Romanshorn railway station
Romanshorn railway station (German: Bahnhof Romanshorn) is a railway station that serves the municipality of Romanshorn, in the canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. Opened in 1855, the station is owned and operated by SBB-CFF-FFS. It forms the junction between the Winterthur–Romanshorn railway, the Schaffhausen–Rorschach railway and the Romanshorn–Nesslau Neu St. Johann railway.
The station viewed from Lake Constance, 2007.
|Owned by||Swiss Federal Railways|
|Lake Constance ferries|
|Architect||Johann Jakob Breitinger|
Romanshorn railway station is situated in Neustrasse, at the eastern edge of the city centre.
On the other side of the tracks is the Romanshorn ferry terminal, for ferries across Lake Constance.
After two years of planning, the station was opened in 1855, together with the first stage of the Winterthur–Romanshorn railway, of which it was a terminus. Also in 1855, the station building was erected, according to plans by Johann Jakob Breitinger.
In 1869, the Swiss Northeastern Railway (German: Schweizerische Nordostbahn) put into service the Seelinie between Romanshorn and Rorschach. In the same year, the Lake Constance train ferry was established, for cross-border goods traffic to and from Germany between Romanshorn and Friedrichshafen, and between Lindau and Bregenz.
After a major renovation at the beginning of the 20th century, almost no significant modifications were made to the passenger station for nearly 90 years.
Around the turn of the millennium, the signals and points (switches) at the station were still controlled by signal boxes equipped with mechanical lever frames made by the Braunschweig firm of Jüdel in 1912. The southern station throat was spanned by the last signal gantry in Switzerland. Also, the public facilities were outdated, and access to tracks 5 and 6 was via a level crossing, which was secured by the legendary "Chetteli", i.e. chains and a roller shutter. To enable interchange with the ferries, trains to and from Zürich had to be moved during their layovers, make the pathway to the ferry terminal accessible.
The SBB-CFF-FFS therefore decided to make an investment of 50 million francs in the modernization of the station. The contribution to be made by the local community was approved in a referendum with an 86 percent "yes" vote.
The modernisation work began in the summer of 2001, and lasted until the end of November 2003. Track 1, the locomotive shed dating from 1900, various other buildings and the tracks of the former goods depot were all taken out of service. The mechanical signal frames were replaced by a Siemens SIMIS C type electronic system, and therefore the signals and the manually operated barriers were also replaced.
Comfort was also greatly improved in the public areas of the station. The "Chetteli-Übergang" was replaced with a generous pedestrian underpass. New passenger information leaflet displays and screens were installed to replace the lever operated boards dating from 1920. The platforms were raised, and the roofs and speakers were renewed. The two kiosks were replaced by a new building. Thanks to an extension of Platform 2, express trains to Zürich can now use Track 3.
As part of this modernisation work, the Bahnhofplatz was renovated. National publicity for the renovations was ensured by the sculpture of the mythical creature "mocmoc", a creation of the artist duo Com&Com. The local controversy about the sculpture resulted in a 2004 referendum.
Developments since 2003Edit
The SBB-CFF-FFS locomotive shed and the signal boxes have been operated since 2003 by the Verein Historische Mittel-Thurgau-Bahn, and since 2005 also by the Stiftung Historisches Bahnhof-Ensemble Romanshorn, as Locorama, a railway world of experience. The historic signal gantry, the coaling stage and the water crane are also part of Locorama.
The following long-distance service calls at Romanshorn:
- Weinfelden and half-hourly service over the Lake line to Rorschach. : hourly service over the Winterthur–Romanshorn line to
- Schaffhausen and St. Gallen : half-hourly service over the Lake and Bodensee–Toggenburg lines between
- Wil. : half-hourly service over the Winterthur–Romanshorn line to
- Konstanz and Herisau. : hourly service over the Lake and Bodensee–Toggenburg lines between
- Casutt, Marcus; Lanfranconi, Annina (12 September 2004). "Romanshorn Bahnhof und Hafenareal" [Romanshorn station and harbour area] (PDF). denkmalpflege.tg.ch (in German). Amt für Denkmalpflege Kanton Thurgau. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- Schäffeler, Hans E. (1977). Die Bahnhof- und Hafenanlagen von Romanshorn: 75 Jahre SBB [The Station and Harbour Facilities of Romanshorn: 75th anniversary, SBB-CFF-FFS] (in German). Romanshorn. OCLC 604522231.
- Köpfer, Christian H. (2004). Romanshorn - Leben mit der Bahn [Romanshorn - Life with the Railway] (in German). Romanshorn: Gemeindeverwaltung Romanshorn. OCLC 603757959.
- Müller, Prof Adolf (October 2010). "LOCORAMA – Historisches Bahnhofensemble Romanshorn" [LOCORAMA – Romanshorn historic station ensemble] (PDF). IN.KU. Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Technikgeschichte und Industriekultur (60). Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "LOCORAMA Romanshorn Eisenbahn-Erlebniswelt am Bodensee: Kurzes Betriebskonzept für Sponsoren" [LOCORAMA Romanshorn Railway World of Experience on Lake Constance: Short operational concept for sponsors] (PDF). www.locorama.ch (in German). LOCORAMA Romanshorn Eisenbahn-Erlebniswelt am Bodensee. 2008. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- "Abfahrt: Bahnhof Romanshorn" (PDF). Swiss Federal Railways (in German). 15 December 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
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This article is based upon a translation of the German language version as at December 2011.