Paniqui, officially the Municipality of Paniqui, (Ilokano: Ili ti Paniqui; Pangasinan: Baley na Paniqui; Kapampangan: Balen ning Paniqui; Tagalog: Bayan ng Paniqui), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 92,606 people.
|Municipality of Paniqui|
|Etymology: Paniki (Bats)|
Map of Tarlac with Paniqui highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Founded||March 13, 1712 (First known as Manggang Marikit, a sitio of Pangasinan, in 1571 and as Pampaniki in 1686)|
|• Mayor||Leonardo M. Roxas|
|• Vice Mayor||Aida D. Roxas II|
|• Congressman||Carlos O. Cojuangco|
|• Total||105.16 km2 (40.60 sq mi)|
|• Density||880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)45|
|Income class||1st class|
Geographically, Paniqui is situated between the towns of Gerona in the south, Moncada in the north, Anao and Ramos in the west while Camiling and Sta. Ignacia are to its east.
Paniqui is a Hispanized term derived from the Ilocano word "pampaniki" which means "bat", since the town has a feature of caves that house a population of bats. It is the birthplace of former President Corazon C. Aquino.
The town was originally part of the province of Pangasinan.
The birth of Paniqui could be traced way back in 1712 when the provincial government of Pangasinan sent a group of men south of Bayambang, Pangasinan for the expansion of the Christian faith. The pioneering group was led by two brothers, Raymundo and Manuel Paragas of Dagupan and established the Local Government in a Sitio called "manggang marikit" (mango of an unmarried woman) now part of Guimba, Nueva Ecija. Surprisingly, in this sitio, there is a great number of mammals called by Ilocanos "pampaniki" and it was from this term that the name Paniqui was derived.
An uprising led by Caragay during the early part of 1720 forced the Local Government in "manggang marikit" to abandon the place and to evacuate for lowland called Acocolao, a place two kilometers west of the present Poblacion. It was a historical sitio where the first Filipino Moro, Sultan Ali Mudin, was baptized in 1750.
Paniqui was a sprawling town that covered a wide area that time. Some of the barrios that formerly comprised Paniqui were "San Roque", now Cuyapo; "Barong", now Gerona; "San Jose De Camiling", now Camiling; "Bani", now Ramos; "San Ramon", now Moncada; and Anao.
The period between 1750 and 1896 were painful years of Spanish tyranny and oppression because the insurrectos and sometimes bandits, who are conveniently sprouted among the people, made sporadic attacks upon the conquistadores. These attacks on the Spaniards, who came on the islands bringing the sword and the cross, were marred by cholera and smallpox epidemics punctuated by floods and typhoons.
However, a group of Paniqui patriots, welded together by a common belief of oneness, unselfish devotion for freedom and who are spurred by ruthless Spanish tyranny, organized a legitimate segment of the Katipunan on January 12, 1896, which is far cry from the bandits that used to harass the Spaniards.
These dauntless men made daring exploits, unrecorded in the history of the Katipunan, the most prominent of which was the ambuscade of Spanish soldiers along the road going to Anao and killing a great number of them. These incidents made a prelude to the end of the Spanish occupation in Paniqui.
The advent of American occupation saw a happy transition from the almost aristocratic and enigmatic characteristic of Spanish conquistadores to the democratic way of life under American tutelage.
In Paniqui, the Japanese were confronted with an enemy which is mighty in its fury and relentless in its vengeance. The members of the guerilla forces under Col. Maristela and aiding local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army military units dedicated their unflinching loyalty to the cherished ideals of their motherland by establishing a security cordon of the people under the very nose of the Japanese. The guerilla outfit preserved the landmarks of Paniqui like the sugar central, municipal building, public school buildings, and practically all the unpretentious private homes. One of the bloodiest chapters of this guerilla outfit was recorded on May 8, 1945, when the guerilla forces annihilated two platoons of Japanese soldiers in Sta. Ines, where 52 Japanese soldiers were killed. The arrival of the local Filipino soldiers under the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the Philippine Constabulary liberated the town during the war.
Today, the people of Paniqui, welded by the same persuasion that held them together during the most trying moments in history, are working again, hand in hand to make their native town, the progressive, respected, and thriving community that is.
- Cariño, Paniqui, Tarlac
- Poblacion Norte
- Poblacion Sur
- San Carlos
- San Isidro
- San Juan de Milla
- Santa Ines
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Paniqui, Tarlac, was 92,606 people, with a density of 880 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,300 inhabitants per square mile.
The languages predominantly spoken by locals are Ilocano and Kapampangan, but Tagalog (as with most towns and cities in Luzon) and Pangasinan are also used frequently; however, where the older generation will use Ilocano to converse with each other, Tagalog is also being used more and more by the younger generation along with their mother languages. This is perhaps due to the influence of education, migration (especially to find work), television and mobile communications, which is extending the reach of previously localized peer groups.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Province: Tarlac". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "History of Paniqui". Municipal government of Paniqui. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Tarlac". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.