Stalingrad (Paris Métro)

Stalingrad (French: [stalinɡʁad] (About this soundlisten)) is a Paris Métro station on the border between the 10th arrondissement and the 19th arrondissement at the intersection of lines 2, 5, and 7, located at the Place de la Bataille-de-Stalingrad, which is named for the Battle of Stalingrad.

Stalingrad
Paris Métro
Paris Métro station
Station-Stalingrad.jpg
Location1, rue d'Aubervilliers
244, boul. de la Villette
86, rue de l'Aqueduc
17, rue de Flandre
18, rue de Flandre
1, quai de la Seine
58, rue du Château Landon
10th arrondissement of Paris
Île-de-France
France
Coordinates48°53′03″N 2°21′57″E / 48.88429°N 2.36586°E / 48.88429; 2.36586Coordinates: 48°53′03″N 2°21′57″E / 48.88429°N 2.36586°E / 48.88429; 2.36586
Owned byRATP
Operated byRATP
Other information
Fare zone1
History
Opened31 January 1903 (1903-01-31) (Line 2)
5 November 1910 (1910-11-05) (Line 7)
12 October 1942 (1942-10-12) (Line 5)
Previous namesAubervilliers (1903-1942)
Boulevard de la Villette (1910-1942)
Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette (1942-1946)
Services
Preceding station   Paris Métro   Following station
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 2
toward Nation
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 5
Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 7
Location
Stalingrad is located in Paris
Stalingrad
Stalingrad
Location within Paris

HistoryEdit

The Line 2 station opened as Rue d'Aubervilliers, named after a nearby street, on 31 January 1903 as part of the extension of line 2 from Anvers to Bagnolet (now called Alexandre Dumas).[1]:150–1 On 5 November 1910, a separate underground station was opened as part of the first section of line 7 between Opéra and Porte de la Villette a short distance away in the Boulevard de la Villette and named after it.

In 1942, the two stations combined to form Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette. The line 5 opened its corresponding station on 12 October 1942 as part of its extension from Gare du Nord to Église de Pantin. In 1946, the section of the Boulevard de la Villette near the station was named the Place de Stalingrad in honour of the Soviet victory at the Battle of Stalingrad and the station's name was changed to Stalingrad at the same time.[1]:222–26

The location remained unchanged until line extensions resumed: Line 7 was extended from Porte de la Villette to Fort d'Aubervilliers in 1979 and La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945 in 1987; a branch was created in the south in 1982 to Le Kremlin-Bicêtre and Villejuif – Louis Aragon in 1985. Line 5 was extended to Bobigny – Pablo Picasso the same year.[1]:198

The platforms on Line 7 were chosen to be the prototype of Ouï-dire style installation, which were completed in December 1988[1]:82–3 before being introduced to twenty other stations being renovated.[1]:82–3

In 2018, it saw 7,342,659 travelers enter the station, which places it at the 38th position of metro stations for its attendance.[2]

Passenger servicesEdit

Station layoutEdit

Line 2 platforms Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound     toward Porte Dauphine (La Chapelle)
Eastbound     toward Nation (Jaurès)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
1F Line 2 mezzanine
Street Level
B1 Mezzanine for platform connection
Line 5 platforms Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound     toward Place d'Italie (Gare du Nord)
Northbound     toward Bobigny – Pablo Picasso (Jaurès)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Line 7 platforms Side platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound     toward Villejuif – Louis Aragon or Mairie d'Ivry (Louis Blanc)
Eastbound     toward La Courneuve – 8 Mai 1945 (Riquet)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

PlatformsEdit

 
Platform Line 5

The stations of the three lines are of a standard configuration with two platforms separated by the railway lines. The platforms of Line 2 are above-ground, located on a viaduct, while those of Lines 5 and 7 are underground, under an elliptical arch. Line 2 platforms are equipped with glass awnings, as are all above-ground stations on the line. Lighting is achieved through white neon lighting tubes. The steel pillars and spandrels incorporate ground glass windows which sit atop white and flat ceramic tiles. The platforms, devoid of advertising, are equipped with white Motte style benches and the name of the station is written in Parisine font on enamelled plates.

The platforms of Line 5 are arranged in the Andreu-Motte style blue colour: they have two lighting strips in this shade, as well as seating and spandrels covered with flat tiling of the same hue. They are equipped with Motte blue and white seats. This decoration is married with the white beveled tiling which covers the pillars, vault and the outlets of the corridors. The name of the station is inscribed in faience in the original CMP style. The advertising frames are special: in brown faience and with simple patterns, they are surmounted by the letter M. These same frames are only present in seven other Paris metro stations.

The platforms of Line 7 are laid out in the Ouï-dire style blue colour: the two lighting strips, of the same color, are supported by curved shaped false consoles. The direct lighting is white, while unlike most bands of this style, there is no multicolored indirect lighting present yet. The flat white ceramic tiles cover the pillars, vault and the spandrels but not the outlets of the corridors which are covered with white beveled tiles, this last point also constituting an exception to the Ouï-dire style. The name of the station is written in Parisine font on enamelled plates and the Motte seating is blue. Advertising frames are metallic instead of the blue half-circle, which is another exception to the Ouï-dire style.

Bus connectionsEdit

The station is served by Lines 48 and 54 of the RATP bus network and at night, by Lines N13, N41, N42 and N45 of the Noctilien bus network.

Nearby attractionsEdit

Nearby are the Rotonde de la Villette (part of the Barrière Saint-Martin, a gate built for the collection of taxation as part of the Wall of the Farmers-General between 1784 and 1788), the Bassin de la Villette (an artificial lake) and the Canal Saint-Martin.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Tricoire, Jean (2004). Un siècle de métro en 14 lignes. De Bienvenüe à Météor (in French) (3rd ed.). Paris: La Vie du Rail. ISBN 2-915034-32-X.
  2. ^ "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2018". data.ratp.fr (in French). Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  • Roland, Gérard (2003). Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton.