- Fiorentino, Nicole. "My "Oceania" Experience Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. July 11, 2011.
- "The Smashing Pumpkins Announces Fall Tour". Blabbermouth. Archived from the original on February 12, 2012.
- Smashing Pumpkins 'Writing Songs for a New Album,' Corgan Says Archived March 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Billboard. (September 5, 2012). Retrieved on September 16, 2012.
- "Concert Review: Smashing Pumpkins & Morning Parade (video) at Barclays Center December 10, 2012". New York Music News. April 26, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2012.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Releasing Two Albums in 2015 Archived February 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine". Spin Magazine. March 25, 2015.
- Camp, Zoe (June 15, 2014). "Smashing Pumpkins Drummer Mike Byrne Leaves Band". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on March 13, 2015.
- "News on Tommy Lee Playing on 'Monuments to an Elegy' / SP Album Update". Smashingpumpkinsnexus.com. May 8, 2014. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Buchanan, Brett (July 15, 2014). "Nicole Fiorentino Reunites With Former Smashing Pumpkins Bandmate Mike Byrne". AlternativeNation.net. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Tap Rage Against the Machine's Brad Wilk For Upcoming Shows". Blabbermouth. November 18, 2014. Archived from the original on November 21, 2014. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Corgan, Billy (February 9, 2015). "Parlez-Vous/Album Update Plus Thoughts On 'Candide' And SP Tours". Smashingpumpkinsnexus.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2014.
- "Smashing Pumpkins & Marilyn Manson Co-Headlining North American 2015 End Times Tour Schedule". April 7, 2015. Archived from the original on April 17, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Marilyn Manson and The Smashing Pumpkins Announce Summer Tour". April 1, 2015. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- Mansfield, Brian (June 24, 2015). "Pumpkins Add Original Member for Summer Tour". USA Today. Gannett Company. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018.
- Buchanan, Brett (February 1, 2016). "Smashing Pumpkins Announce New Album & Tour With Jimmy Chamberlin". Archived from the original on February 5, 2016.
- Corgan, Billy (February 25, 2016). "Live in Studio From Lala Land". Facebook. Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- DeCosta, Nicole (March 24, 2016). "Smashing Pumpkins strip down for tour kick-off in Portland". portlandtribune.com. Archived from the original on March 27, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- "Watch Smashing Pumpkins Reunite With James Iha at Los Angeles Concert". Rolling Stone. March 27, 2016. Archived from the original on March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Michael Roffman & Heather Kaplan (April 15, 2016). "Live Review: The Smashing Pumpkins reunite with James Iha in Chicago (4/14)". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
- "Billy Corgan Hints at Smashing Pumpkins Reunion, Says He's Finished a New Solo Album". July 29, 2016. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018.
- "Billy Corgan Reconciles With Ex-Smashing Pumpkins Bassist D'arcy Wretzky, Addresses Reunion Rumors". SPIN. August 16, 2016. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016.
- "Billy Corgan Eyeing 2018 With Potential Double Album". Loudwire. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018.
- "Smashing Pumpkins' drummer hints at 2018 reunion for original line-up". NME. Archived from the original on July 2, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Billy Corgan Teases Smashing Pumpkins Reunion on Instagram". Archived from the original on January 17, 2018.
- "Billy Corgan details new Smashing Pumpkins album". DIY. Archived from the original on February 6, 2018.
- Trendell, Andrew (February 8, 2018). "It looks like Smashing Pumpkins' reunion album is finished, but who's the bassist?". NME. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Plot Reunion Tour Culling From First Five Albums". February 15, 2018. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018.
- "Smashing Pumpkins reunite for tour – without D'arcy Wretzky". Archived from the original on February 15, 2018.
- Kreps, Daniel (February 14, 2018). "D'arcy Wretzky Slams Billy Corgan, Smashing Pumpkins Reunion". RollingStone.com. Archived from the original on February 14, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- Kreps, Daniel (February 12, 2018). "Smashing Pumpkins Explain D'arcy Absence Ahead of Rumored Reunion". RollingStone.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- Coscarelli, Joe (March 22, 2018). "Smashing Pumpkins Say They're Happy Now. Can They Keep It Together?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 25, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "The Smashing Pumpkins Recruit Peter Hook's Son to Play Bass". KRRO. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "THE SMASHING PUMPKINS' Shiny and Oh So Bright Tour @ The American Airlines Arena (July 24th, 2018)". Sonic Perspectives. July 28, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
- Sodomsky, Sam (March 9, 2018). "Billy Corgan Says 2 New Smashing Pumpkins EPs in the Works". Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
- Legaspi, Althea (June 8, 2018). "Hear Smashing Pumpkins' Churning New Song 'Solara'". Retrieved August 6, 2018.
- Legaspi, Althea (July 31, 2018). "Smashing Pumpkins Tap Courtney Love, Peter Hook For Special 30th Anniversary Show".
- "Smashing Pumpkins perform Hole songs with Courtney Love, cover Sugar Ray, Joy Division and Led Zeppelin at 30th anniversary show". NME. August 3, 2018. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Sodomsky, Sam; Kim, Michelle (September 14, 2018). "Smashing Pumpkins Announce New Album, Share Song: Listen". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
- Young, Alex (November 28, 2018). "Smashing Pumpkins' reunion album debuts at No. 54 on Billboard 200 chart". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- "Billy Corgan says Smashing Pumpkins are working on 21 new songs for "pretty different" album". January 22, 2020.
- White, Logan (August 28, 2020). "The Smashing Pumpkins sign to Sumerian Records + release two songs".
- Minsker, Evan. "The Smashing Pumpkins Share New Songs "Cyr" and "The Colour of Love"". Pitchfork.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Announce New Double Album 'Cyr,' Out 11/27". September 18, 2020.
- Legaspi, Althea (September 25, 2020). "Smashing Pumpkins Drop New Songs 'Confessions of a Dopamine Addict,' 'Wrath'".
- "Smashing Pumpkins Unleash Two New Tracks, Another Episode of Animated Series". Spin. October 9, 2020.
- "Smashing Pumpkins share new singles 'Ramona' and 'Wyttch' | NME". October 30, 2020.
- Blistein, Jon (November 20, 2020). "Smashing Pumpkins Release Two New Tracks, 'Purple Blood,' 'Dulcet in E'".
- "Smashing Pumpkins Return With Double Album 'CYR': Stream It Now". Billboard.
- "Billy Corgan on Smashing Pumpkins' New Mellon Collie Sequel: "Now's the Time."". December 3, 2020.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Reunion Is On". NME. 2006. Archived from the original on December 9, 2006. Retrieved January 11, 2007.
- Anderson, Kyle. "Smashing Pumpkins' Billy Corgan on touring with Manson and the 'open source' nature of his band". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 28, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
- DeRogatis, p. 80.
- DeRogatis, p. 88.
- Eliscu, Jenny (May 1, 2000). "Pumpkin Pugilism". New York. 33 (17): 122.
- Watson, William E.; Halus, Eugene J., Jr. (November 25, 2014). Irish Americans: The History and Culture of a People. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1610694674.
- Aledort, Andrew. "Introduction", in Siamese Dream Songbook. Miami: Warner Bros. Publications, 1994.
- Corgan, Billy. "Guitar Geek USA" column. Guitar World, January 1996.
- DeRogatis, p. 78.
- Corgan, Billy. "Guitar Geek USA [column]", Guitar World. September 1995.
- DeRogatis, p. 76.
- Kaufman, Gil (January 14, 1998). "Pumpkins Recording Album of "Arcane Night Music"". Addicted to Noise/JamesIha.org. Archived from the original on August 2, 2007. Retrieved September 7, 2006.
- Corgan, Billy. "Guitar Geek USA [column]", Guitar World. August 1995.
- "Killer B's." Guitar World, January 1997.
- "Billy Corgan plays X tracks while hosting SiriusXM Lithium station". crestfallen.com. October 28, 2011. Archived from the original on August 31, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Commentary for "Siva" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
- Egraz, Ludovic (July 13, 2016). "Interview - Billy Corgan and Jeff Schroeder – The Smashing Pumpkins". Bendnote.com. Archived from the original on July 21, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2019..
- "Smashing Pumpkins". Chicago Tribune. September 7, 1990.
- Parker, Lyndsey (October 25, 2000). "Exclusive LAUNCH Artist Chat". Nelly Furtado. Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on March 22, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2007.
- "Marilyn Manson: The Music That Made Me". Rolling Stone. May 8, 2015. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
- "Third Eye Blind on Twitter".
- "Mark Hoppus from Blink-182 on Siamese Dream, Masterpieces – Smashing Pumpkins, Zane Lowe". BBC Radio 1.
- Moon, Jin (July 1, 2005). "Twins Peak – Tegan and Sara". ASCAP. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
- Rock & Roll Hall of Fame (July 30, 2014). "Interview with Fall Out Boy" – via YouTube.
- "Watch Weezer's Rivers Cuomo cover Oasis, REM, Pixies and Smashing Pumpkins". NME. March 14, 2018.
- "Panic at the Disco's Secret Influences". Rolling Stone. October 28, 2012. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 16, 2016.
- "Music Interview: Nikki Monninger of Silversun Pickups". UWIRE. July 10, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
- Tyme, Gwyn (May 5, 2005). "My Chemical Romance – Interview with Gerard Way". MusicPix.net. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved November 5, 2006.
- Montgomery, James (January 13, 2005). "My Chemical Romance Aim for Smashing Pumpkins Status". MTV. Archived from the original on November 19, 2006. Retrieved November 5, 2006.
- Hudson, Marc (September 18, 2006). "Future Imperfect: Mat Devine of Kill Hannah". PopSyndicate.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2007.
- Bondowski, Karen (December 21, 2006). "Interview with Kill Hannah's Matt Devine". Livewire (ConcertLivewire.com). Archived from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2007.
- EMI Music (October 2, 2012). "The Smashing Pumpkins' Defining 1995 Double Album 'Mellon Collie & The Infinite Sadness' Earns Diamond Certification From The RIAA For Sales Of 10 Million Discs". PRNewswire.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
- "Gold & Platinum". RIAA.com. Archived from the original on December 16, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
- Commentary for "Tonight, Tonight" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
- Greg Prato. "Greatest Hits [Video/DVD]". Allmusic. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- Commentary for "Bullet with Butterfly Wings" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
- Commentary for "Rocket" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
- Commentary for "Thirty-Three" music video. The Smashing Pumpkins 1991–2000: Greatest Hits Video Collection (Virgin Records, 2001).
- Corgan, Billy (1996). "Interview". Smashing Pumpkins Videography (Interview). MTV.
- Prato, Greg. "Greatest Hits [Video/DVD]". Allmusic. Archived from the original on September 29, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Smashing Pumpkins Announce Free 44-Track Album!". Spin. September 16, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- Leas, Ryan (August 19, 2014). "Inside Baseball with Billy Corgan: The Smashing Pumpkins Head on Adore, MACHINA, and the End of Teargarden". Stereogum. Spin Media. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
- Azerrad, Michael (October 14, 1993). "Smashing Pumpkins' Sudden Impact". Rolling Stone (667). p. 19.
- DeRogatis, Jim (2003). Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90's. Da Capo. ISBN 978-0306812712.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Biography". Allmusic. Archived from the original on February 25, 2016.
- Kot, Greg (January 2002). "Pumpkin Seeds". Guitar World.
- Thompson, Dave (2000). Alternative Rock. San Francisco: Miller Freeman, Inc. ISBN 978-0879306076.