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Nepalis or Nepalese (Nepali: नेपाली) also known as Gurkha or Gorkhali are citizens of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal under the provisions of Nepali nationality law. The country is home to people of many different national and ethnic origins. As a result, people of Nepal do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance. Although citizens make up the majority of Nepalese, non-citizen residents, dual citizen, and expatriates may also claim a Nepalese identity. Nepalese are descendants of migrants from parts of India, Tibet, and parts of Burma and Yunnan, and much further traces origin to Central Asia, along with indigenous peoples.
|c. 30 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Nepal 26,620,809 (2011 Census)|
|Hong Kong, China||15,950|
|Nepali • Maithili • Bhojpuri • Awadhi • Tharu • Tamang • Newari • Bajjika • Magar • Dotyali • Urdu and 113 others|
| Hinduism 81.3%
and others 0.9%.
a Total population of Nepal, b Nepali-speaking population, c Nepali diaspora
Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country. Nepalese are multilinguistic group that speak 123 languages as recorded in 2011 Nepal census. Kathmandu Valley, in the middle hill region, constitutes a small fraction of the nation's area but is the most densely populated, with almost 5 percent of the nation's population.
Local legends say that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times and that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected ("pala" in Pali) by the sage "Ne". It is mentioned in Vedic texts that this region was called Nepal centuries ago. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called "Ne" or "Nemuni" used to live in the Himalayas. In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a saint and a protector. He is said to have practised meditation at the Bagmati and Kesavati rivers and to have taught there.
The name of the country is also identical in origin to the name of the Newar people. The terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, and instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history. Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form. A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people.
The founder of modern Nepal, Badamaharajadhiraja (meaning: Great of the great sovereign kings) Prithvi Narayan Shah is considered a unifying figure and symbol of Nepalese National Unity. He is considered a visionary leader and his birthday is celebrated as National Unity Day after years of Maoist hegemony and demolition of monarchial history called as Krambhanga (Paradigm Shift).
Nepalese Caste/Ethnic groupsEdit
|Rank||Caste/Ethnic groups (2011 Nepal census)||Population||Percentage composition|
|8||Musalman (taken as a single ethnic group)||1,164,255||4.39%|
|-||Others undefined and foreigners||282,321||1.07%|
- Pages 191/192 of the total pdf or pages 156/157 in the scanned material shows Nepalese castes/ethnic groups
- Total population: 30 million. Population of Nepal: 26,494,504 (2011), number of Nepali speakers in India: 2,871,749 (2011), number of Nepalis speakers in Bhutan: 265,000.
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- "Nepal Census 2011" (PDF).