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Daniel Ona Ondo (born 10 July 1945[1]) is a Gabonese politician who has been Prime Minister of Gabon from January 2014 to September 2016. He previously served as Minister of Education and First Vice-President of the National Assembly. He is a member of the Gabonese Democratic Party (Parti démocratique gabonais, PDG).

Daniel Ona Ondo
9th Prime Minister of Gabon
In office
27 January 2014 – 29 September 2016
PresidentAli Bongo Ondimba
Preceded byRaymond Ndong Sima
Succeeded byEmmanuel Issoze-Ngondet
Personal details
Born (1945-07-10) 10 July 1945 (age 74)
Oyem, Gabon
Political partyDemocratic Party
Alma materUniversity of Picardie
Pantheon-Sorbonne University

Political careerEdit

Ona Ondo taught at the Omar Bongo University in Libreville and was appointed as an adviser to President Omar Bongo in 1990; he also became Rector of Omar Bongo University in 1990. He was elected to the National Assembly in the December 1996 parliamentary election, and he was then appointed to the government as Minister-Delegate under the Minister of Health and Population in 1997. Subsequently he was Minister of Culture, Arts, Popular Education, Youth, and Sports from 1999 to 2002 before being appointed as Minister of National Education on 27 January 2002.[2] In a partial parliamentary election held on 26 May 2002, he won the fourth seat from Woleu Department as a PDG candidate, receiving 65.62% of the vote.[3]

He was elected to the National Assembly in the December 2006 parliamentary election as the PDG candidate for the fourth seat in Woleu Department.[4] Following that election, he was elected as First Vice-President of the National Assembly on 26 January 2007.[5]

On 25 June 2009, following the death of President Bongo, Ona Ondo said on Radio France Internationale that he intended to seek the PDG's nomination as its candidate for the planned presidential election.[6] He was the first person to confirm that he intended to seek the nomination.[7] Although he said that he intended to only run if he won the PDG nomination, it was noted that he made the announcement publicly without adhering to party guidelines intended to ensure unity and discipline.[6]

Ona Ondo was re-elected as First Vice-President of the National Assembly on 27 February 2012.[8] Following local elections in December 2013, President Ali Bongo appointed Ona Ondo as Prime Minister on 24 January 2014, replacing Raymond Ndong Sima.[9] He took office on 27 January.[10]

A new, expanded government headed by Ona Ondo, with 41 members, was appointed on 11 September 2015.[11][12] Its composition was viewed in the context of the forthcoming 2016 presidential election. An opposition leader, Jean De Dieu Mukagni Iwangu of the Union of the Gabonese People, was appointed as Minister of State for Agriculture, although he declined the post and a rival leader from the same party, Mathieu Mboumba Nziengui, was appointed instead. Some senior figures in the PDG who were prominent under Omar Bongo and influential in their native regions also returned to the government: Paul Biyoghé Mba was appointed as First Deputy Prime Minister for Health, and Flavien Nziengui Ndzoundou was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister for Vocational Training.[12]

Following the disputed re-election of President Bongo in the August 2016 presidential election and Bongo's swearing-in on 27 September 2016, Ona Ondo submitted the resignation of his government on 28 September in preparation for the appointment of a new government.[13] Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet, who served under Ona Ondo as Minister of Foreign Affairs, was appointed to replace Ona Ondo as Prime Minister on the same day.[14][15]

At a meeting of leaders of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC) in February 2017, Ona Ondo was designated as President of the CEMAC Commission, succeeding Pierre Moussa of Congo-Brazzaville.[16][17]


  1. ^ "Qui est Daniel Ona Ondo ?" Archived 2014-01-27 at the Wayback Machine, Gabonews, 24 January 2014 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  2. ^ "Ona Ondo Daniel", Gabon: Les Hommes de Pouvoir, number 4, Africa Intelligence, 5 March 2002 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  3. ^ "Partielles: Les résultats de la CNE", L'Union, 30 May 2002 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  4. ^ List of deputies by constituency Archived 2009-04-03 at the Wayback Machine, National Assembly website ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  5. ^ "Gabon : le bureau de l'Assemblée nationale constitué" Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine, Gabonews, 27 January 2007 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  6. ^ a b "Gabon : La candidature d'Ona Ondo sonne-t-elle le glas du PDG ?" Archived 2009-06-29 at the Wayback Machine, Gaboneco, 26 June 2009 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  7. ^ "Gabon: Présidentielle anticipée - Daniel Ona Ondo premier candidat à la candidature du PDG", Gabonews, 25 June 2009 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  8. ^ "Guy Nzouba reste au perchoir" Archived 2012-05-27 at the Wayback Machine, Gaboneco, 28 February 2012 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  9. ^ "Gabon's president names new PM after local elections", Agence France-Presse, 24 January 2014 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  10. ^ "Daniel Ona Ondo a pris ses fonction" Archived 2014-01-29 at the Wayback Machine, Gabonews, 27 January 2014 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  11. ^ "Gabon: la nouvelle équipe gouvernementale est en place", Radio France Internationale, 12 September 2015 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  12. ^ a b Georges Dougueli, "Gabon : un nouveau gouvernement en marche pour la présidentielle de 2016", Jeune Afrique, 14 September 2015 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  13. ^ "Gabon : le Premier ministre et son gouvernement démissionnent", Agence Gabonaise de Presse, 28 September 2016 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  14. ^ "Gabon president Bongo names new prime minister", Reuters, 28 September 2016.
  15. ^ "Gabon : Emmanuel Issoze Ngodet nommé Premier ministre", Agence Gabonaise de Presse, 28 September 2016 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  16. ^ "Daniel Ona Ondo, nouveau président de la commission de la CEMAC", Gabon Tribune, 20 February 2017 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
  17. ^ "Afrique centrale: Pierre Moussa quitte la Commission de la Cémac", ADIAC, 20 February 2017 ‹See Tfd›(in French).
Political offices
Preceded by
Raymond Ndong Sima
Prime Minister of Gabon
Succeeded by
Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet