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Daniyal Mirza

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Daniyal Mirza (11 September 1572 – 19 March 1605[1]) was an Imperial Prince of the Mughal Empire who served as the Viceroy of Deccan. He was the third son of Emperor Akbar the Great and the brother of the Emperor Jahangir. His two sons were executed by his nephew Shah Jahan on 23 January 1628.

Daniyal Mirza
Shahzada of the Mughal Empire
Sultan Daniyal Mirza 1600-1650.jpg
Daniyal during his Deccan expedition in 1603
Born 11 September 1572
Ajmer, Rajasthan
Died 19 March 1605(1605-03-19) (aged 32)
Burhanpur, Maharashtra
Burial Sikandra, Agra
Spouse Janan Begum
Sultan Begum
Five other wives
Issue Tahmuras Mirza
Baysunghar Mirza
Hoshang Mirza
Sa'adat Banu Begum
Mahi Begum
Bulaqi Begum
Burhani Begum
Full name
Shahzada Sultan Daniyal Mirza
Dynasty Timurid
Father Akbar



Persian poet, Naw'i Khabushani prostrates himself before Prince Daniyal.

According to Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, Daniyal was the son of a royal serving-girl just like his older half-brother, Sultan Murad Mirza.[2] She died on 18 October 1596.[3]

He was made the Subahdar (Governor) of the Deccan from 21 April 1601 to April 1604. He was appointed to an Imperial mansab of 7,000 soldiers.


Daniyal's first wife was the daughter of Sultan Khwajah. The marriage took place on 10 June 1588 in the house of Danyal's grand mother, Empress Hamida Banu Begum.[4] She was the mother of a daughter born on 26 May 1590,[5] and another daughter Sa'adat Banu Begum[1] born on 24 March 1592.[6] His second wife was the daughter of Qulij Khan Andijani. Akbar had intended that Qulij's daughter should be married to Daniyal. On 27 October 1593 the grandees were assembled outside the city, and the marriage took place. It occurred to Qulij Khan that Akbar might visit his house. In gratitude for this great favor he arranged a feast. His request was accepted and on 4 July there was a time of enjoyment.[7] She was the mother of a son born on 27 July 1597 and died in infancy,[8] and a daughter Bulaqi Begum.[1] She died near Gwalior on 12 September 1599.[9]

His third wife was Janan Begum, the daughter of Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana. The marriage took place in around 1594. Akbar gave a great feast, and received such a quantity of presents of gold, and all sorts of precious things, that he was able to equip the army thereform.[10] She was the mother of a son born on 15 February 1602 and died soon after.[11] The prince was extremely fond of her, and after his death in 1604, she led a life full of sorrow.[1]

His fourth wife was the daughter of Rai Mal, the son of Rai Maldeo, ruler of Jodhpur. The marriage took place on the eve of 12 October 1595.[12] Danyal's fifth wife was the daughter of Raja Dalpat Ujjainiya. She was the mother of Prince Hoshang Mirza born in 1604,[13] and of Princess Mahi Begum.[1] Another of his wives was the mother of Prince Tahmuras Mirza, Prince Baisungar Mirza born in 1604,[14] and Princess Burhani Begum.[1]

His seventh wife was Sultan Begum, the daughter of Ibrahim Adil Shah II, ruler of Bijapur.[15] He had requested that his daughter be married to Daniyal. His request was accepted, and on 19 March 1600, Mir Jamal-ud-din Hussain was sent off with the arrangements of the betrothal. When he came to Bijapur, Adil treated him with honor. After over three years he sent him away with his daughter, and Mustafa Khan as her vakil. When Abdul Rahim Khan heard of her arrival he sent his son Mirza Iraj to meet her. Mirza Iraj brought her to Ahmadnagar. Mir Jamal-ud-din hastened off from there and went to the prince in Burhanpur. Daniyal accompanied by Abdul Rahim, came to Ahmadnagar. The marriage took place on 30 June 1604.[14]


Shahryar's forces were defeated by those loyal to his half-brother, Prince Khurram. On Jumada-l awwal 2, 1037 AH (December 30, 1627[16]), Prince Khurram was proclaimed as the Emperor Shah Jahan I at Lahore, and on Jumada-l awwal 26, 1037 AH (January 23, 1628[16]) upon his orders, Dawar Bakhsh, his brother Garshasp, Shahryar, and Tahmuras and Hoshang, sons of the deceased Prince Daniyal, were all put to death by Asaf Khan,[17] who was ordered by Shah Jahan to send them "out of the world", which he faithfully carried out.[18] His son, Prince Hoshang, was married to Hoshmand Banu Begum, the daughter of Prince Dawar.[19]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Beveridge 1907, p. 1254.
  2. ^ transl.; ed.,; Thackston, annot. by Wheeler M. (1999). Tuzk-e-Jahangiri : memoirs of Jahangir, Emperor of India. New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. p. 37. ISBN 9780195127188. 
  3. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 1063.
  4. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 806.
  5. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 875.
  6. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 937.
  7. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 995.
  8. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 1090.
  9. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 1139.
  10. ^ `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni (1884). Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh - Volume II, translated by W.H. Lowe. Calcutta, Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 403. 
  11. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 1200.
  12. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 1040.
  13. ^ Beveridge 1907, p. 1238.
  14. ^ a b Beveridge 1907, p. 1239-40.
  15. ^ Nāzim, Muhammad (1936). Bijapur inscriptions. Manager of publications. p. 110. 
  16. ^ a b Taylor, G.P. (1907). Some Dates Relating to the Mughal Emperors of India in Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, New Series, Vol.3, Calcutta: The Asiatic Society of Bengal, p.59
  17. ^ Death of the Emperor (Jahangir) The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period, Sir H. M. Elliot, London, 1867–1877, vol 6.
  18. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.)(2007). The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.197-8
  19. ^ The Grandees of the Empire Ain-i-Akbari, by Abul Fazl. Volume I, Chpt. 30.


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