U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 1

Splicing factor U2AF 35 kDa subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the U2AF1 gene.[3][4][5]

Protein U2AF1 PDB 1jmt.png
Available structures
PDBHuman UniProt search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesU2AF1, FP793, RN, RNU2AF35, U2AFBP, U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 1
External IDsOMIM: 191317 HomoloGene: 134334 GeneCards: U2AF1
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 21 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 21 (human)[1]
Chromosome 21 (human)
Genomic location for U2AF1
Genomic location for U2AF1
Band21q22.3Start43,092,956 bp[1]
End43,107,587 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE U2AF1 202858 at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC)Chr 21: 43.09 – 43.11 Mbn/a
PubMed search[2]n/a
View/Edit Human


This gene belongs to the splicing factor SR family of genes. U2 auxiliary factor, comprising a large and a small subunit, is a non-snRNP protein required for the binding of U2 snRNP to the pre-mRNA branch site. This gene encodes the small subunit which plays a critical role in both constitutive and enhancer-dependent RNA splicing by directly mediating interactions between the large subunit and proteins bound to the enhancers. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[5]


U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 1 has been shown to interact with:


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000160201 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  3. ^ Lalioti MD, Gos A, Green MR, Rossier C, Morris MA, Antonarakis SE (January 1997). "The gene for human U2 snRNP auxiliary factor small 35-kDa subunit (U2AF1) maps to the progressive myoclonus epilepsy (EPM1) critical region on chromosome 21q22.3". Genomics. 33 (2): 298–300. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0196. PMID 8660980.
  4. ^ Kalcheva I, Plass C, Sait S, Eddy R, Shows T, Watkins-Chow D, Camper S, Shibata H, Ueda T, Takagi N (Dec 1994). "Comparative mapping of the imprinted U2afbpL gene on mouse chromosome 11 and human chromosome 5". Cytogenet Cell Genet. 68 (1–2): 19–24. doi:10.1159/000133881. PMID 7956352.
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: U2AF1 U2 small nuclear RNA auxiliary factor 1".
  6. ^ Xiao SH, Manley JL (November 1998). "Phosphorylation-dephosphorylation differentially affects activities of splicing factor ASF/SF2". EMBO J. 17 (21): 6359–67. doi:10.1093/emboj/17.21.6359. PMC 1170960. PMID 9799243.
  7. ^ Zhang WJ, Wu JY (October 1996). "Functional properties of p54, a novel SR protein active in constitutive and alternative splicing". Mol. Cell. Biol. 16 (10): 5400–8. doi:10.1128/MCB.16.10.5400. PMC 231539. PMID 8816452.
  8. ^ Zolotukhin AS, Tan W, Bear J, Smulevitch S, Felber BK (February 2002). "U2AF participates in the binding of TAP (NXF1) to mRNA". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (6): 3935–42. doi:10.1074/jbc.M107598200. PMID 11724776.
  9. ^ Maita H, Kitaura H, Keen TJ, Inglehearn CF, Ariga H, Iguchi-Ariga SM (November 2004). "PAP-1, the mutated gene underlying the RP9 form of dominant retinitis pigmentosa, is a splicing factor". Exp. Cell Res. 300 (2): 283–96. doi:10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.07.029. PMID 15474994.
  10. ^ Little JT, Jurica MS (March 2008). "Splicing factor SPF30 bridges an interaction between the prespliceosome protein U2AF35 and tri-small nuclear ribonucleoprotein protein hPrp3". J. Biol. Chem. 283 (13): 8145–52. doi:10.1074/jbc.M707984200. PMID 18211889.
  11. ^ Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (October 2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature. 437 (7062): 1173–8. doi:10.1038/nature04209. PMID 16189514.
  12. ^ Zhang M, Zamore PD, Carmo-Fonseca M, Lamond AI, Green MR (September 1992). "Cloning and intracellular localization of the U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein auxiliary factor small subunit". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89 (18): 8769–73. doi:10.1073/pnas.89.18.8769. PMC 50002. PMID 1388271.
  13. ^ Adams DJ, van der Weyden L, Mayeda A, Stamm S, Morris BJ, Rasko JE (July 2001). "ZNF265--a novel spliceosomal protein able to induce alternative splicing". J. Cell Biol. 154 (1): 25–32. doi:10.1083/jcb.200010059. PMC 2196870. PMID 11448987.

Further readingEdit