2016 Peruvian general election
General elections were held in Peru on 10 April 2016 to determine the president, vice-presidents, composition of the Congress of the Republic of Peru and the Peruvian representatives of the Andean Parliament.
|Turnout||81.8% (first round) 1.9% |
80.06% (second round) 1.74%
Results by region.
In the race for the presidency, incumbent President Ollanta Humala was ineligible for re-election due to constitutional term limits. Popular Force candidate Keiko Fujimori, daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori, was the leading candidate in the first round with almost 40 per cent of the vote, but fell short of the 50 per cent majority required to avoid a second round. Peruvians for Change candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczynski narrowly beat Broad Front candidate Verónika Mendoza to finish in second and earn a place in the second round. The run-off was held on 5 June 2016. With support from those opposing Fujimori, Kuczynski won by a narrow margin of less than half a percentage point. He was sworn in as President on 28 July.
In the Congressional elections, Popular Force won in a landslide, receiving more than a third of the vote and winning an absolute majority of 73 out of 130 seats. Peruvians for Change with 18 seats and Broad Front with 20 seats emerged as the main opposition blocs.
On 13 November 2015, incumbent President Ollanta Humala called for a general election to be held on 10 April 2016. He said that he would respect the constitutional term limit restrictions and would not run again.
The presidential tickets were to be filed with the National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE) by 10 January 2016. Congressional lists were to be filed with the ONPE by 10 February 2016.
In March 2016, presidential candidates Julio Guzmán from All for Peru and César Acuña Peralta from Alliance for Progress were barred from the elections; Guzmán due to a violation of party rules in the party's internal election and Acuña Peralta due to monetary giveaways during a campaign rally, a violation of an electoral law enacted by Congress in November 2015.
Keiko Fujimori was a highly polarizing figure during the election. The daughter of the controversial former president Alberto Fujimori, who was serving time in prison at the time, she was popular among the poor and loyalists who credit her father with the defeat of Shining Path. This popularity allowed her to win in the first round of the presidential elections. She was viewed unfavorably by a number of people who oppose Fujimori for human rights abuses and corrupt practices, and who feared that her victory would mark a return of Fujimorismo. Mendoza, who placed third and could not stand in the runoff election, gave her full endorsement to Kuczynski, in order to prevent Fujimori's victory.
Main presidential candidatesEdit
|Final results. First round.|
|Alfredo Barnechea||Keiko Fujimori||Alan García||Pedro Pablo Kuczynski||Verónika Mendoza|
|Member of Congress
|Member of Congress
|President of Peru
(1985–1990 / 2006–2011)
|President of the Council of Ministers of Peru
|Member of Congress|
|Popular Action||Popular Force||Popular Alliance (APRA, PPC)||Peruvians for Change||Broad Front|
|4th Place (6.97%)||To run off, 39.85%||5th Place (5.83%)||To run off, 21.05%||3rd Place (18.74%)|
- Alfredo Barnechea, candidate of the Popular Action party, Master in Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. A journalist in the 1980s, he was elected Member of Congress for the Peruvian Aprista Party representing Lima. Following President Alan García's announcement of his intent to nationalize the banks, Barnechea resigned from APRA and was independent until his affiliation to Fernando Belaúnde's Popular Action. His running mates were Member of Congress Víctor Andrés García Belaúnde and former Member of Congress Edmundo del Águila.
- Keiko Fujimori, candidate of the Popular Force party. She is the daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori who was in jail for crimes against humanity. Accusations had recently surfaced of connections between drug trafficking and Congressman Joaquín Ramírez, Secretary General of Fuerza Popular, the political party under which Keiko Fujimori was running for president. On Sunday May 15, 2016, Peruvian news program Cuarto Poder broadcast a report conducted with Univisión that revealed Ramírez was being investigated by the DEA. The Congressman was being investigated for money laundering, a crime for which he was also under investigation in Peru. Fujimori served in Congress from 2006 to 2011, and made it to the run-off with Ollanta Humala in the 2011 election, losing by a small margin. Her running mates were former Minister of Agriculture José Chlimper and former leader of Social Force, Vladimiro Huaroc.
- Alan García, candidate of the APRA-PPC coalition known as Popular Alliance. He was President of Peru from 1985 to 1990 and then from 2006 to 2011. He placed second in the 2001 presidential election, losing in the runoff against Alejandro Toledo. He ran for a third time in the 2006 general election, making it to the run-off where he defeated Union for Peru candidate Ollanta Humala (who is the incumbent President in 2016). His running mates were leader of the Christian People's Party Lourdes Flores and former Governor of the Apurímac Region David Salazar.
- Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, candidate of the Peruvians for Change party. He previously served in Alejandro Toledo's administration as President of the Council of Ministers (2005–2006) and Minister of Economy and Finance (2001–2002). He also served as Minister of Energy and Mines (1980–1982) in the second administration of Fernando Belaúnde Terry. His running mates were former Governor of the Moquegua Region Martín Vizcarra, and former Minister of Economy and Finance Mercedes Aráoz.
- Verónika Mendoza, the candidate of the Broad Front coalition. She had served in Congress since 2011. Her running mates were former bishop Marco Arana and the Dean of the School of Social Sciences of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru Alan Fairlie.
The following gained less than 5% in the last approval ratings, below the Election threshold or valla electoral.
- Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru (2001–2006) – Possible Peru
- Gregorio Santos, Governor of Cajamarca Region (2011–present) – Direct Democracy, with 4% of the popular votes.
- Antero Flores Aráoz, former Minister of Defense (2007–2009) – Order Party
- Miguel Hilario – Progressing Peru
- Fernando Olivera, former Minister of Justice (2001–2002) – Hope Front
- Julio Guzmán, Secretary General of the Office of the Prime Minister of Peru (2012–2013) – All for Peru, disqualified for irregularities in the nomination process
- César Acuña Peralta, Governor of the La Libertad Region (2015) – Alliance for Progress (APP-RN-SP), disqualified for attempted vote buying
- Felipe Castillo, former District Mayor of Los Olivos (1996–2014) – Always Together
- Renzo Reggiardo, Member of Congress (2006–2016) – Peru Secure Nation
- Daniel Urresti, former Minister of the Interior (2014–2015) – Peruvian Nationalist Party
- Vladimir Cerrón, former Governor of the Junín Region (2011–2014) – Liberating Peru
- Yehude Simon, former Prime Minister of Peru (2008–2009) – Peruvian Humanist Party
- Francisco Diez Canseco, former Member of Congress (1985–1990) – Peru Nation
- Hernando Guerra García, former candidate for Congress, National Solidarity Party
The first round was held on 10 April. Exit polls indicated that Keiko Fujimori placed first in the first round of voting with approximately 40% of the vote, with Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and Veronika Mendoza each receiving approximately 20%.
The second round was held on 5 June. Exit polls indicated that Pedro Pablo Kuczynski held a slight lead over Keiko Fujimori. As counting continued, the gap narrowed significantly. Preliminary results gave Kuczynski a 0.25 per cent advantage over Fujimori, with less than 50,000 votes between them. Approximately 50,000 votes were challenged during the count. Fujimori conceded the election to Kuczynski on 10 June.
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Keiko Fujimori||Popular Force||6,115,073||39.86||8,555,880||49.88|
|Pedro Pablo Kuczynski||Peruvians for Change||3,228,661||21.05||8,596,937||50.12|
|Verónika Mendoza||Broad Front||2,874,940||18.74|
|Alfredo Barnechea||Popular Action||1,069,360||6.97|
|Alan García||Popular Alliance||894,278||5.83|
|Gregorio Santos||Direct Democracy||613,173||4.00|
|Fernando Olivera||Hope Front||203,103||1.32|
|Alejandro Toledo||Possible Peru||200,012||1.30|
|Miguel Hilario||Developing Peru||75,870||0.49|
|Antero Flores Aráoz||Order Party||65,673||0.43|
|Source: ONPE, ONPE|
Popular Force won in a landslide, taking more than a third of the vote and an absolute majority of 73 out of 130 seats. Behind them in opposition, Peruvians for Change with 18 seats and Broad Front with 20 seats. Other parties which gained representation in Congress include Alliance for the Progress of Peru (9 seats), Popular Alliance (5 seats) and Popular Action (5 seats).
|Peruvians for Change||2,007,710||16.47||18|
|Alliance for the Progress of Peru||1,125,682||9.23||9|
- Excluded from campaign
- "Ollanta Humala convoca a elecciones generales para el 2016". El Comercio (in Spanish). 13 November 2015.
- Peru IFES
- "Peru presidential candidates Guzman and Acuna banned from election". BBC. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- Dan Collyns (7 June 2016). "Kuczynski ahead in Peru election, but will he be able to govern?". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
- "ONPE - Oficina Nacional de Procesos Electorales". www.web.onpe.gob.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 November 2018.
- "Partido Nacionalista retira candidatura de Daniel Urresti". El Comercio (in Spanish). 11 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "Vladimir Cerrón abandonó las Elecciones Generales del 2016". El Comercio (in Spanish). 24 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "Yehude Simon anuncia retiro de su candidatura presidencial". La República (in Spanish). 28 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
- "Francisco Diez-Canseco renunció a su candidatura presidencial". El Comercio (in Spanish). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "Solidaridad Nacional retira candidatura de Nano Guerra García". El Comercio (in Spanish). 29 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "Peru election: Keiko Fujimori wins first round, say exit polls – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "Peru election: Kuczynski wins, but Fujimori has yet to concede". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- "Peru elections: Keiko Fujimori concedes to Kuczynski". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- "ELECTION FOR CONGRESO DE LA REPÚBLICA 2016". Retrieved 1 June 2016.