The Shibanids or Shaybanids (Persian: سلسله شیبانیان) or more accurately the Abu'l-Khayrid-Shibanids[1] were a Persianized[2] Turko-Mongol dynasty[3] in Central Asia who ruled over most of modern-day Kazakhstan, much of Uzbekistan, and parts of southern Russia (including Siberia) in the 15th century.[4] They were the patrilineal descendants of Shiban, the fifth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan.[5] Until the mid-14th century, they acknowledged the authority of the descendants of Shiban's brothers Batu Khan and Orda Khan, such as Öz Beg Khan. The Shaybanids originally led the grey horde southeast of the Urals (also known as the Uzbegs, after the Uzbeks), and converted to Islam in 1282. At its height, the khanate included parts of modern-day Afghanistan and other parts of Central Asia.

The trellis-walled yurt of Muhammad Shaybani Khan.

As the lineages of Batu and Orda died out in the course of the great civil wars of the 14th century, the Shaybanids under Abu'l-Khayr Khan declared themselves the only legitimate successors to Jochi and put forward claims to the whole of his enormous ulus, which included parts of Siberia and Kazakhstan. Their rivals were the Tukay-Timurid dynasty, who claimed descent from Jochi's thirteenth son by a concubine. Several decades of strife left the Tukay-Timurids in control of the Great Horde and its successor states in Europe, namely the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Crimea.

Shaybanid dynastyEdit

Under Abu'l-Khayr Khan (who led the Shaybanids from 1428 to 1468), the dynasty began consolidating disparate Ozbeg (Uzbek) tribes, first in the area around Tyumen and the Tura River and then down into the Syr Darya region. His grandson Muhammad Shaybani (ruled 1500-10), who gave his name to the Shaybanid dynasty, conquered Samarkand, Herat,[5] Balkh[5] and Bukhara,[5] thus ending the Timurid dynasty and establishing the short-lived Shaybanid Empire.[6] After his death at the hands of Shah Ismail I, he was followed successively by an uncle, a cousin, and a brother, whose Shaybanid descendants would rule the Khanate of Bukhara from 1505 until 1598 and the Khanate of Khwarezm (Khiva) from 1511 until 1695.

Another state ruled by the Shaybanids was the Khanate of Sibir, seizing the throne in 1563. Its last khan, Kuchum, was deposed by the Russians in 1598. He escaped to Bukhara, but his sons and grandsons were taken by the Tsar to Moscow, where they eventually assumed the surname of Sibirsky.[7]

Khans of Shaybanid dynasty of Khanate of BukharaEdit

Titular Name Personal Name Reign
They were the descendants of Shiban, fifth son of Jochi ruling in Western Siberia. Later a major faction split and made a dash for Transoxiana and adopted the name Uzbek (Ozbeg) after their famous Khan, Uzbeg Khan. The faction that remained behind in Siberia created the Khanate of Sibir and lasted until the 16th century.
Abul-Khayr Khan ibn Dawlat Shaykh ibn Ibrahim Khan
ابو الخیر خان ابن دولت شیخ ابن ابراهیم خان
1428 - 1468 C.E.
Shaykh Hayder
Shah Budagh Khan ibn Abul-Khayr Khan
شاه بداغ خان ابن ابو الخیر خان
1468 C.E.
ابو الفتح
Muhammad Shayabak Khan ibn Shah Budagh Khan ibn Abul-Khayr Khan
محمد شایبک خان ابن شاہ بداغ خان ابن ابو الخیر خان
1500 – 1510 C.E.
Kochkunju Muhammad bin Abul-Khayr Khan
کچھکنجو محمد بن ابو الخیر خان
1512 – 1531 C.E.
مظفر الدین
Abu Sa'id bin Kochkunju
ابو سعید بن کچھکنجو
1531 – 1534 C.E.
Abul Ghazi
ابو الغازی
Ubaydullah bin Mahmud bin Shah Budagh
عبید الله بن محمود بن شاه بداغ
1534 – 1539 C.E.
Abdullah bin Kochkunju
عبد الله بن کچھکنجو
1539 – 1540 C.E.
Abdal-Latif bin Kochkunju
عبد اللطیف بن کچھکنجو
1540 – 1552 C.E.
Nawruz Ahmed bin Sunjuq bin Abul-Khayr Khan
نوروز احمد بن سنجق بن ابو الخیر خان
1552 – 1556 C.E.
Pir Muhammad Khan bin Jani Beg
پیر محمد خان بن جانی بیگ
1556 – 1561 C.E.
Iskander bin Jani Beg
اسکندر بن جانی بیگ
1561 – 1583 C.E.
Buzurg Khan
بزرگ خان
Abdullah Khan Uzbek
عبد الله خان ازبک
Abdullah Khan bin Iskander
عبد الله خان بن اسکندر
1583 – 1598 C.E.
Abdul-Mo'min bin Abdullah Khan
عبد المومن بن عبد الله خان
1598 C.E.
Pir Muhammad Khan bin Sulayman Khan bin Jani Beg
پیر محمد خان بن سلیمان خان بن جانی بیگ
1598 – 1599 C.E.
Khanate of Bukhara taken over by a new dynasty called the Janids also known as Toqay-Temurids (descendants of Khans of Astrakhan).
    • Blue Row Signifies progenitor chief.
      • Khans of significance highlighted in Bold.


  1. ^ Kilic-Schubel, N. (2016). Shibanid Empire. In The Encyclopedia of Empire (eds N. Dalziel and J.M. MacKenzie).
  2. ^ Introduction: The Turko-Persian tradition, Robert L. Canfield, Turko-Persia in Historical Perspective, ed. Robert L. Canfield, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 19.
  3. ^ "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  4. ^ Shibanids, R.D. McChesney, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. IX, ed. C. E. Bosworth, E. Van Donzel, W. P. Heinrichs AND G. Lecomte, (Brill, 1986), 428;"SHIBANIDS, a Mongol dynasty of Central Asia, the agnatic descendants of Shiban, the fifth son of Djoci son of Cinggis Khan".
  5. ^ a b c d Rene Grousset, The Empire of the Steppes, transl. Naomi Walford, (Rutgers University Press, 1970), 478.
  6. ^ Svat Soucek, A History of Inner Asia, (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 149.
  7. ^ Semenov, Yuri (1963). Siberia: Its Conquest and Development. Hollis and Carter. p. 75.


  • Bartold, Vasily (1964) The Shaybanids. Collected Works, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1964.
  • Grousset, René (1970) The Empire of the Steppes: a history of central Asia Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, (translated by Naomi Walford from the French edition, published by Payot in 1970), pp. 478–490 et passim, ISBN 0-8135-0627-1
  • Bosworth, C.E. (1996) The new Islamic dynasties: a chronological and genealogical manual Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 288–9, ISBN 0-231-10714-5
  • Soucek, Svatopluk (2000) A History of Inner Asia Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 149–157, ISBN 0-521-65169-7
  • Erkinov A. “The Poetry of the Nomads and Shaybani Rulers of Transition to a Settled Society”. In: Central Asia on Display: Proceedings of the VII. Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies (27–30 September 2000). G.Rasuly-Paleczek, J. Katsching (eds). Vienna, 2005. P.145-150.