Roy Richard Scheider (//; November 10, 1932 – February 10, 2008) was an American actor and amateur boxer. Described by AllMovie as "one of the most unique and distinguished of all Hollywood actors", he gained fame for his leading and supporting roles in celebrated films from the 1970s through to the early to mid-1980s. He was nominated for two Academy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and a BAFTA Award.
Roy Richard Scheider
November 10, 1932
|Died||February 10, 2008 (aged 75)|
Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
|Children||3, including Christian Scheider|
His best-known roles include Chief Martin Brody in Jaws (1975) and its sequel Jaws 2 (1978), NYPD Detective "Cloudy" Russo in The French Connection (1971); NYPD Detective "Buddy" in The Seven-Ups (1973). The Seven-Ups became an instant cult classic with the most intense and vivid car chase sequence captured on film; Doc Levy in Marathon Man (1976); choreographer and film director Joe Gideon in All That Jazz (1979); and Dr. Heywood R. Floyd in the 1984 film 2010, the sequel to 2001: A Space Odyssey. He was also known for playing Captain Nathan Bridger in the science-fiction television series seaQuest DSV (1993–1996).
Scheider was born in Orange, New Jersey, the son of Anna (née Crosson) and auto mechanic Roy Bernhard Scheider. Scheider's mother was of Irish descent with an Irish Catholic background, while his father was a Protestant German American. As a child, Scheider was an athlete, participating in organized baseball and boxing competitions, for which he was classed as a welterweight, weighing in at 140 lb (63.5 kg). Scheider competed in the Diamond Gloves Boxing Tournament in Elizabeth, New Jersey. He attended Columbia High School in Maplewood, New Jersey, graduating in 1950, and was inducted into the school's hall of fame in 1985. He traded his boxing gloves for the stage, studying drama at both Rutgers University and Franklin and Marshall College, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.
Between 1946 and 1949, Scheider boxed as an amateur in New Jersey. Scheider said in a television interview in the 1980s that he took up boxing to lose weight. He said he had no desire to fight, but that his trainer, Georgie Ward, encouraged him to compete. In his second bout, at the 1946 Diamond Gloves Tournament (Golden Gloves), Scheider suffered a broken nose and lost by technical knockout in two rounds to Myron Greenberg. He went on, however, to post an 8–1 (six knockouts) record, reversing the defeat to Greenberg in the process.
|Amateur boxing record: Roy Scheider (unverified)|
|Win||Earl Garrett||KO||March 17, 1949||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Ted LaScalza||KO||March 12, 1949||1||Jersey City, New Jersey|
|Win||Peter Read||KO||February 17, 1949||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey||Scheider suffers nose injury; drops out of tournament.|
|Win||Nick Welling||KO||July 20, 1948||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Jerry Gould||KO||July 2, 1948||1||Orange, New Jersey|
|Win||Alfonse D'Amore||KO||March 2, 1948||1||Orange, New Jersey|
|Win||Peter Read||TKO||February 21, 1948||2||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Phillip Duncan||KO||February 19, 1948||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Stewart Murphy||KO||April 1, 1947||1||0:16||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Win||Myron Greenberg||KO||January 10, 1947||1||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Loss||Myron Greenberg||TKO||January 11, 1946||2||Golden Gloves||New Jersey||Scheider's nose was broken.|
|Win||Frank Brayden||KO||January 9, 1946||2||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
Scheider served three years in the United States Air Force as a first lieutenant in Air Operations from 1955 to 1958. He then became a reservist captain in the Air Force Reserve Command until 1964.
Scheider's first film role was in the horror film The Curse of the Living Corpse (1964).
On television, he played running roles on two CBS soap operas, Love of Life and The Secret Storm, and also played character roles in episodes of Camera Three, N.Y.P.D., and Coronet Blue. He was in the TV movie Lamp at Midnight (1966).
Scheider appeared with the New York Shakespeare Festival and won an Obie Award in 1968. He had a regular role on the TV series Hidden Faces (1968–69) and was in the films Stiletto (1969), Loving (1970), and Puzzle of a Downfall Child (1970), as well as the TV series Where the Heart Is and Cannon.
In 1971, he appeared in two highly popular films, Klute (1971), directed by Alan Pakula, and The French Connection (1971), directed by William Friedkin. The latter, in which he played a fictionalized version of New York City detective Sonny Grosso, gained him an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor.
Scheider became much in demand. He was second-billed in the TV movie Assignment: Munich (1972) and went to Europe to have key support roles in The Assassination (1972) and The Outside Man (1972). He was in the TV movie To Be Young, Gifted, and Black (1972).
Scheider's first starring role came in The Seven-Ups (1973), a quasifollow-up to The French Connection, in which Scheider's character is once again based on Grosso. In The Seven-Ups produced by 20th Century Fox, his "vividly acted" performance matched the throaty sound of his thunderous Nova in what was at the time the most harrowing chase sequence ever filmed in NYC's history.
He was second-billed in Sheila Levine Is Dead and Living in New York (1975).
Scheider portrayed Chief Martin Brody in the Hollywood blockbuster Jaws (1975), which also starred Robert Shaw and Richard Dreyfuss. Scheider's ad-libbed line, "You're gonna need a bigger boat," was voted 35th on the American Film Institute's list of best movie quotes.
He was originally cast in The Deer Hunter, the second movie of a three-movie deal with Universal Studios. Despite being under contract, though, Scheider dropped out two weeks before the start of filming. Universal offered him the option of reprising his role as Martin Brody for a Jaws sequel, and would consider his contractual obligations fulfilled if he accepted. Scheider accepted, and Jaws 2 was released in 1978. It was a huge hit.
In 1979, he received his second Academy Award nomination, this time as Best Actor in All That Jazz, in which he played a fictionalized version of the film's director and co-writer Bob Fosse. Some of the film's production was portrayed in the FX miniseries Fosse/Verdon, in which Scheider was played by actor/composer Lin-Manuel Miranda.
He did a thriller with Meryl Streep for Robert Benton, Still of the Night (1982), which was a box-office disappointment. The following year, however, his box office performance improved with Blue Thunder (1983), a John Badham film about a prototype attack helicopter that provided security over the city of Los Angeles during the 1984 Summer Olympic Games.
Scheider made two TV movies, Jacobo Timerman: Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number (1983) and Tiger Town (1984).
This was followed by a role as Dr. Heywood Floyd in Peter Hyams' 2010, a 1984 sequel to Stanley Kubrick's 1968 science-fiction classic 2001: A Space Odyssey, in which William Sylvester originated the role of Floyd. He provided narration for Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985).
Scheider was in The Men's Club (1986), 52 Pick-Up (1986) for John Frankenheimer, Cohen and Tate (1988), Listen to Me (1989), Night Game (1989), The Fourth War (1990) again for Frankenheimer, Somebody Has to Shoot the Picture (1990), and The Russia House (1991).
One of his later parts was that of Dr. Benway in the long-in-production 1991 film adaptation of William S. Burroughs' novel Naked Lunch. In 1990, he co-starred with Sean Connery in The Russia House as the smart-talking CIA liaison with MI6. Scheider played a mob boss in the Gary Oldman crime film Romeo Is Bleeding (1994) and a chief executive of a corrupt insurance company cross-examined by Matt Damon's character in 1997's John Grisham's The Rainmaker, directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
Among his later films, he appeared as the crusty father of hero Frank Castle in The Punisher (2004), and in 2007, starred in The Poet and If I Didn't Care. When Scheider died in February 2008, he had two movies upcoming: Dark Honeymoon, which had been completed, and the thriller Iron Cross. In Iron Cross, Scheider plays the leading role of Joseph, a holocaust survivor with a propensity for justice, which was inspired by director Joshua Newton's late father Bruno Newton. Iron Cross was ultimately released in 2011.
Scheider was lead star in the Steven Spielberg-produced television series seaQuest DSV as Captain Nathan Bridger. During the second season, Scheider voiced disdain for the direction in which the series was heading. His comments were highly publicized, and the media criticized him for panning his own show. NBC made additional casting and writing changes in the third season, and Scheider decided to leave the show. His contract, however, required that he make several guest appearances that season. He also repeatedly guest-starred on the NBC television series Third Watch as Fyodor Chevchenko.
Scheider hosted an episode of Saturday Night Live in the 10th (1984–1985) season and appeared on the Family Guy episode "Bill & Peter's Bogus Journey", voicing himself as the host of a toilet-training video, portions of which were censored on FOX and syndicated broadcasts. Scheider provided voiceover on the Family Guy episode "Three Kings" (which was recorded in September 2007 but aired in May 2009, a year and three months after his death in February 2008), which also featured his Jaws co-star Richard Dreyfuss. Scheider guest-starred in the Law & Order: Criminal Intent episode "Endgame" as serial killer Mark Ford Brady, who is identified at the episode's end as being the biological father of series star Vincent D'Onofrio's, character, Detective Goren.
In 2007, Scheider received one of two annual Lifetime Achievement Awards at the SunDeis Film Festival in Waltham, Massachusetts.
After Scheider's death, a biography entitled Roy Scheider: A Life was released as a tribute, compiling reviews, essays, and narration on his life and career.
Scheider married Cynthia Bebout on November 8, 1962. The couple had one daughter, Maximillia (1963–2006), before divorcing in 1986. On February 11, 1989, he married actress Brenda Siemer, with whom he had a son, Christian Scheider, and adopted a daughter, Molly. They remained married until his death.
In 2004, Scheider was diagnosed with multiple myeloma. In June 2005, he received a bone marrow transplant to treat the cancer. He died on February 10, 2008, in Little Rock, Arkansas, at the University of Arkansas Medical Sciences Hospital.
|1964||The Curse of the Living Corpse||Philip Sinclair|
|1968||The Green Slime||Unknown|
|1970||Puzzle of a Downfall Child||Mark|
|1971||The French Connection||Detective Buddy 'Cloudy' Russo|
|1972||The French Conspiracy||Michael Howard|
|1972||The Outside Man||Lenny|
|1973||The Seven-Ups||Buddy, Seven-Up|
|1975||Sheila Levine Is Dead and Living in New York||Sam Stoneman|
|1975||Jaws||Chief Martin Brody|
|1976||Marathon Man||Agent Henry 'Doc' Levy|
|1977||Sorcerer||Scanlon / Dominguez|
|1978||Jaws 2||Chief Martin Brody|
|1979||Last Embrace||Harry Hannan|
|1979||All That Jazz||Joe Gideon|
|1982||Still of the Night||Sam Rice|
|1983||Blue Thunder||Officer Frank Murphy|
|1984||2010||Dr. Heywood Floyd|
|1985||Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters||Narrator (voice)|
|1986||The Men's Club||Cavanaugh|
|1986||52 Pick-Up||Harry Mitchell|
|1987||Jaws: The Revenge||Chief Martin Brody||Archive Footage|
|1989||Cohen and Tate||Cohen|
|1989||Listen to Me||Charlie Nichols|
|1989||Night Game||Mike Seaver|
|1990||The Fourth War||Colonel Jack Knowles|
|1990||The Russia House||Russell|
|1991||Naked Lunch||Dr. Benway|
|1993||Romeo Is Bleeding||Don Falcone|
|1997||The Rage||John Taggart|
|1997||Executive Target||President Carlson|
|1997||The Peacekeeper||President Bob Baker|
|1997||The Myth of Fingerprints||Hal|
|1997||The Rainmaker||Wilfred Keeley|
|1997||The Definite Maybe||Eddie Jacobsen|
|1998||The White Raven||Tom Heath|
|1998||Evasive Action||Enzo Marcelli|
|2000||Chain of Command||President Jack Cahill|
|2000||The Doorway||Professor Lamont|
|2001||Time Lapse||Agent La Nova|
|2002||The Good War||Colonel Gartner|
|2002||Angels Don't Sleep Here||Mayor Harry Porter|
|2003||Citizen Verdict||Governor 'Bull' Tyler|
|2003||Dracula II: Ascension||Cardinal Siqueros|
|2004||The Punisher||Frank Castle Sr.|
|2005||Dracula III: Legacy||Cardinal Siqueros|
|2005||Love Thy Neighbor||Fred|
|2006||Last Chance||Cumberland||short film|
|2007||If I Didn't Care||Linus Boyer|
|2007||Chicago 10||Judge Julius Hoffman (voice)||Documentary|
|2007||The Shark Is Still Working||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|2011||Iron Cross||Joseph||Released posthumously; Final film role|
|1955||The United States Steel Hour||Dancer||Episode: A Wind from the South|
|1962||The Edge of the Night||Kenny|
|1964||Camera Three||Face||Episode: The Alchemist|
|1965-66||Love of Life||Jonas Falk||Various Episodes|
|1966||Lamp at Midnight||Francesco Barberini||Television Movie|
|1967||The Secret Storm||Bob Hill #1|
|1967||Coronet Blue||Apartment Manager||Episode: A Charade for Murder|
|1968||N.Y.P.D.||Paul Jason||Episode: Cry Brute|
|1969||This Town Will Never Be the Same||Performer||Television Movie|
|1971||Cannon||Dan Bowen||Episode: No Pockets in a Shroud|
|1972||Assignment: Munich||Jake Webster||Television Movie|
|1983||Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number||Jacob Timerman||Television Movie|
|1983||Tiger Town||Billy Young||Television Movie|
|1985||Saturday Night Live||Host||Episode: Roy Scheider|
|1990||Somebody Has to Shoot the Picture||Paul Marish||Television Movie|
|1993||Wild Justice||Peter Stride||Television Movie|
|1993-95||seaQuest DSV||Captain Nathan Bridger||47 episodes|
|1997||Money Play$||Johnny Tobin||Television Movie|
|1998||Silver Wolf||John Rockwell||Television Movie|
|1999||The Seventh Scroll||Grant Schiller||Mini-Series|
|1999||RKO 281||George Schaefer||HBO Movie|
|2001||Diamond Hunters||Jacob Van der Byl||Television movie|
|2002||King of Texas||Henry Westover||Television movie|
|2002||Third Watch||Fyodor Chevchenko||6 episodes|
|2005||Carrier: Arsenal of the Sea||Narrator (voice)||TV documentary|
|2007||Law & Order: Criminal Intent||Mark Ford Brady||Episode: Endgame|
|2007-09||Family Guy||Himself||2 episodes|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1971||Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actor||The French Connection||Nominated|||
|1979||Best Actor||All That Jazz||Nominated|
|1979||Golden Globes||Best Actor – Film Musical of Comedy||Nominated|
|1980||British Academy Film Awards||Best Actor||Nominated|
|1980||National Society of Film Critics||Best Actor||Nominated|
|1997||Independent Spirit Awards||Best Supporting Actor||The Myth of Fingerprints||Nominated|
- "Roy Scheider". AllMovie.
- "Roy Scheider". TV Guide.
- Kehr, David (10 February 2008). "Roy Scheider, Actor in "Jaws", Dies at 75". New York Times. p. 6. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
- "Obituaries: Roy Scheider". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 11 Feb 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Kachmar 2002, p. 5.
- "Roy Scheider". Boxing-scoop.com. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
- Kachmar 2002, p. 118.
- "Scheider, Roy, Jr., Capt". www.airforce.togetherweserved.com. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- "Obituary: Roy Scheider". BBC. February 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
- Canby, Vincent (October 7, 1976). "Marathon Man (1976) 'Marathon Man' Thriller of a Film".
- Canby, Vincent (December 7, 1984). "2010 (1984) '2010', PURSUES THE MYSTERY OF '2001'". The New York Times.
- Labrecque, Jeff (8 August 2012). "'Jaws' Blu-ray extra: 'The Shark is Still Working'". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- Scott, Vernon (20 October 1986). "Scheider: at his wife's mercy;NEWLN:UPI Arts & Entertainment -- Scott's World". United Press International. Hollywood. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- "Roy Scheider : le héros des 'Dents de la mer' emporté par un cancer". Pure People. Webedia. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Bergan, Ronald (12 February 2008). "Roy Scheider". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Derakhshani, Tirdad (June 21, 2005). "Roy Scheider battling multiple myeloma". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
- Landsberg, Mitchell (February 11, 2008). "Roy Scheider; star of 'Jaws' and 'All That Jazz'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
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