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RNA recognition motif

Typical architecture of an RRM domain, with a four-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet, stacked on two alpha helices

RNA recognition motif, RNP-1 is a putative RNA-binding domain of about 90 amino acids that are known to bind single-stranded RNAs. It was found in many eukaryotic proteins.[1][2][3]

RNA recognition motif. (a.k.a. RRM, RBD, or RNP domain)
Identifiers
SymbolRRM_1
PfamPF00076
Pfam clanRRM CL0221 RRM
InterProIPR000504
PROSITEPDOC00030
SCOP1sxl
SUPERFAMILY1sxl

The largest group of single strand RNA-binding protein is the eukaryotic RNA recognition motif (RRM) family that contains an eight amino acid RNP-1 consensus sequence.[4][5]

RRM proteins have a variety of RNA binding preferences and functions, and include heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), proteins implicated in regulation of alternative splicing (SR, U2AF2, Sxl), protein components of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (U1 and U2 snRNPs), and proteins that regulate RNA stability and translation (PABP, La, Hu).[2][3][5] The RRM in heterodimeric splicing factor U2 snRNP auxiliary factor appears to have two RRM-like domains with specialised features for protein recognition.[6] The motif also appears in a few single stranded DNA binding proteins.

The typical RRM consists of four anti-parallel beta-strands and two alpha-helices arranged in a beta-alpha-beta-beta-alpha-beta fold with side chains that stack with RNA bases. A third helix is present during RNA binding in some cases.[7] The RRM is reviewed in a number of publications.[8][9][10]

Human proteins containing this domainEdit

A2BP1; ACF; BOLL; BRUNOL4; BRUNOL5; BRUNOL6; CCBL2; CGI-96; CIRBP; CNOT4; CPEB2; CPEB3; CPEB4; CPSF7; CSTF2; CSTF2T; CUGBP1; CUGBP2; D10S102; DAZ1; DAZ2; DAZ3; DAZ4; DAZAP1; DAZL; DNAJC17; DND1; EIF3S4; EIF3S9; EIF4B; EIF4H; ELAVL1; ELAVL2; ELAVL3; ELAVL4; ENOX1; ENOX2; EWSR1; FUS; FUSIP1; G3BP; G3BP1; G3BP2; GRSF1; HNRNPL; HNRPA0; HNRPA1; HNRPA2B1; HNRPA3; HNRPAB; HNRPC; HNRPCL1; HNRPD; HNRPDL; HNRPF; HNRPH1; HNRPH2; HNRPH3; HNRPL; HNRPLL; HNRPM; HNRPR; HRNBP1; HSU53209; HTATSF1; IGF2BP1; IGF2BP2; IGF2BP3; LARP7; MKI67IP; MSI1; MSI2; MSSP-2; MTHFSD; MYEF2; NCBP2; NCL; NOL8; NONO; P14; PABPC1; PABPC1L; PABPC3; PABPC4; PABPC5; PABPN1; POLDIP3; PPARGC1; PPARGC1A; PPARGC1B; PPIE; PPIL4; PPRC1; PSPC1; PTBP1; PTBP2; PUF60; RALY; RALYL; RAVER1; RAVER2; RBM10; RBM11; RBM12; RBM12B; RBM14; RBM15; RBM15B; RBM16; RBM17; RBM18; RBM19; RBM22; RBM23; RBM24; RBM25; RBM26; RBM27; RBM28; RBM3; RBM32B; RBM33; RBM34; RBM35A; RBM35B; RBM38; RBM39; RBM4; RBM41; RBM42; RBM44; RBM45; RBM46; RBM47; RBM4B; RBM5; RBM7; RBM8A; RBM9; RBMS1; RBMS2; RBMS3; RBMX; RBMX2; RBMXL2; RBMY1A1; RBMY1B; RBMY1E; RBMY1F; RBMY2FP; RBPMS; RBPMS2; RDBP; RNPC3; RNPC4; RNPS1; ROD1; SAFB; SAFB2; SART3; SETD1A; SF3B14; SF3B4; SFPQ; SFRS1; SFRS10; SFRS11; SFRS12; SFRS15; SFRS2; SFRS2B; SFRS3; SFRS4; SFRS5; SFRS6; SFRS7; SFRS9; SLIRP; SLTM; SNRP70; SNRPA; SNRPB2; SPEN; SR140; SRRP35; SSB; SYNCRIP; TAF15; TARDBP; THOC4; TIA1; TIAL1; TNRC4; TNRC6C; TRA2A; TRSPAP1; TUT1; U1SNRNPBP; U2AF1; U2AF2; UHMK1; ZCRB1; ZNF638; ZRSR1; ZRSR2;

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Swanson MS, Dreyfuss G, Pinol-Roma S (1988). "Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles and the pathway of mRNA formation". Trends Biochem. Sci. 13 (3): 86–91. doi:10.1016/0968-0004(88)90046-1. PMID 3072706.
  2. ^ a b Keene JD, Chambers JC, Kenan D, Martin BJ (1988). "Genomic structure and amino acid sequence domains of the human La autoantigen". J. Biol. Chem. 263 (34): 18043–51. PMID 3192525.
  3. ^ a b Davis RW, Sachs AB, Kornberg RD (1987). "A single domain of yeast poly(A)-binding protein is necessary and sufficient for RNA binding and cell viability". Mol. Cell. Biol. 7 (9): 3268–76. PMC 367964. PMID 3313012.
  4. ^ Bandziulis RJ, Swanson MS, Dreyfuss G (1989). "RNA-binding proteins as developmental regulators". Genes Dev. 3 (4): 431–437. doi:10.1101/gad.3.4.431. PMID 2470643.
  5. ^ a b Keene JD, Query CC, Bentley RC (1989). "A common RNA recognition motif identified within a defined U1 RNA binding domain of the 70K U1 snRNP protein". Cell. 57 (1): 89–101. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(89)90175-X. PMID 2467746.
  6. ^ Green MR, Kielkopf CL, Lucke S (2004). "U2AF homology motifs: protein recognition in the RRM world". Genes Dev. 18 (13): 1513–1526. doi:10.1101/gad.1206204. PMC 2043112. PMID 15231733.
  7. ^ Kumar S, Birney E, Krainer AR (1993). "Analysis of the RNA-recognition motif and RS and RGG domains: conservation in metazoan pre-mRNA splicing factors". Nucleic Acids Res. 21 (25): 5803–5816. doi:10.1093/nar/21.25.5803. PMC 310458. PMID 8290338.
  8. ^ Keene JD, Kenan DJ, Query CC (1991). "RNA recognition: towards identifying determinants of specificity". Trends Biochem. Sci. 16 (6): 214–20. doi:10.1016/0968-0004(91)90088-d. PMID 1716386.
  9. ^ Allain FH, Dominguez C, Maris C (2005). "The RNA recognition motif, a plastic RNA-binding platform to regulate post-transcriptional gene expression". FEBS J. 272 (9): 2118–31. doi:10.1111/j.1742-4658.2005.04653.x. PMID 15853797.
  10. ^ Teplova M, Yuan YR, Patel DJ, Malinina L, Teplov A, Phan AT, Ilin S (2006). "Structural basis for recognition and sequestration of UUU(OH) 3' temini of nascent RNA polymerase III transcripts by La, a rheumatic disease autoantigen". Mol. Cell. 21 (1): 75–85. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2005.10.027. PMID 16387655.

External linksEdit

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro: IPR000504