Nepalis

Nepalis (English: Nepalese ; Nepali: नेपाली गण) are the Indo-Aryan and Sino-Tibetan citizens of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity and language, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of the Nepalis, non-citizen residents, dual citizens, and expatriates may also claim a Nepali identity. Nepalis can also be descendants of migrants from Tibet, as well as parts of Myanmar and Yunnan, and may further trace their origin to Central Asia, along with indigenous peoples.

King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Unified Nepal

Nepal is a multicultural and multi-ethnic country. Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5 percent of the nation's population.[1][2]

The population ranking of 125 Nepali castes/ethnic groups as per the 2011 Nepal census.[3]

Rank Caste/ethnic groups Population Percentage composition
1 Chhetri 4,398,053 16.60%
2 Hill Brahman/Bahun 3,226,903 12.18%
3 Magar 1,887,733 7.12%
4 Tharu 1,737,470 6.56%
5 Tamang 1,539,830 5.81%
6 Newar 1,321,933 4.99%
7 Kami 1,258,554 4.75%
8 Nepali Muslims 1,164,255 4.39%
9 Yadav 1,054,458 3.98%
10 Rai 620,004 2.34%
11 Gurung 522,641 1.97%
12 Sherpa 472,862 1.78%
13 Thakuri 425,623 1.61%
14 Limbu 387,300 1.46%
15 Sarki 374,816 1.41%
16 Teli 369,688 1.40%
17 Chamar/Harijan/Ram 335,893 1.27%
18 Koiri/Kushwaha 306,393 1.16%
19 Musahar 234,490 0.89%
20 Kurmi 231,129 0.87%
21 Sanyasi/Dasnami 227,822 0.86%
22 Dhanuk 219,808 0.83%
23 Dusadh/Pasawan/Pasi 208,910 0.79%
24 Raute 618 0.00%
25 Nurang 278 0.00%
26 Kusunda 273 0.00%
27 Hyolmo / Yolmo 1,50,000 1%
Others 132321 0.7%
- Total 26,494,504 100.00%

Native Nepali speakersEdit

There are around 16 million native speakers of the Nepali language, which includes around 12 million in Nepal, three million in India, and about a million more including populations in Bhutan and other countries in the region, as well as the Nepali diaspora around the world.

OthersEdit

Other people who are neither citizens or nationals of Nepal nor native speakers of the Nepali language, may still be referred to as Nepalis, based on their connection with the country or the Nepali language. People belonging to ethnic groups found in Nepal and using Nepali as the lingua franca, and other descendants of the people of Nepal or speakers of the Nepali language are also referred to as Nepalis.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Decadal Growth :www.cbs.gov.np" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Nepalese peoples and nationality law". The World Factbook. CIA.
  3. ^ "Nepal Census 2011" (PDF).

Nepali calendar