Rājmā[2] [raːdʒmaː] (Hindi: राजमा, Nepali: राजमा, Urdu: راجما), also known as rajmah, rāzmā, or lal lobia, is a vegetarian dish, originating from the Indian subcontinent, consisting of red kidney beans in a thick gravy with many Indian whole spices, and is usually served with rice. It is a part of the regular diet in Northern India, Nepal and Punjab province of Pakistan.[1] The dish developed after the red kidney bean was brought to the Indian subcontinent from Mexico.[3] Rajma Chawal is kidney beans served with boiled rice.

Rajma served with Roti India
Alternative namesRazma, Laal Lobia, राजमा, راجما
Place of originIndian subcontinent
Region or stateIndia, Nepal and Pakistan[1]
Associated cuisineIndia
Main ingredientsKidney beans
Food energy
(per serving)
100 grams of boiled Rajma beans contain 140 calories kcal
Kidney Beans or Rajma simmered in a gravy of onions and tomatoes on rice
Rajma or kidney beans, simmered in a gravy of onions and tomatoes from India

Regional variants edit

Rajma is a popular dish in the Northern states of India, as well as in Pakistan and Nepal.[1][4]

Some of the best Rajma is said to be grown in the north Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir. Rajma Chawal served with chutney of Anardana (pomegranate) is a famous dish in Peerah, a town in Ramban district of Jammu and Kashmir, and Assar/Baggar in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir.[citation needed]

Going further, the Rajma of Chinta Valley in Doda district, a short distance from the town of Bhaderwah of Jammu province are said to be amongst the most popular. These are smaller in size than most Rajma grown in plains and have a slightly sweetish taste.[5]

The combination of rajma and rice is generally listed as a top favorite of North Indians and Nepalis.[4] Rajma is prepared with onion, garlic and many spices in India, and it is one of the staple foods in Nepal.

Rajma Masala is a popular dish in the Northern states of India, as well as in Pakistan. The Punjabi way of cooking Rajma Masala is to soak the kidney beans overnight in water, cook them in a pressure cooker and then mix in bhuna masala made with chopped onions, diced tomatoes, ginger, garlic and a mélange of spices including cumin, coriander, turmeric, garam masala and chili powder.[6]

Nutrition edit

A 100 grams (3.5 oz) serving of boiled Rajma beans contains about 140 calories, 5.7 grams (0.20 oz) of protein, 5.9 grams (0.21 oz) of fat and 18 grams (0.63 oz) of carbohydrate.[3]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Hallinan, Bridget (4 June 2021). "Use Leftover Rajma to Make These Kidney Bean Curry Burgers and Tacos". Food & Wine. Retrieved 2 July 2021. In this week's installment of Chefs at Home, Chitra Agrawal-co-founder of Brooklyn Delhi and cookbook author-starts off by showing how to make rajma, a North Indian and Pakistani kidney bean curry that she learned from her father.
  2. ^ "Gogji Razma (Kidney Beans with Turnips)". Jagalbandi. Archived from the original on 11 January 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Rajma, rice and calories". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 22 September 2003. Archived from the original on 11 October 2003. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Preparation of Nepali Curry Rajma in Australia". 6 February 2014.
  5. ^ "Bhaderwah Rajmash: A variety unique in taste". Daily Excelsior. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  6. ^ Pitre, Urvashi (19 September 2017). Indian Instant Pot® Cookbook: Traditional Indian Dishes Made Easy and Fast. Rockridge Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-1939754547.