Robin Gayle Wright (born April 8, 1966) is an American actress. She is the recipient of seven Primetime Emmy Award nominations and has earned a Golden Globe Award and a Satellite Award for her work in television.
Wright at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival
Robin Gayle Wright
April 8, 1966
|Other names||Robin Wright Penn|
(m. 1986; div. 1988)
(m. 1996; div. 2010)
|Children||2, including Dylan Penn|
|Relatives||Charlie Wright (nephew)|
Wright first gained attention for her role in the NBC Daytime soap opera Santa Barbara, as Kelly Capwell from 1984 to 1988. She then made the transition to film, starring in the romantic comedy fantasy adventure film The Princess Bride (1987). This role led Wright to further success in the film industry, with starring roles in films such as Forrest Gump (1994), the romantic drama Message in a Bottle (1999), the superhero drama-thriller Unbreakable (2000), the historical drama The Conspirator (2010), the biographical sports drama Moneyball (2011), the mystery thriller The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011), the biographical drama Everest (2015), the superhero film Wonder Woman (2017), and the neo-noir science fiction film Blade Runner 2049 (2017).
Wright starred as Claire Underwood in the Netflix political drama web television series House of Cards, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama in 2013, making her the first actress to win a Golden Globe for a web television series. Wright has also received consecutive Primetime Emmy Award nominations in the Outstanding Lead Actress category for House of Cards between 2013 and 2017, and the Outstanding Drama Series category in 2016 and 2017 as a producer on the show.
Wright is also one of the highest paid actresses in the United States, earning US$420,000 per episode for her role in House of Cards in 2016.
Wright was born in Dallas, Texas, to Gayle (Gaston), a cosmetics saleswoman, and Freddie Wright, a pharmaceutical company employee. Wright was raised in San Diego, California. She attended La Jolla High School and Taft High School in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles.
Wright began her career as a model, when she was 14. At the age of 18, she played Kelly Capwell in the NBC Daytime soap opera Santa Barbara, for which she received several Daytime Emmy Award nominations.
1980s–2000s: Transition into feature film workEdit
She transitioned into feature film work as Buttercup in the cult film The Princess Bride (1987). She gained critical acclaim in her role as Jenny Curran in Forrest Gump (1994), receiving Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild nominations for Best Supporting Actress.
In 1996 she starred in the lead role of the film adaptation of Daniel Defoe's Moll Flanders (1996), for which she received a Satellite Award Nomination for Best Actress in a Drama. She was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress for her role in She's So Lovely (1997), a film in which she co-starred with her then-husband Sean Penn. Wright received her third Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for her role in the television film Empire Falls (2005).
2013–present: House of Cards, further film workEdit
Since 2013, Wright has appeared in the Netflix political drama web television series House of Cards in the role of Claire Underwood, the ruthless wife of political mastermind Frank Underwood. On January 12, 2014, she won a Golden Globe for the role, becoming the first actress to win the award for an online-only web television series; she was nominated for the same award the following year. She also received nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award in 2013 and 2014 for the same role. Following Season 4 in 2016, Wright stated that she felt Claire Underwood was the equal of Frank Underwood and demanded equal pay for her performance as her co-star Kevin Spacey; Netflix acquiesced. In 2017, for her performance in the fifth season, Wright was nominated for her fifth consecutive Primetime Emmy nomination for Outstanding Lead Actress – Drama. For the years 2014, 2016, and 2017, Wright received Best Actress in a Drama Series nominations for the Critics' Choice Television Awards, with her being the only nomination for the show in December 2017.
In October 2017, Wright was set as the show's new lead, following sexual misconduct allegations against Spacey, which resulted in him being fired from the sixth and final season. For her last outing as Underwood, her performance was acclaimed - described as a " commanding performance [that] is more than enough to keep [the final season] standing strong"  - earning her her final nominations for the role at the Screen Actors Guild and Primetime Emmy Awards in 2019.
In 2017, Wright played General Antiope in Wonder Woman (2017), alongside Gal Gadot and Chris Pine. She appears in the Blade Runner sequel Blade Runner 2049 alongside Ryan Gosling, Harrison Ford, and Jared Leto.
In April 2019, it was announced that Wright would be helming her feature film directorial debut in the film Land.  Wright would also be starring as its lead, Edee Mathis, a lawyer in grief who retreats to the Shoshone National Forest in Wyoming. Sales for the film would start at Cannes the following month.
In 1989, Wright became involved with actor Sean Penn following his divorce from Madonna. Wright was offered the role of Maid Marian in the film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, but turned it down because she was pregnant. Wright and Penn's daughter, Dylan Frances, was born in April 1991. She backed out of the role of Abby McDeere in The Firm (1993) due to her pregnancy with her second child. Wright and Penn's son, Hopper Jack, was born in August 1993.
After breaking up and getting back together, Wright and Penn married in 1996, and she changed her name to Robin Wright Penn. Their on-and-off relationship seemingly ended in divorce plans, announced in December 2007, but the divorce petition was withdrawn four months later at the couple's request. In February 2009, Wright and Penn attended the 81st Academy Awards together, at which Penn won Best Actor. Penn filed for legal separation in April 2009, but withdrew the petition in May. On August 12, 2009, Wright filed for divorce, declaring she had no plans to reconcile. At that time, she dropped "Penn" from her professional name. The divorce was finalized on July 22, 2010.
In February 2012, Wright began dating actor Ben Foster, and their engagement was announced in January 2014. The couple called off their engagement in November 2014, but reunited in January 2015. On August 29, 2015, they announced they were ending their second engagement.
Philanthropy and activismEdit
Wright is an activist for human rights in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. She is the narrator and executive producer of the documentary When Elephants Fight which highlights how multinational mining corporations and politicians in the Democratic Republic of Congo threaten human rights, and perpetuate conflict in the region. Wright is a supporter of Stand With Congo, the human rights campaign behind the film. In 2016, she spoke publicly in support of the campaign at a film screening at the TriBeCa Film Institute in New York City, in media interviews, with journalists, and across her social media accounts.
Awards and nominationsEdit
-  Archived July 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
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Dylan Frances Penn was born Saturday [April 13] at 10:49 p.m. at UCLA Medical Center.
- Kelly, Richard T. (2004). Sean Penn: His Life and Times. Canongate U.S. p. 274. ISBN 978-1841956237.
- "The Insider – Vol. 45 No. 12". PEOPLE.com. March 25, 1996.
- White, Nicholas (December 27, 2007). "Sean Penn and Robin Wright Penn Divorcing". People. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
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- Oh, Eunice (August 4, 2010). "Sean Penn and Robin Wright Finalize Their Divorce". People. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
- "Robin Wright and Ben Foster Get Cozy". People. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Loinaz, Alexis L. (January 11, 2014). "Robin Wright and Ben Foster are engaged". People. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- Marquina, Sierra (November 12, 2014). "Robin Wright and Ben Foster Split, Call Off 10-Month Engagement – Find Out What Went Wrong". Us Weekly. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Lee, Esther (March 10, 2015). "Robin Wright Talks Sex Life With Ben Foster After Sean Penn Divorce: "I've Never Been Happier"". Us Weekly. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Webber, Stephanie (August 29, 2015). "Robin Wright, Ben Foster Call Off Engagement For the Second Time". Us Weekly. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
- Jones, Tashara (August 13, 2018). "Robin Wright and Clement Giraudet wed". New York Post. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
-  Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- "Pour Les Femmes". Plfdreams.tilt.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "Giving Back – The SunnyLion and Raise Hope for Congo". TheSunnyLion.com. June 20, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "When Elephants Fight (2015)". IMDb. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo: An Ongoing Crisis" (PDF). International Rescue Committee. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "#StandWithCongo | A Stier Forward Campaign". Stand With Congo. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "LIVE NYC Screening4Action at TriBeCa". Facebook.com/StandWithCongo. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Live with Robin Wright". Facebook.com/MicMedia. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Congo: The High Cost of Mineral Riches". WNYC (NPR). Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Actress Robin Wright Talks About Her New Documentary". Facebook.com/HuffPostEntertainment. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "'Making Noise': The Path Towards Global Equality". Rockefeller Foundation. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "The Paradox Of Congo: How The World's Wealthiest Country Became Home To The World's Poorest People". ThinkProgress.org. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Makes a Powerful Political Statement — It's Not Related to 'House of Cards'". Mic.com. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright: A-lister who's playing for high stakes off screen". The Guardian. May 22, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
- "Robin Wright Instagram". Instagram. March 13, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.