Paniqui, Tarlac

Paniqui, officially the Municipality of Paniqui (Ilocano: Ili ti Paniqui; Pangasinan: Baley na Paniqui; Kapampangan: Balen ning Paniqui; Tagalog: Bayan ng Paniqui), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 92,606 people.[3]

Paniqui
Municipality of Paniqui
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Paniqui
Seal
Etymology: Paniki (Bats)
Map of Tarlac with Paniqui highlighted
Map of Tarlac with Paniqui highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Paniqui is located in Philippines
Paniqui
Paniqui
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°40′N 120°35′E / 15.67°N 120.58°E / 15.67; 120.58Coordinates: 15°40′N 120°35′E / 15.67°N 120.58°E / 15.67; 120.58
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceTarlac
District1st District
FoundedMarch 13, 1712
Barangays35 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorLeonardo M. Roxas
 • Vice MayorAida D. Roxas II
 • CongressmanCarlos O. Cojuangco
 • Electorate63,909 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total105.16 km2 (40.60 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total92,606
 • Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Households
22,013
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence12.2% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)211,960,353.05 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2307
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)45
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesPangasinan
Ilocano
Tagalog
Kapampangan
Websitewww.paniqui.gov.ph

It is the birthplace of the 11th President of the Philippines, Corazon C. Aquino.

EtymologyEdit

Paniqui is a Hispanized term derived from the Ilocano word "pampaniki" which means "bat",[5] since the town has a feature of caves that house a population of bats.

HistoryEdit

The birth of Paniqui could be traced way back in 1712 when the provincial government of Pangasinan sent a group of men south of Bayambang, Pangasinan for the expansion of the Christian faith. The pioneering group was led by two brothers, Raymundo and Manuel Paragas of Dagupan and established the Local Government in a Sitio called "manggang marikit" (mango of an unmarried woman) now part of Guimba, Nueva Ecija. Surprisingly, in this sitio, there is a great number of mammals called by Ilocanos "pampaniki" and it was from this term that the name Paniqui was derived.

An uprising led by Caragay during the early part of 1720 forced the Local Government in "manggang marikit" to abandon the place and to evacuate for lowland called Acocolao, a place two kilometers west of the present Poblacion. It was a historical sitio where the first Filipino Moro, Sultan Ali Mudin, was baptized in 1750.

Paniqui was a sprawling town that covered a wide area that time. Some of the barrios that formerly comprised Paniqui were "San Roque", now Cuyapo; "Barong", now Gerona; "San Jose De Camiling", now Camiling; "Bani", now Ramos; "San Ramon", now Moncada; and Anao.

The period between 1750 and 1896 were painful years of Spanish tyranny and oppression because the insurrectos and sometimes bandits, who are conveniently sprouted among the people, made sporadic attacks upon the conquistadores. These attacks on the Spaniards, who came on the islands bringing the sword and the cross, were marred by cholera and smallpox epidemics punctuated by floods and typhoons.

However, a group of Paniqui patriots, welded together by a common belief of oneness, unselfish devotion for freedom and who are spurred by ruthless Spanish tyranny, organized a legitimate segment of the Katipunan on January 12, 1896, which is far cry from the bandits that used to harass the Spaniards.

These dauntless men made daring exploits, unrecorded in the history of the Katipunan, the most prominent of which was the ambuscade of Spanish soldiers along the road going to Anao and killing a great number of them. These incidents made a prelude to the end of the Spanish occupation in Paniqui.

The advent of American occupation saw a happy transition from the almost aristocratic and enigmatic characteristic of Spanish conquistadores to the democratic way of life under American tutelage.[1]

GeographyEdit

Paniqui is situated between the towns of Gerona in the south, Moncada in the north, Anao and Ramos in the west while Camiling and Santa Ignacia are to its east.

The town was originally part of the province of Pangasinan. It is first known as Manggang Marikit, a sitio of Pangasinan, in 1571 and as Pampaniki in 1686.

Paniqui is 146 kilometres (91 mi) from the nation's capital Manila and is 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the provincial capital, Tarlac City.

BarangaysEdit

Paniqui is politically subdivided into 35 barangays.[2]

  • Abogado
  • Acocolao
  • Aduas
  • Apulid
  • Balaoang
  • Barang
  • Brillante
  • Burgos
  • Cabayaoasan
  • Canan
  • Cariño, Paniqui, Tarlac
  • Cayanga
  • Colibangbang
  • Coral
  • Dapdap
  • Estacion
  • Mabilang
  • Manaois
  • Matalapitap
  • Nagmisaan
  • Nancamarinan
  • Nipaco
  • Patalan
  • Poblacion Norte
  • Poblacion Sur
  • Rang-ayan
  • Salomague
  • Samput
  • San Carlos
  • San Isidro
  • San Juan de Milla
  • Santa Ines
  • Sinigpit
  • Tablang
  • Ventenilla

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Paniqui, Tarlac
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
20
(68)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
22
(71)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
80
(3.1)
107
(4.2)
138
(5.4)
147
(5.8)
119
(4.7)
70
(2.8)
26
(1.0)
8
(0.3)
715
(28.1)
Average rainy days 2.0 1.7 2.7 4.6 16.1 20.8 24.0 23.0 21.4 15.5 8.0 3.2 143
Source: Meteoblue [6]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Paniqui
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,982—    
1918 16,603+1.65%
1939 19,124+0.68%
1948 27,554+4.14%
1960 35,416+2.11%
1970 47,718+3.02%
1975 53,031+2.14%
1980 55,006+0.73%
1990 64,949+1.68%
1995 70,979+1.68%
2000 78,883+2.29%
2007 83,311+0.76%
2015 92,606+1.33%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7][8][9]
 
Paniqui Town Hall

In the 2015 census, the population of Paniqui, Tarlac, was 92,606 people,[3] with a density of 880 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,300 inhabitants per square mile.

LanguageEdit

The languages predominantly spoken by locals are Ilocano and Kapampangan, but Tagalog (as with most towns and cities in Luzon) and Pangasinan are also used frequently; however, where the older generation will use Ilocano to converse with each other, Tagalog is also being used more and more by the younger generation along with their mother languages. This is perhaps due to the influence of education, migration (especially to find work), television and mobile communications, which is extending the reach of previously localized peer groups.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Tarlac". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ "History of Paniqui". Municipal government of Paniqui. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Paniqui: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of Tarlac". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit