Pavlov (Kladno District)

Pavlov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpavlof]) is a small village in Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is located in almost flat landscape about 7 km southeast of Kladno or 18 km west of Prague and has a population of 106 (2006).

Pavlov
Village
Karlovarská street in Pavlov
Karlovarská street in Pavlov
Flag of Pavlov
Flag
Coat of arms of Pavlov
Coat of arms
Pavlov is located in Czech Republic
Pavlov
Pavlov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°05′44″N 14°10′02″E / 50.09556°N 14.16722°E / 50.09556; 14.16722Coordinates: 50°05′44″N 14°10′02″E / 50.09556°N 14.16722°E / 50.09556; 14.16722
CountryCzech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictKladno
MunicipalityUnhošť
Founded1799
Government
 • MayorVojtěch Peichl
Area
 • Total1.55 km2 (0.60 sq mi)
Elevation
387 m (1,270 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total106
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
273 51

Main road No. 6 from Prague to Karlovy Vary used to run through the village, there is also a station on railroad No. 120 connecting Prague with Kladno and Rakovník. A new R6 expressway, which passes just north of Pavlov and alleviates it from heavy traffic, was opened in December 2008.

The history of Pavlov is very short in comparison with other settlements in the Czech Republic. There used to be only a small farm with a brewery amidst fields, first mentioned in 1560 and later, after reconstruction in 1726, called Nový Dvůr ("New Farm"). In 1799 a wealthy citizen of Prague named Leopold Paul founded a manor house and a settlement next to the farm and named it after himself Paulhof (in German) or Pavlov (in Czech). The older name Nový Dvůr (or in pluralized form Nové Dvory) was informally also widely used even much later into 20th century.

Jiří Václav Daneš, a Czech geographer, was born in Pavlov in 1880.