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Bobby Scott (politician)

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Robert Cortez Scott (born April 30, 1947) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 3rd congressional district since 1993. A member of the Democratic Party, he is the dean of Virginia's congressional delegation. The district serves most of the majority-black precincts of Hampton Roads, including all of the independent cities of Franklin, Newport News (where he resides) and Portsmouth, parts of the independent cities of Chesapeake, Hampton, Norfolk and Suffolk and all of Isle of Wight County.[1]

Bobby Scott
BobbyScott.jpg
Chair of the House Education and Labor Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byVirginia Foxx (Education and the Workforce)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd district
Assumed office
January 3, 1993
Preceded byThomas Bliley
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 2nd district
In office
January 12, 1983 – January 3, 1993
Preceded byHerbert Bateman
Succeeded byHenry Maxwell
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 48th district
In office
January 13, 1982 – January 12, 1983
Serving with Theodore V. Morrison Jr., Alan Diamonstein
Preceded byHarvey Morgan
Succeeded byMary A. R. Marshall
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 49th district
In office
January 11, 1978 – January 13, 1982
Preceded byLewis McMurran
Succeeded byVince Callahan
Personal details
Born
Robert Cortez Scott

(1947-04-30) April 30, 1947 (age 72)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationHarvard University (BA)
Boston College (JD)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1970–1973 (Massachusetts National Guard)
1973–1976 (Army Reserve)

Contents

Early life, education and law careerEdit

Scott was born in Washington, D.C. and grew up in Newport News, Virginia. He is of African American and Filipino (maternal grandfather) descent.[2] His father Dr. Charles Waldo Scott (1916–93) was a pioneering African American surgeon[3] and in 1952 became the first African American appointed to the Newport News school board in the 20th century.[4] Scott's mother Mae Hamlin-Scott (1918-2010), a graduate in chemistry from the University of Michigan, was an educator who taught science in the Newport News public schools.[5]

Scott graduated from Groton School in 1965. He went on to receive his A.B. in government from Harvard College in (1969) and his Juris Doctor from Boston College Law School in 1973. He is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

Scott is a former member of the Massachusetts Army National Guard (1970-1973) and Army Reserve (1974-1976).[6] He was a lawyer in private practice from 1973 to 1991.

Virginia legislatureEdit

Scott was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates as a Democrat in 1977 and he was elected to the Senate of Virginia in 1982, after a census-based reapportionment changed district numbers (thus, his nominal predecessors were in fact representatives from Northern Virginia). While in the Virginia legislature, Scott worked to allow the poor and children greater access to health care, as well as to increase the minimum wage, and increase job training. Scott also authored legislation providing tax credits to business that provide donations to serving local communities in preventing crime or improving social service delivery.

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

ElectionsEdit

 
Earlier official photo of Scott
1986

Scott first ran for Congress in 1986 in the 1st district, which included his home in Newport News. He lost to Republican incumbent U.S. Congressman Herb Bateman 56%-44%.[7]

1992

In 1992, the Department of Justice directed the Virginia legislature to draw a black-majority district after the 1990 census. The legislature responded by shifting most of the black residents of Hampton Roads and Richmond into a newly created 3rd District. Scott won a three-way Democratic primary with 67% of the vote,[8] which was tantamount to election in this heavily Democratic district. In the general election, he defeated Republican Dan Jenkins 79%-21%.[9]

1994-2008

During this time period, he won re-election every two years with at least 76% of the vote, except in 2004. That year, he was challenged by Republican Winsome Sears, a former State Delegate. He won with 69% of the vote, now the second lowest winning percentage of his career. In 1994, Scott won 79.44% of the vote, defeating Republican Thomas E. Ward. In 1996, he won 82.12% of the vote, defeating Republican Eisle G. Holland. in 1998, he won 75.97% of the vote, defeating Independent Robert S. Barnett. He ran unopposed in 2000, 2002, 2006, and 2008.

2010

Scott was challenged by Republican Chuck Smith, a former JAG. Scott defeated him 70%-27%,[10].

2012

After redistricting, Scott's district was made even safer; he picked up all of Portsmouth and Newport News, as well as Petersburg. In 2008, President Barack Obama had carried the district with 76% of the vote; he won the new district with 78%.[11] Scott faced Air Force officer Dean Longo.[12] He easily won an 11th term with 81.26% of the vote.

Scott joined President Obama in kicking off his campaign at Virginia Commonwealth University. The focus of the rally was largely on Obama's timeline for leaving the Middle East.[13]

2016

The 3rd was reconfigured as a result of a court-ordered redistricting in 2015. It lost its territory in and around Richmond to the neighboring 4th District. However, the new 3rd was no less Democratic than its predecessor.

Scott was challenged by Republican Marty Williams. Scott defeated him 66%-33%, the lowest winning percentage of his career.

TenureEdit

Rep. Bobby Scott, D-VA, speaks in opposition to the Synthetic Drug Control Act of 2011 (HR 1254) by arguing that it is excessive in scope, imposes limits on researchers, and bypasses the existing process of banning substances. The legislation passed the next day, December 8, 2011 by 317–98. Video: C-SPAN

Scott is the first African American Representative from Virginia since Reconstruction. Also, having a maternal grandfather of Filipino ancestry gives Scott the distinction of being the first American of Filipino descent to serve as a voting member of Congress. Scott's congressional district is the only one with a majority black population in Virginia. The district was created in 1992 and has remained the most Democratic district in Virginia.[14]

Scott's annual Labor Day picnic, generally held at his mother's residence in Newport News, is a major campaign stop for statewide and federal candidates in Virginia.

On November 7, 2009, Scott voted for the Affordable Health Care for America Act (HR 3962).

Scott has voted progressively in the House of Representatives. He has supported increases in the minimum wage and has worked to eliminate anti-gay bias in the workplace.[15] In 2010, Scott co-sponsored the "Lee-Scott bill" with Barbara Lee to make it easier on individuals who had been on unemployment for 99 weeks without finding work. In regards to the bill, Lee said that "it is important that we put in place a safety net for those still looking for work. We cannot and will not allow our fellow Americans to fall by the wayside. Congressman Scott and I plan to continue to push for passage of this legislation because it is simply the right thing to do."[16]

Scott supports LGBT rights. In 2009, he voted in favor of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, a bill that expanded the federal hate crime law to cover crimes biased by the victim's sexual orientation or gender identity.[17] In 2010, he voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act.[18] In 2019, Scott voted in favor of the Equality Act, a bill that would expand the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 to ban discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity,[19] and urged Congress members to support the legislation.[20]

Scott was an outspoken opponent of the Bush administration. He opposed the Patriot Act explaining that officials may abuse the power by promoting anti-terrorist security and develop unfair "racial profiling". In 2002 Scott voted nay on the Iraq war resolution and did not support any of the Bush Doctrine in reference to the Iraq war.[14]

Legislation sponsoredEdit

Scott introduced the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2013 (H.R. 1447; 113th Congress) on April 9, 2013.[21] The bill would require the United States Department of Justice to collect data from U.S. states and territories about the deaths of prisoners in their custody.[22] States and territories would face monetary penalties for noncompliance. The bill would also require federal agencies to report on the deaths of prionsers in their custody.

Committee assignmentsEdit

CaucusesEdit

U.S. Senate speculationEdit

When then-presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton selected Tim Kaine, a U.S. Senator from Virginia, as her running mate in July 2016, speculation arouse about who would be nominated to replace Kaine in the Senate, should the ticket win. In August 2016, former Democratic Governor of Virginia Douglas Wilder stated that he would want Governor Terry McAuliffe to appoint Scott to the seat, stating that it "would be good for the commonwealth, good for the Democratic Party, of which Bobby has been most supportive, and great for our nation."[27] On November 8, however, Clinton and Kaine lost the election and Kaine remained in his Senate seat.[28]

ControversiesEdit

2017 sexual harassment allegationEdit

On December 15, 2017, Marsheri Everson (also known as M. Reese Everson), a former congressional fellow who had worked in Scott's office, alleged that Scott had sexually harassed her in 2013 by making inappropriate comments and touching her on the knee and back on separate occasions.[29] Scott strongly denied Everson's claim.[29] Everson was represented by Jack Burkman, known for his involvement in the conspiracy theories surrounding the murder of Seth Rich[29] as well as his alleged involvement in a scheme to pay women to lie about sexual harassment claims against special counsel and former FBI Director Robert Mueller.[30][31]

A December 22, 2017 story in the Richmond Free Press questioned Everson's allegations, saying, "Since 2015, Ms. Everson has told at least three different versions of events."[32]

Everson had sued her former employer, the Inspector General's Office for the city of Chicago, accusing her former supervisor of sexual harassment, but dropped the suit after going to work at the U.S. House of Representatives.[33]

In October 2013, Everson was dismissed from her fellowship with the House Financial Services Committee.[32] She had begun work for the committee after leaving Scott's office.[32] Before leaving Scott's office, she had a going away party with members of his staff; after leaving, she contacted Scott to thank him for the opportunity.[32] In neither case did she mention inappropriate conduct by Scott.[32]

Knowledge of sexual assault allegations against Justin FairfaxEdit

Scripps professor Vanessa C. Tyson alleged in 2019 that she was sexually assaulted by Virginia Lieutenant Governor Justin Fairfax in 2004 and had approached Scott, a long-time friend, about these allegations between the time of Fairfax's election in November 2017 and inauguration in January 2018; Scott was also contacted about the allegations by The Washington Post.[34][35][36][37] In a 2019 statement, Scott said, "Allegations of sexual assault need to be taken seriously. I have known Professor Tyson for approximately a decade and she is a friend. She deserves the opportunity to have her story heard."[35][36][37]

Electoral historyEdit

Virginia's 1st congressional district: 1986 results[38]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1986 Bobby Scott 63,364 44% Herbert H. Bateman 80,713 56% *

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1986, write-ins received 9 votes.

Virginia's 3rd congressional district: Results 1992–2018[38][39]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1992 Bobby Scott 132,432 79% Daniel Jenkins 35,780 21% Write-ins 261
1994 Bobby Scott 108,532 79% Thomas E. Ward 28,080 21% Write-ins 8
1996 Bobby Scott 118,603 82% Elsie Goodwyn Holland 25,781 18% Write-ins 34
1998 Bobby Scott 48,129 76% (no candidate) Robert S. Barnett Independent 14,453 23% *
2000 Bobby Scott 137,527 98% (no candidate) Write-ins 3,226 2%
2002 Bobby Scott 87,521 96% (no candidate) Write-ins 3,552 4%
2004 Bobby Scott 159,373 69% Winsome Sears 70,194 31% Write-ins 325
2006 Bobby Scott 133,546 96% (no candidate) Write-ins 5,448 4%
2008 Bobby Scott 230,911 97% (no candidate) Write-ins 7,377 3%
2010 Bobby Scott 114,656 70% Chuck Smith 44,488 27% James Quigley Libertarian 2,383 2% *
2012 Bobby Scott 259,199 81.27% Dean J. Longo 58,931 18.48% * Write-ins 806 0.25%
2014 Bobby Scott 139,197 94.43% (no candidate) Write-ins 8,205 5.57%
2016 Bobby Scott 208,337 66.70% Marty Williams 103,289 33.07% Write-ins 714 0.23%
2018 Bobby Scott 198,615 91.02% (no candidate) Write-ins 19,107 8.08%
Write-in and minor candidate notes:In 1998, write-ins received 772 votes. In 2010, independent and write-in candidates received 2,210 votes.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "3rd District of Virginia". Congressman Bobby Scott. July 1, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  2. ^ Edmund Silvestre (November 8, 2008). "Fil-Am elected to US Congress". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on November 10, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
    Jon Sterngass (January 1, 2009). Filipino Americans. Infobase Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 978-1-4381-0711-0.
  3. ^ http://www.scottcenter.org/about/about-dr-charles-waldo-scott
  4. ^ KNEMEYER, Nelda (January 11, 1993). "C. Waldo Scott, Civil Rights Pioneer And Physician, Dies". Newport News Daily Press.
  5. ^ "Mae Hamlin Scott, Rep. Scott's mother and Mayor McKinley Price's mother-in-law, dies at age 89". Newport News Daily Press. November 25, 2010.
  6. ^ "Rep. Robert C. Scott (D-Va.)". Roll Call. Economist Group. 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014. Military Service: Mass. National Guard, 1970-74; Army Reserve, 1974-76
    "Rep. Scott, Huntington Ingalls President to Deliver Addresses at ODU's 121st Commencement Exercises". News @ ODU. Old Dominion University. November 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014. He received an honorable discharge for his service in the Massachusetts National Guard and the United States Army Reserve.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 1 Race - Nov 04, 1986". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 3 - D Primary Race - Jun 09, 1992". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA District 3 Race - Nov 03, 1992". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA - District 03 Race - Nov 02, 2010". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  11. ^ "Daily Kos Elections 2008 presidential results by congressional district (old CDs vs. new CDs)". docs.google.com. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  12. ^ "CAMPAIGN 2012: Dean Longo challenges Bobby Scott". CBS6. May 19, 2012.
  13. ^ "Obama kicks off campaign in Richmond". Daily Press. May 5, 2012.
  14. ^ a b The Almanac of American Politics, National Journal Group, 2009.
  15. ^ [1], Project Vote Smart.
  16. ^ "Barbara Lee, Bobby Scott Introduce Bill For 99ers". Huffington Post. December 20, 2010.
  17. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 223
  18. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 317
  19. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 217
  20. ^ "House Debate on the Equality Act". C-SPAN. May 17, 2019.
  21. ^ "H.R. 1447 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  22. ^ Kasperowicz, Pete (December 6, 2013). "House bill would require states to report on prisoner deaths". The Hill. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  23. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  24. ^ "Membership". Congressional Black Caucus. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  25. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  26. ^ "90 Current Climate Solutions Caucus Members". Citizen´s Climate Lobby. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  27. ^ Vozzella, Laura (August 9, 2016). "Douglas Wilder wants Rep. Bobby Scott for Kaine's Senate seat". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  28. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt; Barbaro, Michael (November 9, 2016). "Donald Trump Is Elected President in Stunning Repudiation of the Establishment". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
  29. ^ a b c "Former staffer accuses Virginia Rep. Bobby Scott of sexual harassment, Scott 'absolutely' denies claim". Richmond-Times Dispatch. December 15, 2017.
  30. ^ Cummings, William (October 31, 2018). "Jack Burkman: The conspiracy theorist accused of offering money for Mueller allegations". USA TODAY. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  31. ^ Goldman, Adam (October 30, 2018). "Plot to Smear Mueller Unravels as F.B.I. Is Asked to Investigate". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  32. ^ a b c d e "Questions, doubt about credibility of Rep. Robert C. Scott’s accuser".
  33. ^ Lazarus, Jeremy (December 22, 2017). "Questions, doubt about credibility of Rep. Robert C. Scott's accuser". Richmond Free Press. Richmond, VA.
  34. ^ U.S. Rep. Bobby Scott knew of Justin Fairfax allegation in late 2017 — but says he had few details (Virginian-Pilot)
  35. ^ a b Rep. Bobby Scott learned of sexual assault allegation against Lt. Gov. Justin Fairfax a year ago from the accuser: Aides (ABC News)
  36. ^ a b Dem Rep. Bobby Scott learned of accusation against Virginia Lt. Gov. Fairfax last year (Fox News)
  37. ^ a b Virginia Rep. Bobby Scott knew of Fairfax allegations a year ago (Axios)
  38. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  39. ^ "Election results". Archived from the original on June 17, 2010.|accessdate=February 7, 2019}}

External linksEdit