Open main menu

Sailing at the 1996 Summer Olympics

Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possibly the canceled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule. The Sailing program of 1996 consisted of a total of ten sailing classes (disciplines). For each class, with the exception of the Soling, eleven races were scheduled from July 22 to August 2, 1996 off the coast of Savannah at the Wassaw Sound (an area of the Atlantic Ocean). For the Soling ten fleetraces were scheduled followed by a series of matchraces for the top 6 boats of the fleetrace result. The sailing was done on the various types of course configurations.

Sailing
at the Games of the XXVI Olympiad
VenuesSavannah
DatesFirst race: 22 July 1996 (1996-07-22)
Last race: 2 August 1996 (1996-08-02)
Competitors461 (361 male, 100 female) from 78 nations
Boats312
← 1992
2000 →

Contents

VenueEdit

Day Marina
 
Coordinates: 31°56′01″N 80°56′59″W / 31.93361°N 80.94972°W / 31.93361; -80.94972

According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. An exception was made for the Olympic yachting events, which customarily must be staged on the open sea. On account of this principle, the city of Savannah was chosen for the organization of the sailing events. Spectators were given the opportunity to board boats that will sail out to the courses to provide a close look at the competition. About 1000 spectators per day made use of the opportunity.

The sailing events were held off the coast of Savannah at the Wassaw Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. The venue used three locations:

  • Satellite Olympic Village in Savannah
  • Olympic marina on Wilmington Island. The Stars and Solings, were towed between the Olympic marina and their race areas.
  • Day marina, a temporary barge system (14,000 m2) near the north side of Wassaw Sound at the mouth of the Wilmington River. The day marina was used as a forward launch area for the dinghies and windsurf boards.
 
Black = Marina's
Blue = Alpha course
Green = Bravo course
Yellow = Charly course
Red = Delta course

Separate course areas were used for the following pairs of classes:

  • Mistral one-design (men and women)
  • Europe and Laser
  • Finn and Star
  • 470 (men and women)
  • Tornado and Soling (fleetracing)
  • Soling (matchracing)

CompetitionEdit

OverviewEdit

Continents Countries Classes Boats Male Female
6 78 10 312 361 100

ContinentsEdit

CountriesEdit

 
Countries that participated in the Sailing event of the 1996 Olympic Games.
Blue: Water
Gray: Never participated in OG
Dark Gray: Participated in earlier OG
Green: Country participated for the first time
Dark Blue: Country participated also on previous games
Red: Country boycotted the sailing event of the OG
  Netherlands Antilles (AHO)   Andorra (AND)   Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)
  Argentina (ARG)   American Samoa (ASA)   Australia (AUS)
  Austria (AUT)   Bahamas (BAH)   Barbados (BAR)
  Belgium (BEL)   Bermuda (BER)   Belarus (BLR)
  Brazil (BRA)   Bahrain (BRN)   Canada (CAN)
  Cayman Islands (CAY)   Chile (CHI)   China (CHN)
  Cook Islands (COK)   Croatia (CRO)   Cuba (CUB)
  Cyprus (CYP)   Czech Republic (CZE)   Denmark (DEN)
  Djibouti (DJI)   Ecuador (ECU)   Spain (ESP)
  Estonia (EST)   Fiji (FIJ)   Finland (FIN)
  France (FRA)   Great Britain (GBR)   Georgia (GEO)
  Germany (GER)   Greece (GRE)   Guatemala (GUA)
  Guam (GUM)   Hong Kong (HKG)   Hungary (HUN)
  Indonesia (INA)   Ireland (IRL)   Israel (ISR)
  Virgin Islands (ISV)   Italy (ITA)   British Virgin Islands (IVB)
  Jamaica (JAM)   Japan (JPN)   South Korea (KOR)
  Latvia (LAT)   Saint Lucia (LCA)   Malaysia (MAS)
  Mexico (MEX)   Malta (MLT)   Netherlands (NED)
  Norway (NOR)   New Zealand (NZL)   Paraguay (PAR)
  Poland (POL)   Portugal (POR)   Puerto Rico (PUR)
  Qatar (QAT)   Romania (ROM)   South Africa (RSA)
  Russia (RUS)   Seychelles (SEY)   Singapore (SIN)
  Slovenia (SLO)   San Marino (SMR)   Switzerland (SUI)
  Slovakia (SVK)   Sweden (SWE)   Thailand (THA)
  Chinese Taipei (TPE)   Turkey (TUR)   Ukraine (UKR)
  Uruguay (URU)   United States (USA)   Venezuela (VEN)

Classes (equipment)Edit

Class Type Event Sailors Trapeze Mainsail Jibb/Genoa Spinnaker First OG Olympics so far
Mistral One Design Class Surfboard   1 0 + - - 1996 1
Mistral One Design Class Surfboard   1 0 + - - 1996 1
Europe Dinghy   1 0 + - - 1992 2
Laser Dinghy   1 0 + - - 1996 1
Finn Dinghy   1 0 + - - 1952 12
470 Dinghy   2 1 + + + 1988 3
470 Dinghy   2 1 + + + 1976 6
Tornado Multihull   2 1 + + - 1976 6
Star Keelboat   2 0 + + - 1932 14
Soling Keelboat   3 0 + + + 1972 7

Medal summaryEdit

Women's eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
 

1996: Women's Mistral One Design
details

  Hong Kong (HKG)
Lee Lai Shan
  New Zealand (NZL)
Barbara Kendall
  Italy (ITA)
Alessandra Sensini
 

1996: Europe
details

  Denmark (DEN)
Kristine Roug
  Netherlands (NED)
Margriet Matthijsse
  United States (USA)
Courtenay Becker-Dey
 

1996: Women's 470
details

  Spain (ESP)
Theresa Zabell
Begoña Vía-Dufresne
  Japan (JPN)
Yumiko Shige
Alicia Kinoshita
  Ukraine (UKR)
Ruslana Taran
Olena Pakholchik

Men's eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
 

1996: Men's Mistral One Design
details

  Greece (GRE)
Nikolaos Kaklamanakis
  Argentina (ARG)
Carlos Espinola
  Israel (ISR)
Gal Fridman
 

1996: Finn
details

  Poland (POL)
Mateusz Kusznierewicz
  Belgium (BEL)
Sebastien Godefroid
  Netherlands (NED)
Roy Heiner
 

1996: Men's 470
details

  Ukraine (UKR)
Yevhen Braslavets
Ihor Matviyenko
  Great Britain (GBR)
John Merricks
Ian Walker
  Portugal (POR)
Victor Rocha
Nuno Barreto

Open eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
 

1996: Laser
details

  Brazil (BRA)
Robert Scheidt
  Great Britain (GBR)
Ben Ainslie
  Norway (NOR)
Peer Moberg
 

1996: Tornado
details

  Spain (ESP)
Fernando León
José Luis Ballester
  Australia (AUS)
Mitch Booth
Andrew Landenberger
  Brazil (BRA)
Lars Grael
Henrique Pellicano
 

1996: Star
details

  Brazil (BRA)
Torben Grael
Marcelo Ferreira
  Sweden (SWE)
Hans Wallen
Bobby Lohse
  Australia (AUS)
Colin Beashel
David Giles
 

1996: Soling
details

  Germany (GER)
Jochen Schümann
Thomas Flach
Bernd Jäkel
  Russia (RUS)
Georgy Shayduko
Dmitri Shabanov
Igor Skalin
  United States (USA)
Jeff Madrigali
Jim Barton
Kent Massey

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Brazil (BRA)2013
2  Spain (ESP)2002
3  Ukraine (UKR)1012
4  Denmark (DEN)1001
  Germany (GER)1001
  Greece (GRE)1001
  Hong Kong (HKG)1001
  Poland (POL)1001
9  Great Britain (GBR)0202
10  Australia (AUS)0112
  Netherlands (NED)0112
12  Argentina (ARG)0101
  Belgium (BEL)0101
  Japan (JPN)0101
  New Zealand (NZL)0101
  Russia (RUS)0101
  Sweden (SWE)0101
18  United States (USA)0022
19  Israel (ISR)0011
  Italy (ITA)0011
  Norway (NOR)0011
  Portugal (POR)0011
Totals (22 nations)10101030

RemarksEdit

WildcardsEdit

After the qualification was finished the following sailors were granted a wildcard:

IncidentsEdit

 
Hurricane Bertha
  • The Olympic sailing facility at Savannah was before the opening of the Olympic Games (July 10) within the Hurricane Bertha warning area. Tornados, Stars and Solings were moved to the Sheraton facility. The Day Marina and the Sheraton were evacuated; the evacuation was complete by 6 PM.
  • On July 27, a bomb exploded in Centennial Park in Atlanta, one person died, and 111 were injured, though the Games continued.

MeasurementEdit

  • In the Soling some irregularities were found in the construction of the hull. The Soling Class rules specify the hull laminate for each part of the hull. The measurement methods in the Soling are of high standards to ensure the One Design principle. The USA boat was found correct. . The Danish team however was randomly assigned the Spanish spare boat from the pool.
  • In the 470 men the team from the USA also needed to use a spare boat.

Weather conditionsEdit

The winds on a typical day in Savannah begin is as follows:

  • In the morning a light breeze from the west to the Northwest at about 5 knots
  • The winds diminish in the late mornings
  • By midday, the sea breeze circulation begins. When the sea breeze does rise, the winds backs to the south and Southeast
  • Wind speed in the afternoon average between 7 and 12 knots

Olympic weather reports were provided by the National Weather Service from the locations Atlanta and Savannah. Doppler weather radar was used from Charleston, South Carolina. From Jacksonville, Florida the weather above the offshore courses was observed.

SailorsEdit

During the Sailing regattas at the 1996 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes:

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • The Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games (1997). The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, Volume I Planning and Organization (PDF). Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
  • The Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games (1997). The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, Volume II The Centennial Olympic Games (PDF). Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
  • The Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games (1997). The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, Volume III The Competition Results (PDF). Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
  • Hugh Drake & Paul Henderson (2009). Canada's Olympic Sailing Legacy, Paris 1924 - Beijing 2008. Toronto: CYA.
  • Kubatko, Justin. "Sailing at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  • "IYRU Olympic Update". ISAF. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2011-09-18.