Prince George of Cambridge
Prince George of Cambridge (George Alexander Louis;[fn 1] born 22 July 2013) is the elder child and only son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. He is third in line of succession to the British throne, after his paternal grandfather, and father.
George in April 2016
22 July 2013 |
St Mary's Hospital, London
|Father||Prince William, Duke of Cambridge|
On 3 December 2012, Clarence House announced that the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were expecting their first child. At less than twelve weeks, the announcement was made earlier in the pregnancy than is traditional because of the Duchess's admission to hospital with hyperemesis gravidarum.
Before the birth, there was speculation the event would boost the British national economy and provide a focus for national pride. Welsh composer Paul Mealor, who composed "Ubi Caritas et Amor" for the wedding of the Duke and Duchess, composed a lullaby entitled "Sleep On", with lyrics by Irish composer Brendan Graham. A recording was made of it by New Zealand soprano Hayley Westenra as a gift for the baby. Commemorative coins were issued by the Royal Mint, Royal Canadian Mint, and Royal Australian Mint; the first time a royal birth had been marked that way.
The Duchess was admitted to St Mary's Hospital, London, in the early stages of labour on 22 July 2013. She gave birth to a boy weighing 8 pounds 6 ounces (3.80 kg) at 16:24 BST (15:24 UTC) later the same day.
The birth took place in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's—the same hospital in which Prince William and his brother, Prince Harry, were born to Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1982 and 1984, respectively. Queen Elizabeth II's former gynaecologist, Marcus Setchell, delivered the baby assisted by Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Sunit Godambe and Physician to the Queen John Cunningham. The midwifery team accompanying the gynaecologists was led by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust's director of midwifery Professor Jackie Dunkley-Bent. William was by his wife's side when she gave birth.
The customary formal bulletin announcing the royal birth was displayed on an easel outside Buckingham Palace, although in a break with tradition the news was first conveyed in a press release from palace officials. Gun salutes signalled the birth in the capitals of Bermuda, the UK, New Zealand, and Canada; the bells of Westminster Abbey and many other churches were rung; and iconic landmarks in the Commonwealth realms were illuminated in various colours, mostly blue to signify the birth of a boy.
The Duchess and her baby, accompanied by the Duke, left hospital on 23 July, and the baby's name was announced as George Alexander Louis the following day. William took the full two weeks' paternity leave from his job (as a RAF search and rescue pilot) allowed by the Ministry of Defence.
Prince George's birth marked the second time that three generations of direct heirs to the British throne have been alive at the same time, a situation that last occurred between 1894 and 1901, in the last seven years of the reign of Queen Victoria.
Prince George was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace on 23 October 2013, with Oliver Baker, Emilia Jardine-Paterson, Hugh Grosvenor, 7th Duke of Westminster, Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton, The Hon. Julia Samuel, William van Cutsem and Zara Tindall serving as godparents. The ceremony used a font that was made for Queen Victoria's first child and water from the River Jordan. The Royal Mint issued a set of commemorative coins to celebrate the christening, the first coins to mark a royal christening in Britain.
George, with his parents, embarked on his first royal tour in April 2014, during which the Cambridges spent three weeks in New Zealand and Australia. His first public engagement of the tour was on 9 April at a playdate at Government House, Wellington, organised by the New Zealand parenting organisation, Plunket. His parents also attended. On 20 April, Easter Sunday, he met a bilby named after him at Taronga Zoo in Sydney. The BBC said at the end of the tour "there's no doubt Prince George stole the limelight".
On 2 May 2015, George visited the hospital of his birth after the birth of his sister, Charlotte. It was his first public appearance in the United Kingdom since shortly after his birth. He made his first public appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace following the Trooping the Colour parade on 13 June that year, to watch a flypast by the Red Arrows on the Queen's Official Birthday. In August 2015, Kensington Palace stated that they wanted all global media to stop taking unauthorised photographs of George, as they believed "a line has been crossed" in paparazzi methods of locating and photographing him.
In January 2016, George started his education at the Westacre Montessori School Nursery, near his family home at Anmer Hall in Norfolk. That April, he was photographed for postage stamps to mark his great-grandmother's 90th birthday, alongside his father and grandfather. On 22 April of that year, he met President of the United States Barack Obama. He was photographed with a rocking horse that Obama had given him when he was born. The encounter later prompted Obama to joke that "Prince George showed up to our meeting in his bathrobe... a clear breach of protocol."
Prince George effectEdit
The Prince George effect, also known as the royal baby effect, is the trend that news about Prince George has in business and pop culture, similar to his mother's. Clothing and products identified as used by George tend to sell better than before. The effect was noted during his April 2014 tour of New Zealand and Australia and many businesses have attempted to use this effect to their advantage. He was ranked No. 49 on GQ's "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain" list in 2015. In 2016, the dressing gown he wore while meeting President Obama sold out after he was seen wearing it. In September 2017 the news that the prince's school had served a Le Puy green lentil dish resulted in a spike in the legume's sales.
Title and styleEdit
Prince George's official title and style is His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge. While his name was announced two days after his birth, he was, from birth, a British prince entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by his great-great-great grandfather, King George V in 1917, which gave the title and style to the eldest son of the Prince of Wales's eldest son. Letters patent issued on 31 December 2012 by Queen Elizabeth II extended the 1917 patent so that all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son are princes or princesses with the style Royal Highness. As with other princes and princesses who are born to royal dukes, George's territorial designation is taken from his father's title, in this case "Cambridge", from Duke of Cambridge.
Prince George is a member of the House of Windsor. Through his paternal grandmother, Diana, Princess of Wales, he is a descendant of the Earls Spencer (a cadet branch of the Spencer family, descended from the Earls of Sunderland). Through his maternal grandfather, Michael Middleton, he is a descendant of the Middleton, Lupton, and Martineau families.
|Ancestors of Prince George of Cambridge|
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- "Hayley Westenra / Paul Mealor / Brendan Graham – Sleep On (Gift for Royal Baby) (Lyric Video)". YouTube. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
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- "2013 50c Silver Proof Royal Baby". Royal Australian Mint. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- The Royal Mint page on the occasion of the Royal Christening of Prince George of Cambridge The Royal Mint (www.royalmint.com) Retrieved on 11 November 2013.[full citation needed]
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- Davies, Caroline (24 July 2013). "Prince of Cambridge's parents present him to the world at first photocall". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
As is traditional, the birth announcement also appeared in the Court Circular, the published diary of royal engagements which was started by George III in 1803. It read: "Kensington Palace 22nd July, 2013. The Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 4.24 p.m. today. Her Royal Highness and her child are both well. Signed: Marcus Setchell, Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Sunnit Godambe, John Cunningham." The signatories are the medical team who attended the duchess during the birth.
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- "Special Gun Salute Honours Birth of Royal Baby". Market Wired. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "Live: Royal baby welcomed with full peal of bells at Westminster Abbey (video)". The Telegraph. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- "The birth of HRH Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge". Bell Board. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- Magi, Kim (3 July 2013). "Royal baby: CN Tower to light up pink or blue to honour birth". Toronto Star. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Royal baby: Canada's GG quick to react to 'wonderful' news". CBC News. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Waldie, Paul (12 July 2013). "Around the world, the countdown is on for the royal baby". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Kiwi landmarks to light up for royal baby". NZ News. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- Mead, Thomas (11 July 2013). "Royal baby to light up Chch Airport". 3 News. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "William and Kate head home with baby prince". BBC News. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- Kensington Palace (the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge) said: "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are delighted to announce that they have named their son George Alexander Louis. The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge."Royal baby Prince George Cambridge The Guardian 24 July 2013
- "Royal baby: Kate and William name their son George Alexander Louis". Yahoo News. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- Birth certificate details: A copy of the original certificate, Entry No. 207 in the Westminster Registration district, dated 2 August 2013, appeared in The Daily Telegraph 2 August 2013  It was in the standard form, completed with the Date of birth: 22 July 2013; the child's Name and surname: "His Royal Highness Prince George Alexander Louis of Cambridge"; the father's Name and surname: HRH "Prince William Arthur Philip Louis Duke of Cambridge", and Occupation: "Prince of the United Kingdom"; the mother's Name and surname: "Catherine Elizabeth Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge", Occupation: "Princess of the United Kingdom", and Maiden surname: "Middleton"; Usual address: "Kensington Palace London"; informant "Father", whose signature, "William", was inserted in the section certifying the truth of the particulars.
- "Royal baby: William and Kate name their son George". BBC News. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "The christening of Prince George of Cambridge". Clarence House. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- "Prince George christening: Godparents announced". BBC News. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Relph, Daniela (23 October 2013). "Low-key christening for Prince George". BBC News. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- "Prince George on his best behaviour as he is christened". The Daily Telegraph. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Royal christening £5 coin for Prince George". Western Daily Press. 8 October 2013. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- "Prince George takes charge at Royal playdate". TVNZ: ONE News. 9 April 2014. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Puente, Maria (21 April 2014). "Prince George meets his bilby namesake at Sydney zoo". USA Today.
- Witchell, Nicholas (25 April 2014). "Royal tour: Prince George steals the show as support for monarchy rises". BBC News.
- Walker, Tim (22 July 2014). "The Duchess of Cambridge is related to Beatrix Potter, who once gave the Middleton family her own original hand-painted illustrations". The Daily Telegraph. p. 8. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "Beatrix Potter cards under hammer". BBC. 20 September 2006. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
They (the paintings) were painted for Potter's young cousins, (sisters) Bessie and Elinor Lupton...
- Nicholl, Katie. "Kate: The Future Queen". Weinstein Books, 13 Dec.,2013 - Biography & Autobiography - 352 pages. ISBN 978-1602862401. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
Olive Middleton (nee Lupton), Kate's great grandmother.... an Edwardian society beauty...had a number of illustrious family members...including the children's writer Beatrix Potter
- "'It means a great deal': Kate and William are 'hugely grateful' for public's warm wishes following the birth of their daughter spending day with proud grandparents (and Auntie Pippa)". Daily Mail. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "Prince George joins royal balcony tradition". BBC News. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Prince George watches on excitedly as Royal family arrive at Trooping the Colour parade". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Prince George 'being harassed by paparazzi'". BBC News. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Prince George to attend Westacre Montessori School Nursery". BBC News. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
- "All eyes on 2-year-old Prince George in new royal photo". CBS News. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
- "In pictures: US President Barack Obama in the UK". BBC News. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- "Prince George meets Obama, rides rocking horse gift". CTV. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- "Barack Obama jokes Prince George's pyjamas greeting was 'slap in the face' in his final speech at White House Correspondents' dinner". Daily Telegraph. 1 May 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- The Associated Press (2017). "The Latest: 2 future British kings attend Pippa's wedding | The Sacramento Bee". Sacbee.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
- "Prince George to attend Thomas's School in Battersea". BBC News. 24 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
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- Ura, Daniel (25 April 2016). "Prince George's $39 robe from Obama meeting sold out in minutes". United Press International. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
- Sage, Adam (14 September 2017). "Prince George connection drives demand for French lentils". The Times. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
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- "The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall News and Diary, Clarence House website". 24 July 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prince George of Cambridge.|
Prince George of CambridgeBorn: 22 July 2013
|Lines of succession|
The Duke of Cambridge
|Succession to the British throne
3rd in line
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
Earl of St Andrews