Vincent Benoît Camille Peillon (French pronunciation: [vɛ̃.sɑ̃ pɛ.jɔ̃] ; born 7 July 1960) is a French politician who served as Minister for Education in the French Government. He is a longstanding French politician and, from 2014 until 2019, served as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for North West France (allied with the Socialist Party and the Party of European Socialists).
Vincent Peillon in 2012
|Member of the European Parliament|
1 July 2014 – 2019
|French Minister of National Education|
10 May 2012 – 2 April 2014
|Prime Minister||Jean-Marc Ayrault|
|Preceded by||Luc Chatel|
|Succeeded by||Benoît Hamon|
|Born||7 July 1960|
|Political party||Socialist Party|
|Alma mater||Panthéon-Sorbonne University|
Early life and educationEdit
After a degree in Philosophy at Panthéon-Sorbonne University (class of 1980), Peillon became a high school teacher (junior teaching qualification in 1984 and senior teaching qualification in 1986). He remained a teacher until 1992. He worked one year at Henri Emmanuelli staff at the Assemblée nationale and resumed his teaching between 1993 and 1997. Peillon completed graduate studies at Pantheon-Sorbonne University, graduating with a PhD in Philosophy in 1992. He was Senior Research Fellow at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique between 2002 and 2004, working on ante-marxist socialism.
- Secretary of the Socialist Party's group of experts (1993–94)
- Seconded to the First Secretary of the Socialist Party (1995–97)
- National research secretary of the Socialist Party (1997–2000)
- Member of the Socialist Party national bureau (since 1994)
Member of the National Assembly, 1997–2002Edit
Peillon served as a Member of the National Assembly from 1997 until 2002. During his time in office, he was the chairman of the National Assembly's inquiry into money laundering (1999–2002). He also served as the Socialist Party's national spokesman (2000–02).
In a 2000 report co-authored with Arnaud Montebourg, Peillon alleged that Monaco had lax policies with respect to money laundering, including within its famed casino, and that the government of Monaco had been placing political pressure on the judiciary, so that alleged crimes were not properly investigated. In a move to counter efforts by former Socialist Finance Ministers Laurent Fabius and Dominique Strauss-Kahn to recast the Socialist Party as centrist and market-friendly, Peillon joined Montebourg and Julien Dray in 2002 in writing an article for the newspaper Libération, saying the Socialists faced a "crisis of confidence" under its chairman François Hollande. In a clear challenge to the party's free-market wing, the three called on Socialists to "fight more effectively and resolutely against the ferocity of the new capitalism and the excesses of deregulation."
Minister of Education, 2012–2014Edit
After the election of François Hollande, Vincent Peillon was appointed Minister of Education on May 16, 2012. The day after his nomination, he announced the end of the four-day week in primary education (introduced in 2008) for September 2013, and then the return to a five-day week. He also promised to recruit 40 000 new teachers in 2013.
Member of the European Parliament, 2014–2019Edit
Peillon was again elected as Member of the European Parliament in the 2014 elections; he and his Socialist colleagues gathered 14% of the votes. He joined the Committee on Foreign Affairs. In addition to his committee assignments, he was a member of the parliament’s delegations for relations with the Maghreb countries and the Arab Maghreb Union as well as to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean.
- Carol Matlack (October 21, 2002), A Party at War with Itself Bloomberg News.
- "Peillon annonce le retour à la semaine de 5 jours en primaire à la rentrée 2013 - francetv info". Francetvinfo.fr. 2012-05-17. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Pierre de Boisséson (May 26, 2014), Front National delivers body-blow to mainstream parties European Voice.