Paris Métro Line 2

Paris Métro Line 2 (French: Ligne 2 du métro de Paris) is one of the sixteen lines of the Paris Métro. Situated almost entirely above the former customs barrier around the capital (Boulevards extérieurs), it runs in a semicircle in the north of Paris.

Line 2
Metro-M.svg Paris m 2 jms.svg
MF01NationLTR.JPG
An MF 01 stock train at Nation
Overview
LocaleParis
TerminiPorte Dauphine
Nation
Connecting linesParis Métro Paris Métro Line 1 Paris Métro Line 3 Paris Métro Line 4 Paris Métro Line 5 Paris Métro Line 6 Paris Métro Line 7 Paris Métro Line 7bis Paris Métro Line 9 Paris Métro Line 11 Paris Métro Line 12 Paris Métro Line 13
RER RER A RER B RER C RER D RER E
Transilien Transilien Transilien
Stations25
Service
SystemParis Métro
Operator(s)RATP
Rolling stockMF 01
(45 trains as of 22 March 2011)
Ridership105.2 million (avg. per year)
9th/16 (2017)
History
Opened13 December 1900; 120 years ago (13 December 1900)
Technical
Line length12.4 km (7.7 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Conduction systemConductor (PA)
Average inter-station distance513 m (1,683 ft)
Route map

Porte Dauphine
RERRER C
Victor Hugo
Charles de Gaulle–Étoile  Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 6 RERRER A
Ternes
Courcelles
Monceau
Villiers
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3
Rome
Place de Clichy
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 13
Blanche
Pigalle
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 12
Anvers
Montmartre Funicular
Barbès–Rochechouart
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 4
Gare du Nord
Paris-Nord SNCF
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 5 RERRER BRER D TransilienTransilienTransilien SNCF
La Chapelle
RERRER E
Stalingrad
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 7
Jaurès
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 7bis
Colonel Fabien
Belleville
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 11
Couronnes
Ménilmontant
Père Lachaise
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3
Philippe Auguste
Alexandre Dumas
Avron
Nation
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1Paris Métro Line 6Paris Métro Line 9 RERRER A
Charonne Shops

As its name suggests, Line 2 was the second line of the Métro network to open, with the first section put into service on 13 December 1900; it adopted its current configuration on 2 April 1903, running between Porte Dauphine and Nation. There have been no changes in its service pattern since.

At 12.4 km (7.7 mi) in length, it is the ninth-busiest line of the system, with 105.2 million riders in 2017. Slightly over 2 km (1.2 mi) of the line is built on an elevated viaduct with four aerial stations. In 1903, it was the location of the worst incident in the history of the Paris Métro, the fire at Couronnes.

HistoryEdit

ChronologyEdit

  • 13 December 1900: The first portion of Line 2 Nord was opened between Porte Dauphine and Étoile.
  • 7 October 1902: The line was extended from Étoile to Anvers.
  • 31 January 1903: The line was extended from Anvers to Bagnolet.
  • 2 April 1903: The line was extended from Bagnolet to Nation.
  • 10 August 1903: A short circuit on a train caused a disastrous fire that killed 84 people at Couronnes and Ménilmontant stations.
  • 14 October 1907: Line 2 Nord was renamed Line 2.

WorksEdit

On 30 March 1898 a déclaration d'utilité publique was published, recognising the public benefit of the first six planned lines of the Paris Métro. In response, the city began rapidly constructing the first line in hopes of opening it in time for the 1900 World's Fair. During the first stage of development, three lines designated A, B, and C were planned for construction:

  • A: from Porte de Vincennes to Porte Dauphine.
  • B: circular route along the old city walls.
  • C: from Porte Maillot to Menilmontant, using line B tracks from Étoile to Batignolles.

However, after a detailed traffic study was conducted, changes were proposed to the tracks lying west of Étoile: the segment from Étoile to Porte Maillot of Line C would be integrated into Line A; Line C would pick up the segment from Étoile to Porte Dauphine. This change allowed trains on Line B to stop at Porte Dauphine. Porte Dauphine was thus designated the terminus and origin of Line B.

Shortly thereafter, Line B was split into two lines in hopes of simplifying its use. The section from Porte Dauphine to Nation was designated as Line 2 North; the remaining section from Nation to Étoile was designated Line 2 South. Line 2 South would eventually become Line 6.

The first 1,600 metres (0.99 mi) section of Line 2 was constructed at the same time as Line 1, opening only a little later on 3 December 1900. This section consisted of three stations (Porte Dauphine, Victor Hugo and Étoile) and was circulated by rolling stock consisting of three cars each. At Étoile, trains reversed direction via a track transfer (due to it serving as only a temporary terminus), while at Porte Dauphine and Nation direction was reversed using a turnaround loop.

Map and stationsEdit

This line counts 25 stations.

 
Map of Paris Métro Line 2

Renamed stationsEdit

Date Old name New name
15 October 1907 Boulevard Barbès Barbès – Rochechouart
1 August 1914 Rue d'Allemagne Jaurès
6 October 1942 Aubervilliers Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette
19 August 1945 Combat Colonel Fabien
10 February 1946 Aubervilliers – Boulevard de la Villette Stalingrad
1970 Étoile Charles de Gaulle – Étoile
13 September 1970 Bagnolet Alexandre Dumas

TourismEdit

  • The elevated line between Barbès – Rochechouart and Jaurès stations offers views of Paris.
  • Metro line 2 passes near several places of interest :

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

EnglishEdit

FrenchEdit