San Fernando, Bukidnon

San Fernando, officially the Municipality of San Fernando, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 56,138 people.[3]

San Fernando
Municipality of San Fernando
Official seal of San Fernando
Bukidnon's Gateway to Davao
Map of Bukidnon with San Fernando highlighted
Map of Bukidnon with San Fernando highlighted
San Fernando is located in Philippines
San Fernando
San Fernando
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°55′N 125°20′E / 7.92°N 125.33°E / 7.92; 125.33Coordinates: 7°55′N 125°20′E / 7.92°N 125.33°E / 7.92; 125.33
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao (Region X)
District2nd District
Barangays24 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorLevi C. Edma Sr.
 • Vice MayorNorberto I. Catalan
 • CongressmanJonathan Keith T. Flores
 • Electorate33,338 voters (2019)
 • Total705.06 km2 (272.23 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total56,138
 • Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence59.03% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)185,100,395.20 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesBinukid
Ata Manobo


The natives of Bukidnon known as Tigwahanons and Matigsalugs were the original inhabitants of this area. They settled along the fertile river valleys of the Tigwa and Salug rivers. These people were nomadic by nature and subsisted mainly by hunting and eating forest products but they also maintained small plots of corn and root crops in places where they built their temporary shelters. They have a feudal type of government headed by a political chieftain known as “Datu”, who also acted as their religious leader and armed forces chief.

The municipality was formerly a district of the municipalities of Maramag, Dangcagan and Valencia City pursuant to Executive Order No. 347 of President Carlos P. Garcia dated July 29, 1959. During the reign of Gov. Teodoro Oblad and Cong. Cesar Fortich, a proposal was submitted to the defunct Congress for the creation of this district into municipality. On June 18, 1966, San Fernando was created into a municipality under R.A. 4789 and was named in honor of Fernando Damasco, the Father of former Gov. Catalino Damasco. The first set of government was installed at Barangay Namnam, approximately 48 kilometers away from Valencia City.

The government resettlement program for Mindanao during the 1960s and 1970s attracted immigrants from Luzon and the Visayas. The arrival of the migrants, attracted by the town's rich agricultural potential, created more settlements in the area and contributed much in the development of the area. The original occupants of the town, the Tigwahanon and the Matigsalug, were then replaced by these lowlanders or “dumagats””. Only few natives remained in the lowland and the majority of them settled in the interior and mountainous areas of the municipality.

On July 27, 1970, the municipal council passed a resolution transferring the seat of government from Namnam to Barangay Halapitan. Halapitan - The present town of Halapitan used to be an abaca farm of Victoriano Bantug who served as mayor in the 70's. Mr. Tamin, a teacher in Namnam used to drop by at Mr. Bantug's house in present Halapitan on his way to Malaybalay, thus the word "Hapit", or drop by. Talangihon which is now Comawas was the loading dock for bamboo rafts as inhabitants sail along Tigoa River connecting Pulangui River onto Lumbayao. Mr. Bantug eventually distributed lands to newcomers and eventually the name Halapitan stayed on " Hapitanan".


San Fernando is located in the southeast portion of the province of Bukidnon. It is bounded in the north by Malaybalay City and Cabanglasan, in the east by the municipality of Talaingod, Davao del Norte in the south by Davao City and North Cotabato province; and in the west by Quezon and Valencia City.

The municipality's Poblacion is 31 kilometres (19 mi) from Valencia City and 71 kilometres (44 mi) from Malaybalay City.


About eighty percent of the municipality's area is mountainous. The Pantaron Mountain Range (Central Cordillera of Mindanao) forms part of the natural border between the municipality and the Davao provinces in the west while the Aga Mountains between Valencia City and Quezon.

The Tigwa River valley occupies the northern and central parts of the municipality while the Salug River valley is found in the southern part of the municipality.

Bodies of WaterEdit

The municipality has two major river systems: Tigwa River and Salug River. The Tigwa River is a tributary of the Pulangi River, which empties into the Mindanao River in Cotabato City. The Salug River is a tributary of the Davao River that empties into Davao Gulf in the south.


Political map of San Fernando showing its 25 barangays

San Fernando is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[5]
101318001 Bonacao 3.5% 1,989 1,812 1.79%
101318002 Cabuling 1.5% 836 665 4.45%
101318003 Kawayan 3.2% 1,778 1,704 0.81%
101318004 Cayaga 2.3% 1,292 1,246 0.69%
101318005 Dao 3.5% 1,989 1,111 11.73%
101318007 Durian 1.7% 970 939 0.62%
101318009 Iglugsad 2.9% 1,622 1,495 1.56%
101318010 Kalagangan 9.9% 5,569 5,188 1.36%
101318014 Kibongcog 3.4% 1,935 1,654 3.03%
101318016 Little Baguio 8.7% 4,862 4,441 1.74%
101318019 Nacabuklad 2.2% 1,250 1,091 2.62%
101318020 Namnam 6.8% 3,807 3,512 1.55%
101318021 Palacpacan 2.5% 1,412 1,230 2.66%
101318022 Halapitan (Poblacion) 18.2% 10,221 9,280 1.86%
101318023 San Jose 1.7% 973 758 4.87%
101318024 Santo Domingo 2.7% 1,529 1,324 2.78%
101318025 Tugop 3.0% 1,672 1,866 −2.07%
101318026 Matupe 3.8% 2,121 1,643 4.98%
101318027 Bulalang 1.2% 669 529 4.57%
101318028 Candelaria 1.6% 910 815 2.12%
101318029 Mabuhay 5.5% 3,083 2,791 1.91%
101318030 Magkalungay 4.5% 2,533 1,965 4.95%
101318031 Malayanan 2.2% 1,246 1,443 −2.76%
101318032 Sacramento Valley 3.3% 1,870 1,705 1.77%
Total 56,138 50,207 2.15%


YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 6,698—    
1975 17,270+20.92%
1980 23,083+5.97%
1990 29,052+2.33%
1995 34,299+3.16%
2000 40,165+3.44%
2007 44,595+1.45%
2010 50,207+4.41%
2015 56,138+2.15%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of San Fernando, Bukidnon, was 56,138 people,[3] with a density of 80 inhabitants per square kilometre or 210 inhabitants per square mile.

The municipality had a total population of 50,207 people in 2010, up from 40,165 in 2000, with 71 persons per square km.


The municipality is predominantly agricultural with corn as the major product followed by rice and abaca. Rattan, banana, bamboo, vegetables and root crops are also produced in the municipality.

Local governmentEdit

The municipality is administered by the Municipal Mayor together with the Vice Mayor and the Sangguniang Bayan. The mayor is the local chief executive officer of the municipality while the Sangguniang Bayan (or SB) serves as the local legislative arm as mandated by the Local Government Code of the Philippines of 1991.

Under the Mayor's Office are the following offices: Municipal Planning and Development Office, Municipal Civil Registrar's Office, Municipal Engineering Office, Municipal Accounting Office, Municipal Treasurer's Office, Municipal Assessor's Office, Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office, Municipal Agriculture Office and Municipal Budget Office. These offices are mandated to deliver the basic social services to the inhabitants of the municipality.

The Sangguniang Bayan is headed by the Vice Mayor, acting as its presiding officer, and seven (7) Sangguniang Bayan councilors. They formulate laws and ordinances relevant to the municipality.

San Fernando has twenty-four (24) barangays headed by a barangay captain together with seven Sangguniang Pambarangay members. 25 Barangays including Langasihan.


The municipality has a total road network of 109.82 kilometres (68.24 mi). The municipality can be reached by bus, jeepneys and habal-habal or motorcycles.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Bukidnon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Bukidnon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit