Polskie Radio

Polskie Radio Spółka Akcyjna (PR S.A.; English: Polish Radio) is Poland's national public-service radio broadcasting organization owned by the State Treasury of Poland.

Polish Radio
Native name
Polskie Radio S. A.
TypeSole-shareholder company of the State Treasury
IndustryMass media
Founded18 April 1926 (1926-04-18)
FounderZygmunt Chamiec and Tadeusz Sułowski
Headquarters
Al. Niepodległości 77/85, 00–977 Warsaw
,
Area served
Poland
Key people
Agnieszka Kamińska (general director)
ProductsBroadcasting, radio, web portals
ServicesRadio broadcasting
Websiteprsa.com.pl
Polish Radio's headquarters in Warsaw
Reach of Polish Radio transmitters on 31 Aug 1939

HistoryEdit

Polskie Radio was founded on 18 August 1925 and began making regular broadcasts from Warsaw on 18 April 1926.

Czesław Miłosz, recipient of the 1980 Nobel Prize in Literature, worked as a literary programmer at Polish Radio Wilno in 1936.[1]

Before the Second World War, Polish Radio operated one national channel – broadcast from 1931 from one of Europe's most powerful longwave transmitters, situated at Raszyn just outside Warsaw and destroyed in 1939 due to invasion of German Army – and nine regional stations:

  • Kraków from 15 February 1927
  • Poznań from 24 April 1927
  • Katowice from 4 December 1927
  • Wilno from 15 January 1928
  • Lwów from 15 January 1930
  • Łódź from 2 February 1930
  • Toruń from 15 January 1935
  • Warszawa from 1 March 1937 – known as Warszawa II, the national channel becoming Warszawa I from this date
  • Baranowicze from 1 July 1938

A tenth regional station was planned for Łuck, but the outbreak of war meant that it never opened.

The invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union led to the destruction of the network in September 1939, with its final broadcast being a performance of Nocturne in C-sharp minor, Op. posth. by Władysław Szpilman. Years later, Szpilman played the same piece for the reopening of the station.[2]

After the war, Polskie Radio was reconstructed with the assistance of the Soviet Red Army, which valued radio as a propaganda medium.[2] It came under the tutelage of the state public broadcasting body Komitet do Spraw Radiofonii "Polskie Radio" (later "Polskie Radio i Telewizja" – PRT, Polish Radio and Television). This body was dissolved in 1992, Polskie Radio S.A. and Telewizja Polska S.A. becoming politically dependent corporations, each of which was admitted to full active membership of the European Broadcasting Union on 1 January 1993 with the merger of EBU and OIRT.

ChannelsEdit

NationalEdit

Program 4 and Polskie Radio 24 also carried as a live video feed in the internet.

Regional stationsEdit

Polskie Radio also operates 17 regional radio stations (operating on FM, also on DAB+), located in:

City stationsEdit

Polskie Radio offers city stations in:

All city stations but Radio Szczecin Extra are being broadcast on FM and in Internet, while Radio Szczecin Extra is available only in Internet and via DAB+.

Digital-onlyEdit

Polskie Radio also offers regional digital-only stations (all operating in Internet and DAB+ only) in:

InternationalEdit

Music chartsEdit

Polskie Radio Trójka has been compiling Polish music charts since 1982 – in an era before there were any commercial sales or airplay rankings – making them a significant record of musical popularity in Poland. Chart archives dating from 1982 are available to the public via the station's website.[13]

See alsoEdit

Other radio stations in Poland:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Haven, Cynthia L. (2006). Czesław Miłosz: Conversations. University Press of Mississippi. pp. xxiv. ISBN 9781578068296.
  2. ^ a b Applebaum, Anne (2012). Iron Curtain : The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-56. New York: Doubleday. pp. 181–187. ISBN 978-0-7139-9868-9.
  3. ^ "Strona główna - Jedynka". PolskieRadio.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2022-01-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Strona główna - Dwójka". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  5. ^ "Strona główna - Trójka". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  6. ^ "Strona główna - Czwórka". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  7. ^ "Polskie Radio 24 - nowy portal informacyjny Polskiego Radia". PolskieRadio24.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  8. ^ "Strona główna - Radio Chopin". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  9. ^ "Strona główna - Polskie Radio Dzieciom". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  10. ^ "Polskie Radio Kierowców | Strona Główna". radiokierowcow.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  11. ^ "Strona główna - Radio Rytm". PolskieRadio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  12. ^ "Radio Poland :: News from Poland". external.polskieradio.pl. Retrieved 2022-01-07.
  13. ^ "PR Program 3 Music Chart archives (Archiwum Listy Przebojów Programu Trzeciego)". www.lp3.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2022-01-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit