Delma Gonçalves (born 19 May 1975), commonly known as Pretinha,[note 1] is a Brazilian professional soccer player who is a forward for Icheon Daekyo in South Korea's WK-League. A longtime member of the Brazilian national team, for whom she debuted in 1991, she played for clubs in Brazil, the United States and Japan before moving to South Korea in 2009.
|Full name||Delma Gonçalves|
|Date of birth||19 May 1975|
|Place of birth||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Height||1.57 m (5 ft 2 in)|
|1992–2000||CR Vasco da Gama|
|2002–2003||San Jose CyberRays||34||(9)|
|2005–2008||INAC Kobe Leonessa|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 22:52, 17 April 2013 (UTC)|
‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 22:52, 17 April 2013 (UTC)
With the Brazilian national team, Pretinha has participated in four World Cups; in China (1991), Sweden (1995), United States (1999), and China (2007). She has also played in four Olympic Games; in Atlanta (1996), Sydney (2000), Athens (2004) and Beijing (2008). She won silver medals from the 2004 and 2008 Olympic tournaments.
As a child, Pretinha had played football with her brothers on the streets of Rio. She joined her first club Mendanha Futebol Clube at the age of 14. After being elevated to the Brazilian national team, she was signed by the female section of CR Vasco da Gama. At the time of the 1999 Women's World Cup in the United States, Pretinha was earning around $3,400 per month from her contract with Vasco.
When the American professional Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA) started in 2001, Pretinha and compatriot Roseli were assigned to Washington Freedom in the inaugural draft. Pretinha scored the only goal in the league's first ever match; a second half penalty kick at the Bay Area CyberRays. With four goals in her first five games Pretinha led the early season scoring charts, she finished the campaign with five goals having played in all 21 league games. At the end of the inaugural season Washington traded Pretinha to the CyberRays.
During her first season with her new club in 2002, coach Ian Sawyers handed Pretinha a deeper midfield role. In June 2003 she scored twice at Washington Freedom to salvage a draw for the CyberRays against her old club. The team's top–goalscorer, Pretinha missed the culmination of the CyberRays' 2003 campaign after tearing the anterior cruciate ligament in her right knee during an international friendly between Brazil and the United States in July 2003.
With the collapse of WUSA and the lack of structure in Brazilian women's football, Pretinha was without a club while recuperating from her injury. She played in the Athens Olympics as a free agent, then joined Japanese L. League team INAC Kobe Leonessa in 2005.
When the Brazil women's national football team were preparing for the inaugural 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup, they played a training match against a Liga Desportiva de Nova Iguaçu (LDNI) select team containing a 16–year–old Pretinha. Brazil won easily but Pretinha excelled to the extent that she was added to the national team panel for the World Cup. The aeroplane journey to Guangdong in China was the first time that the young Pretinha had travelled outside the state of Rio.
- "Pretinha". Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Pretinha's Korean Dream". The Korea Times. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- Wahl, Grant (28 June 1999). "Q&a". CNN Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "Freedom wins first". CNN Sports Illustrated. 14 April 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Freedom Trade Pretinha to CyberRays". Associated Press. 13 November 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Chapin, Dwight (18 August 2002). "CyberRays need another scorer / Brazilian Katia was San Jose's major -- and only -- goal threat". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "Pretinha comes back to haunt Freedom". The Washington Times. 23 June 2003. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- Smith, Michelle (16 July 2003). "CyberRays' Pretinha sidelined by knee injury". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- "Pretinha" (in Portuguese). Universo Online. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- Valporto, Oscar (28 September 2006). Atleta, substitutivo feminino: vinte mulheres brasileiras nos Jogos Olímpicos (in Portuguese). Casa da Palavra. p. 249. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
- Lavinas, Thiago (21 September 2007). "Pretinha: 16 anos evoluindo com a seleção" (in Portuguese). Globo Esporte. Retrieved 23 April 2013.