Bhagwant Das

Raja Bhagwant Das (1527 – 4 December 1589) was the 23rd Kacchwaha ruler of Amber. His sister, Mariam-uz-Zamani, was the chief consort of Emperor Akbar and mother of his successor, Emperor Jahangir. His son, Man Singh I, one of the Navaratnas of Akbar became the highest-ranking official of his court and his daughter, Man Bai, was the first and chief wife of Prince Salim (later Jahangir).

Bhagwant Das
Raja of Amber
Governor of Lahore
Amir-ul-Umra
23rd Kachhwaha Ruler of Amber
Reign25 January 1574 – 4 December 1589[1]
Coronation25 January 1574
PredecessorRaja Bharmal
SuccessorRaja Man Singh
Born1527
Died4 December 1589 (aged 61–62)
Lahore
Spouse
  • Bhagwati Devi Panwar
  • Durgavati Bai Rathore
Issue
more...
HouseKachhwaha
FatherRaja Bharmal
MotherPhulvati Bai of Mandore[2]
ReligionHinduism

LifeEdit

 
Amber Fort, in Amber, the capital of Raja Bhagwant Das.

Raja Bhagwant Das was the eldest son of Raja Bharmal born in 1527 to his wife Phulvati of Mandore.[3]

At the event of his sister's marriage to Akbar in 1562, he was taken into the royal service by Akbar. He led several military expeditions of the Mughal Empire and was a respected noble in the Mughal court. He was notable for his sincere devotion and loyalty to Akbar having saved his life in the battle of Paronkh taking the bow meant to strike Akbar, on his chest.

Bhagwant Das was one of the generals of Akbar, who awarded him a mansab (rank) of 5000 in 1585.[4] and conferred him the title of Amir-ul-Umra (lit.'chief noble').[5] He fought many battles for Akbar, including battles in Punjab, Kashmir, and Afghanistan, and was also the governor of Kabul. Bhagwant Das soundly defeated the army of the Kashmiri king, Yousuf Shah Chak.[6]

He married his daughter, Man Bai, to Prince Salim, who later assumed the throne as emperor Jahangir.[7][8] Their child was Jahangir's eldest son, Khusrau Mirza.[9]

DeathEdit

Shortly after attending the cremation of Todar Mal in Lahore, Bhagwant Das, having suffered from a bout of vomiting and strangury, died on 4 December 1589.[10] At his time of time, Akbar issued a firman of condolence to his eldest son and successor, Man Singh I from Bhagawati Devi, in which were written king and gracious messages beyond all grounds and sent him with his own dresses of honor and a body-guardsman's horse.[11] He further designated him the title of Raja at the account of his father's death.[12][13] His second son, Madho Singh, became the ruler of Bhangarh.[14]

IssueEdit

Raja Bhagwant Das had at least thirteen sons:[15]

AncestryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1994) [1984]. Raghubir Sinh (ed.). A History of Jaipur: C. 1503-1938. New Delhi: Orient Longman. ISBN 978-81-250-0333-5.
  2. ^ a b c d Bhatnagar, V. S. (1974). Life and Times of Sawai Jai Singh, 1688-1743. Delhi. p. 10.
  3. ^ Hooja, Rima (2006). A History of Rajasthan. Rupa & Company. p. 484. ISBN 978-81-291-0890-6.
  4. ^ Abu'l-Fazl (1973) [1907]. The Akbarnama of Abu'l-Fazl. Vol. III. Translated by Henry Beveridge. Delhi: Rare Books.
  5. ^ Prasad, Rajiva Nain (1966). Raja Man Singh of Amber. p. 77.
  6. ^ Sarkar (1994, p. 64)
  7. ^ Khan, Refaqat Ali (1976). The Kachhwahas under Akbar and Jahangir. Kitab Publishers. p. 45.
  8. ^ Fisher, Michael (2019). A Short History of the Mughal Empire. London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-350-12753-1.
  9. ^ Singh, Nagendra Kr (2001). Encyclopaedia of Muslim Biography: I-M. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. p. 335. ISBN 978-81-7648-233-2.
  10. ^ Prasad (1966, pp. 77–78)
  11. ^ Badayuni, Abdul Qadir (1590). Muntakhab-ut-Tawarikh. Vol. II. p. 384.
  12. ^ Dundlod, Harnath Singh (1970). Jaipur and Its Environs. Raj. Educational Printers. p. 7.
  13. ^ Bhatnagar (1974, pp. 9–10)
  14. ^ Hooja (2006, p. 506)
  15. ^ Jinvijya Muni, Puratanvacharya. "Rajasthan Purathan Granthmala: Raja Bhagwat Raja Bharmalputra thirteen sons". I: 271. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  16. ^ Eaton, Richard (2019). India in the Persianate Age: 1000-1765. p. 130. ISBN 9780141966557.
  17. ^ a b Sarkar (1994, p. 33, [1])
  18. ^ Sarkar (1994, p. 32, [2])
  19. ^ Singh, Rajvi Amar (1992). Mediaeval History of Rajasthan: Western Rajasthan. p. 1518.
  20. ^ Saran, Richard; Ziegler, Norman P. (2001). The Meṛtīyo Rāṭhoṛs of Meṛto, Rājasthān: Biographical notes with introduction, glossary of kinship terms and indexes (PDF). University of Michigan, Centers for South and Southeast Asian Studies. p. 162. ISBN 9780891480853.
  21. ^ Singh (1992, p. 145)