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Nepalis or Nepalese (Nepali: नेपाली) also known as Gurkha or Gorkhali are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law.[12][13] The country is home to people of many different national and ethnic origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of Nepalese, non-citizen residents, dual citizen, and expatriates may also claim a Nepalese identity. Nepalese are descendants of migrants from parts of India, Tibet, and parts of Burma and Yunnan, and much further traces origin to Central Asia, along with indigenous peoples.

Nepalis
नेपाली नागरिक
Flag of Nepal.svg
Total population
c. 30 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
   Nepal 26,620,809[2] (2011 Census)
 India 2,871,749[3]
 Bhutan 265,000[4]
 United States 59,490[5]
 Hong Kong, China 15,950[6]
 Canada 9,780[7]
 China (Mainland) 3,500[8]
 Myanmar 300,000[9]
Languages
Nepali  • Maithili  • Bhojpuri  • Awadhi  • Tharu  • Tamang  • Newari  • Bajjika  • Magar  • Dotyali  • Urdu and 113 others[10]
Religion
Om.svg Hinduism 81.3%
Dharma Wheel.svg Buddhism 9.0%
Allah-green.svg Islam 4.4%
Birupakshya, Kirateswor Mahadev at Pashupatinath temple, Kathmandu 2013.jpg Kirat 3.0%
Christian cross.svg Christianity 1.4%
and others 0.9%.[11]

a Total population of Nepal, b Nepali-speaking population, c Nepali diaspora

Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country. Nepalese are multilinguistic group that speak 123 languages as recorded in 2011 Nepal census.[10] Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5 percent of the nation's population.[2][14]

EtymologyEdit

 
People having citizenship and allegiance of Nepal are Nepalis

Local legends say that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times and that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected ("pala" in Pali) by the sage "Ne". It is mentioned in Vedic texts that this region was called Nepal centuries ago. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called "Ne" or "Nemuni" used to live in the Himalayas.[15] In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a saint and a protector.[16] He is said to have practised meditation at the Bagmati and Kesavati rivers[17] and to have taught there.[18]

The name of the country is also identical in origin to the name of the Newar people. The terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, and instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history. Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form.[19] A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people.[20][21]

See AlsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Total population: 30 million. Population of Nepal: 26,494,504 (2011), number of Nepali speakers in India: 2,871,749 (2011), number of Nepalis speakers in Bhutan: 265,000.
  2. ^ a b "Decadal Growth :www.cbs.gov.np" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-31. 
  3. ^ "Census of India". Archived from the original on 13 May 2010. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  4. ^ http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_language.asp?code=nep
  5. ^ "ASIAN ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH ONE OR MORE OTHER RACES, AND WITH ONE OR MORE ASIAN CATEGORIES FOR SELECTED GROUPS". United States Census Bureau. United States Department of Commerce. 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Thematic Report: Ethnic Minorities" (PDF). Publications and Products of the 2006 Population By-census. Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong (xvi). 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "Start Kathmandu-Guangzhou flight: NRNs". The Himalayan Times. Archived from the original on 12 January 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  9. ^ The Irrawaddy - LAWI WENG. "The Forgotten Gurkhas of Burma". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Official Summary of Census (2011), Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal Archived 2012-12-02 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Nepal - 2013. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics. 2013. p. 23. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  12. ^ http://www.lawcommission.gov.np/en/documents/2015/08/nepal-citizenship-rules-2063-2006.pdf Nepal Citizenship Act 2006
  13. ^ http://www.legalnepal.com/Nepal_citizenship_act.pdf Nepal Citizenship Act 2006(in Nepali)
  14. ^ "Nepalese peoples and nationality law". The World Factbook. CIA. 
  15. ^ Dangol, Amrit (6 May 2007). "Alone in Kathmandu". Alone in Kathmandu. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
  16. ^ Prasad, P. 4 The life and times of Maharaja Juddha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal
  17. ^ Khatri, P. 16 The Postage Stamps of Nepal
  18. ^ W.B., P. 34 Land of the Gurkhas
  19. ^ Malla, Kamal P. "Nepala: Archaeology of the Word" (PDF). Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  Page 7.
  20. ^ Malla, Kamal P. "Nepala: Archaeology of the Word" (PDF). Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  Page 1.
  21. ^ Majupuria, Trilok Chandra; Majupuria, Indra (1979). Glimpses of Nepal. Maha Devi. p. 8. Retrieved 2 December 2013.