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Pantheon-Sorbonne University

Pantheon-Sorbonne University (French: Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), also known as La Sorbonne and Paris 1, is one of the most reputable French public research university in social sciences, humanities and Law.[2]

Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Pantheon-Sorbonne University logo.svg
Motto Omnibus Sapientia, Unicuique Excellentia
Type Public
Established 1971 - following the division of the world's second oldest university, University of Paris
Budget €117 million (2009)[1]
President Georges Haddad
Administrative staff
2,770
Students 40,483
Location Paris, France
48°50′55″N 2°20′36″E / 48.8486°N 2.3433°E / 48.8486; 2.3433
Colours      Blue,      White,      Gold
Affiliations Chancellerie des Universités de Paris
Europaeum
Website www.univ-paris1.fr
Pantheon-Sorbonne University is located in Paris
Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Location in Paris

It was established in 1971 as one of the main inheritors of the historical University of Paris —colloquially referred to as the Sorbonne— after the cultural revolution of French May 1968, which resulted in the division of the world's second oldest academic institution. The university was created as a consolidation of a section of the Faculty of Law and Economics: Panthéon, and a section of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities: Sorbonne.[3][4]

Its focus is multidisciplinary, and has three main domains: Economic and Management Sciences, Human Sciences, and Legal and Political Sciences;[5] comprising several subjects such as: Economics, Law, Philosophy, Geography, Humanities, Cinema, Plastic arts, Art history, Political science, Mathematics, Management, and Social sciences.[6]

Pantheon-Sorbonne's headquarters is located on the Place du Panthéon in the Latin Quarter, an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris. The university also occupies part of the Sorbonne and other renowned French university buildings. Overall, its campus includes over 25 buildings in Paris, such as the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Maison des Sciences Économiques, among others.[7]

The university had the overall highest reputation —ex aequo— of all academic institutions in France according to The Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings 2015.[8] It was also ranked by the 2016/17 QS World University Rankings by Subject as being 1st in France in Archaeology, History, Law & Legal Studies, Philosophy, Geography, Development Studies, Anthropology, Art & Design, and Economics & Econometrics.

Historical campus of the Sorbonne, the world's second oldest university
View of the Sorbonne, rue des Écoles
View of the Sorbonne's principle campus for History and Humanities, rue Saint-Jacques
View of Le centre Michelet, Paris I's campus for Archeology
View of L'Institut de Géographie, Paris I's campus for Geography
Panthéon center of faculty of Law and faculty of Economics

Contents

HistoryEdit

The University of Paris and May 1968Edit

The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was reorganised in 1970 as 13 autonomous universities after the student protests of the French May. Following months of conflict between students and authorities at the University of Paris at Nanterre, the administration shut down that university on May 2, 1968. Students of the Sorbonne protested the closure and the threatened expulsion of several students at Nanterre on May 3, 1968. More than 20,000 students, teachers and supporters marched towards the Sorbonne, still sealed off by the police, who charged, wielding their batons, as soon as the marchers approached. While the crowd dispersed, some began to create barricades out of whatever was at hand, while others threw paving stones, forcing the police to retreat for a time. The police then responded with tear gas and charged the crowd again. Hundreds more students were arrested.

Negotiations broke down and students returned to their campuses after a false report that the government had agreed to reopen them, only to discover the police still occupying the schools. The students now had a near revolutionary fervor. Another protest was organized on the Rive Gauche by students on May 10. When the riot police again blocked them from crossing the river, the crowd again threw up barricades, which the police then attacked at 2:15 in the morning after negotiations once again foundered. The confrontation, which produced hundreds of arrests and injuries, lasted until dawn of the following day.

Well over a million people marched through Paris on Monday, May 13; the police stayed largely out of sight. Prime Minister Georges Pompidou personally announced the release of the prisoners and the reopening of the Sorbonne. However, the surge of strikes did not recede. Instead, the protesters got even more active.

When the Sorbonne reopened, students occupied it and declared it an autonomous "people's university." Approximately 401 popular action committees were set up in Paris, including the Occupation Committee of the Sorbonne, and elsewhere in the weeks that followed to take up grievances against the government and French society.

With the fall of the French Fourth Republic after the tumultuous events of May 1968, the French Fifth Republic proposed various drastic reforms of the French university system. In 1971, the five ancient faculties of the former University of Paris were split and then re-formed into thirteen interdisciplinary universities by the Faure Law.

Pantheon-Sorbonne UniversityEdit

After the student protests of May and June 1968, thirteen universities succeeded to the University of Paris (nicknamed "the Sorbonne"), which ceased to exist.

While Paris-Sorbonne University succeeded the faculty of humanities of the University of Paris, Panthéon-Assas University the faculty of law and economics[9] and Pierre and Marie Curie University the faculty of sciences, Panthéon-Sorbonne University was founded on a wish for interdisciplinarity by bringing together disciplines. Indeed, most of the law professors of the faculty of law and economics of the University of Paris wished only to restructure their faculty into a university.[10] However, most of the faculty's economists and political scientists and some public law professors sought to create a university which would extend beyond the disciplinary compartmentalisation;[11] they hurried ahead of their colleagues and established Paris I—which would later be called "Panthéon-Sorbonne"—with professors of humanities.[11]The name of the university show this interdisciplinarity: the Sorbonne building is the traditional seat of the Humanities studies in Paris (hence it is also used by Paris III and University Paris-Sorbonne), and the Panthéon building is, with the Assas building,[12] the traditional seat of the law studies (hence it is also used by Panthéon-Assas University).

CampusesEdit

  • Sorbonne building : Panthéon-Sorbonne occupies part of this historical seat, rebuilt at the end of the 19th century.
    • Albert Châtelet Center : commonly called Calvin, it is a secondary building of the Sorbonne.
    • Rue d'Ulm Center : like Calvin, a secondary building of the Sorbonne.
  • Place du Panthéon Building (not to be confused with the actual Panthéon : Pantheon-Sorbonne occupies part of the historical seat of the Law Faculty of the University of Paris. It is shared with Panthéon-Assas.
  • Institute of Geography : located in the Rue Saint-Jacques, it houses one of the oldest and richest collections of maps in France.
  • Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST) : located in the Rue du Four.
  • Mahler Center : located in the 4th arrondissement, it houses an historical and legal studies institute.
  • Saint-Charles Center : located in the 15th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it houses the Art School and the School of Cinema.
  • Pierre Mendès-France Center : commonly called Tolbiac, it is located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1973, it is the main center of the University. Freshmen and Sophomores in Humanities are educated at Tolbiac.
    • Tolbiac Center : a secondary building of the Mendès-France Center (which confusingly is also called Tolbiac).
  • René Cassin Center : located in the 13th arrondissement. Founded in 1990, it houses the main part of Law School.
  • Economical Studies Building : located in the 13th arrondissement. It houses the Economics Graduate School.
  • Broca Center : Located in the 5th arrondissement. It houses the Business School.
  • International Building : located in the Boulevard Arago, commonly called Arago. It houses the International Relations Institute.
  • Michelet Center : an exotic Mesopotamian-style building in the 5th arrondissement, it houses the Art History and Archeology School.
  • Fontenay Center : located in the suburban town of Fontenay-aux-Roses, in the old buildings of the École Normale Supérieure. It houses the School of Work Social Sciences.
    • Sceaux Center : in the suburban town of Sceaux, it is a secondary building of the Fontenay Center.
    • Bourg-la-Reine Center : located in Bourg-la-Reine, it is a secondary building of the Fontenay Center.
    • Nogent Center : located in Nogent-sur-Marne, it is a secondary building of the Fontenay Center.

The main buildings are the Centre Pierre Mendès France, the Centre René Cassin, the Centre Saint-Charles, the Centre Arago which houses the new International Relations Building; the research centers have been relocated, in particular in the Rue Malher and the Boulevard de l’Hôpital, where the Economics Building is currently located.

Organisation and administrationEdit

The Pantheon-Sorbonne University is organized in several departments (unités de formation et de recherche) and institutes.

DepartmentsEdit

  • Economics.
  • Art History and Archaeology.
  • Art.
  • Sorbonne School of Management
  • Geography.
  • History.
  • Philosophy.
  • Political Science
  • Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
  • Law

Law Department

Panthéon-Sorbonne united in 2009 all legal studies in the university and gave that new department the name of École de droit de la Sorbonne ("Sorbonne Law School").

InstitutesEdit

  • Sorbonne Graduate Business School
  • Institute for the Study of Economic and Social Development (IEDES)
  • Paris Demography Institute (IDUP)
  • Institute for Research and Advanced Studies in Tourism (IREST)
  • Institute of Labour Studies (ISST)
  • Institute of Philosophy of Sciences and Techniques (IHPST).

AcademicsEdit

AdmissionEdit

Teaching and learningEdit

ResearchEdit

Research programs exist in economics, management and applied mathematics; in law and politics; in philosophy and the arts; in history, art history and archaeology; in geography, demography and sociology, to name but some. The eleven hundred members of faculty, 200 researchers who are attached to major research institutions, mainly the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), and 150 technical and administrative staff are grouped in 68 research groups recognised by the CNRS and the Ministry of Education and Research.

Every year around 400 PhD theses are defended and 1,700 pre-PhD post-graduate degrees are awarded in 74 subjects divided between 15 graduate schools.

Documentary resource centersEdit

In Economics, the library at the Centre Pierre Mendès France offers students free access to its large collection.

In Law, the Cujas Library, co-administered with Panthéon-Assas, with its computerized documentation service, provides access to over 500 data banks and is the largest law and economics library in France.

In Humanities, The Sorbonne library, mostly administered by Paris Sorbonne University but open to Panthéon-Sorbonne students, has a collection of almost three million books, 100,000 of which are more than 200 years old, and 17,500 periodicals covering all the humanities. The library and map collection of the Geography Institute are the oldest such collection in France. In addition, the 400,000 volumes in the specialist libraries offer users one of the largest collections in France and Europe.

InternationalEdit

Panthéon-Sorbonne has signed over 150 conventions with foreign universities across five continents. These exchanges revolve around international networks such as Europaeum which bring together Oxford, London, Bologna, Bonn, Geneva, Helsinki, Leiden and Prague. The University of Paris I also heads a number of consortia which bring together French universities and professional organisations. The consortia are responsible for major international projects in Bucharest, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Istanbul (Galatasaray), and Moscow.

Every year some 130 academics from foreign universities come to teach and do research at the University of Paris I. Many researchers and members of faculty take part in major international research programs abroad; the University also hosts many annual international conferences. Six thousand international students, mainly from Europe, come to study as part of the SOCRATES or TEMPUS programmes. African students are joined by increasing numbers from Asia and America, and take part in specific programs organised in conjunction with universities across the world.

Dual and double degree programsEdit

At Panthéon-Sorbonne, students can apply for admission to one of the dual degree or double degree programs designed in conjunction with partner universities in France and abroad. Double degree programs confer two degrees to students, whereas dual degrees confer a degree from the host university only.

University rankingsEdit

International rankingsEdit

By subject, it was ranked in the 2016 QS World University Rankings:

  • History: 18th (1st in France)
  • Economics & Econometrics: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
  • Archaeology: 12th (1st in France)
  • Law & Legal Studies: 20th (1st in France)
  • Philosophy: 23rd (1st in France)
  • Geography: 35th (1st in France)
  • Development Studies: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
  • Anthropology: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
  • Politics & International Studies: 51-100 (2nd in France)
  • Modern Languages: 51-100 (2nd ex aequo in France)
  • Social Policy & Administration: 51-100 (2nd in France)
  • Art & Design: 51-100 (1st ex aequo in France)
  • Accounting & Finance: 51-100 (3rd ex aequo in France)
  • Business & Management Studies: 101-150 (4th ex aequo in France)
  • Communication & Media Studies: 151-200 (2nd ex aequo in France)
  • Computer Science & Information Systems: 301-350 (5th ex aequo in France)
  • Mathematics: 301-400 (10th ex aequo in France)

By area, it was ranked:

  • In the 2017 QS World University Rankings
    • Arts and Humanities: 61th (2nd in France)
    • Social Sciences & Management: 67th (4th in France)
  • In the 2016/17 Times Higher Education:[13]
    • Arts and Humanities: 34th (2nd in France)
    • Social Sciences: not ranked

Pantheon-Sorbonne was globally ranked:

By academic reputation, it was ranked globally 91-100 (3rd ex aequo of France) by the Times Higher Education in 2016.

National rankingsEdit

Economics and business

In Economics, its undergraduate program is ranked first of the universities by Eduniversal.[16] Its masters programs are ranked 4th of the French Universities or academic institution by Eduniversal.[17]

In Business, Panthéon-Sorbonne is ranked 14 by Eduniversal, second of the universities, behind Paris Dauphine University.[18]

Law

Panthéon-Sorbonne undergraduate law program is ranked four by Eduniversal.[19] It was ranked in interdinisciplinary fields also, as follow:

  • Law : 4th
  • Law and Economics: 1st
  • Law and English: 3rd

Panthéon-Sorbonne masters law programs are globally ranked second by Eduniversal, behind Panthéon-Assas University ones.[20] On the 55 master's degree ranked in 6 specialties, 4 are from Panthéon-Sorbonne University from 3 specialties, i.e. second ex aequo with Paris Dauphine University and Aix-Marseille University but with higher rankings than these two universities. They were ranked as follow

  • Social Law: 2nd and 3rd
  • Digital Law : 3rd
  • Tax law: 5th

In terms of salary, Panthéon-Sorbonne law graduates are second nationally behind Panthéon-Assas University ones.[21]

Humanities

No national ranking exists in Humanities.

Notable alumni and facultyEdit

Historical Alumni since 1150Edit

After 1970Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Conac, Gérard (2005). "La fondation de l'université Paris I : François Luchaire, pilote d'une transition institutionnelle". In Bougrab, Jeannette; Maus, Didier. François Luchaire, un républicain au service de la République (in French). Publications de la Sorbonne. ISBN 978-2859445157. 

External linksEdit