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Robert Towne (born Robert Bertram Schwartz; November 23, 1934) is an American screenwriter, producer, director and actor. He was part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking. He is best known for his Academy Award-winning original screenplay for Roman Polanski's Chinatown (1974), which is widely considered one of the greatest screenplays ever written. He later said it was inspired by a chapter in Carey McWilliams's Southern California Country: An Island on the Land (1946) and a West magazine article on Raymond Chandler's Los Angeles. Towne also wrote the sequel, The Two Jakes (1990); the Hal Ashby comedy-dramas The Last Detail (1973) and Shampoo (1975); and the first two Mission: Impossible films.
Robert Bertram Schwartz
November 23, 1934
|Alma mater||Pomona College|
|Occupation||Writer, director, producer, actor|
|Spouse(s)||Julie Payne |
(m. 1977; div. 1982?)
Towne was born in Los Angeles, where he grew up in San Pedro, the son of Helen and Lou Schwartz. Towne's parentage was Romanian on his father’s side, Russian on his mother’s; the family was Jewish.
Towne originally sought work as a writer and actor. He took an acting class with Roger Corman taught by Jeff Corey where his classmates also included Jack Nicholson (with whom he shared an apartment), Irvin Kershner and Sally Kellerman.
Corman was renowned for giving work to untested people of talent. Towne wrote the screenplay for the Corman-financed Last Woman on Earth (1960), in which Towne also played one of the lead roles.
The following year he also starred in the Corman-financed Creature from the Haunted Sea (1961).
Towne went back to working in television when Corman hired him to write a script for a Western, which became A Time for Killing (1967). Corman left the project during filming and Towne took his name off the credits. Towne said later he "hated" the film.
Towne's script for A Time for Killing had been read and admired by Warren Beatty who asked Towne to help out on the script for Bonnie and Clyde (1967). Towne later claimed his main contributions were removing the menage a trois relationship between Bonnie, Clyde and WD, making some structural changes. Towne was on set during filming and continued to work during post production. The film was a huge success and although Towne's contribution was only "special consultant", he began to earn a reputation in Hollywood as a top "script doctor".
Towne did uncredited work on the scripts for Drive, He Said (1971), directed by Jack Nicholson; Cisco Pike (1972), which Towne said turned into "a pretty good movie" but where he got "so angry with the director" he took his name off; and The New Centurions (1972), where he was to share credit with Stirling Silliphant but asked for his name to be taken off after he saw the film.
He did uncredited work for Francis Ford Coppola during the making of The Godfather (1972), mostly the final scene between Michael and Vito, shortly before Vito dies. Coppola thanked Towne in his speech when Coppola won the Best Screenplay Oscar.
The Last Detail, Chinatown and ShampooEdit
However, author Sam Wasson's 2020 in-depth account of the making of Chinatown ("The Big Goodbye: Chinatown and the Last Years of Hollywood") disclosed that Towne "secretly employed an old college friend named Edward Taylor as his uncredited writing partner for more than 40 years."
Towne turned to directing with Personal Best (1982). He also wrote the script for Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes, hoping to direct, but Personal Best was a financial failure, meaning he had to sell the Greystoke script. He grew dissatisfied with the production and credited his dog, P.H. Vazak, with the script. Vazak became the first dog nominated for an Oscar for screenwriting, but he did not fetch the award.
His second feature film as director was Tequila Sunrise (1988), which he wrote back in the early 1980s. Towne told The New York Times that Tequila Sunrise is "a movie about the use and abuse of friendship."
The Two JakesEdit
Robert Towne expressed his disappointment in The Two Jakes in many interviews. He told writer Alex Simon, "In the interest of maintaining my friendships with Jack Nicholson and Robert Evans, I’d rather not go into it, but let’s just say The Two Jakes wasn’t a pleasant experience for any of us. But, we’re all still friends, and that’s what matters most."
In a November 5, 2007, interview with MTV, Jack Nicholson claimed that Towne had written the part of Gittes specifically for him. In the same interview, Nicholson also said that Towne had conceived Chinatown as a trilogy, with the third film set in 1968 and dealing in some way with Howard Hughes. However, Towne says he "does not know how that got started" and denies there was any trilogy planned.
He was one of the writers on Cruise's The Firm (1993), then Beatty's Love Affair (1994). Cruise brought him on to Mission: Impossible (1996) and co-produced Towne's third film as director, Without Limits (1998). He also co-wrote Mission Impossible II (2000) for Cruise.
A project Towne had long sought to bring to the screen came to fruition in 2006 with Ask the Dust, a romantic period piece set in Los Angeles based on the acclaimed novel by John Fante and starring Colin Farrell and Salma Hayek. Towne had found the novel while researching Chinatown, looking for material that would honestly describe that particular era of Los Angeles. He became so entranced by the book that he arranged to meet with its author—himself a screenwriter—in person. "I was an unknown," Towne said. "I hadn't written anything of note." But Fante greeted the young fan with accusations like "What makes you think you're any kind of judge of my work?" Ask the Dust received mixed reviews and failed at the box office. The film was entered into the 28th Moscow International Film Festival.
Towne has framed several of his signature films as elaborate melodramas. He told The New York Times "I think melodrama is always a splendid occasion to entertain an audience and say things you want to say without rubbing their noses in it," he says. "With melodrama, as in dreams, you're always flirting with the disparity between appearance and reality, which is a great deal of fun. And that's also not unrelated to my perception of my life working in Hollywood, where you're always wondering, 'What does that guy really mean?'"
In 2006, Towne was the subject of artist Sarah Morris's film, Robert Towne. Morris describes him as an “elliptical figure” whose career exemplifies a certain characteristic mode of working in the film industry, marked by collaboration, shared or changing roles. Morris's 19,744-square-foot (1,834.3 m2) painting installation in the lobby of the Lever House in Manhattan, commissioned by the Public Art Fund, was also titled "Robert Towne".
Return to televisionEdit
Towne has returned to television in recent years, working as a consulting producer on Mad Men and writing episodes of Welcome to the Basement.
Towne was married to actress Julie Payne from 1977 to 1982. According to Sam Wasson's The Big Goodbye: Chinatown and the Last Years of Hollywood, Towne was addicted to cocaine during this period and occasionally violent, which led to a bitter divorce and custody battle over their daughter Katharine.
His former father-in-law was late actor John Payne, star of the western series The Restless Gun. Towne's daughter (with actress Julie Payne) is Katharine Towne. He is a former father-in-law of actor Charlie Hunnam.
Robert is married to Luisa Gaule.
Credits as writer-directorEdit
- Personal Best (1982) - Also Producer
- Tequila Sunrise (1988)
- Without Limits (1998)
- Ask the Dust (2006)
Credits as writer onlyEdit
- Last Woman on Earth (1960)
- The Lloyd Bridges Show (1963–64) (TV series) - episodes "A Personal Matter", "My Daddy Can Lick Your Daddy"
- Breaking Point (1964) (TV series) - episode: "So Many Pretty Girls, So Little Time"
- The Outer Limits (1964) (TV series) - episode: "The Chameleon"
- The Tomb of Ligeia (1964)
- The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (1964) (TV series) - episode: "The Dove Affair"
- Bonnie and Clyde (1967) (credited as 'special consultant')
- Villa Rides (1968)
- Drive, He Said (1971) (uncredited)
- Cisco Pike (1972) (uncredited)
- The New Centurions (1972) (uncredited)
- The Godfather (1972) (uncredited)
- The Last Detail (1973)
- Chinatown (1974)
- The Parallax View (1974) (uncredited)
- The Yakuza (1974)
- Shampoo (1975)
- The Missouri Breaks (1976) (uncredited)
- Marathon Man (1976) (uncredited)
- Orca (1977) (uncredited)
- Heaven Can Wait (1978) (uncredited)
- Reds (1981) (uncredited consultant)
- Deal of the Century (1983) (uncredited)
- Swing Shift (1984) (uncredited)
- Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes (1984)(as P.H. Vazak)
- 8 Million Ways to Die (1986) (uncredited)
- Tough Guys Don't Dance (1987) (uncredited)
- Frantic (1988) (uncredited)
- The Two Jakes (1990)
- Days of Thunder (1990)
- The Firm (1993)
- Love Affair (1994)
- Crimson Tide (1995) (uncredited)
- Mission: Impossible (1996)
- Mission: Impossible 2 (2000)
Credits as actorEdit
- The Young Racers (1963) - assistant director
In 2011, Towne was announced as writer-director of The 39 Steps, a proposed remake of the 1935 film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The British producer Graham King revealed that he had hired Towne to write a remake of The Battle of Britain in a December 2011 interview.
Legacy and honorsEdit
In the book Fifty Filmmakers, journalist Andrew J. Rausch argues, "There is a strong case to be made that Robert Towne is the most gifted scribe ever to write for film. There can be little doubt that he is one of the finest ever."
- Academy Award
- BAFTA Award
- 1975: Won, Best Screenplay, The Last Detail and Chinatown
- Golden Globe Award
- 1975: Won, Best Screenplay - Motion Picture, Chinatown
- Edgar Award
- 1975: Won, Best Motion Picture, Chinatown (Author)
- Writers Guild of America Award
- Nantucket Film Festival
- 2015: Screenwriters Tribute Award
- Easy Riders, Raging Bulls by Peter Biskind page 30, 1999 Bloomsbury edition ISBN 978-0-7475-4421-0
- According to the State of California. California Birth Index, 1905-1995. Center for Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California. Searchable at http://www.familytreelegends.com/records/39461
- Tobias, Scott (2019-10-29). "Being John Malkovich at 20: why the surrealist comedy demands a rewatch". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- "Robert Towne Biography (1934–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- "Lennon, Elaine: The screenplays of Robert Towne 1960-2000. Dublin Institute of Technology, 2009". Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- "The Robert Towne Page". SuperiorPics.com. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- Brady p 390
- Brady p 388
- Brady p 396-398
- Brady p 399
- Brady p 386-387
- Brady p 387
- McDougal, Dennis (2008) Five easy decades pp.146, 182, 416
- Turan, Kenneth (1988-11-27). "Robert Towne's Hollywood Without Heroes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- Nicolas Cage, DVD commentary, The Rock Criterion Collection
- Horowitz, Mark (15 March 2020). "Once Upon a Time in Hollywood" (Book Review p. 21). The New York Times Company.
- Kornits, Dov (1999-08-27). "Robert Towne – From Chinatown to Hollywood". eFilmCritic.com. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- Towne, Robert (2012-12-06). "Robert Towne Dusts Off a Classic". The Hollywood Interview (Interview). Interviewed by Alex Simon. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- "http://www.mtv.com/movies/news/articles/1573487/story.jhtml". Mtv.com. 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2013-06-14. External link in
- Anderson, Jeffrey M. (2006-02-07). "Interview with Robert Towne: From 'Dust' to 'Dust'". Combustible Celluloid. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- "28th Moscow International Film Festival (2006)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "Public Art Fund"
- Schlesinger, Toni (2006-09-18). "Wonderful Towne! Lever House Hosts Homage to Screenwriter". The New York Observer. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
- The Natural at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Finstad, Suzanne (2006). "Act 4: The Pro". Warren Beatty: A Private Man. Crown/Archetype. p. 440. ISBN 9780307345295.
- Mitchell, Deborah C. (2001). "1978–1971 The Muse". Diane Keaton: Artist and Icon. McFarland. p. 63. ISBN 9780786410828.
- Mark McGee, Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures, McFarland, 1996 p201
- Rausch, Andrew J. (2008). Fifty Filmmakers: Conversations with Directors from Roger Avary to Steven Zaillian. McFarland. p. 244. ISBN 978-0786431496.
- Brady, John. The Craft of the Screenwriter.