Popular Movement (Montenegro)
The Popular Movement of Montenegro (Serbian: Народни покрет Црне Горе / Narodni pokret Crne Gore, NP), commonly known as simply Popular Movement, is a centre-right, christian democrat and Serb ethnic interests political party in Montenegro, formed in February 2021, from the political alliance of the same name, which was formed back in May 2020, prior to the August parliamentary election, on which its run within the common opposition "For the Future of Montenegro" list. Party founder and current leader is Montenegrin-Serbian businessman Miodrag "Daka" Davidović, who is known as a great benefactor of the Serbian Orthodox Church and a longtime financier of the Montenegrin opposition during the a thirty-year long DPS-led regime in Montenegro. NP has no seats in the Parliament of Montenegro, and is yet to contest the elections.
|Founded||23 July 2020 (as an alliance)|
1 February 2021 (as a party)
|Preceded by||For the Benefit of All|
|Religion||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|Slogan||Resurrection of Montenegro|
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In July 2020 United Montenegro (UCG), Workers' Party (RP) and Independent group in the parliament (composed of former members of SNP and DEMOS parties), agreed to form a new cultural conservative political alliance under the name Popular Movement, continuing its activity within the joint coalition with Democratic Front (DF), Socialist People's Party (SNP) and the True Montenegro (PCG). During July 2020, Popular Movement was joined by another minor right-wing parties, such as Democratic Party of Unity (DSJ) and Democratic Serb Party (DSS). The newly founded coalition initiator and de facto leader is controversial Belgrade-based Montenegrin businessman Miodrag Davidović.
On 2 August 2020, the Popular Movement officially decided to enter the common opposition electoral list with Democratic Front and the SNP, in order to participate at the forthcoming parliamentary election, forming big tent "For the Future of Montenegro" pre-election coalition. At the joint electoral list, NP leading candidate was United Montenegro (UCG) member Vladimir Dobričanin, by holding seventh position on the list, their other candidate was Maksim Vučinić, leader of the Workers' Party (RP), who hold only the twenty-seventh place on common electoral list. The founding members in July 2020 were:
- United Montenegro, national and cultural conservative party (2 MPs)
- Non-partisans, moderate conservative (2 MPs, split from DEMOS and the SNP)
- Workers' Party, socially conservative and left-populist party (1 MP)
- Democratic Serb Party, conservative Christian democratic party (non-parliamentary)
- Democratic Party of Unity, national conservative party (non-parliamentary)
All constituent members of newly founded alliance employed a more significant cultural and socially conservative discourse, advocating Serbian Orthodox Church rights in Montenegro, due to the 2020 Montenegrin political crisis, and an open conflict between the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro and the Democratic Party of Socialists-led Government of Montenegro, following the adoption of the disputed law on the status of religious communities in the country.
The August 2020 election resulted in a victory for the opposition parties and the fall from power of the ruling DPS, which has ruled the country since the introduction of the multi-party system in 1990. Dobričanin and Vučinić both was elected to the Parliament, after the coalition won 32.55% of popular vote and 27 seats in the parliament, while Montenegrin professor close to Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro and Davidović's alliance, Zdravko Krivokapić was selected new prime minister-designate of Montenegro by the new parliamentary majority in September 2020, announcing economical reforms, fight against corruption, as well as withdrawal of the disputed law on religious communities. During October and November, Davidović repeatedly stated that the leaders of the populist Democratic Front (of which he was one of the founders in 2012, as well as longtime financier) were trying to obstruct the political agreement on forming a new government, by unfoundedly accusing him and the Serbian Orthodox Church in Montenegro of influencing Prime Minister-designate Krivokapić decisions and the composition of the new cabinet of the Government of Montenegro. He told the media that the Democratic Front would not succeed in that because, as he said, "the prime minister-designate has the support of the people of Montenegro."
On 21 November 2020, at the church's holiday of Holy Archangel Michael, the businessman Miodrag Davidović announced that he is founding a political party under the name the Popular Movement (of Montenegro). Davidović announced new party founding in front of the Monastery of Saint Sava at the Golija Mountain near Nikšić, which is his endowment. He said that the new party practically emerged from the short-lived For the Benefit of All coalition, which he initiated in 2019, and which consisted of the Socialist People's Party (SNP), United Montenegro (UCG), the Workers' Party (RP) and the independent parliamentary club in the parliamentary led by Aleksandar Damjanović. Davidović announced that the high-ranking members of the new party will be the members of the Matica Srpska in Montenegro, NGO "We won't give you, Montenegro", as well as some of members of the cabinet of Zdravko Krivokapić. On 1 February 2021 in Nikšić, Davidović and his associates presented the program and ideological identity of the new party, announcing participation in the March 2021 local elections in Nikšić, as well expressing support for Prime Minister Krivokapić and his government. Since its foundation party accepted an centre-right, populist and pro-EU discourse, advocating moderate and cultural conservatism, anti-corruption, Eastern Orthodox Church rights in Montenegro, rule of law, also decentralisation, economic liberalism, social justice, labour rights and agrarianism.
- O nama, Народни покрет - Миодраг Дака Давидовић, Retrieved 2021-01-09
- Демократска странка јединства приступила Народном покрету, in4s.net, 20 July 2020
- Договорена велика коалиција ДФ – Народни покрет, in4s.net, 25 July 2020
- "Nova lica i politički veterani u novom sazivu Skupštine". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-09-07.
- "Rezultati DIK-a na 100 odsto prebrojanih glasova: DPS 35.06, "Za budućnost Crne Gore" 32.55 odsto glasova". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-08-31.
- Objavili dokument: Poslanici tri koalicije podržali Krivokapića za mandatara, Vijesti, 23 September 2020
- Daka Davidović osniva Narodni pokret Crne Gore, IN4S Portal, 21 November 2020
- "Osniva se Narodni pokret, Davidović: U partiji će biti ministara, ekonomski program je okosnica". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-11-21.
- Davidović najavio samostalni nastup: "Ne odgovaram na gebelsovske jame braće Vučić", Vijesti, 1 February 2021
- "Davidovićev pokret ide na nikšićke izbore". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 2021-01-26.
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