Owatonna (//) is a city in Steele County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 25,599 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Steele County. Owatonna is home to the Steele County Fairgrounds, which hosts the Steele County Free Fair in August.
|Incorporated as town||August 9, 1858|
|Named for||Straight River|
|• Type||Representative council|
|• Mayor||Tom Kuntz|
|• Total||14.62 sq mi (37.87 km2)|
|• Land||14.54 sq mi (37.65 km2)|
|• Water||0.09 sq mi (0.22 km2)|
|Elevation||1,152 ft (351 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,774.49/sq mi (685.14/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0649095|
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Government
- 4 Education
- 5 Owatonna Art Education Project
- 6 Sites of interest
- 7 Sports and recreation
- 8 Geography
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Culture and society
- 11 Media
- 12 Notable people
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Owatonna was first settled in 1853 around the Straight River. The community was named after the Straight River, which in the Dakota language is Wakpá Owóthaŋna. A popular, but apocryphal, story is that the town is named after "Princess Owatonna," the daughter of a local Indian chief who was supposedly healed by the magic waters of a nearby spring. The earliest the Owatonna area was settled was in 1854 and platted in September 1855, but it was incorporated as a town August 9, 1858, then as a city on February 23, 1865.
In 1856, Josef Karel Kaplan emigrated from the village of Dlouhá Třebová, southeast of Prague, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), and selected a quarter section [160 acres (65 ha)] of land near the town of Owatonna. Kaplan described Owatonna as having just 50 small homes, but predicted 100 within a year, along with a railroad. With just four stores and a pharmacy, Owatonna quickly prospered and grew to 1,500 inhabitants in just 5 years. Kaplan wrote about the Owatonna area in letters donated to the Minnesota Historical Society. In them, he described often seeing the indigenous people with "tough constitutions...brown skin and good dispositions," explaining: "When you read about battles between whites and Indians, it is the whites who are to blame." In 1866, Kaplan helped organize the Catholic cemetery, and, a year later, the Bohemian National Cemetery of Owatonna.
Kaplan's Woods is part of the land originally owned by Josef Kaplan, and later Victor and Anna Kaplan. The State of Minnesota created Kaplan's Wood State Park, which was later transferred to the City of Owatonna. The Kaplan's Woods Parkway contains over 6 miles (10 km) of hiking and cross country skiing trails, and nearly 2 miles (3 km) of hard—surfaced, handicapped—accessible trail. The parkway includes Lake Kohlmier, a 35-acre (14 ha) lake. Maps of the parkway are available at the Park and Recreation office.
The Minnesota State Public School for Dependent and Neglected Children was built in 1886. The school took in orphans from around the state and taught them "the value of drill, discipline, and labor." The children who died in the institution were interred in the Children's Cemetery behind the school. In 1945, the orphanage closed and in 1947 the State Public School was officially abolished and all its lands, buildings, property, and funds were transferred to the newly established the Owatonna State School, which provided academic and vocational training for the developmentally disabled. The Owatonna State School was closed June 30, 1970. In 1974, the City purchased the compound for its office space. Renamed "West Hills," it continues to serve as the City's administration complex and home to many nonprofit civic organizations including a senior activity center, the Owatonna Arts Center, two nonprofit daycare centers, a chemical dependency halfway house, and Big Brothers/Big Sisters, among others.
On November 3, 2015, the Owatonna Public School District passed a bond referendum to fund school facilities improvements focusing on deferred maintenance, safety, and Elementary school crowding. As a result, the school district received $77.9 million to repair all buildings, replace out-of-date equipment, update security in all seven public school buildings, switch the use for two school buildings, and reconfigure grades from K-5, 6, 7-8, 9-12 to K-5, 6-8, 9-12. All facility changes and projects were completed by September 2018.
The Steele County Historical Society “preserves Steele County's past, shares the county's stories, and connects people with history in meaningful ways, for today and for tomorrow.” Established in 1949 to preserve the history of Steele County, it has grown to become one of the largest and most prestigious historical societies in the state. In 1962, the Society permanently leased a portion of the southeast section of the fairgrounds to begin a pioneer village, the Village of Yesteryear, which has grown in the years since through the additional move of historic structures, as well as museum buildings built on site.
Owatonna is an economic center of Southern Minnesota, with diverse industries. Federated Insurance is the largest employer with 1,521 employees, followed by an expanding Viracon, which has 1,434 employees. Both have their corporate headquarters in Owatonna. Other large employers in the community are Bosch, Jostens, Gopher Sport, Brunswick Corporation (Cybex International), Daikin Industries, Owatonna Public Utilities, AmesburyTruth, ISD 761, Wenger Corporation, Owatonna Clinic - Mayo Health System, and Owatonna Hospital - Allina Hospitals & Clinics.
Owatonna is governed by a mayor and city council.City Council of Owatonna, MN
- Mayor: Thomas A. Kuntz
- Council member at large: Doug Voss
- Council member at large: Jeff Okerberg
- First Ward: Nathan Dotson
- Second Ward: Greg Schultz
- Third Ward: Dave Burbank
- Fourth Ward: Kevin P. Raney
- Fifth Ward: Brent Svenby
The city is located in Minnesota's 24th District, represented by John Jasinski, Republican. District 24 includes portions of Steele, Rice and Waseca and Dodge counties in the southeastern part of the state. Owatonna also lies in House District 24A, represented by State Representative John Petersburg, a Republican. He was first elected to that office in 2012, and was reelected to a second term in 2014.
Owatonna is located in Minnesota's 1st congressional district, represented by Jim Hagedorn, a Republican.
Public education is provided by Independent School District No. 761
- Lincoln Elementary, Grades K-5]
- McKinley Elementary, Grades K-5 ( New location as of 2017-18 school year)
- Washington Elementary, Grades K-5 (6th graders also from montessori) (New location as of 2017-18 school year)
- Wilson Elementary, Grades K-5
- Owatonna Middle School, Grades 6-8 
- Owatonna Senior High School *, Grades 9-12
- Owatonna Alternative Learning Center * (ALC) Grades 7-12
- Owatonna Christian School, Grades K-12
- St. Marys Catholic School, Grades K-8
- Marian Catholic High School 1958-1975
- Pillsbury Baptist Bible College 1886-2008
- "Old" Lincoln Elementary School 1885-1951
- Roosevelt Elementary School, 1919-1980
- Jefferson Elementary School, (early) 1900s-1970
- First Owatonna High School, 1871-1882
- Second Owatonna High School, 1883-1921
- Minnesota State School for Dependent and Neglected Children 1887-1945
- Owatonna State School, 1947-1970
- Willow Creek Intermediate School, 1990-2017
- Owatonna Junior High school 1965-2017
Owatonna Art Education ProjectEdit
In Owatonna was the Owatonna Art Education Project.
Sites of interestEdit
National Farmers BankEdit
In the middle of Owatonna's downtown is the National Farmer's Bank, widely recognized as one of the premier examples of the Prairie School of architecture in America. Designed by Louis Sullivan, the building was finished in 1908 and features gold leaf arches, stained-glass windows, and nouveau baroque art designs, all still in pristine condition. It is a national landmark on the National Register of Historic Places and currently functions as a branch of Wells Fargo Bank.
Land originally owned by Josef Kaplan, was given to his son, Victor who then built a home for his bride, Anna Kaplan near what is now Cedar Avenue. The woods were an important part of the Kaplan's life and well known in the area. The State of Minnesota created Kaplan's Wood State Park, which was later transferred to the City of Owatonna. Now the Kaplan's Woods Parkway contains over 6 miles of hiking and cross country skiing trails, and nearly two miles of hard—surfaced, handicapped—accessible trail. There are claims that the woods are haunted. The parkway includes Lake Kohlmier, a 35-acre lake. Maps of the parkway are available at the Park and Recreation office.
State School MuseumEdit
The State School Museum is located at West Hills on the grounds of the former Minnesota State School for Dependent and Neglected Children.
Sports and recreationEdit
The Steele County Blades is a junior hockey team who play at Four Seasons Center and are a member of the MN Junior Hockey League. Although having a similar name and logo, this team is unrelated to the former Southern Minnesota Express, that relocated to Michigan to become the Motor City Machine. The team is named the Owatonna Express instead of the Southern Minnesota Express because, "With the new team in Albert Lea joining the North American Hockey League this season, and others in the Twin Cities and Rochester possibly coming into the fray in the next few years, the Express are no longer the sole owners of southern Minnesota." The Express begin play in the 2008-2009 season.
The Owatonna Express completed their final season in early March 2011.
Riversprings Water ParkEdit
Riversprings is a public water park that opened the summer of 2009. It has many features and amenities including: a tube slide, a body slide, a lazy river, an activity pool, a zero depth entry pool, a climbing wall, a lily pad walk, a sand volleyball court, a concessions stand, and locker rooms. Riversprings has many programs, some of which are: lap swim/water walking, tiny tot time, water aerobics, and swimming lessons. The main operator of the pool, Eric Anderson, keeps the public updated with hours and weather announcements along with specials through the Riversprings Facebook page and through the City of Owatonna page.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.62 square miles (37.87 km2); 14.53 square miles (37.63 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water. The oldest part of the city (including the downtown area) is located on a low-lying area on the eastern bank of the Straight River, extending towards the south from Maple Creek. The city has grown in all directions, and now lies on both sides of the river, as well as above the ridge north of Maple Creek. Significant growth in recent years has occurred to the northeast, where homes have been built along the ravine of Maple Creek as well as alongside Brooktree Golf Course, to the north, and to the southeast. Geographical landmarks of note include Kaplan's Woods, a hardwood nature preserve on the southern border of the city, Cinder Hill, a steep 60 foot hill on Linn Avenue overlooking downtown that is used by local athletes for training, the Straight River dam, originally used to power a mill and now reconstructed to include a fish ladder, and the Forest Hill Cemetery, an old wooded cemetery on the ridge to the north of Maple Creek that marks the boundary between the oldest parts of the city and more recent developments.
Record rainfall events from Wednesday, September 22, 2010 to Friday, September 24, 2010 caused record flooding of the Straight River and Maple Creek in and near Owatonna, with developments in the floodplains of both streams being completely inundated.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 25,599 people, 10,068 households, and 6,737 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,761.8 inhabitants per square mile (680.2/km2). There were 10,724 housing units at an average density of 738.1 per square mile (285.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.2% White, 3.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 2.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.3% of the population.
There were 10,068 households of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.
The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 13.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,434 people, 8,704 households, and 5,936 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,779.9 people per square mile (687.4/km²). There were 8,940 housing units at an average density of 709.3 per square mile (273.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.09% White, 1.56% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.92% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.31% of the population.
There were 8,704 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,660, and the median income for a family was $54,883. Males had a median income of $37,691 versus $25,511 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,513. About 4.3% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Culture and societyEdit
In 1974, the City of Owatonna purchased the campus of the former Minnesota State Public School for Dependent and Neglected Children, which had been in operation from 1886 until 1945. The site was renamed West Hills, and now serves as an administrative center for the City of Owatonna, as well as housing several non-profit organizations in the various historic buildings, including the Owatonna Arts Center.
Much of the 2014 silent film The Root of Evil was shot on location in Owatonna, most notably at the Owatonna Senior High School and the Gainey Center. Produced by a cast and crew of over 60 Owatonna High School students, the film has received 10 awards at over eight film festivals on the international circuit. Memorabilia from the film is set to be on display in the high school museum.
|AM radio stations|
|920||KDHL||The Mighty 920||Classic Country||Townsquare Media|
|1170||KOWZ||Classic hits||Linder Radio Group|
|FM radio stations|
|92.1||KRUE||KRUE Country 92.1||Country||Linder Radio Group|
|Christian||Minn-Iowa Christian Broadcasting|
|100.9||KOWZ||Adult Contemporary||Linder Radio Group|
|MPR News||NPR||Minnesota Public Radio|
|Classical MPR||Classical||Minnesota Public Radio|
|Classic hits||Linder Radio Group|
|BOB-FM||Classic country||Milestone Radio II, LLC|
- Ken Christianson, artist and musician, graduate of Owatonna Senior High
- Masanori Mark Christianson, art director and musician, graduate of Owatonna Senior High
- Lillian Colton, crop artist
- Casey Driessen, fiddler
- Elijah Easton, farmer and member of the Minnesota House of Representatives
- Theodore Marcus Hansen, Lutheran pastor and educator, pastor in Owatonna from 1948-1952
- Mike Hegstrand, professional wrestler, Hawk, half of the Road Warriors, 1958-2003; born in Owatonna, resided on Xerxes Ave.
- Noel Jenke, NFL player
- Felix Kaplan, member of the Minnesota House of Representatives
- Don Laughlin, founder of the resort town of Laughlin, Nevada, born and raised in Owatonna
- Drew C. MacEwen, Washington State State Representative was born in Owatonna on June 12, 1973
- E.G. Marshall, actor known as unflappable Juror #4 in film classic 12 Angry Men and for TV series The Defenders, was born in Owatonna on June 18, 1910
- Craig Minowa, lead singer of Cloud Cult and founder of Minnesota record label Earthology Records
- Tom Moore, NFL coach, currently for the Arizona Cardinals
- Lincoln Nguyen, Current NCAA Div. 1 hockey Coach
- Jake Pence Former Professional Hockey Player
- Fred L. Peterson, mayor of Portland, Oregon from 1953–1956
- Kevin Skaff, lead guitarist of the rock band A Day to Remember
- Amy Tanner, psychologist who wrote Studies in Spiritism, was born here
- Sean Tillman a.k.a. Har Mar Superstar, raised in Owatonna
- Evan S. Tyler, North Dakota State Representative
- Harry Williams, songwriter, director for Mack Sennett; graduated from Pillsbury Military Academy
- Travis Wiuff, a.k.a. "Diesel", MMA fighter, UFC
- Adam Young, a.k.a. Owl City, co-founder of Windsor Airlift, singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist
- Charles Edward Magoon, Politician, lawyer, judge, and diplomat
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 14, 2019.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Upham, Warren (reprint, 2001). Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia
- The Legend of Princess Owatonna, Visit Owatonna
- Letters to Bohemia: A Czech Settler Writes from Owatonna, 1856–1858
- (AP via Google News) Archived August 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
-  Owatonna employer profile
-  Wenger Corporation
- Owatonna Express official website, 27 May 2008
- NAHL.com, 15 May 2008
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
- IMDB, Angus
- Owatonna Arts Center