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Louis II (26 December 1777 – 16 June 1848) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 6 April 1830 until 5 March 1848, resigning during the German Revolution of 1848. He was the son of Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Louis II
Luis ii de hesse.jpg
Portrait of Louis II
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Reign6 April 1830 – 5 March 1848
PredecessorLouis I
SuccessorLouis III
Born(1777-12-26)26 December 1777
Darmstadt
Died16 June 1848(1848-06-16) (aged 70)
Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse
Spouse
Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
(m. 1804; died 1836)
IssueLouis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine
Princess Elizabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
Marie, Empress of Russia
HouseHesse-Darmstadt
FatherLouis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
MotherPrincess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt

Marriage and issueEdit

On 19 June 1804, in Karlsruhe, he married his first cousin Princess Wilhelmine of Baden, youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and his wife, Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Due to Louis's affairs, the union proved an unhappy one, and the couple separated after the birth of their third child. Through Wilhelmine, Louis had four surviving children:

AncestryEdit

16. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
8. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
17. Princess Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
4. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
18. Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
9. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
19. Princess Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
2. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
20. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
10. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
21. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
5. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
22. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
11. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
23. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
1. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 16)
12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 8)
25. Princess Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach (= 17)
6. Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
26. Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (= 18)
13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg (= 9)
27. Princess Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach (= 19)
3. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
28. Johann, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
14. Count Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
29. Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg
7. Countess Maria Louise Albertine of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
30. Count Georg Ludwig of Solms-Rödelheim
15. Countess Katharina Polyxena of Solms-Rödelheim
31. Countess Charlotte Sibylle of Ahlefeldt

External linksEdit

Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse
Born: 26 December 1777 Died: 16 June 1848
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Louis I
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
1830–1848
Succeeded by
Louis III