Open main menu

Anao, officially the Municipality of Anao, (Ilokano: Ili ti Anao; Tagalog: Bayan ng Anao), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. Anao has been founded and organized into a municipality on March 16, 1870. Every year on the 16th of March, the foundation of the town is being celebrated alongside with the Ylang-Ylang Festival.

Municipality of Anao
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Official seal of Anao
Map of Tarlac with Anao highlighted
Map of Tarlac with Anao highlighted
Anao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°43′44″N 120°37′34″E / 15.7289°N 120.6261°E / 15.7289; 120.6261Coordinates: 15°43′44″N 120°37′34″E / 15.7289°N 120.6261°E / 15.7289; 120.6261
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
District1st District
FoundedMarch 16, 1870
Barangays18 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRafael M. Naral
 • Vice MayorGian Pierre O. De Dios
 • Electorate7,420 voters (2016)
 • Total23.87 km2 (9.22 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total11,528
 • Density480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)45
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)51.8 million  (2016)
Native languagesPangasinan

The smallest town in terms of land area in the whole of Tarlac, Anao covers a total land area of 23.87 square kilometers (2,387 hectares).

The area occupied by the municipality was formerly a part of Pangasinan. It is 34 kilometres (21 mi) east of the provincial capitol and nestling on the Tarlac-Nueva Ecija border. Located in the north-eastern part of Tarlac, it is bound on the north by San Manuel, in the east by Nampicuan, on the south by Ramos and on the west by Paniqui and Moncada.

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 11,528 people.[3]



The area where Anao is located was inhabited before 1800 by people from the Ilocos Region. In 1835, a group of immigrants from Paoay, Ilocos Norte reached the region and first settled near a creek on the bank where there were balete trees. These immigrants called their settlement "Balete". The immigrants found the region where they settled to have many agricultural prospects and this attracted more immigrants who came from the north, especially from the town of Paoay.

The settlement expanded and later changed it's name to "Barrio Anao" (deriving authentically from the Ilocano word "Danao" which means creek). By that time, balete trees were extinguished and the barrio was adjacent in all directions by creeks.

Paniqui had a road extended towards the east to Anao. Paniqui claimed Anao as it's barrio and the people of the barrio accepted the claim. Years went by and Anao expanded. In 1870, a petition was made and approved that Anao be made a municipality.[citation needed]

Past MayorsEdit

Name Term Began Term Ended
Ramon Evangelista 1938 1946
Arcadio Evangelista 1946 1947
Silvestre Sabado 1948 1951
Arcadio Evangelista 1952 1955
Dionisio Dumlao 1960 1963
Catalino O. Cruz 1964 1979
Andres Dela Cruz 1979 1986
Clemente T. Apuan 1988 1998
Rodolfo F. Guerrero 1998 2007
Edgardo S. Felipe 2007 2016
Betty B. Lacbayan 2019 2019
Rafael M. Naral 2019 Incumbent


Anao is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.[2]

  • Baguindoc (Baguinloc)
  • Bantog
  • Campos
  • Carmen
  • Casili
  • Don Ramon
  • Hernando
  • Poblacion
  • Rizal
  • San Francisco East
  • San Francisco West
  • San Jose North
  • San Jose South
  • San Juan
  • San Roque
  • Santo Domingo
  • Sinense
  • Suaverdez


YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,678—    
1918 3,314−0.69%
1939 3,486+0.24%
1948 4,453+2.76%
1960 5,068+1.08%
1970 6,672+2.78%
1975 6,084−1.83%
1980 6,519+1.39%
1990 7,955+2.01%
1995 9,240+2.85%
2000 10,045+1.81%
2007 10,806+1.01%
2010 10,873+0.23%
2015 11,528+1.12%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

In the 2015 census, the population of Anao, Tarlac, was 11,528 people,[3] with a density of 480 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,200 inhabitants per square mile.

Anao is predominantly an Ilocano-speaking town although most are fluent in Tagalog. Other languages like Kapampangan and Pangasinan are spoken by about 10% of the population.

Aglipayan and Roman Catholicism are two of the predominant religions in the municipality. Other groups having large number of members in the municipality are The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Iglesia ni Cristo, and Protestantism.

Points of InterestEdit

The Saint John Nepomucene Parish Church of Anao[7] can be found on the center of the town near the municipal hall. It belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tarlac[8].

The Ylang Ylang Festival is celebrated by the municipality every 16th of March to take pride of their main local products, which are perfumes and essentials oils made from the ylang-ylang flower.[9] The town has over 10,000 ylang-ylang trees, many of them lined on the local main road, which are harvested and highly-valued for its perfume.[10]



  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Tarlac". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  5. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  6. ^ "Province of Tarlac". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. ^ Category:Saint John Nepomucene Parish Church of Anao - Wikimedia Commons
  8. ^ Diocese of Tarlac, Philippines
  9. ^ "This Week's Festivals: March 10-16, 2019". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Quezon City. 10 March 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
    "Ylang-Ylang Festival". Municipality of Anao. 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  10. ^ Fernandez, Rudy (1 October 2009). "Tarlac's smallest town a big dot in global perfumery industry map". Philippine Star. Tuguig City. Retrieved 8 May 2019.

External linksEdit