John Fante (April 8, 1909 – May 8, 1983) was an American novelist, short story writer, and screenwriter. He is best known for his semi-autobiographical novel Ask the Dust (1939) about the life of Arturo Bandini, a struggling writer in Depression-era Los Angeles. It is widely considered the great Los Angeles novel,[1][2] and is one in a series of four, published between 1938 and 1985, that are now collectively called "The Bandini Quartet". Ask the Dust was adapted into a 2006 film starring Colin Farrell and Salma Hayek. Fante's published works while he lived included five novels, one novella, and a short story collection. Additional works, including two novels, two novellas, and two short story collections, were published posthumously. His screenwriting credits include, most notably, Full of Life (1956, based on his 1952 novel by that name), Jeanne Eagels (1957), and the 1962 films Walk on the Wild Side and The Reluctant Saint.

John Fante
John Fante.jpg
Born(1909-04-08)April 8, 1909
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
DiedMay 8, 1983(1983-05-08) (aged 74)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupation
NationalityItalian-American
Period1936–82
Literary movementPsychological realism
Notable worksWait Until Spring, Bandini (1938)
Ask the Dust (1939)
Full of Life (1952)
Spouse
(m. 1937⁠–⁠1983)
ChildrenNick (1942), Dan (1944), Vickie (1949), Jim (1950)

Early lifeEdit

Fante was born in Denver, Colorado, on April 8, 1909,[3] to Nicola Fante from Torricella Peligna (Abruzzo), and Mary Capolungo, a devout Catholic of Lucanian descent who was born in Chicago, Illinois.[4] Nicola Fante was a bricklayer and stonemason, who drank and gambled to excess, leaving the Fante family to experience bouts of poverty.[4] Fante attended various Catholic schools in Boulder, Colorado, before briefly enrolling at the University of Colorado.[3] He dropped out of college in 1929 and “hitchhiked to Los Angeles at age 24”[5] to focus on his writing.

Fante and Joyce Smart met on January 30, 1937, and were married on July 31 of that same year in Reno, Nevada.[6]

CareerEdit

After many unsuccessful attempts at publishing stories in the highly regarded literary magazine The American Mercury, his short story "Altar Boy" was accepted conditionally by the magazine's editor, H. L. Mencken.[3] With Mencken's help, in 1938 Fante published his first novel, Wait Until Spring, Bandini.[7] The following year, his best known novel, the semi-autobiographical Ask the Dust, appeared.[7] “Much of the book focuses on Main Street and Pershing Square” in downtown Los Angeles, natural habitat of the “poor Los Angeles poet” who was the novel’s protagonist.[5]

Bandini served as his alter ego in a total of four novels, often known as "The Bandini Quartet": Wait Until Spring, Bandini (1938), The Road to Los Angeles (chronologically second in the saga, this is the first novel Fante wrote, but it was unpublished until 1985), Ask the Dust (1939) and finally Dreams from Bunker Hill (1982), which was dictated to his wife, Joyce, “from his hospital bed.”[8][5]

His short story collection, Dago Red, was originally published in 1940, and then republished with a few additional stories in 1985 under the title The Wine of Youth.

Starting in the 1950s, Fante made a living primarily as a screenwriter,[9] building a lucrative career writing mostly unproduced screenplays.[7] According to a local historian, “He wrote movie scripts with drinking partner William Faulkner in the 1940s, and was still active in the studios in the 1950s and 1960s.”[5]

Fante's screenwriting credits include the comedy-drama Full of Life (1957), based on his 1952 novel of the same name, which starred Judy Holliday and Richard Conte, and was nominated for Best Written American Comedy at the 1957 WGA Awards.[10] He also co-wrote Walk on the Wild Side (1962), which stars Jane Fonda in her second credited film role, based on the novel by Nelson Algren.[9] His other screenplay credits include Dinky, Jeanne Eagels, My Man and I, The Reluctant Saint, Something for a Lonely Man, and Six Loves. As Fante himself often admitted, most of what he wrote for the screen was simply hackwork intended to bring in a paycheck.[citation needed]

In the late 1970s, at the suggestion of novelist and poet Charles Bukowski, who had accidentally discovered Fante's work in the Los Angeles Public Library, Black Sparrow Press began to republish the (then out-of-print) works of Fante, creating a resurgence in his popularity.[3][11][12]

Later life and deathEdit

Fante was diagnosed with diabetes in 1955, which ultimately cost him his eyesight and led to the 1977 amputation of his toes and feet, and later legs.[9][7] He died on May 8, 1983.[13]

Fante and Joyce raised four children in Malibu, California,[7][14] including Dan Fante, an author and playwright who died in 2015.[15]

Legacy and recognitionEdit

 
A view of John Fante Square in downtown Los Angeles

He is known to be one of the first to portray the tough times faced by many writers in Los Angeles, and is often referred to as "the quintessential L.A. novelist."[9] He has also been cited as a precursor to Beat writers.[9] Robert Towne has called Ask the Dust the greatest novel ever written about Los Angeles.[2] Michael Tolkin said the novel should be "mandatory reading" in the Los Angeles school system.[9] More than 60 years after it was published, Ask the Dust appeared for several weeks on the New York Times' Best Sellers List.[citation needed]

Fante's work and style have influenced similar authors such as Charles Bukowski, who stated in his introduction to Ask the Dust that "Fante was my god".[16] Bukowski dedicated poems to Fante, and in the early part of his career was said to go around shouting, "I am Arturo Bandini!" in reference to Fante's alter ego.[9] In his 1978 novel Women, Bukowski's alter ego Henry Chinaski is asked to name his favorite author and he replies, "Fante."[7]

Fante wrote about writing, about people he knew, and about places where he lived and worked, which included Wilmington, Long Beach, Manhattan Beach, the Bunker Hill district of downtown Los Angeles, as well as various homes in Hollywood, Echo Park and Malibu. Recurring themes in Fante's work are poverty, Catholicism, family life, Italian-American identity, sports, and racism. Kristopher Cook proposes a concentration on themes of "existentialism; philosophy – finding the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal concern".[17] Additionally, Neil Gordon suggests Fante's works exude a "profound urge to realize an artistic talent and an equally profound anxiety about recognition in the literary market".[18] Fante's clear voice, vivid characters, shoot-from-the-hip style, and painful, emotional honesty blended with humor and scrupulous self-criticism lends his books to wide appreciation. Most of his novels and stories take place either in Colorado or California. Many of his novels and short stories also feature or focus on fictional incarnations of Fante's father, Nicola Fante, as a cantankerous wine tippling, cigar stub-smoking bricklayer.

In 1987, Fante was posthumously awarded the PEN USA President's Award.[19]

On October 13, 2009, Los Angeles City Council member Jan Perry put forward a motion, seconded by Jose Huizar, that the intersection of Fifth Street and Grand Avenue be designated John Fante Square. The site is outside the Los Angeles Central Library frequented by the young Fante, and where Charles Bukowski discovered Ask The Dust. On April 8, 2010, the author's 101st birthday, the Fante Square sign was unveiled in a noon ceremony attended by Fante's family, fans and city officials. Fante Square is located near the old Bunker Hill neighborhood he wrote about, and where he also lived.[20][21]

Film and theater adaptationsEdit

Francis Ford Coppola bought the rights to The Brotherhood of the Grape, but a film was not produced.[9][22] Dominique Deruddere directed the movie version of Wait Until Spring, Bandini, which was released in 1989.[9][23] In March 2006, Paramount Pictures released Ask the Dust, directed by Robert Towne and starring Colin Farrell, Salma Hayek and Donald Sutherland.[24] In December 2006, a 2001 documentary film about Fante, entitled A Sad Flower in the Sand (directed by Jan Louter), aired on the PBS series Independent Lens.[25] Yvan Attal directed and starred in the French film My Dog Stupid (Mon chien Stupide), released in October 2019, based on the story of the same name in West of Rome.[26]

On January 18, 2001, the play 1933 by Randal Myler and Brockman Seawell, based on Fante's novel 1933 Was a Bad Year, premiered at the Denver Center for the Performing Arts.[27]

WritingsEdit

NovelsEdit

  • The Road to Los Angeles (1936, published posthumously in 1985) (Bandini Quartet: 2)[28]
  • Wait Until Spring, Bandini (1938) (Bandini Quartet: 1)[28]
  • Ask the Dust (1939) (Bandini Quartet: 3)[28]
  • Full of Life (1952)
  • Bravo, Burro! (1970, with Rudolph Borchert)
  • The Brotherhood of the Grape (1977)
  • Dreams from Bunker Hill (1982) (Bandini Quartet: 4)[28]
  • 1933 Was a Bad Year (posthumously, 1985; incomplete)

NovellasEdit

  • West of Rome (posthumously, 1986)

Short story collectionsEdit

  • Dago Red (1940)
  • The Wine of Youth: Selected Stories (1985)
  • The Big Hunger: Stories, 1932–1959 (2000)
  • The John Fante Reader (2003, edited by Stephen Cooper)

LettersEdit

  • Fante/Mencken: John Fante & H. L. Mencken: A Personal Correspondence, 1932–1950 (1989)
  • Prologue to Ask the Dust (1990)
  • John Fante: Selected Letters, 1932–1981 (1991)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nordine, Michael (2012-11-02). "Best L.A. Novel Ever: John Fante's Ask the Dust vs. Charles Bukowski's Post Office, Round 1". Los Angeles Weekly. Archived from the original on 2017-09-02. Retrieved 2017-05-28.
  2. ^ a b Janet Maslin (2002-02-28). "Books of the Times; A Truly Famous Unknown Writer". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-02-04. Retrieved 2017-05-28.
  3. ^ a b c d Tom Peters, "Boulder's forgotten genius: John Fante," Archived 2022-09-15 at the Wayback Machine Daily Camera, April 12, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Lorene, Jennifer R. (9 April 2015). "John Fante: A Real American Writer". Culture Trip. Archived from the original on 2017-03-01. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  5. ^ a b c d Pitt, Leonard; Pitt, Dale (1997). Los Angeles A to Z: An Encyclopedia of the City and County. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 144. ISBN 0-520-20274-0.
  6. ^ Stephen Cooper, Full of Life: A Biography of John Fante, New York: North Point Press, 2000, pp. 142-45.
  7. ^ a b c d e f John Wranovics, "Taxi Driver," Archived 2022-09-15 at the Wayback Machine New York Times, August 20, 2006.
  8. ^ Tyler Kane, "The 8 Best Quotes from John Fante's Ask the Dust," Archived 2022-09-15 at the Wayback Machine Paste, April 8, 2015.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Allen Barra, "Who was John Fante?" Archived 2018-01-03 at the Wayback Machine Salon, March 10, 2006.
  10. ^ WGA Awards (Screen), 1957 Archived 2004-12-17 at the Wayback Machine at the Internet Movie Database
  11. ^ Gardaphe, Fred L. (2001), "John Fante (1909-1983)", in Gelfant, Blanche H., The Columbia Companion to the Twentieth-Century American Short Story, New York: Columbia University Press
  12. ^ Adam Kirsch, "Smashed," Archived 2018-01-02 at the Wayback Machine The New Yorker, March 14, 2005.
  13. ^ "John Fante". New York Times. May 13, 1983. Archived from the original on September 15, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
  14. ^ "Joyce Smart Fante," Archived 2018-01-02 at the Wayback Machine Los Angeles Times, June 12, 2005.
  15. ^ Ben Myers, "Dan Fante: underground writer expressed madness of the US workplace," Archived 2018-01-02 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian, May 25, 2015.
  16. ^ Fante, J 1980, Ask The Dust, Black Sparrow Press, Santa Barbara. Introduction by Charles Bukowski.
  17. ^ kristophercookbookblog (2018-02-15). "Ask the Dust by John Fante - Book Review". Kristopher Cook. Archived from the original on 2021-09-20. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  18. ^ Gordon, Neil (2017-05-23). "Realization and Recognition". Boston Review. Archived from the original on 2021-09-20. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
  19. ^ Melonie Magruder, "Obscure Malibu novelist John Fante celebrated," Archived 2018-09-26 at the Wayback Machine The Malibu Times, June 3, 2009.
  20. ^ Richard Schave, "Naming of John Fante Square" Archived 2021-03-05 at the Wayback Machine, Los Angeles Visionaries Association.
  21. ^ Matt Shoard, "Discovering John Fante," Archived 2018-01-02 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian, April 8, 2010.
  22. ^ Jon Lewis, Whom God Wishes to Destroy: Francis Coppola and the New Hollywood Archived 2022-04-09 at the Wayback Machine, Durham: Duke University Press, 1995, p. 91.
  23. ^ Harry Waldman, Hollywood and the Foreign Touch Archived 2022-04-09 at the Wayback Machine, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1996, p. 83.
  24. ^ Barbara Isenberg, "Dusting Off the Memories," Archived 2012-10-22 at the Wayback Machine Los Angeles Times, March 5, 2006.
  25. ^ "A Sad Flower in the Sand," Archived 2018-01-02 at the Wayback Machine PBS. Accessed January 1, 2018.
  26. ^ Mintzer, Jordan (October 31, 2019). "'My Dog Stupid' ('Mon chien Stupide'): Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 1, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  27. ^ Kenneth Jones, "1933, Tale of a Baseball Dreamer, Premieres in Denver Jan. 18-March 3," Archived 2018-01-02 at the Wayback Machine Playbill, January 18, 2001.
  28. ^ a b c d "Arturo Bandini Quartet - John Fante - 9781841954974". Allen & Unwin - Australia. Archived from the original on 10 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021. Wait Until Spring, Bandini (1938), his first novel, began the saga of Arturo Bandini, a character whose story continues in The Road to Los Angeles, Ask the Dust and Dreams from Bunker Hill - collectively known as The Bandini Quartet.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit