Shiban (Sheiban) or Shayban (Mongolian: Шибан, Shiban; Uzbek: Shaybon / Шайбон) was a prince of the early Golden Horde. He was a grandson of Genghis Khan, the fifth son of Jochi and a younger brother Batu Khan who founded the Golden Horde. His descendants were the Shaybanids who became important about two centuries later.

Shiban
Khan of the Ulus of Jochi
Battle of Mohi 1241.PNG
Shiban was a belligerent during the Battle of Mohi.
PredecessorBatu Khan
DiedEurasia
HouseBorjigin
DynastyMongol Empire
FatherJochi Khan

Mongol invasion of EuropeEdit

Shiban participated the Mongol invasion of Europe and made decisive attack on the army of Béla IV at the Battle of Mohi in 1241.[citation needed]

Territorial grants by the Golden HordeEdit

Because he had not reached his majority when his father died in 1227, he did not receive any lands at that time. Abulghazi says that after this campaign, Batu gave Shiban lands east of the Ural Mountains on the lower parts of the Syr Darya, Chu River ([citation needed] [1]), and Sary su Rivers as winter quarters and the lands of the Ural River flowing off the east side of the Urals, as summer quarters. Shiban was also given 15,000 families as a gift from his brother Orda Khan, as well as the four Uruks of the Kuchis, the Naimans, the Karluks, and the Buiruks, while he assigned him as a camping ground all the country lying between that of his brother Orda Ichin and his own.[2] Thus Shiban's lands were somewhat between Batu's and Orda's and between the Ural mountains and the Caspian Sea.

DescendantsEdit

Although, it is unknown how long he lived, his descendants continued to rule long after the breakup of the Ulus of Jochi (Golden Horde). It is merely said that he left twelve sons, namely Bainal or Yasal, Behadur, Kadak, Balagha, Cherik or Jerik, Mergen or Surkhan, Kurtugha or Kultuka, Ayachi or Abaji, Sailghan or Sasiltan, Beyanjar or Bayakachar, Majar, and Kunchi or Kuwinji.[3][4] Shiban's descendants are known as the Shaybanids; his male line continues down to the present time.[citation needed]

One of Shiban's sons, Balagha Bey (Prince Balagha) assisted Hulagu Khan in taking Baghdad in 1258.[5] However, he died in unknown circumstances.[citation needed] According to William of Rubruck, he killed his cousin Güyük Khan in a violent brawl.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Chu River is far to the east, so probably a different river is meant??
  2. ^ Abhulgazi, $5 pp.23
  3. ^ Abhulgazi, $5 p., 191.
  4. ^ Ud. Von Hammer, Golden Horde. Table. J Golden Horde, 303.
  5. ^ "The Mongol's besiege and capture Baghdad in 1258" De Re Militari: The Society for Medieval Military History Archived 2007-03-18 at the Wayback Machine

ReferencesEdit

  • Grousset, R. The Empire of the Steppes, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1970 (translated by Naomi Walford from the French edition published by Payot, 1970), pp. 478–490 et passim.