Roy Richard Scheider (//; November 10, 1932 – February 10, 2008) was an American actor and amateur boxer. Described by AllMovie as "one of the most unique and distinguished of all Hollywood actors", he gained fame for his leading and supporting roles in celebrated films from the 1970s through to the early to mid-1980s. He was nominated for two Academy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and a BAFTA Award.
Roy Richard Scheider
November 10, 1932
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||February 10, 2008 (aged 75)|
Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.
|Children||3, including Christian Scheider|
His best-known roles include Chief Martin Brody in Jaws (1975) and its sequel Jaws 2 (1978); NYPD Detective "Cloudy" Russo in The French Connection (1971); NYPD Detective "Buddy" in The Seven-Ups (1973); Doc Levy in Marathon Man (1976); Jackie Scanlon / Juan Dominguez in Sorcerer (1977); choreographer and film director Joe Gideon in All That Jazz (1979); Officer Frank Murphy in Blue Thunder (1983); and Dr. Heywood R. Floyd in the 1984 film 2010: The Year We Make Contact, the sequel to 2001: A Space Odyssey. He was also known for playing Captain Nathan Bridger in the science-fiction television series seaQuest DSV (1993–1996).
Early life edit
Scheider was born in Orange, New Jersey, the son of Anna (née Crosson) and auto mechanic Roy Bernhard Scheider. Scheider's mother was of Irish descent with an Irish Catholic background, while his father was a Protestant German American. As a child, Scheider was an athlete, participating in organized baseball and boxing competitions, for which he was classed as a welterweight, weighing in at 140 lb (63.5 kg). Scheider competed in the Diamond Gloves Boxing Tournament in Elizabeth, New Jersey. He attended Columbia High School in Maplewood, New Jersey, graduating in 1950, and was inducted into the school's hall of fame in 1985. He traded his boxing gloves for the stage, studying drama at both Rutgers University and Franklin and Marshall College, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.
Amateur boxing edit
Between 1946 and 1949, Scheider boxed as an amateur in New Jersey. Scheider said in a television interview in the 1980s that he took up boxing to lose weight. He said he had no desire to fight, but that his trainer, Georgie Ward, encouraged him to compete. In his second bout, at the 1946 Diamond Gloves Tournament (Golden Gloves), Scheider suffered a broken nose and lost by technical knockout in two rounds to Myron Greenberg. He went on to post an 11–1 (six knockouts) record, reversing his defeat by Greenberg in the process.
|Amateur boxing record: Roy Scheider (unverified)|
|Win||Earl Garrett||KO||March 17, 1949||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Ted LaScalza||KO||March 12, 1949||1||Jersey City, New Jersey|
|Win||Peter Read||KO||February 17, 1949||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey||Scheider suffers nose injury; drops out of tournament.|
|Win||Nick Welling||KO||July 20, 1948||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Jerry Gould||KO||July 2, 1948||1||Orange, New Jersey|
|Win||Alfonse D'Amore||KO||March 2, 1948||1||Orange, New Jersey|
|Win||Peter Read||TKO||February 21, 1948||2||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Phillip Duncan||KO||February 19, 1948||1||Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Win||Stewart Murphy||KO||April 1, 1947||1||0:16||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Win||Myron Greenberg||KO||January 10, 1947||1||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
|Loss||Myron Greenberg||TKO||January 11, 1946||2||Golden Gloves||New Jersey||Scheider's nose was broken.|
|Win||Frank Brayden||KO||January 9, 1946||2||Golden Gloves||New Jersey|
Military service edit
Acting career edit
Scheider's first film role was in the horror film The Curse of the Living Corpse (1964). On television, he played running roles on two CBS soap operas, Love of Life and The Secret Storm, and also played character roles in episodes of Camera Three, N.Y.P.D., and Coronet Blue. He was in the TV movie Lamp at Midnight (1966). In 1968, Scheider appeared with the New York Shakespeare Festival, and also won an Obie Award for Distinguished Performance in James Joyce's play Stephen D, appearing in it 68 times at the East 74th Street Theater. He appeared in the films Stiletto (1969), Loving (1970), and Puzzle of a Downfall Child (1970), and on television in Where the Heart Is and Cannon.
In 1971, he appeared in two highly popular films, Klute, directed by Alan Pakula, and The French Connection, directed by William Friedkin. The latter, in which he played a fictionalized version of New York City detective Sonny Grosso, gained him an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Scheider became much in demand. He went to Europe to have key supporting roles in The French Conspiracy (1972) and The Outside Man (1972).
Scheider's first starring role came in The Seven-Ups (1973), a quasi follow-up to The French Connection, in which Scheider's character is once again based on Grosso. He was second-billed in Sheila Levine Is Dead and Living in New York (1975). Scheider portrayed Chief Martin Brody in the Hollywood blockbuster Jaws (1975), which also starred Robert Shaw and Richard Dreyfuss. Scheider's ad-libbed line, "You're gonna need a bigger boat," was voted 35th on the American Film Institute's list of best movie quotes. He appeared as secret agent Doc Levy in Marathon Man (1976), with Dustin Hoffman and Laurence Olivier.
Scheider was initially set to appear in the lead role in Michael Cimino's never-filmed romantic thriller Perfect Strangers, but the film was canceled due to "political machinations" at Paramount. Ironically,[why?] Scheider was later offered the role portrayed by Robert De Niro in Cimino's The Deer Hunter (1978), which was the second film of a three-picture deal with Universal Studios. He reunited with French Connection director William Friedkin in Sorcerer (1977), the second adaptation of the 1950 French novel The Wages of Fear. Although the film didn't do well at the box office, it has since acquired a large cult following.
Still under contract after dropping out two weeks before The Deer Hunter started filming, Universal offered him the option of reprising his role as Martin Brody for a Jaws sequel, and would consider his contractual obligations fulfilled if he accepted. Scheider accepted, and Jaws 2 was released in 1978. It was a huge hit. Scheider starred in Last Embrace (1979), a thriller directed by Jonathan Demme. He received his second Academy Award nomination, this time as Best Actor in All That Jazz (1979), in which he played a fictionalized version of the film's director and co-writer Bob Fosse. Some of the film's production was portrayed in the FX miniseries Fosse/Verdon, in which Scheider was played by Lin-Manuel Miranda.
He made a thriller with Meryl Streep for Robert Benton, Still of the Night (1982), which was a box-office disappointment. The following year, however, his box office performance improved with Blue Thunder (1983), a John Badham film about a prototype attack helicopter that provided security over the city of Los Angeles during the 1984 Summer Olympic Games. He made two TV movies, Jacobo Timerman: Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number (1983) and Tiger Town (1984). This was followed by a role as Dr. Heywood Floyd in Peter Hyams' 2010, a 1984 sequel to Stanley Kubrick's 1968 science-fiction classic 2001: A Space Odyssey, in which William Sylvester originated the role of Floyd. He provided narration for Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (1985).
Scheider was in The Men's Club (1986), 52 Pick-Up (1986) for John Frankenheimer, Cohen and Tate (1988), Listen to Me (1989), Night Game (1989), The Fourth War (1990) again for Frankenheimer, Somebody Has to Shoot the Picture (1990), and The Russia House (1990). One of his later parts was that of Dr. Benway in the long-in-production 1991 film adaptation of William S. Burroughs' novel Naked Lunch. Scheider played a mob boss who meets a horrific fate in the Gary Oldman crime film Romeo Is Bleeding (1994) and a chief executive of a corrupt insurance company cross-examined by Matt Damon's character in 1997's John Grisham's The Rainmaker, directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
Scheider appeared among an ensemble cast in The Myth of Fingerprints (1997), for which he was nominated for an Independent Spirit Award. He appeared as the crusty father of hero Frank Castle in The Punisher (2004), and in 2007, starred in The Poet and If I Didn't Care. When Scheider died in February 2008, he had two movies upcoming: Dark Honeymoon, which had been completed, and the thriller Iron Cross. In Iron Cross, Scheider plays the leading role of Joseph, a holocaust survivor with a propensity for justice, which was inspired by director Joshua Newton's late father Bruno Newton. Iron Cross was ultimately released in 2011.
Scheider was lead star in the Steven Spielberg-produced television series seaQuest DSV as Captain Nathan Bridger. During the second season, Scheider voiced disdain for the direction in which the series was heading. His comments were highly publicized, and the media criticized him for panning his own show. NBC made additional casting and writing changes in the third season, and Scheider decided to leave the show. His contract, however, required that he make several guest appearances that season. Scheider hosted an episode of Saturday Night Live in the 10th (1984–1985) season and appeared on the Family Guy episode "Bill & Peter's Bogus Journey", voicing himself as the host of a toilet-training video, portions of which were censored on FOX and syndicated broadcasts. He provided voiceover on the Family Guy episode "Three Kings" (which was recorded in September 2007 but aired in May 2009, a year and three months after his death in February 2008), which also featured his Jaws co-star Richard Dreyfuss.
Scheider guest-starred in the Law & Order: Criminal Intent episode "Endgame" as serial killer Mark Ford Brady, who is identified at the episode's end as being the biological father of Detective Goren (played by Vincent D'Onofrio). He narrated and was associate producer of the 2006 Jaws documentary The Shark is Still Working. In 2007, Scheider received one of two annual Lifetime Achievement Awards at the SunDeis Film Festival in Waltham, Massachusetts. After Scheider's death, a biography entitled Roy Scheider: A Life was released as a tribute, compiling reviews, essays, and narration on his life and career.
Personal life edit
Scheider married Cynthia Bebout on November 8, 1962. The couple had one daughter, Maximillia (1963–2006), before divorcing in 1986. On February 11, 1989, he married actress Brenda Siemer, with whom he had a son, Christian Scheider, and adopted a daughter, Molly. They remained married until his death.
In 2004, Scheider was diagnosed with multiple myeloma. In June 2005, he received a bone marrow transplant to treat the cancer. He died on February 10, 2008, in Little Rock, Arkansas, at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Medical Center.
|1964||The Curse of the Living Corpse||Philip Sinclair|
|1970||Puzzle of a Downfall Child||Mark|
|1971||The French Connection||Detective Buddy 'Cloudy' Russo|
|1972||The French Conspiracy||Michael Howard|
|1972||The Outside Man||Lenny|
|1973||The Seven-Ups||Buddy, Seven-Up|
|1975||Sheila Levine Is Dead and Living in New York||Sam Stoneman|
|1975||Jaws||Chief Martin Brody|
|1976||Marathon Man||Agent Henry 'Doc' Levy|
|1977||Sorcerer||Scanlon / Dominguez|
|1978||Jaws 2||Chief Martin Brody|
|1979||Last Embrace||Harry Hannan|
|1979||All That Jazz||Joe Gideon|
|1982||Still of the Night||Sam Rice|
|1983||Blue Thunder||Officer Frank Murphy|
|1984||2010||Dr. Heywood Floyd|
|1985||Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters||Narrator (voice)|
|1986||The Men's Club||Cavanaugh|
|1986||52 Pick-Up||Harry Mitchell|
|1987||Jaws: The Revenge||Chief Martin Brody||Archive Footage|
|1989||Cohen and Tate||Cohen|
|1989||Listen to Me||Charlie Nichols|
|1989||Night Game||Mike Seaver|
|1990||The Fourth War||Colonel Jack Knowles|
|1990||The Russia House||Russell|
|1991||Naked Lunch||Dr. Benway|
|1993||Romeo Is Bleeding||Don Falcone|
|1997||The Myth of Fingerprints||Hal|
|1997||Executive Target||President Carlson|
|1997||The Rage||John Taggart|
|1997||The Peacekeeper||President Bob Baker|
|1997||The Rainmaker||Wilfred Keeley|
|1997||The Definite Maybe||Eddie Jacobsen||aka No Money Down|
|1998||Evasive Action||Enzo Marcelli|
|1998||The White Raven||Tom Heath|
|2000||Chain of Command||President Jack Cahill|
|2000||The Doorway||Professor Lamont|
|2001||Time Lapse||Agent La Nova|
|2002||The Good War||Colonel Gartner||aka Texas '46|
|2002||Angels Don't Sleep Here||Mayor Harry Porter||aka Blakflash 2|
|2003||Citizen Verdict||Governor 'Bull' Tyler|
|2003||Dracula II: Ascension||Cardinal Siqueros|
|2004||The Punisher||Frank Castle Sr.|
|2005||Dracula III: Legacy||Cardinal Siqueros|
|2005||Love Thy Neighbor||Fred|
|2006||Last Chance||Cumberland||short film|
|2007||Chicago 10||Judge Julius Hoffman (voice)||Documentary|
|2007||The Poet||Rabbi||aka Hearts Of War|
|2007||If I Didn't Care||Linus Boyer||aka Blue Blood|
|2007||The Shark Is Still Working||Narrator (voice)||Documentary|
|2009||Iron Cross||Joseph||Released posthumously; final acting role|
|1955||The United States Steel Hour||Dancer||Episode: A Wind from the South|
|1962||The Edge of Night||Kenny|
|1964||Camera Three||Face||Episode: The Alchemist|
|1965–1966||Love of Life||Jonas Falk||Various Episodes|
|1966||Lamp at Midnight||Francesco Barberini||Television Movie|
|1967||The Secret Storm||Bob Hill #1|
|1967||Coronet Blue||Apartment Manager||Episode: A Charade for Murder|
|1968||N.Y.P.D.||Paul Jason||Episode: Cry Brute|
|1969||This Town Will Never Be the Same||Performer||Television Movie|
|1971||Cannon||Dan Bowen||Episode: No Pockets in a Shroud|
|1972||Assignment: Munich||Jake Webster||Television Movie|
|1983||Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number||Jacob Timerman||Television Movie|
|1983||Tiger Town||Billy Young||Television Movie|
|1985||Saturday Night Live||Host||Episode: Roy Scheider|
|1990||Somebody Has to Shoot the Picture||Paul Marish||Television Movie|
|1993||Wild Justice||Peter Stride||Television Movie|
|1993–1995||seaQuest DSV||Captain Nathan Bridger||47 episodes|
|1997||Money Play$||Johnny Tobin||Television Movie|
|1999||Silver Wolf||John Rockwell||Television Movie|
|1999||The Seventh Scroll||Grant Schiller||Mini-Series|
|1999||RKO 281||George Schaefer||HBO Movie|
|2001||Diamond Hunters||Jacob Van der Byl||Television movie|
|2002||King of Texas||Henry Westover||Television movie|
|2002||Third Watch||Fyodor Chevchenko||6 episodes|
|2005||Carrier: Arsenal of the Sea||Narrator (voice)||TV documentary|
|2007||Law & Order: Criminal Intent||Mark Ford Brady||Episode: Endgame|
|2007–2009||Family Guy||Himself||2 episodes|
Awards and nominations edit
|1971||Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actor||The French Connection||Nominated|||
|1979||Best Actor||All That Jazz||Nominated|
|1979||Golden Globes||Best Actor – Film Musical of Comedy||Nominated|
|1980||British Academy Film Awards||Best Actor||Nominated|
|1980||National Society of Film Critics||Best Actor||Nominated|
|1997||Independent Spirit Awards||Best Supporting Actor||The Myth of Fingerprints||Nominated|
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