Paris Métro Line 7

Paris Métro Line 7 (French: Ligne 7 du métro de Paris) is one of the sixteen lines of the Paris Métro. Crossing the capital from its northeastern to southeastern sections via a moderately curved path, it links La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945 in the north with Mairie d'Ivry and Villejuif – Louis Aragon in the south, while passing through important parts of central Paris. It began operating in 1910.

Line 7
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7
Entrée Station Métro Censier Daubenton Paris 1.jpg
Overview
SystemParis Métro
LocaleLa Courneuve, Aubervilliers, Pantin, Paris, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Villejuif, Ivry-sur-Seine
TerminiLa Courneuve – 8 mai 1945
Villejuif – Louis Aragon / Mairie d'Ivry
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 2 Paris Métro Line 3 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 6 Paris Métro Line 7bis Paris Métro Line 8 Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 10 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 14
RER RER A RER B RER D
Transilien Transilien
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 1 Île-de-France tramway Line 3a Île-de-France tramway Line 3b Île-de-France tramway Line 7
Stations38
Ridership135.1 million including Line 7bis (avg. per year)
4th/16 (2017)
Operation
Opened5 November 1910; 109 years ago (5 November 1910)
Operator(s)RATP
Conduction systemConductor
Rolling stockMF 77, 5 carriages per trainset
(72 trains as of 11 November 2018)
Technical
Line length22.4 km (13.9 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Average inter-station distance605 m (1,985 ft)
Route map

proposed extension 
proposed extension
La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
Fort d'Aubervilliers
Aubervilliers – Pantin – Quatre Chemins
La Villette shops
Porte de la Villette
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Corentin Cariou
Crimée
Riquet
Stalingrad
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 2Paris Métro Line 5
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7bis 
Pré Saint-Gervais
 Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3b
Place des Fêtes
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11
Danube
Botzaris
Buttes Chaumont
Bolivar
Jaurès
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 2Paris Métro Line 5
Louis Blanc
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 7bis
Château-Landon
Magenta (Paris RER)Transilien SNCFParis-Est
Gare de l'Est 
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 5 RERRER e TransilienTransilien SNCFParis-Est
Poissonnière
Cadet
Le Peletier
Chaussée d'Antin – La Fayette
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9
Opéra
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3Paris Métro Line 8 RERRER A
Pyramides
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14
Palais Royal – Musée du Louvre
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1
Pont Neuf
Châtelet
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 11Paris Métro Line 14 RERRER ARER BRER D
Pont Marie
Sully – Morland
Seine
Jussieu
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 10
Place Monge
Censier – Daubenton
Les Gobelins
Place d'Italie
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 6
Tolbiac
Maison Blanche
Porte d'Italie
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a
Porte de Choisy
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a
Porte d'Ivry
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a
Choisy shops
Pierre et Marie Curie
Mairie d'Ivry
Le Kremlin-Bicêtre
Villejuif – Léo Lagrange
Villejuif – Paul Vaillant-Couturier
Villejuif – Louis Aragon
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7


It is one of two Métro lines that has a branch, along with Line 13. Originally located in the northeast and splitting at Louis Blanc, it was transferred in 1967 to what is now Line 7bis. In 1982, an extension was added in the southeast to Mairie d'Ivry, branching off at Maison Blanche. At 22.4 km (13.9 mi), Line 7 is the third longest line of the Paris Métro network; it serves 38 stations, the most of any line with Line 8. It is also the fourth most used line of the Métro network, with 135 million riders in 2017.[1]

HistoryEdit

ChronologyEdit

  • 5 November 1910: Line 7 was opened linking Opéra to Porte de la Villette.
  • 18 January 1911: A new branch was opened from Louis Blanc to Pré-Saint-Gervais.
  • 1 July 1916: The line was extended in the south from Opéra to Palais Royal.
  • 16 April 1926: The line was extended from Palais Royal to Pont Marie.
  • 15 February 1930: While a tunnel was being built on line 7 to cross the River Seine, a new section between Place Monge and Place d'Italie was opened and temporarily operated as part of Line 10.
  • 3 June 1930: The line was extended from Pont Marie to Pont de Sully.
  • 7 March 1930: That section temporarily operating as part of Line 10 was extended from Place d'Italie to Porte de Choisy.
  • 26 April 1931: The section between Pont de Sully and Place Monge was opened. The section between Place Monge and Porte de Choisy was transferred to Line 7 and it was extended to Porte d'Ivry simultaneously.
  • 1 May 1946: The line was extended from Porte d'Ivry to Mairie d'Ivry.
  • 1967: Because of a lack of traffic, the northern branch of the line 7 between Louis Blanc and Pré-Saint-Gervais became a new independent line known as Line 7bis.
  • 4 October 1979: The line was extended to the north from Porte de la Villette to Fort d'Aubervilliers.
  • 10 December 1982: A new branch was opened to the south from Maison Blanche to Le Kremlin-Bicêtre.
  • 28 February 1985 : The line was extended from Le Kremlin-Bicêtre to Villejuif Louis Aragon.
  • 6 May 1987: The line was extended from Fort d'Aubervilliers to La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945.

FutureEdit

Route and stationsEdit

RouteEdit

Line 7 runs for 18.6 km (12 mi) completely underground, stopping at 38 stations. Southbound trains terminate alternately at Villejuif - Louis Aragon and Mairie d'Ivry, diverging at Maison Blanche. Late at night, through trains only operate to Mairie d'Ivry; a shuttle train to Villejuif originates at Maison Blanche.

In the north, the line begins at La Courneuve in the department of Seine-Saint-Denis at the intersection of National Routes 2 and 186. La Courneuve station acts as a transfer between the Métro and Paris' fragmented, suburban tramway system, with a station on Paris Tramway Line 1 (T1). Unlike most stations in Paris, there are three tracks, the central one used for departures and arrivals.

Running below National Route 2 (RN2), the line heads to the south-west, entering Paris in two single-line tunnels so as to avoid a now-unused terminal loop at Porte de la Villette. It then descends a 4% grade below Canal Saint-Denis and then climbs back up to stop at Corentin Cariou. Two stations beyond, Line 7 reaches Stalingrad, an important transfer point in the Métro system, where the line turns to run below Rue La Fayette.[2]

Renamed stationsEdit

Date Old name New name
1 November 1926 Pont Notre-Dame Pont Notre-Dame – Pont au Change
15 April 1934 Pont Notre-Dame – Pont au Change Châtelet
6 October 1942 Boulevard de la Villette Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette
10 February 1946 Pont de Flandre Corentin Cariou
Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette Stalingrad
1989 Chaussée d'Antin Chaussée d'Antin – La Fayette
8 March 2007 Pierre Curie Pierre et Marie Curie

TourismEdit

Metro Line 7 passes near several places of interest :

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Les chriffres 2005 Archived 17 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine STIF Retrieved 23 October 2010 (in French)
  2. ^ Tricoire, Jean. Un siècle de métro en 14 lignes. De Bienvenüe à Météor

External linksEdit