Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
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August Victor Louis of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: August Viktor Ludwig; 13 June 1818 – 26 July 1881), was a German prince of the Catholic House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry. He was a General Major in the Royal Saxon Army and the owner of Čábráď and Štiavnica, both in modern-day Slovakia.
|Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
Duke of Saxony
|Head of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry|
|Tenure||27 August 1851 – 26 July 1881|
|Born||13 June 1818|
Vienna, Austrian Empire
|Died||26 July 1881 (aged 63)|
Ebenthal Castle, Ebenthal
|Spouse||Princess Clémentine of Orléans|
Prince Ludwig August
Clotilde, Archduchess Joseph Karl of Austria
Amalie, Duchess in Bavaria
Ferdinand I of Bulgaria
|House||Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry|
|Father||Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Mother||Princess Maria Antonia Koháry|
Born Prince August Viktor Ludwig of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, he was the second son of Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Saalfeld. He was born in Vienna on 13 June 1818 and baptised at St. Stephan Cathedral on the 16th of that month. His godparents were his paternal grandmother, Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf, his aunts, Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Louise, Duchess of Saxe Coburg. Following the 1826 re-distribution in the House of Wettin of the Ernestine duchies, his dynastic suffix became "of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha". His mother was Princess Maria Antonia Koháry, the daughter and heiress of Ferenc József, Prince Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya. When Antonia's father died in 1826, she inherited his estates in Slovakia and Hungary. Prince August was a younger brother of King-Consort Ferdinand II of Portugal, a nephew of Leopold I of Belgium, and a first cousin of Britain's Queen Victoria, and her husband, Prince Albert.
In Saint-Cloud on 20 April 1843 August married Princess Clémentine of Orléans, daughter of Louis Philippe, King of the French, and of his wife, Princess Maria Amalia of the Two Sicilies. The couple lived in Palais Coburg in Vienna. He also owned Bürglaß Castle in Coburg. When his mother died in 1862, he inherited her extensive landholdings in Hungary and became one of the largest landowners in the country. He was an honorary member of the Hungarian Geological Society.
Prince August built a Catholic church in Coburg. It was consecrated in 1860 and was named St. Augustin. He was later buried in the crypt below this church, as were his wife, his three sons, his daughter-in-law Leopoldina and her four sons.
August was a recipient of the Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, the Portuguese royal Order of the Tower and Sword, the French Legion of Honour and the Belgian royal Order of Leopold. Furthermore, he was a knight of honour and devotion in the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
In 1885, the Austrian sculptor Viktor Tilgner was commissioned to create a memorial for the late Prince August. The sculpture still stands on private land in Ebenthal owned by the Saxe-Coburg ducal family. The base of the sculpture contains a Latin inscription and a text in French: Auguste Louis Victor Duc de Saxe Prince de Saxe Cobourg Gotha. A mon mari bien aimè. 1843 - 1881. Clémentine. ("August Louis Victor, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. To my beloved husband." — 1843 is not the year August was born (he was born in 1818), but rather the year he married Clémentine).
Marriage and issueEdit
- Ferdinand Philipp Maria August Raphael (b. Paris, 28 March 1844 - d. Coburg, 3 July 1921).
- Ludwig August Maria Eudes (b. Château d'Eu, 8 August 1845 - d. Karlsbad, 14 September 1907), married on 15 December 1864 to Princess Leopoldina of Brazil.
- Marie Adelaide Amalie Clotilde (b. Neuilly, 8 July 1846 - d. Alcsút, Hungary, 3 June 1927), married on 12 May 1864 to Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria.
- Marie Luise Franziska Amalie (b. Coburg, 23 October 1848 - d. Schloß Biederstein, 6 May 1894), married on 20 September 1875 to Maximilian Emanuel, Duke in Bavaria.
- Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria (b. Vienna, 26 February 1861 - d. Coburg, 10 September 1948), installed as Prince of Bulgaria on 7 July 1887; raised to Czar of Bulgaria on 22 September [O.S. 5 October] 1908.
On 2 May 1881, Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria bestowed upon August and his descendants the style of Hoheit ("Highness"), a higher style in Germany than Durchlaucht ("Serene Highness"), which Ernestine princes were usually entitled to. The reason for the grant was that eight days later Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (younger sister of August's daughter-in-law Louise) was to marry Franz Joseph's son Crown Prince Rudolf; Franz Joseph considered it appropriate that his son's in-laws have a higher rank at the Austrian court.
He received the following awards:
- Austrian Empire: Knight of the Golden Fleece, 1862
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold, 3 June 1844
- Empire of Brazil: Grand Cross of the Southern Cross
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, February 1836
- Kingdom of France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, May 1840
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion
- Kingdom of Portugal: Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword, 23 April 1836
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1848
|Ancestors of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prince August, 3rd Prince of Koháry.|
- http://www.matricula.data.icar-us.eu/php/view2.php?ar_id=3670&be_id=2349&ve_id=726778&count=[permanent dead link]
- "Palais Coburg". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Friedrich Maximilian Oertel: Genealogische Tafeln zur Staatengeschichte des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts, F.A. Brockhaus, 1857, p. 96
- Ferenc von Kubinyi and Imre Vahot: Ungarn und Siebenbürgen in Bildern, G. Emich, 1834, S. 31
- Adreßhandbuch des Herzogthums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Meusel, 1854, p. 18
- Staatshandbuch für die Herzogthümer Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1865). "Genealogie des Herzogliche Hauses", p. 11. Gotha: Thienemann.
- Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
- H. Tarlier (1854). Almanach royal officiel, publié, exécution d'un arrête du roi (in French). 1. p. 37.
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1837), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 11
- M. & B. Wattel (2009). Les Grand'Croix de la Légion d'honneur de 1805 à nos jours. Titulaires français et étrangers. Paris: Archives & Culture. p. 523. ISBN 978-2-35077-135-9.
- Bragança, Jose Vicente de (2014). "Agraciamentos Portugueses Aos Príncipes da Casa Saxe-Coburgo-Gota" [Portuguese Honours awarded to Princes of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]. Pro Phalaris (in Portuguese). 9–10: 7. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
- Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen (1867) (in German), "Königliche Ritter-Orden", p. 4