Rataje nad Sázavou
Rataje nad Sázavou (German: Rattay; Ratais an der Sasau) is a market town in Kutná Hora District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 500 inhabitants. It lies 27 kilometres (17 mi) southwest of Kutná Hora. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
Rataje nad Sázavou
|• Mayor||Luboš Kubát|
|• Total||13.31 km2 (5.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||383 m (1,257 ft)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Villages of Malovidy and Mirošovice are administrative parts of Rataje nad Sázavou.
The first written mention of Rataje nad Sázavou si from 1156. It acknowledges that Rataje existed as a stronghold and market place. There are not any written reports about the exact date of its origin but it was probably about 946.
A castle, partly brick, partly wooden was founded on the place of the current castle in the middle of the 10th century. The castle was built as a border fortress of the Zlič region. This was proved by finding bronze and ceramic ornaments from 1890 when a road around the castle was built.
Rataje was rebuilt after a large fire in the middle of the 13th century. It was the property of the king at that time. John of Bohemia gave Rataje to Henry of Lipá. The lords of Lipa also built a lower castle called Pirkštejn. Hynce Ptáček of Pirkstein gained Rataje in 1420. He was the highest hofmeister and münzmeister of the Kingdom of Bohemia, an administrator of the royal towns including Kutna Hora and a guardian of the future king, George of Poděbrady. This is the most important holder of Rataje and is buried in the family tomb in the local church.
Many noble families owned Rataje later on. For example, Ladislav, Václav and Jan of Malešice started the reconstruction of the Renaissance part of the castle in the era from 1531 to 1579. In 1656 William Francis of Talmberk started the reconstruction of the entire castle and his son František Maxmilián Leopold finished it. Rataje was held by the Liechtenstein family from 1772 to 1919. The municipality of Rataje bought the castle in 1933 and placed a municipal office, post office, police station and school there.
- Pirkštejn Castle which is now closed was first mentioned in 1366. The castle is approachable by a brick bridge, a medieval tower is on the southeast and a palace converted into a rectory is on the west side. The castle is now in private ownership.
- Rataje Castle now comprises three parts: northern Gothic, southern Renaissance and western Baroque. There is a post office, municipal office and the Museum of Central Posázaví in the castle.
- Church of St. Matthew was built in 1675–1691 according to the plans of Andrew de Guarde.
- Chapel of St. Anthony near the road to Sázava
- Chapel of St. Wenceslaus
There are two railway tracks (014 and 212) and four railway stations: Rataje n. Sáz., Rataje n. Sáz. předměstí, Rataje n. Sáz. zastavka, Rataje n. Sáz. Ivaň.
In popular cultureEdit
- Jan Peka (1894–1985), ice hockey player
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