Daniyal Mirza

Mughal prince
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This article is about Prince Daniyal of India. For other uses, see Prince Daniel (disambiguation).
Daniyal Mirza
Prince of Mughal Empire
Sultan Daniyal Mirza 1600-1650.jpg
Daniyal during his deccan 1603
Successor Shah Jahan
Born September 11, 1572
Ajmer, Rajasthan
Died 8 April 1604 (aged 31)
Burhanpur, Maharashtra
Burial Sikandra,Agra
Wife
  • 7 wives
Full name
Shahzada Sultan Daniyal Mirza
Dynasty Mughal Empire
Father Akbar

Daniyal Mirza (11 September 1572 – 8 April 1604[1]) was an Imperial Prince of the Mughal Empire who served as the Viceroy of Deccan. He was the third son of Emperor Akbar the Great and the brother of the Emperor Jahangir. His two sons were executed by Shah Jahan on 23 Jan 1658.

Contents

FamilyEdit

 
Persian poet, Naw'i Khabushani prostrates himself before Prince Daniyal.

According to the Jahangirnama, Daniyal was the son of a royal serving-girl just like his older half-brother, Sultan Murad Mirza.[2]

He was made the Subahdar (Governor) of the Deccan from 21 April 1601 to April 1604. He was appointed to an Imperial mansab of 7,000 soldiers. He had nine wives:[3]

He had three more Rajput princesses as spouses. (From Merta, Bikaner,)

Shahryar's forces were defeated by those loyal to his half-brother, Prince Khurram. On Jumada-l awwal 2, 1037 AH (December 30, 1627[4]), Prince Khurram was proclaimed as the Emperor Shah Jahan I at Lahore, and on Jumada-l awwal 26, 1037 AH (January 23, 1628[4]) upon his orders, Dawar Bakhsh, his brother Garshasp, Shahryar, and Tahmuras and Hoshang, sons of the deceased Prince Daniyal, were all put to death by Asaf Khan,[5] who was ordered by Shah Jahan to send them "out of the world", which he faithfully carried out.[6] His son, Prince Hoshang, was married to Hoshmand Banu Begum, the daughter of Prince Dawar.[7]

Mother's IdentityEdit

Prince Daniyal's mother was a royal concubine of Akbar. She died in 1596.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India4/delhi4.htm INDIA The Mughal Dynasty GENEALOGY
  2. ^ transl.; ed.,; Thackston, annot. by Wheeler M. (1999). The Jahangirnama : memoirs of Jahangir, Emperor of India. New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. p. 37. ISBN 9780195127188. 
  3. ^ Short Biography of Prince Daniyal: The Imperial Family of India
  4. ^ a b Taylor, G.P. (1907). Some Dates Relating to the Mughal Emperors of India in Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, New Series, Vol.3, Calcutta: The Asiatic Society of Bengal, p.59
  5. ^ Death of the Emperor (Jahangir) The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians. The Muhammadan Period, Sir H. M. Elliot, London, 1867–1877, vol 6.
  6. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.)(2007). The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, pp.197-8
  7. ^ The Grandees of the Empire Ain-i-Akbari, by Abul Fazl. Volume I, Chpt. 30.

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