Pantheon-Sorbonne University (French: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), also known as La Sorbonne and Paris 1, is one of the most reputable French public research university in social sciences, humanities and Law.
|Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne|
|Motto||Omnibus Sapientia, Unicuique Excellentia|
|Established||1971 - following the division of the world's second oldest university, University of Paris|
|Budget||€117 million (2009)|
|Colours||Blue, White, Gold|
|Affiliations||Chancellerie des Universités de Paris
It was established in 1971 as one of the main inheritors of the historical University of Paris —colloquially referred to as the Sorbonne— after the cultural revolution of French May 1968, which resulted in the division of the world's second oldest academic institution. The university was created as a consolidation of a section of the Faculty of Law and Economics: Panthéon, and a section of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities: Sorbonne.
Its focus is multidisciplinary, and has three main domains: Economic and Management Sciences, Human Sciences, and Legal and Political Sciences; comprising several subjects such as: Economics, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Humanities, Cinema, Plastic arts, Art history, Political science, Mathematics, Management, and Social sciences.
Pantheon-Sorbonne's headquarters is located on the Place du Panthéon in the Latin Quarter, an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris. The university also occupies part of the Sorbonne and other renowned French university buildings. Overall, its campus includes over 25 buildings in Paris, such as the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Maison des Sciences Économiques, among others.
The university had the overall highest reputation —ex aequo— of all academic institutions in France according to The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2015. It was also ranked by the 2016/17 QS World University Rankings by Subject as being 1st in France in Archaeology, History, Law & Legal Studies, Philosophy, Geography, Development Studies, Anthropology, Art & Design, and Economics & Econometrics.
The University of Paris and May 1968Edit
The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was reorganised in 1970 as 13 autonomous universities after the student protests of the French May. Following months of conflict between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration shut down that university on May 2, 1968. Students of the Sorbonne protested the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre on May 3, 1968. More than 20,000 students, teachers and supporters marched towards the Sorbonne, still sealed off by the police, who charged, wielding their batons, as soon as the marchers approached. While the crowd dispersed, some began to create barricades out of whatever was at hand, while others threw paving stones, forcing the police to retreat for a time. The police then responded with tear gas and charged the crowd again. Hundreds more students were arrested.
Negotiations broke down and students returned to their campuses after a false report that the government had agreed to reopen them, only to discover the police still occupying the schools. The students now had a near revolutionary fervor. Another protest was organized on the Rive Gauche by students on May 10. When the riot police again blocked them from crossing the river, the crowd again threw up barricades, which the police then attacked at 2:15 in the morning after negotiations once again foundered. The confrontation, which produced hundreds of arrests and injuries, lasted until dawn of the following day.
Well over a million people marched through Paris on Monday, May 13; the police stayed largely out of sight. Prime Minister Georges Pompidou personally announced the release of the prisoners and the reopening of the Sorbonne. However, the surge of strikes did not recede. Instead, the protesters got even more active.
When the Sorbonne reopened, students occupied it and declared it an autonomous "people's university." Approximately 401 popular action committees were set up in Paris, including the Occupation Committee of the Sorbonne, and elsewhere in the weeks that followed to take up grievances against the government and French society.
With the fall of the French Fourth Republic after the tumultuous events of May 1968, the French Fifth Republic proposed various drastic reforms of the French university system. In 1971, the five ancient faculties of the former University of Paris were split and then re-formed into thirteen interdisciplinary universities by the Faure Law.
After the student protests of May and June 1968, thirteen universities succeeded to the University of Paris (nicknamed "the Sorbonne"), which ceased to exist.
While Paris-Sorbonne University succeeded the faculty of humanities of the University of Paris, Panthéon-Assas University the faculty of law and economics and Pierre and Marie Curie University the faculty of sciences, Panthéon-Sorbonne University was founded on a wish for interdisciplinarity by bringing together disciplines. Indeed, most of the law professors of the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris wished only to restructure their faculty into a university. However, most of the faculty's economists and political scientists and some public law professors sought to create a university which would extend beyond the disciplinary compartmentalisation; they hurried ahead of their colleagues and established Paris I—which would later be called "Panthéon-Sorbonne"—with professors of humanities.The name of the university show this interdisciplinarity: the Sorbonne building is the traditional seat of the Humanities studies in Paris (hence it is also used by Paris III and University Paris-Sorbonne), and the Panthéon building is, with the Assas building, the traditional seat of the law studies (hence it is also used by Panthéon-Assas University).
- Sorbonne building : Panthéon-Sorbonne occupies part of this historical seat, rebuilt at the end of the 19th century.
- Albert Châtelet Center : commonly called Calvin, it is a secondary building of the Sorbonne.
- Rue d'Ulm Center : like Calvin, a secondary building of the Sorbonne.
- Place du Panthéon Building (not to be confused with the actual Panthéon : Pantheon-Sorbonne occupies part of the historical seat of the Law Faculty of the University of Paris. It is shared with Panthéon-Assas.
- Institute of Geography : located in the Rue Saint-Jacques, it houses one of the oldest and richest collections of maps in France.
- Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST) : located in the Rue du Four.
- Mahler Center : located in the 4th arrondissement, it houses an historical and legal studies institute.
- Saint-Charles Center : located in the 15th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it houses the Art School and the School of Cinema.
- Pierre Mendès-France Center : commonly called Tolbiac, it is located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it is the main center of the University. Freshmen and Sophomores in Humanities are educated at Tolbiac.
- Tolbiac Center : a secondary building of the Mendès-France Center (which confusingly is also called Tolbiac).
- René Cassin Center : located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1990, it houses the main part of Law School.
- Economical Studies Building : located in the 13th arrondissement. It houses the Economics Graduate School.
- Broca Center : Located in the 5th arrondissement. It houses the Business School.
- International Building : located in the Boulevard Arago, commonly called Arago. It houses the International Relations Institute.
- Michelet Center : an exotic Mesopotamian-style building in the 5th arrondissement, it houses the Art History and Archeology School.
- Fontenay Center : located in the suburban town of Fontenay-aux-Roses, in the old buildings of the École Normale Supérieure. It houses the School of Work Social Sciences.
The main buildings are the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Centre René Cassin, the Centre Saint-Charles, the Centre Arago which houses the new International Relations Building; the research centers have been relocated, in particular in the Rue Malher and the Boulevard de l’Hôpital, where the Economics Building is currently located.
Organisation and administrationEdit
This section does not cite any sources. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The Pantheon-Sorbonne University is organized in several departments (unités de formation et de recherche) and institutes.
- Art History and Archaeology.
- Sorbonne School of Management
- Political Science
- Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
Panthéon-Sorbonne united in 2009 all legal studies in the university and gave that new department the name of École de droit de la Sorbonne ("Sorbonne Law School").
- Sorbonne Graduate Business School
- Institute for the Study of Economic and Social Development (IEDES)
- Paris Demography Institute (IDUP)
- Institute for Research and Advanced Studies in Tourism (IREST)
- Institute of Labour Studies (ISST)
- Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST).
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2017)
This section does not cite any sources. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Teaching and learningEdit
Research programs exist in economics, management and applied mathematics; in law and politics; in philosophy and the arts; in history, art history and archaeology; in geography, demography and sociology, to name but some. The eleven hundred members of faculty, 200 researchers who are attached to major research institutions, mainly the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), and 150 technical and administrative staff are grouped in 68 research groups recognised by the CNRS and the Ministry of Education and Research.
Every year around 400 PhD theses are defended and 1,700 pre-PhD post-graduate degrees are awarded in 74 subjects divided between 15 graduate schools.
Documentary resource centersEdit
In Economics, the library at the Centre Pierre Mendès France offers students free access to its large collection.
In Law, the Cujas Library, co-administered with Panthéon-Assas, with its computerized documentation service, provides access to over 500 data banks and is the largest law and economics library in France.
In Humanities, The Sorbonne library, mostly administered by Paris Sorbonne University but open to Panthéon-Sorbonne students, has a collection of almost three million books, 100,000 of which are more than 200 years old, and 17,500 periodicals covering all the humanities. The library and map collection of the Geography Institute are the oldest such collection in France. In addition, the 400,000 volumes in the specialist libraries offer users one of the largest collections in France and Europe.
The neutrality of this section is disputed. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Panthéon-Sorbonne has signed over 150 conventions with foreign universities across five continents. These exchanges revolve around international networks such as Europaeum which bring together Oxford, London, Bologna, Bonn, Geneva, Helsinki, Leiden and Prague. The University of Paris I also heads a number of consortia which bring together French universities and professional organisations. The consortia are responsible for major international projects in Bucharest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Istanbul (Galatasaray), and Moscow.
Every year some 130 academics from foreign universities come to teach and do research at the University of Paris I. Many researchers and members of faculty take part in major international research programs abroad; the University also hosts many annual international conferences. Six thousand international students, mainly from Europe, come to study as part of the SOCRATES or TEMPUS programmes. African students are joined by increasing numbers from Asia and America, and take part in specific programs organised in conjunction with universities across the world.
Dual and double degree programsEdit
At Panthéon-Sorbonne, students can apply for admission to one of the dual degree or double degree programs designed in conjunction with partner universities in France and abroad. Double degree programs confer two degrees to students, whereas dual degrees confer a degree from the host university only.
By subject, it was ranked in the 2016 QS World University Rankings:
- History: 18th (1st in France)
- Economics & Econometrics: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
- Archaeology: 12th (1st in France)
- Law & Legal Studies: 20th (1st in France)
- Philosophy: 23rd (1st in France)
- Geography: 35th (1st in France)
- Development Studies: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
- Anthropology: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
- Politics & International Studies: 51-100 (2nd in France)
- Modern Languages: 51-100 (2nd ex aequo in France)
- Social Policy & Administration: 51-100 (2nd in France)
- Art & Design: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
- Accounting & Finance: 51-100 (3rd ex aequo in France)
- Business & Management Studies: 101-150 (4th ex aequo in France)
- Communication & Media Studies: 151-200 (2nd ex aequo in France)
- Computer Science & Information Systems: 301-350 (5th ex aequo in France)
- Mathematics: 301-400 (10th ex aequo in France)
By area, it was ranked:
- In the 2017 QS World University Rankings
- Arts and Humanities: 61th (2nd in France)
- Social Sciences & Management: 67th (4th in France)
- In the 2016/17 Times Higher Education:
- Arts and Humanities: 34th (2nd in France)
- Social Sciences: not ranked
Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked:
- In the 2016/17 QS World University Rankings: 228th (9th of France)
- In the Times Higher Education 2016/17 ranking: 401-500th (24th of France).
By academic reputation, it was ranked globally 91-100 (3rd ex aequo of France) by the Times Higher Education in 2016.
Economics and business
In Economics, its undergraduate program is ranked first of the universities by Eduniversal. Its masters programs are ranked 4th of the French Universities or academic institution by Eduniversal.
Panthéon-Sorbonne undergraduate law program is ranked four by Eduniversal. It was ranked in interdinisciplinary fields also, as follow:
- Law : 4th
- Law and Economics: 1st
- Law and English: 3rd
Panthéon-Sorbonne masters law programs are globally ranked second by Eduniversal, behind Panthéon-Assas University ones. On the 55 master's degree ranked in 6 specialties, 4 are from Panthéon-Sorbonne University from 3 specialties, i.e. second ex aequo with Paris Dauphine University and Aix-Marseille University but with higher rankings than these two universities. They were ranked as follow
- Social Law: 2nd and 3rd
- Digital Law : 3rd
- Tax law: 5th
No national ranking exists in Humanities.
Notable alumni and facultyEdit
Historical Alumni since 1150Edit
- Jean Claude Gandur, former Chairman and CEO of Addax Petroleum
- Abdullah Ensour: Former Prime Minister of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
- Giorgos Kaminis: Mayor of the capital of Greece (Athens) and Greek Ombudsman from April 2003 until September 2010.
- Michèle Alliot-Marie: State doctorate in political science, former director of the Faculty of Political Science, former Minister (Defense, Interior, Justice and Foreign Affairs) and former UMP MP in the National Assembly.
- Yves-Marie Adeline: PhD in Arts and art writer.
- Samir Assaf: DEA Money Finance Bank, CEO of HSBC Global Banking & Markets
- Maurice Benayoun: "Agrégation" and PhD in Arts and Art Sciences, media artist, Professor at City University of Hong Kong.
- Ali Bongo Ondimba: President of Gabon, the son of former President Omar Bongo and the Minister of Defence from 1999 to 2009.
- Jean-Louis Borloo: former minister, LLB
- Rosi Braidotti, contemporary philosopher and feminist theoretician, distinguished Professor in the Humanities at University of Utrecht
- Jorge Castañeda: Professor at New York University and former Foreign Minister of Mexico.
- Luc Chatel: Master of Science in Management, Master of Marketing, Secretary of State for Consumer Affairs and Tourism to the Minister of Economy, Finance and Employment and spokesman for the UMP, former Minister of National Education
- Alpha Condé: politician and current President of the Republic of Guinea.
- Christian de Boissieu: doctor in economics, professor and director of the Council of Economic Analysis
- Prince Diego Massimiliano De Giorgi: Head of the House of Giorgi
- Régis Debray: ENS, Doctor of Philosophy
- Thierry Derez: CEO Covéa
- Sadhna Mukherjee: Lauded Businesswoman, PhD in Philosophy from London School of Economics, Faculty Member of Sciences-Po, Paris
- Harlem Désir: degree in philosophy, now MEP
- Daba Diawara: PhD in public law, currently Malian politician and former Secretary General of the Government of Mali
- Mamadou Diouf: Senegalese historian, currently director of the Institute of African Studies at Columbia University
- Taieb Fassi Fihri: Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
- Sylvie Faucheux, president of the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.
- Laurence Ferrari: Master of political and social communication, journalist
- Hervé Gaymard: LLB, former MP and Minister of Economy and Finance
- Emmanuel Guillaud: Artist
- René Gutman: Ph.D., a former philosophy student, Rabbi of Strasbourg
- Théodore Holo: President of the High Court of Justice of Benin and former Minister
- Chantal Jouanno: Minister of Youth and Sports, control of economic and social administration
- Franck Julien, president of the TFN
- Padmapriya Mukherjee: Lawyer at International Criminal Court, Human rights activist, Member of the Nobel Committee for Literature and visiting professor at various internationally reputed universities
- Jean-Marc Lofficier: Writer, editor, publisher, translator
- Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki: PhD in public law, politician, former Prime Minister of Niger
- André Mba Obame: former interior minister in Gabon, losing the presidential election in 2009
- Arnaud Montebourg: LLB, French Minister of Industrial Renewal
- Daniel Ona Ondo Ph.D. in Economics, academic and politician Gabon
- Vincent Peillon: Bachelor, CAPES, aggregation and doctorate in philosophy. Former MEP, former member of the Somme and the current Minister of National Education.
- Nicos Poulantzas: State theorist
- Yazid Sabeg: CS executive and communication systems, and Commissioner for Diversity and Equal Opportunities since 17 December 2008
- Dominique Senequier: DEA Money Finance Bank, CEO of Ardian (formerly AXA Private Equity)
- Jean-Pierre Thiollet: Writer
- Manuel Valls: Degree in History. Mayor of Évry, Essonne and former Prime minister
- Laurent Wauquiez: Masters in History, former Minister of Higher Education and Research
- Nasser Yeganeh: PhD in public law, former President of the Supreme Court of Iran
- Irakli Garibashvili: former Prime Minister of Georgia
- Made Handijaya Dewantara: tourism entrepreneur and academician of Bali, Indonesia
- "Université Paris I".
- "Introduction of Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne by Europaeum".
- "Université Panthéon-Sorbonne official website" (PDF). L'Université en chiffres.
- "Le catalogue des formations de l'Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne".
- "Le Campus". Université Panthéon Sorbonne official website.
- "Times Higher Education (THE)". Times Higher Education (THE).
- Conac, pp. 177-178
- Conac, pp. 177–178.
- Conac, p. 178.
- Conac, p. 191.
- "Arts & humanities 2016 - Times Higher Education (THE)". Times Higher Education (THE).
- "QS World University Rankings 2016".
- "Times Higher Education 2016".
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement Eduniversal des meilleurs Licences, Bachelors et Grandes Écoles - Spécialité Economie".
- "France Best Masters Ranking in Economics".
- "Study abroad - Study in France".
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement Eduniversal des meilleurs Licences, Bachelors et Grandes Écoles - Spécialité Droit".
- Navin Caleechurn. "Classement SMBG des Meilleurs Masters, MS et MBA".
- Prisma Media (27 February 2015). "Droit, économie, gestion : les 20 meilleures universités en France". Capital.fr.
- "Jean Claude Gandur". Fg-art.org. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- Rosi Braidotti. Let.uu.nl. Retrieved 2012-11-24.