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Carole Penny Marshall[1] (October 15, 1943 – December 17, 2018)[1] was an American actress, director, and producer. She came to notice in the 1970s for her role as Laverne DeFazio on the television sitcom Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983), receiving three nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy for her portrayal.

Penny Marshall
Penny Marshall 1976.jpg
Publicity photo for Laverne & Shirley, 1976
Born
Carole Penny Marshall

(1943-10-15)October 15, 1943
DiedDecember 17, 2018(2018-12-17) (aged 75)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California, U.S.
Alma materUniversity of New Mexico
Occupation
  • Actress
  • director
  • producer
Years active1968–2016
Spouse(s)
Michael Henry
(m. 1963; div. 1966)

Rob Reiner
(m. 1971; div. 1981)
ChildrenTracy Reiner
RelativesGarry Marshall (brother)
Scott Marshall (nephew)

Marshall made her directorial debut with Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) before directing Big (1988), which became the first film directed by a woman to gross more than $100 million at the U.S. box office. Her subsequent directing credits included Awakenings (1990), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, A League of Their Own (1992), Renaissance Man (1994), The Preacher's Wife (1996) and Riding in Cars with Boys (2001). She also produced Cinderella Man (2005) and Bewitched (2005), and directed episodes of the TV series According to Jim and United States of Tara.

Early lifeEdit

Carole Penny Marshall was born in the Bronx, New York City, New York, on October 15, 1943, to Marjorie Irene (née Ward; 1908–1983), a tap dance teacher who ran the Marjorie Marshall Dance School, and Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli (1906–1999), later Anthony Wallace Marshall, a director of industrial films and later a producer.[2] She was the sister of actor/director/TV producer Garry Marshall and Ronny Hallin, a television producer. Her birth name, Carole, was selected because her mother's favorite actress was Carole Lombard. Her middle name was selected because her older sister Ronny, wanting a horse in the Bronx, was saving her pennies; her mother chose the middle name in an attempt to console her.[3]

Her father was of Italian descent, his family having come from Abruzzo,[4] and her mother was of German, English, and Scottish descent;[5][6][7] Marshall's father changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall before she was born.[8][9] Religion played no role in the Marshall children's lives. Garry Marshall was christened Episcopalian, Ronny was Lutheran, and Marshall was confirmed in a Congregational Church, because "[Mother] sent us anyplace that had a hall where she could put on a recital. If she hadn't needed performance space, we wouldn't have bothered."[10]

She grew up at 3235 Grand Concourse, the Bronx, in a building which was also the childhood home of Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Calvin Klein, and Ralph Lauren.[11] She began her career as a tap dancer at age three, and later taught tap at her mother's dance school. She graduated from Walton High School, a public girls' high school in New York and then went to University of New Mexico for 2​12 years where she studied math and psychology. While at UNM, Marshall became pregnant with daughter, Tracy Reiner (née Tracy Henry), and soon after married the father, Michael Henry, in 1963. The couple divorced three years later in 1966. During this period, Marshall worked various jobs to support herself, including working as a choreographer for the Albuquerque Civic Light Opera Association.[12] In 1967,[13] she moved to Los Angeles to join her older brother Garry, a writer whose credits at the time included TV's The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966).

CareerEdit

Marshall first appeared on a television commercial for Head and Shoulders beautifying shampoo. She was hired to play a girl with stringy, unattractive hair, and Farrah Fawcett was hired to play a girl with thick, bouncy hair. As the crew was lighting the set, Marshall's stand-in wore a placard that read "Homely Girl" and Fawcett's stand-in wore a placard that said "Pretty Girl". Fawcett, sensing Marshall's insecurity about her looks, crossed out "Homely" on the Marshall stand-in placard and wrote "Plain".[14] Marshall and Billie Hayes were the only actresses to audition for the role of Witchiepoo for H.R. Pufnstuf, produced by Sid and Marty Krofft. Marshall thought that she was not right for the part, and Hayes got the role.[citation needed]

In 1968 Marshall accepted an offer from her brother to appear in a movie he had written and was producing, called How Sweet It Is (1968). She landed another small role in the film The Savage Seven (1968), as well as a guest appearance on the hit television series That Girl, starring Marlo Thomas.[15] Marshall was considered for the role of Gloria Bunker Stivic on All in the Family, but lost the part to Sally Struthers.[16]

In 1970, Garry Marshall became the executive producer of the television series The Odd Couple. The following year, Marshall was added to the permanent cast to play a secretary, Myrna, and held the role for four years. In Marshall's final appearance on The Odd Couple, her character married her boyfriend, Sheldn ("they left the "o" off the birth certificate", she explains), played by Rob Reiner, her real-life husband.[15] The episode included Marshall's real-life siblings, Garry and Ronny, as Myrna's brother and sister.[citation needed]

While she was on The Odd Couple, Marshall played small roles in TV movies such as Evil Roy Slade (1972), starring Mickey Rooney (and produced by brother Garry); The Crooked Hearts (1972) starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr., in which she played a waitress; The Couple Takes a Wife, starring Bill Bixby; and Wacky Zoo of Morgan City (1972). In 1974, James L. Brooks and Allan Burns cast Marshall as Janice Dreyfuss, sister-in-law to Paul Dreyfuss (played by actor Paul Sand) in the series Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers. It aired on CBS-TV Saturday nights beginning September 14, 1974. Despite good reviews and decent ratings, it was canceled mid-season. Brooks and Burns, along with studio head Grant Tinker, were so impressed with Marshall's comedic talent that the following season, they hired Marshall and actress Mary Kay Place to play Mary Richards' new neighbors (Paula and Sally Jo) on The Mary Tyler Moore Show.[17]

Garry Marshall, creator and then part-time writer for Happy Days, cast Marshall and Cindy Williams to guest on an episode of the show. The installment, titled "A Date with Fonzie",[18] aired on November 11, 1975 and introduced the characters Laverne DeFazio and Shirley Feeney (played by Marshall and Williams, respectively). In that episode, Laverne and Shirley were a pair of wisecracking brewery workers who were dates for Fonzie (Henry Winkler) and Richie (Ron Howard). The pair were such a hit with the studio audience that Garry Marshall decided to co-create and star them in a successful spinoff, Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983).[19] The characters of Laverne and Shirley appeared in five more episodes of Happy Days. In 1982 at the beginning of Laverne & Shirley's eighth season, Williams left the show due to her pregnancy. Marshall continued with the show, but it was canceled after the season's final episode aired in May 1983.[20]

In 1983, while still filming Laverne & Shirley, Marshall guest starred on Taxi in a cameo appearance as herself. In the Taxi episode "Louie Moves Uptown,"[21] Marshall is turned down for residency in a new high-rise condo in Manhattan. The Laverne & Shirley episode "Lost in Spacesuits"[22] is referenced in the scene.

Marshall lent her voice to Ms. Botz, a.k.a. Ms. Botzcowski, the "babysitter bandit," on the first produced episode of The Simpsons, making her the first official guest star to appear on the show, and played a cameo role as herself on the HBO series Entourage. She also made a cameo appearance alongside her brother Garry in the Disney Halloween-themed movie Hocus Pocus as husband and wife. She was reunited with her Laverne & Shirley co-star, Cindy Williams, on a November 2013 episode of Sam & Cat.[23][24][25]

Directing careerEdit

At the encouragement of her brother, Marshall became interested in directing.[26] While starring on Laverne and Shirley, she made her debut as a director and directed four episodes of that show[27] as well as other TV assignments. In 1979, she directed several episodes of the short-lived sitcom Working Stiffs, starring Michael Keaton and James Belushi. She soon moved on to theatrical films, her first film being Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) starring Whoopi Goldberg. She got this gig when the original director dropped out.[26] She also gave her daughter Tracy and her brother Garry roles in the film.[citation needed]

Marshall directed several successful feature films from the mid-1980s onwards, including Big (1988) starring Tom Hanks (the first film directed by a woman to gross over US$100 million), Awakenings (1990) starring Robin Williams and Robert De Niro, A League of Their Own (1992) with Geena Davis, Tom Hanks, Madonna and Rosie O'Donnell, and The Preacher's Wife (1996) starring Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston. In 1991, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award.[28]

In 2010–2011, Marshall directed two episodes of the Showtime series United States of Tara. In 2013, Women in Film and Video presented her with the Women of Vision Award.[29] In 2014, Marshall announced she was developing a biopic on Effa Manley entitled Effa.[30]

Personal lifeEdit

While at college, Marshall met Michael Henry, a football player, and left to marry him in 1963, aged 20;[31] they had one daughter named Tracy in 1964 (now Tracy Reiner). The marriage lasted three years.[13]

On April 10, 1971,[32] Marshall married actor/director Rob Reiner, who later adopted Tracy. Her marriage to Reiner ended in 1981; the couple had five grandchildren together.[33]

Marshall had a brief relationship with singer Art Garfunkel in the mid-1980s, and he credits her with helping him through his depression.[34]

Marshall had an abortion after getting pregnant in 1963. In 2010, it was reported that Marshall had been diagnosed with lung cancer that had metastasized to her brain, but two years later she was 'fine now'.[35] Following her recovery she published a memoir, My Mother Was Nuts.[15]

DeathEdit

Marshall died in Los Angeles on December 17, 2018, at the age of 75. According to her death certificate, the causes were cardiopulmonary failure, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 1.[36][37][38]

Following Marshall's death, her ex-husband Rob Reiner took to Twitter to say: "I loved Penny. I grew up with her. She was born with a great gift. She was born with a funnybone and the instinct of how to use it. I was very lucky to have lived with her and her funnybone. I will miss her".[39] Broadcaster Dan Rather tweeted: "Mourning the loss of a funny, poignant, and original American voice. Penny Marshall was a pioneer in television and the big screen who understood humor comes in many forms and some of life's deeper truths require a laugh. She will be missed."[40]

Ron Howard, her onetime co-star, and like her an actor who went on to become a celebrated film director, stated on Twitter: "She was funny & so smart. She made the transition from sitcom star to A List movie director with ease & had a major impact on both media. All that & always relaxed, funny & totally unpretentious. I was lucky to have known & worked with her."[41]

Major League Baseball tweeted the following statement: "We join the baseball community in mourning the passing of Penny Marshall, director of A League of Their Own."[42]

The day after Marshall's death, Laverne & Shirley co-star Cindy Williams shared a message on Twitter, simply stating: “I Love You, Partner.” Underneath the one line of text was the image of a familiar, cursive 'L' initial. During the series' run, Marshall had the wardrobe department sew the 'L' on most of her character Laverne's blouses and sweaters.[43]

Marshall is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills). The 'L' from her Laverne character is emblazoned at the bottom of her headstone.

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

As actressEdit

Year Film Role Notes
1968 The Savage Seven Tina [44]
1968 How Sweet It Is! Tour Girl [44]
1970 The Grasshopper Plaster Caster [44]
1970 Where's Poppa? Courtroom Spectator Uncredited
1975 How Come Nobody's on Our Side? Theresa aka Capers[45]
1979 1941 Miss Fitzroy Uncredited[46]
1985 Movers & Shakers Reva Cameo[47]
1988 She's Having a Baby Herself Uncredited
1991 The Hard Way Angie [48]
1993 Hocus Pocus The Master's Wife Uncredited[49]
1995 Get Shorty Herself Cameo[50]
1998 The Emperor's New Clothes: An All-Star Illustrated Retelling of the Classic Fairy Tale The Imperial Lady-in-Waiting #2 Voice[51]
1999 Special Delivery
2000 High Fidelity Funeral Attendee Uncredited
2004 Stateside Lt. Chevetone Uncredited[46]
2005 Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World Herself Cameo[52]
2007 Everybody Wants to Be Italian Teresa the Florist [53]
2007 Alice Upside Down Mrs. Plotkin Direct-to-video film[54]
2007 Blonde Ambition Bolo Executive [50]
2011 New Year's Eve Herself (segment "Ahern Party")
2014 Going to America Herself – Famous Director
2015 Staten Island Summer Dolores
2015 Scooby-Doo! and Kiss: Rock and Roll Mystery The Elder Voice, Direct-to-video film[55]
2016 Mother's Day Narrator Voice[56]

As directorEdit

Year Title Notes
1986 Jumpin' Jack Flash [44]
1988 Big [44]
1990 Awakenings Also executive producer[44]
1992 A League of Their Own Also executive producer[44]
1994 Renaissance Man Also executive producer[44]
1996 The Preacher's Wife [44]
2001 Riding in Cars with Boys [44]

As producerEdit

Year Title Notes
1993 Calendar Girl Executive producer[57]
1996 Getting Away with Murder Producer[58]
1998 With Friends Like These... Producer[59]
2003 Risk Producer
2005 Cinderella Man Producer[60]
Bewitched Producer[60]

TelevisionEdit

As actressEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1968–1969 That Girl Assistant Librarian / Joan Episodes: "Secret Ballot", "Fix My Screen & Bug Out"[44]
1969 My Friend Tony Janet Episode: "Computer Murder"
1969 Then Came Bronson Claire Episode: "The Runner"[61]
1970 Love, American Style Mary Agnes Episode: "Love and the Pick-Up" segment[44]
1970 Barefoot in the Park Episode: "In Sickness and in Health"
1970 The Wonderful World of Disney Mayor's Secretary Episodes: "The Wacky Zoo of Morgan City" (Parts 1 & 2)
1971 The Feminist and the Fuzz Liberation Lady Television film[62]
1971 Getting Together Mona Episode: "Those Oldies But Goodies Remind Me of You"[63]
1972–1974 The Odd Couple Myrna Turner 27 episodes[46]
1972 Evil Roy Slade Bank Teller Television film[64]
1972 The Super Janice Episode: "The Matchmaker"[65]
1972 The Bob Newhart Show Stewardess Episode: "Fly the Unfriendly Skies"[44]
1972 The Crooked Hearts Waitress Television film[65]
1972 The Couple Takes a Wife Paula Television film[65]
1973 Banacek Receptionist Episode: "The Greatest Collection of Them All"
1974–1975 Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers Janice Dreyfuss 14 episodes[44]
1974–1976 The Mary Tyler Moore Show Toni / Paula Kovacs Episodes: "I Was a Single for WJM", "Murray in Love", "Menage-a-Lou"[44]
1975 Let's Switch! Alice Wright Television film[66]
1975 Wives Connie Television film
1975 Chico and the Man Anita Cappuccino Episode: "Chico and the Van"[65]
1975 Saturday Night Live Herself Episode: "Rob Reiner"[46]
1975–1979 Happy Days Laverne DeFazio 5 episodes[44]
1976 Good Heavens Episode: "Take Me Out to the Ball Game"[67]
1976–1983 Laverne & Shirley Laverne DeFazio 178 episodes[44]
1977 Saturday Night Live Herself Episode: "Live from Mardi Gras"[46]
1977 Blansky's Beauties Laverne DeFazio Episode: "Nancy Remembers Laverne"[68]
1978 Mork & Mindy Laverne DeFazio Episode: "Pilot"[46]
1978 More Than Friends Matty Perlman Television film[65]
1979 Carol Burnett & Company Herself Episode #1.3[69]
1981 Laverne & Shirley in the Army Laverne DeFazio Voice, 13 episodes[68]
1982 Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz Hour Laverne DeFazio Voice, 8 episodes (Laverne & Shirley with the Fonz segment)[46]
1983 Taxi Herself Episode: "Louie Moves Uptown"[46]
1984 The New Show Various Characters Episode #1.4[70]
1984 Love Thy Neighbor Linda Wilson Television film[71]
1985 Challenge of a Lifetime Nora Schoonover Television film[72]
1990 The Simpsons Ms. Botz Voice, Episode: "Some Enchanted Evening"[46]
1993 The Odd Couple: Together Again Myrna Television film[61]
1996 Saturday Night Live Various Characters Episode: "Rosie O'Donnell/Whitney Houston"[46]
1998 Tracey Takes On... Herself Episode: "Hollywood"
1998 Nash Bridges Iris Heller Episode: "Skin Deep"
1999 Jackie's Back! Herself Cameo
2004 Frasier Celeste Voice, Episode: "Frasier-Liste"
2006 Campus Ladies Episode: "Webcam"[46]
2006 Bones Herself Episode: "The Woman at the Airport"[46]
2008 The Game Doris Fox Episode: "A Delectable Basket of Treats"[46]
2012 The Life & Times of Tim PR Executive Voice, Episode: "The Smug Chiropractor/Corporate Disaster"
2012 Portlandia Barbara Episode: "Feminist Book Store 10th Anniversary"[46]
2013 Sam & Cat Sylvia Burke Episode: "#SalmonCat"[23]
2014 Mulaney Tutti Episode: "Sweet Jane"[73]
2016 The Odd Couple Patty Dombrowski Episode: "Taffy Days", (final appearance)[60]

As directorEdit

Year Title Notes
1979 Working Stiffs 1 episode: "The Preview Presentation"
1979–1981 Laverne & Shirley 4 episodes: "Squiggy in Love", "The Duke of Squigman", "The Dating Game", "But Seriously, Folks"[44]
1987 The Tracey Ullman Show 1 episode
1993 A League of Their Own 1 episode: "Dottie's Back"[74]
2009 According to Jim 2 episodes: "The Yoga Bear", "Physical Therapy"[44]
2010–2011 United States of Tara 2 episodes: "Explosive Diorama", "Wheels"[44]

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Born Carole Penny Marshall in 1943, as per My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 10; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012
  2. ^ "Comedy On Tap – Garry Marshall Interview".
  3. ^ "A Penny for your Horsey?". Kentucky New Era. June 24, 1977. p. 10.
  4. ^ LaSalle, Mick (May 26, 2006). "This Jewish boy's life will make you laugh (and get a bit verklempt?)". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  5. ^ An Interview with the Cast of Keeping up with the Steins Archived April 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Ancestry of Penny Marshall at Genealogy.com Archived July 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Penny Marshall". Articles.chicagotribune.com.
  8. ^ Peter Canavese. "Groucho Reviews: Interview: Garry Marshall—Keeping Up With the Steins—05/05/06". GrouchoReviews.
  9. ^ "...Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli", a handsome, athletic young man majoring in advertising at New York University ... To better his chances, he changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall and forevermore denied that he was both Italian and Catholic". My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 4; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012.
  10. ^ My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 18.
  11. ^ Abramowitz, Rachel (2000). Is That a Gun in Your Pocket? Women's Experience of Power in Hollywood. New York: Random House, ISBN 0-679-43754-1, p. 289
  12. ^ Barnes, Mike (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' Star Turned Director, Dies at 75". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  13. ^ a b Abramowitz, p. 290
  14. ^ Abramowitz, pp. 290–91
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  35. ^ Gostin, Nicki (October 4, 2012). "Penny Marshall talks cancer, abortion, reconciling with 'Laverne & Shirley co-star in new memoir". Fox. Retrieved September 20, 2015.
  36. ^ "Death Certificate" (PDF). Tmz.vo.llnwd.net. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
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  40. ^ Dan Rather [@danrather] (December 18, 2018). "Mourning the loss of a funny, poignant, and original American voice" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  41. ^ Press, The Associated (December 18, 2018). "Tom Hanks, Rob Reiner and More Stars Mourn Penny Marshall". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  42. ^ Major League Baseball [@mlb] (December 18, 2018). "We join the baseball community in mourning the passing of Penny Marshall, director of 'A League of Their Own" (Tweet). Retrieved December 18, 2018 – via Twitter.
  43. ^ Cindy Williams [@Cindy_Williams1] (December 19, 2018). "I Love You, Partner" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  73. ^ Guide, T. V. "Penny Marshall and Lorraine Bracco to Play Lesbian Couple on Fox's Mulaney". Uticaod. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  74. ^ "A League of Their Own | TV Guide". TVGuide.com. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
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  76. ^ "Penny Marshall Awards". IMDb. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
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External linksEdit