Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse

Louis II (26 December 1777 – 16 June 1848) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 6 April 1830 until 5 March 1848, resigning during the German Revolution of 1848. He was the son of Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Louis II
Luis ii de hesse.jpg
Portrait of Louis II
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Reign6 April 1830 – 5 March 1848
PredecessorLouis I
SuccessorLouis III
Born(1777-12-26)26 December 1777
Darmstadt
Died16 June 1848(1848-06-16) (aged 70)
Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse
Spouse
(m. 1804; died 1836)
IssueLouis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Prince Karl of Hesse and by Rhine
Princess Elizabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
Marie, Empress of Russia
HouseHesse-Darmstadt
FatherLouis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
MotherPrincess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt

Marriage and issueEdit

On 19 June 1804, in Karlsruhe, he married his double first cousin Princess Wilhelmine of Baden, youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and his wife, Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Due to Louis's affairs, the union proved an unhappy one, and the couple separated after the birth of their third child, who was his second surviving child.

Wilhelmine had four children in the 1820s, but it was widely rumored that their real father was her chamberlain August von Senarclens de Grancy. Louis II nonetheless acknowledged them and they were considered legitimate Princes and Princesses of Hesse and by Rhine by the nobles of Europe. Two of them lived to adulthood.

AncestryEdit

External linksEdit

Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse
Born: 26 December 1777 Died: 16 June 1848
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Louis I
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
1830–1848
Succeeded by
Louis III