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Moncada, officially the Municipality of Moncada, (Pangasinan: Baley na Moncada; Ilokano: Ili ti Moncada; Kapampangan: Balen ning Moncada), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 57,787 people.
|Municipality of Moncada|
Map of Tarlac with Moncada highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Founded||July 1, 1875 |
|Barangays||37 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Benito E. Aquino|
|• Electorate||32,694 voters (2016)|
|• Total||85.75 km2 (33.11 sq mi)|
|• Density||670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)45|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||173.8 million (2016)|
The economy is primarily based on agriculture with rice, corn, vegetables, root crops, watermelons, mangoes as major products. The fishery sector, once a vibrant source of food and income needs rehabilitation after the onslaught of lahar flows resulting from the Mount Pinatubo eruption. There is a growing retail and service sector in the poblacion along the national highway. Light industries are yet to evolve in the municipality to generate much needed employment. Ilocano, Kapampangan and Pangasinan are commonly spoken, with Tagalog and English as official languages used for secondary education, business and governance.
Moncada is about 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Manila and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the provincial capital, Tarlac City. It is accessible via the MacArthur Highway, and from Manila via the NLEX (North Luzon Expressway) and TPLEX (Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway).
- Banaoang East
- Banaoang West
- Baquero Norte
- Baquero Sur
- Camangaan East
- Camangaan West
- Camposanto 1 - Norte
- Camposanto 1 - Sur
- Camposanto 2
- Poblacion 1
- Poblacion 2
- Poblacion 3
- Poblacion 4
- San Juan
- San Julian
- San Leon
- San Pedro
- San Roque
- Santa Lucia East
- Santa Lucia West
- Santa Maria
- Santa Monica
- Tolega Norte
- Tolega Sur
Moncada did not come from the word "Muscada" but was copied from a town in Spain, Montcada during the Spanish era. Later on became, Moncada.
The original settlers in the area are the Pangasinenses followed by the Ilocanos were migrants from the Ilocos region, who cleared the land and planted a certain type of tobacco known as "Muskada". The name of the place was originally derived from the crop grown and later rephrased to Moncada, in honor of a Spanish nobility. In the early 19th century, a revolutionary hero Don Silvino Lopez and his wife Magdalena Espejo Lopez became prime movers of development and progress in the new municipality, along with the Morales, Obillo, Cuchapin, Atencio, Marzan, Gamundoy, Caparas and Sto. Domingo families among others. The Chinese community led by the Lao and Co families likewise contributed significantly to the economic development and welfare of the community in later years.
During World War 2, the town produced war heroes: Captain Ablang of the Philippine Scouts who was killed in action, Macario Peralta who was elected Senator and served as defense secretary, and Antonio E. Lopez popularly known as "Kamote", who defeated an Aquino-Cojuangco candidate for the post of Tarlac governor in the 1949 election. The golden age of Moncada is best remembered during this period, after the war to the late 1960s, when debutantes and guests from Manila and beyond, along with the townspeople would congregate at the town plaza to celebrate various festivals and events. Life then was not much of a struggle and food came in plenty. Local leaders serve at the pleasure of the electorates, who had utmost regard for "delicadeza" and opportunities were made available to those who work for it.
The struggle against the authoritarian regime realigned the political forces in Tarlac by the early 1980s, with a young maverick of the Lopez-Roy political clan by the name of Manny S.D. Lopez, shifting support to the rival Aquino-Cojuangco political clan. In doing so, Moncada is credited as the first municipality in the regime controlled 1st district of Tarlac, to fight for the restoration of democracy and demand justice for the slain opposition leader Ninoy Aquino. The hope for a new beginning unfortunately was lost to decadent ways of less discerning electorates, who consequently were subjected to the quality of governance they deserve. An exodus of bright minds sought and served ideals in other sectors and foreign lands. Moncada is at the northern part of Paniqui.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Moncada, Tarlac, was 57,787 people, with a density of 670 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,700 inhabitants per square mile.
Notable people of MoncadaEdit
- Senator Luis Lopez Morales
- Senator Macario Peralta
- Senator Jose J. Roy
- Governor Antonio Espejo Lopez
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Tarlac". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Tarlac". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.