Nepalis (English: Nepalese ; Nepali: नेपाली) are the citizens of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national origins who are the descendants of immigrants from India, Kashmir, Central Asia, and Tibet. The term Nepalis (Nepalese) usually refers to the nationality, that is, to people with citizenship of Nepal, while the people without Nepalese citizenship but with roots in Nepal such as Nepalese Americans are strictly referred to as Nepali Speaking Foreigners (Nepali: नेपाली भाषी विदेशी) who are speakers of Bhojpuri,[7] Maithili, Nepali or any of the other 128 Nepalese languages but are now foreign citizens or of foreign nationality bearing passports and citizenship of the foreign nation. It is also not generally used to refer to non-citizen residents, dual citizens, and expatriates.[8]

Nepali people, Nepalese, Nepalis
नेपाली
Flag of Nepal.svg
Map of the Nepali Diaspora in the World.svg
[Map of the Nepali Diaspora in the World]]
Total population
c. 26 million[1] (2011, census)
Regions with significant populations
   Nepal
 Indiaestimated 2,926,168 (2011 Census of India)[2]
 Malaysia700,000 (estimated)
 Myanmar405,069
 Qatar406,917[3]
 Saudi Arabia334,451[3]
 United Statesaround 200,385
 United Kingdom164,000 (2018)[4]
 Australia131,830 (2020)[5]
 United Arab Emirates224,905[3]
 Japan87,148[3]
 Kuwait71,193[3]
 South Korea60,000 (2017)[6]
 Hong Kong25,472[3]
 Canada14,385 (2016)
 Singapore7,000[3]
 Oman17,057[3]
 Mexico16,500
 Bhutan16,000
 Pakistan12,850
 Sri Lanka5,000
Languages
Nepali and other languages
Religion
Hinduism (majority), Buddhism, Kirant, Prakriti
Related ethnic groups
Nepali diaspora
Part of a series on
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Category
Linguistic groups of the 22 Indian Official Languages

Assamese  · Bengalis  · Boros  · Dogras
Gujaratis  · Kannadas  · Kashmiris  · Konkanis
Maithils  · Malayalis  · Marathis  · Meiteis (Manipuris)
Nepalis  · Odias  · Punjabis  · Santals
Sindhis  · Tamils  · Telugus  · Urdu-speaking people

Related

Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India
Official Languages Commission
List of languages by number of native speakers in India

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Nepal is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country with a majority of Hindus (including Kirat and Buddhists) while Islam and Christians of Hindus origin are minorities. Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region and the Madhesh Province, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 37 percent of the Nepali's population.[9][10]

Names

The name Nepalese has been recorded in usage of English language,[8] however is rejected as an Anglicization.[11] The term Nepa-mi (Nepal Bhasa : 𑐣𑐾𑐥𑐵𑑅𑐩𑐶, नेपाःमि) is used among the Newars.[12]

History

The Gopala and Mahishpala dynasty has been recorded as earliest instance of Nepali people.[13]

Ethnic groups

The population ranking of 125 Nepali castes/ethnic groups as per the 2011 Nepal census.[1]

Rank Caste/ethnic groups Population Percentage composition
1 Chhetri 4,398,053 16.60%
2 Hill Brahman/Bahun 3,226,903 12.18%
3 Magar 1,887,733 7.12%
4 Tharu 1,737,470 6.56%
5 Tamang 1,539,830 5.81%
6 Newar 1,321,933 4.99%
7 Kami 1,258,554 4.75%
8 Nepali Muslims 1,164,255 4.39%
9 Yadav 1,054,458 3.98%
10 Rai 690,989 2.34%
11 Gurung 522,641 1.97%
12 Sherpa 472,862 1.78%
13 Thakuri 425,623 1.61%
14 Limbu 387,300 1.46%
15 Sarki 374,816 1.41%
16 Teli 369,688 1.40%
17 Chamar/Harijan/Ram 335,893 1.27%
18 Koiri/Kushwaha 306,393 1.16%
19 Musahar 234,490 0.89%
20 Kurmi 231,129 0.87%
21 Sanyasi/Dasnami 227,822 0.86%
22 Dhanuk 219,808 0.83%
23 Dusadh/Pasawan/Pasi 208,910 0.79%
24 Raute 618 0.00%
25 Nurang 278 0.00%
26 Kusunda 273 0.00%
27 Hyolmo / Yolmo 1,50,000 1%
Others 132,321 0.7%
- Total 26,494,504 100.00%

Nepali diaspora

The Nepali diaspora or Non Resident Nepali are Nepali people living overseas.[14] The Non-resident Nepali Act, 2064 of Nepal defines a non-resident Nepali as someone who is a foreign citizen of Nepalese origin including a Nepalese citizen residing abroad.[8]

Province division of Nepal

Source article: Administrative divisions Of Nepal

province Number Nick Names Capital Districts Area(km2)
Province Number 1 Purba Biratnagar 14 25,905
Province Number 2 Madhesh Janakpur 8 9,661
Province Number 3 Bagmati Hetauda 13 20,300
Province Number 4 Gandaki Pokhara 11 21,504
Province Number 5 Lumbini Deukhuri 12 22,288
Province Number 6 Karnali Birendanagar 10 27,984
Province Number 7 Sudurpaschim Godawari 9 19,915

Notes:

  1. There are total of 77 districts in Nepal
  2. Province No. 1 have maximum number of districts(i.e. 14) and province number 7 has the minimum number of districts
  3. Province number 6 has got the greater land area coverage

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  2. ^ Thapa, Deepak (28 January 2018). "Counting heads". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 14 July 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Migration in Nepal: A Country Profile 2019". International Organization for Migration. 18 December 2019. Archived from the original on 10 November 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Table 1.3: Overseas-born population in the United Kingdom, excluding some residents in communal establishments, by sex, by country of birth, January 2018 to December 2018". Office for National Statistics. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2020. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.
  5. ^ "Migration, Australia Statistics onAustralia's international migration". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 27 April 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  6. ^ "All empty everywhere: Nepali workers describe life in South Korea under Covid-19". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  7. ^ Gopal Thakur Lohar (4 June 2006). A Sociolinguistic Survey of the Bhojpuri Language in Nepal.
  8. ^ a b c "Non-resident Nepali Act, 2064". Nepal Law Commission. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  9. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Nepalese peoples and nationality law". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 9 January 2021. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  11. ^ "You've been getting our name wrong, says Nepal's Foreign Minister". SBS Nepali. 27 November 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  12. ^ "नेपाःमि [nepāḥmi]". Nepalbhasa Dictionary. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  13. ^ "History Of Nepal". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  14. ^ "Non Resident Nepali (NRN) ID". Embassy of Nepal, USA. Retrieved 10 November 2021.