Princess Wilhelmine of Baden

Princess Wilhelmine of Baden (21 September 1788 – 27 January 1836), was by birth Princess of Baden and by marriage Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and the Rhine.

Princess Wilhelmine
Gulhermina de baden2.JPG
Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and by Rhine
Tenure6 April 1830 – 27 January 1836
Born(1788-09-21)21 September 1788
Died27 January 1836(1836-01-27) (aged 47)
IssueLouis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Prince Karl
Princess Elisabeth
Prince Alexander
Marie, Empress of Russia
FatherCharles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
MotherLandgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

She was the youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden and Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.


In Karlsruhe on 19 June 1804, Wilhelmine married the then Hereditary Prince Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt. The union proved to be unhappy due to Louis' affairs, and they separated after the birth of their three older children.

In 1820 she acquired the Heiligenberg Castle, where she met her chamberlain Baron August von Senarclens de Grancy, with whom she maintained a longtime affair; her last four children, including Alexander and Marie, were believed to have been fathered by Senarclens de Grancy, although they were recognized by Grand Duke Louis II as his own. In 1830, following her father-in-law's death, she became Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and the Rhine.


Her descendants included both Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his wife, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, both of whom were Princess Wilhelmine's great-grandchildren, as well as Tsar Alexander III of Russia (grandson), Queen Ena of Spain, also known as Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, (great-granddaughter), King Juan Carlos I of Spain (great-great-great grandson), King Felipe VI of Spain (great-great-great-great grandson), Queen Louise of Sweden, also known as Princess Louise of Battenberg (great-granddaughter), Lord Louis Mountbatten (great-grandson), Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (great-great grandson), and Charles, Prince of Wales (great-great-great grandson).



  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. pp. 38 (father), 69 (mother).


  • Egon Caesar Conte Corti: Unter Zaren und gekrönten Frauen. Schicksal und Tragik europäischer Kaiserreiche an Hand von Briefen, Tagebüchern und Geheimdokumenten der Zarin Marie von Rußland und des Prinzen Alexander von Hessen. Editorial Pustet, 1949.
  • Wilhelmine Louise, princess of Baden in: [retrieved 5 February 2016].
Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
Born: 21 September 1788 Died: 27 January 1836
German royalty
Title last held by
Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
16 April 1830 – 27 January 1836
Title next held by
Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria