Shampoo is a 1975 American satirical comedy-drama film written by Robert Towne and Warren Beatty, and directed by Hal Ashby. It stars Warren Beatty, Julie Christie, Goldie Hawn, Lee Grant, Jack Warden, Tony Bill, and Carrie Fisher in her film debut.
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Hal Ashby|
|Produced by||Warren Beatty|
|Written by||Robert Towne|
|Music by||Paul Simon|
|Edited by||Robert C. Jones|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$60 million|
The film is set on Election Day 1968, the day Richard Nixon was first elected as President of the United States, and was released soon after the Watergate scandal had reached its conclusion. The theme of the film is not presidential politics, but sexual politics; it is renowned for its sharp satire of late-1960s sexual and social mores.
The lead character, George Roundy, is reportedly based on several actual hairdressers, including Jay Sebring, Jack Sahakian, and film producer Jon Peters, who is a former hairdresser. Sebring was murdered by Charles "Tex" Watson in 1969. According to the 2010 book Star: How Warren Beatty Seduced America by Peter Biskind, screenwriter Towne based the character on Beverly Hills hairdresser Gene Shacove.
In 1968, on the eve of the elections that will end with Richard Nixon ascending to the office of U.S. President, George Roundy is a successful Beverly Hills hairdresser, whose occupation and charisma have provided him the perfect platform from which to meet and have sex with beautiful women, including his current girlfriend, Jill, a model.
Despite this, George is a 34 year old dissatisfied with his professional life; he is the creative star of the salon, but has to play second fiddle to Norman, the "nickel-and-diming" mediocre hairdresser who owns the place. George dreams of setting up his own salon business, but cannot convince any bank to loan him the capital he needs. So he turns to his lover Felicia and her wealthy unsuspecting husband Lester to bankroll him. George's meeting with Lester supplies a second secret for him to keep from his would-be benefactor, Lester's current mistress, Jackie, who is George's former girlfriend, perhaps the most serious relationship he has ever had.
Lester, who assumes George is gay because of his profession, invites him to escort Jackie to a Republican Party election night soiree, at which George finds himself in the same room as a number of present and former sexual partners. The principals adjourn to a posh counterculture party, and the night quickly descends into alcohol and other drugs and sexual indulgence. Later, Lester and Jill happen upon George and Jackie having vigorous sex on a kitchen floor. Lester is stunned into silence but when Jill recognizes the writhing couple, she throws a chair at the window and swears at George; as George tries to placate Jill, Jackie flees.
George chases after Jackie and proposes to her, but Jackie tells him that she has arranged to go to Acapulco with Lester, who has said he will divorce Felicia and marry her. Jackie leaves George alone on a hilltop above her house, from where he watches her leave with Lester.
- Warren Beatty as George Roundy
- Julie Christie as Jackie Shawn
- Goldie Hawn as Jill Haynes
- Lee Grant as Felicia Karpf
- Jack Warden as Lester Karpf
- Tony Bill as Johnny Pope
- Jay Robinson as Norman
- George Furth as Mr. Pettis
- Randy Scheer as Dennis Lolly
- Susanna Moore as Gloria
- Carrie Fisher as Lorna Karpf
- Luana Anders as Devra
- Mike Olton as Ricci
- Kathleen Miller as Anjanette
- Richard E. Kalk as Detective Younger
- Brad Dexter as Senator East
- William Castle as Sid Roth
- Howard Hesseman as Red Dog
The soundtrack includes songs from its setting of the late 1960s. Included in the party sequence are the Beatles ("Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"), Buffalo Springfield ("Mr. Soul"), Jefferson Airplane ("Plastic Fantastic Lover"), and Jimi Hendrix ("Manic Depression"). Also included on the soundtrack album is "Wouldn't It Be Nice" by the Beach Boys, which plays over the opening and closing credits of the film.
Upon its release, the film generally received positive reviews from critics who lauded its talented cast and sharp, satirical writing. Praise was not universal; some critics, including Roger Ebert, pronounced it a disappointment. From reviews compiled retrospectively, review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 60% based on 35 reviews, with an average score of 6.4/10. The site's consensus reads: "Shampoo trains a darkly comic lens on post-Nixon America, aiming at—and often hitting—an array of timely targets".
Commercially, Shampoo was a great success. Produced on a budget of $4 million, the film grossed $49,407,734 domestically and $60 million at the worldwide box office. It earned an estimated $23.9 million in North American rentals, making it the third highest-grossing film of 1975, beaten only by Jaws and One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
Awards and honorsEdit
|Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actor||Jack Warden||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Lee Grant||Won|
|Best Original Screenplay||Robert Towne and Warren Beatty||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction||Richard Sylbert, W. Stewart Campbell and George Gaines||Nominated|
|British Academy Film Awards||Best Actor in a Supporting Role||Jack Warden||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Shampoo||Nominated|
|Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Warren Beatty||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Julie Christie||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture||Lee Grant||Nominated|
|National Society of Film Critics Awards||Best Screenplay||Robert Towne and Warren Beatty||Won|
|New York Film Critics Circle Awards||Best Screenplay||Nominated|
|Writers Guild of America Awards||Best Comedy Written Directly for the Screen||Won|
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- "SHAMPOO (X)". British Board of Film Classification. 1975-02-24. Retrieved 2012-12-04.
- "The Films of Hal Ashby". Beach, Christopher (2009). Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press, p. 176, ISBN 978-0-8143-3415-7.
- Box Office Information for Shampoo. Worldwide Box Office. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- "Shampoo Movie Review & Film Summary (1975)". Chicago Sun-Times. 1975-01-01.
- "Shampoo (1975)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
- Shampoo at Box Office Mojo
- Top 20 Films of 1975 by Domestic Revenue
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-08-06.