Patrick James Cummins (born 8 May 1993) is an Australian international cricketer who is currently the captain of the Australian national team in Test cricket. He is the vice-captain of the team in limited-overs cricket. He is a fast bowler and a capable lower-order right-handed batsman, and plays and captains domestic cricket for New South Wales. He is the second specialist fast bowler to captain Australia, after Ray Lindwall.
|Full name||Patrick James Cummins|
|Born||8 May 1993|
Westmead, New South Wales, Australia
|Height||1.92 m (6 ft 4 in)|
|Test debut (cap 423)||17 November 2011 v South Africa|
|Last Test||15 January 2021 v India|
|ODI debut (cap 189)||19 October 2011 v South Africa|
|Last ODI||29 November 2020 v India|
|ODI shirt no.||30|
|T20I debut (cap 51)||13 October 2011 v South Africa|
|Last T20I||14 November 2021 v New Zealand|
|T20I shirt no.||30|
|Domestic team information|
|2010/11–present||New South Wales|
|2014–2015||Kolkata Knight Riders|
|2020–2021||Kolkata Knight Riders|
Source: ESPNcricinfo, 14 November 2021
Cummins made his Test debut at the age of 18 in 2011. Injuries then forced him out of test cricket for over five years, until he returned to the Australian team in 2017. According to the ICC Player Rankings, he was the world's top ranked bowler at the end of 2019 and 2020. In January 2020, he was named as the Test Cricketer of the Year by the International Cricket Council (ICC). In April 2020 he was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year for his performances in the 2019 English season in the 2020 edition of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.
Youth and early cricket careerEdit
Cummins played junior cricket for the Glenbrook Blaxland Cricket Club in the Blue Mountains before playing first-grade cricket for Penrith in 2010. That same year, Cummins represented NSW in the National Under-17 championships and later the NSW Under-19 side.
In the preliminary final of the 2010–11 KFC Twenty20 Big Bash against Tasmania, Cummins took 4 for 16 and was named Man of the Match. He finished with Nathan Lyon as the leading wicket-taker in the tournament. In March 2011, he made his first-class debut in a match against Tasmania after impressing for the NSW 2nd XI. He returned figures of 2/80.
Cummins played the final three matches of the 2010/11 Sheffield Shield season, including the final where he bowled 65 overs for the match, aged just 17. He was later ruled out of the Australia A tour of Zimbabwe due to a back injury.
International debut (2011)Edit
Cummins was granted a Cricket Australia contract in June 2011 and in October 2011, he played two Twenty20 International (T20I) and three One Day International (ODI) matches for Australia against South Africa, claiming ten wickets and subsequently being selected in the Australian Test squad to play South Africa.
Cummins made his Test debut at Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg in November 2011, in what was only his fourth career first-class match, becoming Australia's youngest Test cricketer since Ian Craig in 1953, aged 18 years and 193 days. Cummins took 1/38 and 6/79, becoming the second youngest Test cricketer (behind Enamul Haque Jr.) to take six wickets in an innings. He then scored 13 runs in the second innings, including a four to win the match and was presented with the Man of the Match award.
After playing through his Test debut with a heel injury, Cummins was subsequently ruled out of the entire 2011/12 summer.
Cummins was selected in Australia's provisional team for the ICC Under-19 World Cup to be held in Queensland in August 2012. Cummins represented Australia in the 2012 T20 World Cup and the Sydney Sixers in the 2012 Champions League, but was diagnosed with a stress fracture in his back upon his return to Australia in November, again ruling him out of the 2012/13 home summer.
Cummins returned for Australia A in August of 2013, but a reoccurrence of the stress fracture in his back caused him to miss majority of the 2013/14 summer. He returned to the BBL in January 2014 after working with Dennis Lillee during his layoffs to re-shape his bowling action.
After prioritising white ball cricket during 2014, Cummins was selected in the Australian squad for their successful 2015 World Cup campaign, playing in four matches.
Cummins was a late call-up for 2015 Ashes squad after the retirement of Ryan Harris, but he was not selected for a Test during the series. He was part of the ODI and T20I series in the same tour. During the ODI leg of the tour, Cummins' stress fracture resurfaced and he was ruled out of the entire home summer for the fourth time in five years.
Cummins made his return to domestic cricket in 2016, becoming a key member of the New South Wales one day squad and the Sydney Thunder as he remained fit and played 25 matches in just over 4 months.
Return to Test cricket (2017–2018)Edit
On March 7, 2017, Cummins made his return to the Sheffield Shield for the first time in six years, his last match being the 2011 final against Tasmania. He bowled 36 overs and claimed 8 wickets.  Despite NSW medical staff recommending a slow and managed return to red ball cricket, Mitchell Starc was ruled out of the ongoing Border Gavaskar Trophy and Cummins was selected as his replacement for the third test.
After 1946 days (or 5 years, 3 months and 27 days) of absence due to various injuries, Cummins returned to Test cricket on 16 March 2017. He alleviated any fears over his injury history, bowling 79 overs in the final two Test matches.
Cummins retained his spot in the side for the 2017–18 Ashes series, taking 23 wickets, leading the wicket taking tally. He also established himself as a handy lower order batsman, scoring two scores in the 40s during the series as Australia was victorious 4-0.
Cummins scored his first Test half-century in the fourth Test against South Africa during Australia's tour of South Africa in 2017–18. In this series he solidified his place as one of Australia's most reliable and consistent bowlers, playing in all four matches and claiming 22 wickets. He was then rested for the tour of the UAE vs Pakistan in October 2018 as he managed a back injury.
Australia vice-captaincy (2019–2021)Edit
In January 2019, Cummins became one of Australia's two Test vice-captains, alongside Travis Head. He played in both Tests against the touring Sri Lankans and was the chief architect of Australia's innings win in the first Test at The Gabba, taking his maiden 10-wicket haul. He finished the series with 14 wickets and was named as the player of the series.
Cummins was awarded the Allan Border Medal in February 2019 as the most outstanding Australian cricketer over the previous 12 months. He was the first bowler to receive this honour since 2014, and just the fourth overall. In early 2019 Cummins became the number 1 ranked Test bowler, the first Australian since Glenn McGrath to achieve this.
He played in the limited-overs series against India which began in the same month, taking a five-wicket haul in the fourth ODI of the series. In April, he was named in Australia's squad for the 2019 Cricket World Cup held in England, and during the tournament played in his 50th ODI.
He went on to play in the 2019 Ashes series which followed the World Cup. In the first Test he claimed his 100th Test wicket, the fastest Australian since World War 2 to do so. After the second Test at Lords, he reached an ICC Test bowling ranking of 914 - the equal fifth of all time and highest by an Australian. Cummins was the leading wicket-taker for the series, taking 29 wickets in the five matches, at an average of 19.62.
Cummins enjoyed another successful home summer, taking 20 wickets in five Tests against Pakistan and New Zealand as Australia remained unbeaten and Cummins was elevated to the role of sole vice-captain of the side. Cummins was one of five Australians to be named in the 2019 ICC Test team of the year and was named as the 2019 ICC Test cricketer of the year.
In the 2019-21 ICC World Test Championship, Cummins claimed 70 wickets in 14 Tests, second only to India's Ravichandran Ashwin. Remarkably, this only included one five-wicket haul, highlighting Cummins' consistency.
In August 2021, Cummins was named in Australia's squad for the 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup. He played in all of the matches, taking five wickets with an economy rate of 7.37 as Australia won the tournament for the first time.
Test captain (2021–present)Edit
On 26 November 2021, Cummins was announced as the 47th captain of the Australian men's Test cricket team following the resignation of Tim Paine. Steve Smith was announced as his vice-captain, marking Smith's return to a leadership position after the 2018 ball-tampering scandal. He would be the first fast bowler to take on the role of full-time Australian captain in history.
Indian Premier LeagueEdit
Cummins was bought by the Kolkata Knight Riders of the Indian Premier League for the 2014 season. He was bought by Delhi Daredevils for the 2017 Indian Premier League and in the 2018 auction by Mumbai Indians. Cummins was later ruled out of the entire 2018 tournament due to an injury and in the 2020 IPL auction was bought by Kolkata Knight Riders, making him one of the most expensive overseas players in IPL auction history.
Cummins grew up in Mount Riverview in the Blue Mountains with his two brothers and two sisters. He attended St Paul's Grammar School and the University of Technology, Sydney under its Elite Athlete Program, graduating in 2017 with a Bachelor of Business. As a child he idolised Brett Lee, with whom he later briefly played domestic and international cricket.
In 2011, Cummins revealed that at the age of three he lost the top of his middle finger on his right hand when his sister accidentally slammed a door on it.
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