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On the bank of river Mahanadi, the goddess Samaleswari is worshipped from ancient times as Jagatjanani, Adishakti, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. The region in which the temple is situated has a rich cultural heritage. Sambalpur is popularly known as "Hirakud Dam" from ancient times. Greek explorer Ptolemy described the place as Sambalak. According to French traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier and English historian Edward Gibbon, diamonds were exported to Rome from Sambalpur.
- "Samaleswari Temple". sambalpur.nic.in. Government of Odisha. Retrieved 23 January 2022.